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Addicks, on statutory grounds, in 1894, them, should help him with his Bay State and has since been his counsel in the Bay Gas charter. State Gas cases,

The Legislature to be elected in 1890 What first suggested to Mr. Addicks would not have a United States Senatorthe idea of seeking election to the United ship to dispose of, so there was no parStates Senate from Delaware, and what ticular object in trying to obtain control his underlying motives were, I do not of it; but in 1892 Mr. Addicks made one know; but the opportunity presented of his characteristically adroit attempts to itself when, for the first time in many get hold of the Republican nominees to years, the Republicans, in 1888, carried the Legislature from Sussex County by the State and got a majority in the Legis- giving them money for their campaign lature. He was much more likely to suc- expenses. A well-known citizen of Wilceed as a Republican candidate than as mington, whom Mr. Addicks had already a nominee of the Democratic party; for secured, went down into Sussex County the reason that a large part of the numer- that fall with a satchel containing ten ically strong and purchasable colored vote thousand dollars or more in cash. One in the two lower counties was Republican. Senator and seven Representatives were to The negroes could hardly be induced, by be elected to the House of Assembly from any temptation, to support a Democrat; Sussex County that year; and to every but their choice as between one Republic one of these eight Republican nominets can and another might be influenced by the agent of Mr. Addicks offered the sum money.

of one thousand dollars for personal Mr. Addicks probably had little expec- campaign expenses. A well-informed tation of being elected to the Senate in and experienced chairman of the Sussex 1889; but he thought it expedient to County Republican Committee informed begin his campaign then, make a study me that two thousand dollars was the of the field, get hold of men who might largest sum that could be expended in

ments. He sent one of his workers from poses ; and yet the agent of Mr. Addicks Boston down into the southern part of the was offering to the Republican nominees State to announce his candidacy, enlist eight thousand dollars, to be used at their influential adherents, and notify all whom own discretion, in addition to the regular it might concern that he was prepared to campaign fund of the county, which was put up any necessary amount of cash. In ample. His expectation apparently was that session of the Legislature, however, that these men, finding it impossible to he had no adherent, unless, as he said in spend all of the eight thousand dollars, the Creelman interview, it was through would use a part of it and put the rest in his influence that Senator 0. D. Moore their pockets. If they should do this, he cast the decisive vote for Anthony Hig, would get hold of them and be able to gins. There is no trustworthy evidence, intimidate them; and even if they should so far as I know, that he spent any money not misappropriate the money, the mere in that Legislature, or in that year. His acceptance of it would put them, to a cerfirst contribution to a campaign fund was tain extent, in his power. All but three made in 1890, when, it is alleged, he gave of the candidates took the cash and used the sum of $5,000 to the Kent County it-for legitimate purposes, I sincerely Democratic Committee, with the under trust! Three of them consented to take standing that the Democrats, or some of it but refused to spend it, and eventually

"Mr. Addicks resisted his wife's attempt to get a turned it into the general county fund. divorce on statutory grounds, and she failed to obtain a decree. He subsequently allowed her, however, to get a divorce on the ground of desertion or non-support, and when he was free he married Mrs. Wilson.

2 According to the statements of “three persons of integrity and character who have since made oath

mittee, in the presence of witnesses, and thereto," Mr. Addicks, in April, 1892, admitted that he gave this sum of $5,000 to the Democrats in order to took a receipt for it. Some months later, help them elect their candidate for Governor (Robert J. Reynolds). The reason that he assigned was, “ You

after the election, Mr. L- chanced to know I had no interest in the Richardsons" (the Repub meet Mr. Addicks, Mr. Layton, and Mr. lican candidate for Governor and his father). This statement is abridged from the reply of the Republican State Committee of Delaware to a communication from J. Frank Allee, Chairman of the Union State Committee.

