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Sunday Schools

issue both by a brief paragraphic report manual on the Four Gospels, by Dr. J. L. of the salient current events in the Hurlbut; (3) a syllabus prepared by Dr. Christian world at home and abroad, Hervey, of the New York Board of Eduand by a group of denominational out- cation, to accompany Mr. Du Bois's book, looks surveying important occurrences in " The Point of Contact in Teaching :" the Baptist, Methodist, Episcopal, and (4) the Normal Reading Courses, twelve Congregational Churches. The spirit with in number, arranged with a view to prowhich this is undertaken is represented viding the most helpful information for by a single sentence: “The Congrega teachers who have never enjoyed the tionalist feels that the emphasis to-day privilege of special pedagogical training. should be laid not so much on denomina- The Commission then calls attention to tionalism as upon co-operation, federation, the work proposed for this year. In New and unity." The Outlook need hardly York City a series of training-classes has say that it cordially welcomes this addition been arranged to be held at different cen- . to the interest and value of a journal ters, so that teachers in varied sections may which has long kept the front rank among be equally accommodated. These classes church newspapers. While, as its title are of two grades. The advanced class indicates, the “ Congregationalist” is pri- has a course of ten lessons, with a fee of marily a Congregational journal, it is by $5 for the course. The elementary classes no means a sectarian organ, and this new give five lessons each, at a fee of $2.50. departure does not indicate any real change The subject covered by the advanced in the spirit and policy of the paper, but class will be “ The Principles and Methrather the adoption of a new method to ods of the Art of Teaching." It will be emphasize the spirit and policy which have conducted by Professor Reigart. The for years characterized it.

elementary classes will deal with the following topics: “How to Teach," taught

by Dr. Hervey ; “ The Art of Story-TellJ. While day-schools have been ing," taught by Dr. Baker; and “ How

advancing along the lines of to Find the Point," taught by Miss Seeducational reform, our Sunday-schools bring, of Columbia. Outside the metropare but little in advance of their position olis, the Commission sensibly suggests a quarter of a century ago. It seems the study of its Course No. I on “The strange that the Church should overlook Principles of Religious Education;" but in the study of pedagogical principles, for many cases it will also be possible to enlist as the report just issued of the Sunday- the interest of some public-school teacher, School Commission of the Protestant whose special training can be brought Episcopal Diocese of New York says, in into requisition for the Church. The theory the teaching function of the Church Commission will also arrange, at a miniis her most ancient and characteristic one, mum of cost, for the visits of highly acand lies at the very heart of her commis- complished educators to parishes outside sion. Certainly the work of day-schools of New York City. demands no more serious study on the part of the State than does that of Sunday-schools on the part of the Church.

Three Lay Schools

e A model outline for The Commission therefore justly calls

se Bible study has just attention to its publications : (1) a course been published by the South Church of of lectures on the “ Principles of Relig- Springfield, Mass., under the direction of ious Education," published by Messrs. the Rev. Dr. Moxom. The aim of his Longmans, Green & Co., New York-a Seminar is “a real knowledge of the course carried out by such authorities as Bible: its origin, structure, authors, Bishop Doane, of Albany, Dean Hodges, dates, historical value, and religious teachof Cambridge, Professor De Garmo, of ing.” The scope of the Seminar is all Cornell, President Hall, of Clark Univer- the ground of knowledge which can be sity, Professor McMurry, of the Teach- covered and mastered, and Dr. Moxom ers' College of Columbia University, Pro- adds that the work is to be conducted as fessor Kent, of Brown, and Professor it has been, with perfect frankness, withMoulton, of Chicago University; (2) a out prejudice, with only a supreme regard

