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imitation of the wild laugh of the girlie who sang them to her was irresistible. The child was full of wondering glee that what she had always croone 1 was music. "I never knew that I was singing." "Charlie is my Darling" and "Hey, Johnnie Cope." were electric. "I know my Love by his way of walking," was snug by request, and is an entirely new and characteristic Irish song. "The Twa Sisters" is a most picturesque form of the old ballad of two sisters courted by the same knight; the jealous murder of the younger by the elder, the finding of the body, and the harper's stringing his harp with its golden hair, the weird harp strings telling through song in her father's hall of her death at the hands of her sister. Mr. Wark was the accompanist on the piano. Miss Murray made a charming picture at the clairschach as she played and sang. The members an I friends of the New England Society are feeling that the literary meetings are a leading feature of the club season. We are indebted to Mrs. Homer J. Ostrom for the report of this most interesting mcetine.

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Another function of social interest was "Colony Day," celebrated on the 29th at the home of Mrs. Fitch James Swinburne. The officers of the Parent Society and all of the Colonies, together with the members of the Colony Committee were invited: about one hundred responded in person, or hv proxy, and as many more bv regrets. The affair was purely social. No program interrupting the various groups of conversationalists and the two hours proved too short for the desired acquaintances to be made. The dining room was as usual on such occasions, wondrously attractive,though strictly New England delicacies were not disnensed—but everywhere, as characterises Mrs. Swinburne's entertainments, the true spirit of cordial hospitality prevailed. A particularly beautiful piece of (lowers consisted 1 a solid bank of red and white tulips.

The Parert Society are exceedingly regretful that in one more month their .-harming president. Mrs. George T. Stevens, retires from the chair. She has endeared all hearts to her and has presided always in a graceful and genial manner. holding up the attributes for which the Society stands. The Colonies are progressing finely in numbers and interests are growing in a substantial way.


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Mrs. D. Frr-'er'C Potter, president of Colonv 2. Buffalo, sends the following: "This Colony held the retrular March meeting on Thursday, the 8th. A very interwelcomed on that day several new members but none more warmly than the first Colony baby, to whom was presented a 'Paul Revere' porringer with the inscription:

esting and original paper on "Harriet Beecher Stowe" was written for the day by Mrs. Jennie Robbins Smead. Mrs. Frances W. Graham, State W. C. T. U. president, was a special guest and sang several times clearly and charmingly. Each member of Colony 2 was privileged to invite a guest and many friends were present, among them Mrs. Frank J. Shuler, president Western New York Federation of Women's Clubs, who gave a word of greeting from the Federation to the New Englanl Women. The most distinctive entertainment which has been given in the history of the Colony is the Loan Exhibit of New England relics, held during the week ending March 10th. A candy and cake sale was a feature of the entertainment together with a talk on old china and a musical program. The first year book edited by the Colony is completed and each member is happy in possessing a copy of same. The year is nearly ended. All is well in Colony 2— prosperity reigneth therein."

Montclair. Colony 3. held its annual meeting on Thursday, March 22d. at the residence of Mrs. Schoonmaker, 84 Fullerton ave. S. The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: Presi cnt, Mrs. H. C. Newell: first vice president. Mrs. W. G. Frost: second vice president. Mrs. Frederick B. Lovejov: recording secretary'. Mrs. Charles W. Royce: corresponding secretary. Mrs. Mcrwin Rice: treasurer. Mrs. Francis S. Foote: assistant treasurer, Mrs. John McGhie; managers, Mrs. Edward P. Mitchell, Mrs. Charles Whiting P.aker and Mrs. E. G. Hovey. During the past year money to maintain a district nurse and meet other expenses of the club was ra'sed in three ways. Early in the year wooden boxes were sent out to the members, requesting them to collect all the money they could in any way they chose. After six month-. they were called in and it was found that over two hundred dollars had been collected in this way. A musicale was hel; in December which netted another two hundred and a euchre party was given on the evening nf Washington's birthday, from which one hundred and sixty dollars was cleared. The trained nurse supported bv the Colony charges a fee where patient^ are able to pay, though usually it is very small, and over two hundred dollars came in from this source: all of which, with the dues of the eightv members, gave an income for the year of over nine hundred dollars. Miss Lawrence, the nurse, is a graduate of Grace Hospital, Toronto. She has made her work a success far beyond the expectations of the most sanguine. Fif

teen hundred calls were made during the year; compared with similar work in other towns, this is a remarkable record, considering that she walks for hours daily in going from house to house.

