ePub 版

town, with something asserted about the salubrity of this, that, and the other, with an equal share of impudence, false judgment, and erroneous persuasion. Such productions should never be purchased (except out of charity), unless written by men of accredited talent. Books even like Dr. Mackenzie's must be defective, from their nature. Under Sea he has not omitted, however, to notice the irritation of the stomach and bowels, which arises from the foolish practice of descending to a sea-beach, and drinking upon the spot sea-water, though every drop is poison, in its state of mechanical mixture with selenite, floating particles of alge aud fuci, and its integrant combination of muriate of soda,

"An article"

Ad infinitum" cathartical," The power of this latter, as rather too permanent a stimulus to the bowels, is shown by the effect of its addition to Glauber's and the Epsom salt with magnesia, the factitious Cheltenham salt. We would suggest, that information, gathered from sources where the mercenary advantages of exaggeration did not sway, would be invaluable; and which any disinterested man of medical mind, who had lived five years in a place, might furnish. We do not mean the puffs of inhabitant idlers, nor Jewish and illiterate tradespeople, but the impartial inductions of experience and reflection. There are many facts relating to Watering-places that cannot be anticipated by the a priori reasoning of the analytic chemist, nor elicited by a golden line to the glaring suaviter in modo of the place apothe cary. Thus Bishop Watson was congratulated by a man at the well of a mineral spring, as nearly as we recol lect, that he was not cured of the gout, for which he had used the waters; since all who had been, in his knowledge, died immediately afterwards: this was rather an important tale to an arthritic. Nothing lies so deep as Truth! We knew a lady die of phrenitis from walking with her bonnet off just after sea-bathing, the effect of quick evaporation on a susceptible brain. Others lay the foundations for pulmonary affections by bathing in wet machines, in which the general horripilatio strikes like death: yet the former of these in

[ocr errors]

discretions is rather difficult to find related in any simple work on the subject, though it may often and easily happen. Such simple but less important details are necessary in a work of this kind, as that a small quantity of Epsom or other neutral purgative salts, largely diluted, operates much more than a larger quantity in saturated solution; that the benefit derived from the Cheltenham waters depends on the immediately subsequent exercise, (see Stone on Diseases of the Stomach;) that the cure of cachexies and scrophulous affections are remedied much more by sea air than sea water, which is certainly the case according to our observation, though we think that sea water possesses much more stimulating properties than the factitious water, or in itself than Dr. Mackenzie seems to admit. The influence of the air above, as well as the waters beneath, should be considered; the virtues that have been attributed to the Hotwell Waters in consumption, is probably more owing to the density of the atmosphere. (See Mausford on Consumption.) The fact which Dr. Mackenzie mentions, that all waters are medicinal which approach to the greatest purity, might suggest the artificial purification of water, though, for our parts, however pure it may be rendered, it is not our intention to come into the system of Dr. Lambe, and dispense with all artificial beverages, if not impelled by grim necessity. We readily conjoin with Drs. Willan (see his Hist. of the Epidemics of 1796, &c.) Clarke, and Mackenzie, in recommending tepid and warm baths on a large scale, as formerly in antient Rome and modern Russia. The latter in many of our country towns, are, though indispensible in many cases, scarcely known. They would probably be as excellent preventatives of contagious acute diseases, as cold bathing is as a general tonic t. We are rather inclined to deem Dr. Jameson's opinions, which are adduced by Dr. Mackenzie, to be inadmissible; without any theory of

According to Dr. Armstrong, the sulphuretted hydrogen of the Harrowgate and Dinsdale waters produces a specific effect in phthisis.

+ Public Baths are constructing on a large scale at Leeds, according to Dr. Hunter, Edinb. Medical Journal, No. 59.


[graphic][subsumed][merged small]


putrefaction going on în living bodies, they are sufficient motives for bathing. Dr. Mackenzie, in p. 180, has not seemingly laid sufficient stress on the foolish practice of wrapping. We hope that in a future edition he will notice the newly-discovered Spa at Gloucester, hardly exceeded by the Poutrin Spring in the bulk of carbonic gas in a given quantity, or any other mineral water in saline contents. Under Tunbridge and elsewhere, he has once or twice inadvertently departed from his simplicity of style, and explicit aids. He has placed, in pp. 126-8, the tepid and warm bath at 92°, the tepid is rated at the mean 82°, the warm at 96. We have been led by our interest in the subject, into a more general and desultory discussion than first intended, but Dr. Mackenzie and our Readers will appreciate the purpose. Kent Road.




May 2. HE annexed View (see Plate II.) represents a portion of the remains of the Monastery of the GREY FRIERS, or Mendicants, which was one of the most suburb conventual establishments in the Metropolis. It was of the order of St. Francis, and was founded by John Ewin, mercer, about the year 1225. A full account of it may be seen in Strype's Stowe; and an abridged notice of it in Pennant's London. On the Dissolution, the fine Church belonging to this house, having been spoiled of its oruaments for the King's use, was made as storehouse for French prizes, and the monuments either sold or mutilated. Heury VIII. just before his death, granted the Convent, &c. to the City, and caused the Church to be opened for Divine Service. The Church was burnt in 1666, and rebuilt by Sir Christopher Wren.