and an absolutely fearless search for the significance. The stability of American truth. He believes, with Paul, that “we institutions, notwithstanding the spread can do nothing against truth, but for the of a population largely composed of truth." There are to be thirty-six papers foreign immigrants from the Alleghanies in the Seminar's course, on various aspects to the Pacific in less than a century, of the Psalms, such as “ The Composi- is due more to the home missionary tion of the Psalter," "Are there Pre work than to any other single cause. Exilic Psalms ?” “ The Idea of God in the When the Home Missionary Society Psalms," “ The Doctrine of Sin in the began its work, our population numPsalms,” “Immortality in the Psalms.” To bered but eleven millions, with but two this announcement Dr. Moxom adds a miles of railway, and that operated by valuable list of authorities on the study of horses. It has become the mother of the Psalms. A school for the training of 5,500 churches-- 1,500 of them Presbywomen to assist in the pastoral duties of terian, the result of interdenominational clergymen has been recently organized co-operation. From one of its missionin Cincinnati, under the management of aries, the Rev. Jeremiah Porter, lately the Rev. A. M. Harvout, of the Central deceased, the hamlet of Chicago heard Church of the Disciples of Christ. The the first sermon in 1833. Many strong assistance given by consecrated women churches from the Mississippi to the to Mr. Harvout in his pastoral work has Pacific were nurslings at its breast. In proven of such notable value as to con- this work it has expended iwenty-two vince him that all city pastors should have million dollars in cash and supplies, a like helpers. The aim of the school is total exclusive of large sums spent by to make it a place for practical work affiliated societies in the States upon local with a background of theological study, work of the same kind. Out of this work and, while it is under the management of have grown Christian schools, colleges, the Disciples, it is not in any sense a de- and theological seminaries at the strategic nominational school. Those entering the points of the westward march of civilizaschool must be at least eighteen years tion. The “diamond jubilee” year of old, trained in the elements of an English such a work is of no limited denominaeducation, and ready for self-sacrificing tional interest. Since the tide of populaservice in the work of reclaiming men tion began to pour westward at the end and women from sin. There is not so of the Revolutionary War, all denominamuch difficulty in obtaining Christian tions have borne a part in averting the workers among the poor as in obtaining twin dangers of barbarism and irreligion. trained workers. A training school for Baptists and Methodists itinerated among Christian workers has just been established the pioneers. Presbyteries and Synods at 128 East Tenth Street, New York City. detailed pastors for temporary missionary Such branches of practical work among service. No State Church ever underthe poor are taught as cooking, kitchen- took or accomplished so vast, so costly, gardening, sewing, basket-weaving, first so momentous a work as was done by the aid for the injured, rescue work, tene- voluntaryisin of the American Churches ment-house visiting, and Bible readings in planting Christian institutions through

This school has been put within the out two million square miles of territory, reach of almost every one by means of in the midst of the poverty and hardship the low cost of tuition. The fee for the incident to the first settlement of a wilderresident student, including board and ness. Says Dr. Bacon: “ The planting of lodging, is $125, and for the outside stu- the Church in the West is one of the dents $25 a year, or $12.50 per term. wonders of Church history.” In the jubiFurther particulars may be obtained from lee of any one of the active agents in such Miss Charlotte A. Porter, at the above a work all the others have a fraternal address.

interest. For Congregational Home Mis

sions this is particularly true, since so Home Mission. The approaching seventy- much of their work has gone without a

fifth anniversary of the sectarian spirit into the building up of the Congregational Home Missionary Society work of others. A special effort is now will be an event of more than common making to free their work from the incubus


of debt contracted in hard times, which, gain political ascendency in the election though considerably reduced last year, now in progress. They believe that upon remains at the figure of $108,000.

the test question of Protestant discipline alone they will be able to claim the defeat

of a number of candidates. ... Some time since The Outlook Frolanity called attention to an Anti-Profanity Conference in Albany, N.Y., under

Christian Endeavor in Spain

The first National the auspices of the Holy Name Society, a

* Convention of the Roman Catholic organization. The Holy Spanish Christian Endeavor organization Name Societies of Brooklyn recently as- has just taken place at Saragossa. As readsembled in that city, and marched through ers of Galdos's greatest novel know, this the streets in a great procession. The interesting Roman city, founded by Cæsar thousands of men in line represented no Augustus, has long been the chosen center less than sixty Societies of the Holy Name, of Roman Catholic devotion to the Virgin attached to as many churches. At the con- Mary. Her shrine in the sumptuous clusion of the exercises a cablegram was cathedral dedicated to " La Virgen del read from Leo XIII. bestowing the Papal Pilar” is visited every year by more devblessing on the members. The streets otees than any other one in Spain. For were crowded along the line of march, and twenty-seven years the simple Gospel of the influence of the demonstration reached Christ has been preached almost under far beyond the considerable membership the shadow of this cathedral; and in this of the societies which participated in it. chapel of the mission of the American Why should this be an exclusively Roman Board (Congregationalist) the Convention Catholic organization ? Have Protestants was held. The delegates to the Convenno share in a crusade against profanity ? tion found themselves the subjects of