Since the last issue of the New EngLand Magazine Washington, Colony 4, has installed her officers for the coming year. All regret deeply the close of Mrs. Bertha Robbins' presidency but are happy that her successor, Mrs. C. Davi 1 White, is so thoroughly qualified lor the position. Mrs. Robbins is now historian and sends the following: The regular monthly meeting was held March 19th. After regular routine business a resolution was passed to send the following memorial to Secretary of the Navy Bonaparte.

"As women of New England we cannot remain silent while there is a possibility of the old ship 'Constitution' being broken up and disappearing from the register of the navy. We beg to present our most earnest remonstrance against any such action and hereby pray that necessary steps forthwith be taken for preserving the 'Fighting Frigate of 1812.' that she be repaired and renewed and once more put in commission to be used as a training ship, in connection with the Naval Academy. Not only preserving the old 'Constitution' for the glorious victories won. and at the time of the fight with the "Guerriere' restoring the self-respect of this nation, but it will instill in the hearts of the present generation and those who follow a proper pride in the history of that per iod."

It was also adopted for regular program that papers should be prepared by mem bers on the various Colonies from which our New England states originated At the next meeting Massachusetts is to lie considered. During the social which followed most beautiful music was enjoyed. given by the host. Lieutenant Commander Barroll, on the violin, his wife accompanying on the piano. Hon. Charles Lyman read some choice poetry. Although a terrible storm had raged all day there was a very goo I attendance.

Mrs. IX \V. Kuhn. secretary Pittsburgh. Colony 7, sends the following: "The Pittsburgh Colony of New England Women had an unusually full meeting in March when Mrs. Detweiler, one of its members, who has lately returned from a long residence in Russia, gave an interesting talk on that country illustrated with photographs and specimens of needlework. This address was followed by the usual informal talk over the teacups. The Colony







The Colony hope to give one or more lectures and readings this spring by representative New England writers but plans are not yet perfected."

Mrs. Agnes B. Ormsby. chairman press committee, Brooklyn, Colony 8, reports as follows: The Brooklyn Society of New England Women at its March social meeting warmly welcomed to its ranks seventeen new members. The total mem bership has now reached the gratifying number of one hundred and ninety-two. This colony, number eight of the National Society, is continuing its initial prosperity and rapidly arranging the business details to its satisfaction. The Constitution and By-Laws, having received the final approval of the members by vote, has been printed and sent to each individual. Arrangements have been made to have the address book printed and distributed directly after the annual meeting, the first week in May. Under the efficient chairmanship of Mrs. H. B. Shute of the executive board, matters pertaining to the May social meeting and the annual meeting have been arranged and all indicate a successful finishing of a prosperous first year.