! Postmaster-General in Washington. As

the Delaware trio left the room, Mr. Who is right in this contention I shall Addicks turned to Mr. L- and said, not undertake to determine, but it seems loudly enough for all to hear, “L - to me fairly probable that, inasmuch as you'd better send me your check for that Mr. Addicks did put up a large sum of thousand dollars of mine." This was to money in 1892, some of that money was give Mr. Bristow and others who were used to pay the taxes of Republican voters present the impression that Mr. L- had who had been disfranchised by the operataken a thousand-dollar bribe from Mr. tion of the delinquent tax law, as well as Addicks, and had then refused to “ deliver to pay for the “work” and “influence" the goods ” or return the money.

that were needed to give the party fightHow much Mr. Addicks spent in ing efficiency. Be that, however, as it bribery and vote-buying in 1892 cannot may, Mr. Addicks's expenditures in 1892 with certainty be stated; but such infor- brought no practical results, for the reason mation as I have been able to get, taken that National influences and tendencies in connection with a semi-public statement gave rise that year to a Democratic tidal made by him personally in 1894, indicates wave, which rolled over Delaware and that the sum was not less than seventy- carried into the House of Assembly five thousand dollars. This amount, twenty-eight Democratic legislators out of moreover, does not include twenty-five a total membership of thirty. thousand dollars used in getting through In 1894, however, there were manifest the Legislature his Bay State Gas charter. signs of a reaction in favor of the RepubIn 1894 he told a prominent Republican lican party, and Mr. Addicks, seeing that politician of Sussex County, in whom he there was an excellent prospect of again had confidence, that it had cost him getting a Republican majority in the twenty-five thousand dollars to get that Legislature, determined to use a very concharter, but that he had cleaned up two mill. siderable part of the money cleaned up in ion dollars in the Boston gas “ deal.” Pre- the Boston gas “ deal” in securing the cisely in what way the twenty-five thousand election of legislators who would vote for dollars had been used he did not explain. him as United States Senator.

It is said by the Addicks men gener- One of the first things that he attempted ally, and by Dr. Layton and Dr. Marshall to do was to get, as chairmen of the in particular, that in the years 1892, '93, Republican committees in Kent and Susand '94, when none of the old Republican sex Counties, influential and experienced leaders would put up the money that was men, who might be trusted to put his needed for campaign expenses, Mr. Ad- money where it would do the most good. dicks threw himself into the breach, Upon looking over his “inventory” for assumed the leadership, paid the taxes of that year, he found the name of a man fifteen hundred Republican voters who in the southern part of the State who had practically been disfranchised in Kent had had some political experience and and Sussex Counties by the Democratic training, but who was poor, and who at delinquent tax law, and, generally, reor- that particular time was rather hard ganized the party in the State, provided pressed for money with which to educate it with funds, and set it on its feet. For his three sons. Mr. Addicks promptly this service he thought he was fairly sent for this man, and said to him, in entitled to the United States Senatorship. substance, “Mr. N- -, I'm trying to find On the other hand, ex-United States Sena- somebody who is willing and able to look tor Anthony Higgins says that “Mr. after my interests in Sussex County, and Addicks was brought into our affairs I have sent for you in order to make a shortly before the election of 1892, after proposition to you. It is quite likely that our taxes had been fully paid and a I shall start a new party before long, and thorough organization of the party in the I shall want a chairman for my committee State had been made. After the taxes in your county. If you'll go in with me, had been paid and the party had been I'll give you a salary of $100 a month, organized, he came to snatch for himself appoint you Chairman of the Sussex the result-hoping to succeed to Senator County Committee, and put $100,000 to Gray's seat, then becoming vacant.” 1 your credit for campaign expenses." "Evening News, Wilmington, Del., November 19, 1902. Mr. N was very much taken by surprise, and could only say that Mr. if they would nominate a ticket of legis. Addicks knew very little about him, and lators in that county who would vote for would hardly be justified in intrusting to him as United States Senator. The gena comparative stranger so large a sum as tlemen of the Committee, who were in favor a hundred thousand dollars.

of the re-election of Senator Higgins, “ That's all right !” replied Mr. Ad- declined to accept the proposition. Mr. dicks ; " I know what I'm about. I want Addicks, nevertheless, put thirty-three somebody that will stay with me, and I'm thousand dollars into the hands of the told you're one of that kind.”

Committee that summer, thirty thousand Mr. N— , who had just borrowed five dollars of which were spent in paying for hundred dollars to pay the schoul expenses “work,” “influence," and votes. On the of his oldest son, was probably tempted other hand, it is asserted by the Addicks by the offer ; but he told the tempter, men that the Democrats had a "corruption nevertheless, that he was not prepared, at fund” of twenty-six thousand dollars that that moment, to accept the proposition. same year.