violent comment by the Saragossa press,

while the ecclesiastical authorities de me The political campaign manded that the Governor should prevent

care now in progress in Great the meeting of the Convention. They Britain has brought strongly to the fore declared that "it would be an outrage to the work of the British National Prot- the sentiments of the inhabitants of Saraestant League. This is an organization gossa, who venerated the Holy Mother of for the suppression of lawlessness in the God in the temple sheltering her sacred Anglican Church. The leader of the move- and miracle-working image." The Goyment seems to be Sir William Harcourt, ernor was in sad straits. Before such a who is trying to bring extremists before storm he could hardly do less than prohibit the courts. There are two acts of Parlia- the Convention, which he did in a halfment under which such a procedure may hearted way. But the Protestants, conbe carried out-the Public Worship Act scious of their rights, and knowing that and the Clergy Discipline Act. From the he knew them, courteously acknowledged standpoint of the League, the last named the receipt of his order and quietly held is the more practical, as, under its provis- meetings through the two full days assigned ions, any one outside of the particular in the programme an unparalleled vicparish involved could be the prosecutor, tory for religious freedom in Spain-and and the prosecutor would be at liberty to then departed in peace for their homes. institute any number of cases. There is Thirty-seven societies were represented one trouble with the proposed prosecution, by some fifty delegates. however. Not only will the ritualists be as incorrigible as ever, but their prosecuted clergymen will wear a halo of glory as so

The noble example of Father many martyrs. The cause of ritualism,

****Damien at Molokai has been instead of receiving a check, will be the imitated by other self-sacrificing men and gainer. Recognizing this, many anti- women, particularly by Father Beyzym, a ritualists, therefore, are concentrating Roman Catholic Polish priest. Some statheir efforts not so much on the attempt tistics concerning his Madagascar mission to prosecute individual clergymen as to to the lepers have just come to hand. The

English Ritualists

Father Beyz

result of their publication in Europe was that know any man better fitted by conviction five nuns volunteered for heroic and dan- and experience to present the principles gerous service to the pathetically afflicted of what we may call moderate Repubsufferers in Madagascar. These women licanism than Dr. Shaw, the editor of have now arrived at the station, and are the “ American Monthly Review of ministering to over six hundred lepers, Reviews,” who combines in an eminent Father Beyzym writes that his mission degree the qualities of reformer, statesis composed of a church, his own small man, and journalist; while Dr. Eliot, the dwelling of two rooms, and four immense President of Harvard University, is one sheds. These sheds are divided into of the best types of the American scholar small cells without flooring and without in politics, and his judicial summing up windows. There are only rush carpets for of the issues of the present election may furniture. Ordinarily a room is occupied fairly be taken as representative of the by one family. The lepers live chiefly on views of those who regard parties only as rice. The Government has given a piece instruments for the accomplishment of of ground to them, but the soil is poor, moral and political ends. and it must be cultivated some time before Our readers are not to regard these it will produce anything. Nevertheless, papers as in the nature of a political deFather Beyzym was not only willing but bate. No one of the writers has seen the glad to leave a comfortable home in Poland contribution of any other. The fact, thereand to undertake a dreadful task, the end fore, that something is said or assumed in of which must be his own death as a leper. one paper and not denied in another, is Despite its terrors, it is claimed that in not to be taken as any indication that it is nearly every leper colony in the world a admitted. Nor have we invited these writRoman Catholic priest is to be found. Mar- ers into our columns that we might either tyrs not only in the mere act of death, but commend or criticise their views. We martyrs throughout life, are no new thing repeat here what we said last week to one in the Church of Christ.

of our correspondents : it is the object of The Outlook, first, to give an impartial,

though not colorless, view of current The Issues of the Cam

events, foreign and domestic, secular and

religious; second, to give our own interpaign

pretation of the significance of these

events in their relation to the well-being We publish in this and the next week's of humanity ; and, thirdly, to secure the issue of The Outlook five important arti- ablest representation we can of the views cles bearing on the present political cam- of independent thinkers where these views paign-two by Mr. Charles A. Towne, widely differ, and especially to do this in presenting the Democratic view and advo- a time of hot debate like the present. It cating the Democratic principles; two by is in order to fulfill this last purpose that Dr. Albert Shaw, presenting the Repub- we have secured these contributions on lican view and advocating the Republican the present political issues from these principles; and one, which will close this three eminent writers. We doubt whether series, by Dr. Charles W. Eliot, summing our readers can find in any other way so up the issues, and presenting them in a compact and comprehensive a statement philosophic or academic manner, as it of those issues as viewed by able men may be expected they will be viewed by from different points of view, as they will the historian of the future when the heats find in these five articles, which we comof the present election shall have passed mend to their careful and considerate away.