The buildings belonging to the Monastery were afterwards applied by Edward VI. to the use of CHRIST's HOSPITAL*, one of the Royal founda

* A good account of the Hospital, with a full description of the curious Paintings in the Hall, Court Room, &c. will be found in Malcolm's "Londinium Redivivum," vol. III. pp. 350-373; and an interesting "Brief History of Christ's Hospital" is noticed in our Review for the present Month. EDIT.

GENT. MAG. May, 1820.

tions endowed by that youthful and well-disposed Monarch. Parts of the old Convent, with the Cloisters, are yet remaining; but a great portion (including the whole South front) was rebuilt in the 17th century, under the direction of Sir Christopher Wren; and other parts have been since modernized. The building shown in the View is one of the Wards of the Hospital, situate at the Western extremity of the old building facing the South; as seen from what is called the New Play-ground. The Mathematical-school was founded by Charles II. The Writing-school was founded in 1694 by Sir John Moore, whose statue is in front of the building. The Grammar-school was rebuilt only a few years ago; partly by a benefaction of John Smith, Esq. whose portrait ornaments the upper school.

[ocr errors]

It has been the wish of the Governors of this noble Foundation, for some years past, gradually to rebuild the Hospital; and large subscriptions have been entered into for that purpose; but the great expence has hitherto deterred them from commencing the work. N. R. S.

LONDINIANA. Being a Collection of Fragments, Anecdotes, and Remarks, relativa

to LONDON, from various sources. - This ancient City.

How wanton sits she, amidst Nature's

Nor from her highest turrets has to view
But golden landscapes and luxuriant


A waste of wealth, the storehouse of the world! Young.

THE TEMPLE CHURCH Was founded by the Templars in the time of King Henry II. upon the model of the Holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem. The square choir was built afterwards. The group of Knights in the circle are not known with any certainty. One of them was thought to be Geoffroy de Magnaville, Earl of Essex in 1184 (King Stephen). The of William Plantagenet, fifth son of Coffin of a ridged shape is the tomb Henry III. It is conjectured that three of the others are, William Earl of Pembroke, and his sons William and Gilbert, likewise Earls of Pembroke in the year 1219, &c.




The celebrated Duke of Bucking. ham is said to bave written on the Monument, in chalk, the following lines:

"Here stand 1,

The Lord knows why.
But if I fall

Have at ye all."

THE CORONATION. The first Coronation Ceremonial recorded to have been performed in the Metropolis was that of Edmund Ironside, 1016.

SIR THOMAS GRESHAM, who built the Royal Exchange, was the son of a poor woman, who left him in a field when an infant, but the chirping of a grasshopper leading a boy to the place where he lay, his life was preserved. From this circumstance the future Merchant took the Grasshopper as his Crest; and hence the cause of that insect being placed over the Royal Exchange.


Stationers' Hall was formerly the house of John Duke of Bretagny and Earl of Richmond, in the reigns of Edward II. and III. and the Earls of Pembroke in Richard II. and Henry VI. and Lord Abergavenny in Queen Elizabeth's reign. The house was destroyed in 1666, and the present Hall

where Craven Buildings now stands.
Richard Neville, the "King Making**
Earl of Warwick, lived in Warwick
Lane. His Statue is now in the front
of a house there.


London is mentioned by Bede as the Metropolis of the East Saxons in the year 504, lying on the banks of the Thames, "the emporium of many people coming by sea and land.” In a grant dated 889, a Court in London is conveyed" at the ancient stony edifice, called by the Citizens hwæl mundes stone from the public street to the wall of the same City +. From this we learn, that so early as A.D, 889, the Walls of London existed.

In 857 we find a conveyance of a place in London, called Ceolmundinge haga," not far from the West Gate This West Gate may have been either Temple or Holborn Bars.

Ethelbald, the Mercian King, gave a court in London between two streets called Tiddberti - street and Savin

street §.


From a passage in one of Oldham' satires, Duck-lane seems to have been famous for refuse book-shops: "And so may'st thou perchance pass up and down And please awhile th' admiring Court [and Town Who after shall in Duck-lane shops be thrown."


books of the time of Edward VI. is Among the entries in the Council. the mention of a grant from the King to the Earl of Bedford, and his heirs male, of the Covent Garden and the meadow ground, called "the Long

erected.-A little to the West of Vint-
ners' Hall, Thames-street, lived John
Tiptoft, Earl of Worcester, Lord High
Treasurer. In Thames-street also
lived Lord Hastings, beheaded by
Richard III. Edward the Black Prince
lived in a house opposite the Monu-
ment. Tower Royal, Watling-street,
was the residence of King Stephen,
and afterwards of the Duke of Nor-Acre."
folk, adherent of Richard III. In
the place where the present Exeter
'Change stands, formerly stood Bur-
leigh or Exeter House, where lived
and died the great Statesman, Lord
Burleigh; and close by, in Exeter.
street, lived the "Unfortunate" Earl
of Essex *.

William Earl of Craven, the most accomplished Nobleman of his age, married Elizabeth, widow of the Elector Palatine, and Queen of Bohemia;


Fetter should be Faitour Lane, a term used by Chaucer for a lazy idle fellow. It occurs as early as the 37th of Edward III. when a patent was granted for a toll traverse towards its improvement. The condition in which it remains certainly warrants the etymology-Stow agrees in it.


Holebourne is noticed in the Domes

and lived in Drury Lane, on the spot day Survey, where the King is said

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]
« 上一頁繼續 »