The spacious home of Mrs. Camden C Dike. Columbia Heights, was crowded to its full capacity at the March social meeting on the eighth. In the absence of the president, Mrs. Stuart Hull Moore. Miss Isabel M. Champman presided and in a gracious manner introduced the first vice presi 'ent of the National Society, Mrs. Frederick Frehlingheusen Seward, who made a cordial speech to this "latest child of the Parent Society." Mrs. Henry Clarke Coe, chairman of the Colony committee of the National Society, sent her remembrances in a mass of scarlet and white tulips, tied with the society's colors. The subject for the afternoon was the women's colleges of New England, which Mrs Lucy T. Lewis, chairman of the literary committee, had thoughtfully arranged Mrs. H. Lee Mallory. who represents three generations of interest through her mother, daughters and self in Mount Holyokc, gave an interesting paper full "Mayflower" with one hundred passengers. Mrs. John Bakewell of Oakland gave a paper on the Home Life of Early New England, describing the conflict of France and England over the Colonies, the thirst for adventure which led men to brave hardships, and sail for the New World. Bartholomew Goswell being the first to land in 1602 on Martha's Vineyard, Cape Cod . George Weymouth next sailed for Cape Cod and coasted north to Kennebec which resulted in the formation of two great stock companies, one under Sir John Popham, who started an expedition which landed at Kennebec in 1606. In 1614 Captain Smith explored from Penobscot to Cape Cod and named it New England. The "Mayflower" arrived in 1620, and lay in the harbor for five weeks, the women landing every day and cooking supplies, and the men scouring the country for game, forty-six dying that awful winter, one of whom was the beautiful Rose Standish. By spring seven houses had been built, and twenty-six acres cleared. Mrs. Bakewell gave interesting details of daily life. Miss Rahout gave two piano solos, one by Liszt, and Mrs. Southard read a beautiful poem, "Daffodils," by Mrs. Grace Hibbard, whom we are happy to claim as a member. A Grace Hibbard Day is in preparation by the literary committee. Refreshments were then served and the members enjoyed a social hour.

not only of the details of the beginning of this, the first woman's college, but also of the rare spirit of its founder, Mary Lyon. Mrs. Mallory is a member of the Brooklyn Society but Miss Anna S. Jenkins who spoke for Smith College, and Miss Alice Stevens who treated of Wellesley College, were honored guests. Both of the speakers emphasize' earnestly tinspecial aims of her alma mater, its history" and achievements, till the members. who represented largely the college of matrimony, were only comforted for the loss of their youth and opportunities by the conviction that choice between Smith and Wellesley would be perplexing indeed. Mrs. H. Brooks Day, one of the society's talented musicians, rendered most excellent piano selections and Mrs. Emma G Beveridge. chairman of the entertainment committee, sang with charming simplicity two groups of songs. Miss Joseph, another of the society's guests played the accompaniments with care and taste, while a cordial letter from California from the society's president Mrs. Moore, completed the afternoon's enjoyment.

San Francisco the first of the Pacific Colonies, is growing rapidly in numbers. calling to her membership women that represent the finest ancestry — names that have helped mnke the history of our Republic We of the East are righteously proud of the achievements of Colony 10. They have alrea y printed their Constitution. By-laws and membership list—the latter mimberirg upwards of eighty. Their secretary.. Miss Tenive Partridge, sends the following: The New England Colony held its regit':>r meeting last Friday at the California Clubhouse. The Colony is growing in interest and numbers, manv new names being presented for membership. An interesting feature is that several presidents of other clubs are among its member5, so that the working force is greatly helped thereby, and there will be no danger tint business will not be carried rvi in the most parliamentary way! The committees are as follows: Membership. Mrs. Fernando Pfingst; literary. Mrs. Clare O. Southard: music, Mrs.' E. De '■is Magee: refreshments, Mrs Eli P. Burr; reception. Mrs. John Jay Scoville; decoration. Mrs A. J. Tinker. Mrs. Southard rend a paper on the Early History of New England up to 1620. beginning with the Algonquins and their characteristics, of their agglutinative and polysvllabic language: speaking of the slave svstem of woman, polygamy, etc.: then giving the beginning of the Pilgrim movement and their leaving Delfthaven in the leaky "Speedwell" and later sailing in the

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Mrs. George Frederick Ralph (Cornelia Marion Barnes Ralph). President of Colo"v 9. National Society of New England Women, has a highly honorable and interesting ancestry. Through her father, the lite Sylvester Wallace Barnes, she is eighth from Thomas Barnes who signed the New Haven Colony constitution in 1644. ninth from Captain Isaac Johnson who fell in King Philip's War. tenth from Captain John Johnson. "Surveyor of all ye King's Armies in America," and ninth from Justice Edwar 1 Howell, leader of the founders of Southampton, Long Island, in 1640.