“Well,” said Mr. Addicks, “if one The State election in 1894 resulted in a hundred dollars isn't enough, I'll give sweeping Republican victory, the Republiyou two hundred dollars a month and cans electing their Governor and Congressput a hundred thousand dollars to your man, as well as nineteen out of the thirty credit.”

members of the Legislature. Mr. Addicks Mr. N— still held back, and replied regarded this victory as the result of his that he could not act in such a matter own efforts and expenditures, and had no without consideration.

doubt, apparently, that it would be followed “If you won't take two hundred dol- by his election to the United States Senate. lars," persisted Mr. Addicks, “what will On the Thursday after the State electionyou take? Name your price.”

that is, on the evening of November 8, Mr.N- finally declined to do anything 1894-a dinner was given at the house more than consider the matter, and the of Charles L. Moore, in Georgetown, Susinterview closed.

sex County, to fourteen prominent RepubIn the spring of that same year licans from the southern part of the State. (whether before or.after the interview with At that dinner Mr. Addicks made a Mr. N— I do not know) Mr. Addicks speech in which, among other things, he is said to have come personally before the said: “ Well, boys, we've won!... I've Sussex County Republican Committee, in bought it; I've paid for it; and I'm going the office of D. J. Layton, at Georgetown, to have it! It has cost me one hundred with an offer to give them one hundred and forty thousand dollars !" thousand dollars for campaign purposes,


A Little Minister

By Florence Earle Coates
Far up the crag, 'twixt sea and sky,
Where winds tempestuous, blowing by,

Leave giant boulders swept and bare;

Where forked lightnings fitful flare,
And petrels sound their stormy cry-
A dainty bluebell, sweet and shy,
Lifted its head complacently,
As guarded by the tenderest care,

Far up the crag.
had a ., whenever fear draws nigh,
Ju thought I stand 'twixt sea and sky,

And, as of old in my despair,

I bless the Power that set it there
That tiny thing with courage high,

Far up the çrag!



Private Secretary to District Attorney Jerome

V.—The People's Cause
UR Grand Jury is debauched,” had repeatedly petitioned Captain Gannon
Mr. Jerome affirmed, in the early to stop the disorderly proceedings there.

days of the campaign. “I trust It was complained in the neighborhood that no one in this audience will believe that the disorder was so flagrant that old that I am saying this merely to make residents had been compelled to move a startling statement. I am saying it away for the sake of their families. Yet in all calmness after years of observation Captain Gannon went his way unmoved, of the Grand Jury system. Our whole permitting the Webster Hotel to run in Grand Jury system is debauched and spite of all the protests of decent citizens; rotten. Our Crand Juries are a mockery and why? of justice.

“Simply because he was getting the “When I assert this, I know well that stuff for protecting it! He dares not deny some of you will say, 'Oh, Jerome is a this. fanatic; he deals in overstatements. But “We raided the hotel twice again after do any of you know how a Grand Jury is the raid on which we found Captain drawn? I do, for I have seen it often. Gannon being entertained by the proA justice walks in, hat on head, cigar in prietor in the back parlor. But what is mouth, and says to, an attendant, « The the result? The Webster Hotel is doing Grand Jury will now be drawn. The business at the same old stand, and the clerk puts a number of slips with names wives and daughters of citizens passing on them into the disk, and spins it round. there or living in the neighborhood are Then the slips are drawn, and a conver- exposed nightly to the insults of bad men sation of this sort takes place : John and bad women, so that a man dares not Harsen Rhoades, banker ’--and the slip take his wife or daughter past its doors is put back. • Patrick MacDougal, liquor- except in a carriage. Yet the Grand dealer'-'Ah, that's our man'—and Mac- Jury refused to find an indictment against Dougal, the liquor-dealer, goes on the Captain Gannon. What can you expect jury. That is a sample of the way Grand in your municipal government when there Juries are drawn under the existing gov- is corruption such as this in your Grand ernment.