reading. There is no abler representative of the We may take this occasion to add a spirit and principles of what might be brief caution. It is deemed by certain called the New Democratic party, of leaders good strategy to endeavor to make which Mr. Bryan is the standard-bearer, their fellow-men think as badly as possible than Mr. Towne, the original choice of of the opposite party, and to paint in colors that portion of the Democratic party for as dark as possible the perils which threaten the office of Vice-President; nor do we the Republic if their favorite candidate

is not elected. Those of us whose mem- Haste and Manners ory of public affairs runs back to a period

Americans are courteous because they the fact that every Presidential election are kindly; the observant traveler in any has been portrayed by press and platform part of the country notes a general desire as a critical one, on the decision of which to put people at ease, and to make condithe destiny of the Republic depended. tions comfortable. It is not saying too They can also perhaps derive some cour- much to declare that Americans are polite age and hope for the future in the reflec- by instinct. They have been bred into tion that a Republic which endured the great respect for women ; they are tender administrations of James Buchanan and with children; and any kind of misfortune of Andrew Johnson is likely to be able to appeals to their sympathy, and rarely endure any administration which the appeals in vain. There is less formality future may have in store for it.

in this country than abroad, but there is The Republic has two safeguards which more courtesy, if by courtesy is meant in such times as the present are conven- prompt and watchful attention to the iently forgotten by orators on the stump. needs and perplexities of others. But

Owing to our principle of self-govern- this fine trait of men and women of ment, a large part of our life is unaffected American birth and breeding is in great by changes in National administration danger of being lost through haste. Haste Our schools, our roads, our municipal makes good manners impossible; to be in administration, our State policies, go on a hurry is to be unable to give others that neither improved nor deteriorated by the attention which is the soul of good manresults of a Federal election. Moreover, ners. The finer results of living in society that election is itself, in the last analysis, are fruits which must be ripened by time determined by a comparatively small body and leisure, and are soon lost when time of men who are never extremists. The and leisure take flight. men who hesitate between the two candi The modern trolley-car, as it is run in dates and cast their vote finally with a this city, is the deadly foe of good breeding certain degree of hesitation are those and courtesy. In the rush and haste who determine the result, and therefore which characterize it there is small opporexercise a powerful influence on the tunity for those smaller courtesies which policy which follows. In our past history distinguish civilized from savage life. Buchanan could neither be as ardent an Men and women are caught up and set advocate of slavery as the extreme pro down as if they were so many bales of slavery propagandists, nor could Abraham cotton, to be handled with despatch but Lincoln proceed against slavery with the not with care. They are packed against celerity and vigor which were demanded one another in a fashion which violates of him by the Abolitionists. The con- every sense of delicacy, and the conductor servative vote which sees some defects in pushes his way through the crowded paseach party and some excellencies in each sage with entire indifference to decency and which is ready to pass over the line or comfort. In most cases he cannot do from one to the other in case extremists otherwise; he is required to make time, get control, prevents political changes in and he has no choice save to overcrowd America from becoming political revolu- his car. He would prefer to help his pastions, and gives to conservatism in both sengers on and off the platform instead of parties a power far greater than that to hurling them into the street or pulling which the absolute number of conserva- them out of it; he would like room enough tives would seem to entitle it. For these to do his work decently and courteously. reasons, important as are the issues He is, as a rule, the product of a bad sysinvolved in the present election, neither tem; whenever he shows anything worse the permanency of the Republic nor even than haste, he ought to be promptly rethe permanent prosperity of the people ported. It is the plain duty of every paswill be determined by it, for neither is senger to report every case of discourtesy on or can be ultimately dependent upon the the part of a conductor. But the system incident of a majority in a Presidential is the real cause of offense; it is vulgar. election,

izing to the last degree, and it is respon

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