Juries?”1 “Our Grand Juries might no doubt Mr. Jerome himself was as explicit in indict me. They won't indict anybody attack as he had been in his proposals for else. They refused to indict Gannon, reform. He was far from naming such the police captain we found sitting in the persons and such bodies only as among parlor of the Webster Hotel the night we reformers it had become customary and raided it. The charge against Gannon even obligatory to name. He named, as was neglect of duty. The Grand Jury has been seen, the Grand Jury, he named could not see that he had been negligent; the City Council, he named the Supreme yet the proprietors of the Hotels Dam and

'Captain Gannon was last month dismissed from the Jefferson, and thirty-one citizens living in police force, and, prosecuted by the District Attorney,

was convicted by a jury in the criminal court of criminal the neighborhood of the Webster Hotel,

malfeasance in office.

Court, he named the hidden powers behind story, were received with tumults of dethe Supreme Court.

lighted recognition, but they aroused There were already in the Supreme more mirth than wrath. With the police Court, in Mr. Jerome's opinion, men whose and their superiors he feels his own con. honesty could not be trusted ; and he cern to be remote. But in every contract dealt as boldly with the question of their that he makes and in every credit that he honesty as with the question of their gives he relies on the machinery of juslearning. He did so at his peril. “I tice. He becomes uneasy at the notion know well,” he said, “what all these that even a trial jury can be bought and statements mean to me if I am defeated sold; that a grand jury can be packed, and go back to private practice ; but I that a Supreme Court can be tampered do not mean to be deterred by that. with, are statements before which he There are certain men in the Supreme loses his last semblance of levity. Mr. Court deserving all our respect and honor; Jerome spoke with a convincing accent of there are certain men deserving neither certainty and gravity; his audiences grew respect nor honor. I am saying only grave; the party managers on his own what is known and currently commented side grew more and more dismayed. on by members of the bar. At a meeting What gave them pause was not the attack of the Bar Association I heard a lawyer upon the courts, it was the attack upon say (and he mentioned the man's name) the Metropolitan Street Railway Com that there is a judge in the Supreme Court pany. Mr. Whitney and his colleagues who is a tout for Richard Croker's insur- were accustomed to abstain from party ance company. His words have never politics; it was to their obvious interest been challenged by that judge. To me, to remain upon good terms with either indeed, it seems that he was liable to party that might chance to have the upper punishment for contempt of court; but hand. It was to the obvious interest of what he said has never yet been chal- either party at the moment of election to lenged. It is an appalling thing that any be upon good terms with men who might doubt should rest upon the honor of any well exercise so strong a vote-controlling judge of the Supreme Court.” “ Ask any power. On the 24th of October the New honest lawyer," he said later, “how cer- York - World” announced the formal tain justices of the Supreme Court were adhesion of Mr. Whitney to the Tammany nominated. Ask the members of the bar side; in an open letter he assured the if they do not have to pick and choose Tammany candidate for the mayoralty of between justices in any matter that affects his support. His neutrality was plainly a the interests of the Metropolitan Street neutrality between the two great standing Railway Company.” And, again: “I tell parties, not between either standing party you there are judges in the Supreme Court and a party of thorough-paced reform. in this county of New York of whom it His decision plainly had been taken beis true that the most potent influence cause of the growing probability of the behind them is the Metropolitan Street victory and of the thoroughgoingness of Railway Company, which put them where the party of reform. The newspapers they are. Ask any lawyer in large prac- were, many of them, of the opinion that by tice in this city who knows what the courts his decision the probability of that victory are, and he will tell you I am speaking had been diminished or destroyed. The th: truth the absolute truth.”

party managers of the Fusionists, many If a distinction may be drawn between of them, held it for the time being their enthusiasm and attention, Mr. Jerome's best hope that he might after all preserve audiences grew more and more attentive. a practical neutrality-that his support of The average American is somewhat cynic- Tammany might prove to be a formal and ally indifferent to venality in the subor- perfunctory support. Mr. Jerome, on the dinate members of the administration, contrary, saw an opportunity to make but he is sensitive to anything that good on his promises. He had spoken touches the integrity of the judiciary. in public bitterly enough of the pernicious The depredations of the unofficial licenser influence in public affairs of men like Mr. he feels that he can afford to suffer; the Devery and Mayor Van Wyck, of men sponge story, the lemon story, the cravat whose acquaintance and personal friends

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