Her Topping line is interesting for an unbroken succession of military titles. It runs as follows: Captain Thomas Topping. Oiptain Elnathan Topping, Captain Stephen Topping. Lieutenant Daniel Topping. Southampton. Long Island : Sergeant Daniel Topping, seven years' veteran of the New York Line in the Revolution: Lieutenant Jared lopping, War of 1812; Lucina Topping. Sylvester Wallace Barnes, Mrs. Ralph. Captain Thomas Topping, in 1635-39 of Wethersfield which he represented in General Court, was an original proprietor of Milford. 1639-44, leading man of Hempstead, 1645-50. and in 1651-1664 of Southampton, where he was captain, magistrate, deputy and assistant. Of Milford and Branford subsequently, he commanded all the New Haven troops in 1672, and from 1674 to 1684 was Assistant of Connecticut.

Through her mother, the late Cornelia Augusta Chevalier, Mrs. Ralph is linked with the very earliest founders of both New England and New York. Eleventh from Stephen Hopkins and tenth from his children, Giles and Constance, she descends from three "Mayflower" passengers. Again, she is ninth from Joris Jansen de Rapalie and Catalina Trico. the only two whose names are certainly known among the company of French and Walloons who in 1623 established the first permanent settlement in New Nethcrland.

Mrs. Ralph's other early New York ancestors include Annekc Jans, Dominie Bogardus. Resolve' Waldron, the Tellers. the Chevaliers, the Renandets, the Van Vechtens, the Hooglandts. Her New England ancestors include the Holts, Collincs.


A celebration unique among the anniversaries which the people of historic New England remember, was held not long ago in North Hadley. The occasion was the one hundredth birthday of an old-time teacher, widely known, feared and loved as "Aunt Betsey." "Aunt Betsey" herself died twenty years ago but her memory is still bright as a gathering of one hun dred and twenty-five in Bartlett chapel to commemorate the little red schoolhouse days bore witness. Still brighter were the remembrances of many a method, many .1 wile of hers to reward her pupils in the paths of righteousness and to maintain good sound obedience to discipline. There are few New Englanders who do not remember before the days when systems and theories were much talked of, some gaunt woman fond of learning, very lovable, very fearful, for to the naughty and the stupid ones she was as uncompromising as truth. Other memories also linger about such a teacher of old days— the clutter of school room life, the bleak winter and the big stove, the little half circle of the reading class, her awful severity and the thrill of her kindness These qualities and more must have been accentuated in Mrs. Elizabeth Smith Baker, "Aunt Betsey" of the one hundredth celebration, to keep so warm an affection in the hearts of her boys and girls. The

Bartholomews, Dakins, Perrys, Swifts, Prentices, Benjamins, Burgesses, Porters, Snows. Deanes, Cheneys, Kings, Freemans and Merricks.

She is eleventh from William Collier, Commissioner of the United Colonies, assistant and richest man of Plymouth; and is tenth from Constant Southworth, assistant and treasurer of Plymouth Colony. Through the latter a descendant of the ancient and knightly Southworths of Samlesbury Hall, Lancashire, Mrs. Ralph is an "American of royal descent," claiming as ancestors the crowned Plantagenets of England. William the Conqueror, Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, "Emperor of the West," various Roman Emperors of the East, and innumerable other royalties of early and mediaeval Europe.

Reports from the other Colonies arrived too late to be use' in this number of the New England Magazine. It will be interesting to know that the various Colonies now aggregate a membership of nearly seven hundred.

exercises of the day began with calling the roll, and the pupils present responded. One seventy-one year old boy told in his speech how he got shut in a dark closet with a girl who had to wear his hat while her hood was tied on him. His wife, another pupil, recalled "Aunt Betsey's" warming her apron on cold days and wrapping little Helen's chilled hands in it, but when the same little girl brought rag dolls to school and hid them under the fold of her dress, with one sweep of the teacher's arm, the dolls were in the fire. One absent scholar wrote, "For me, she and not David composed the twenty-third Psalm The 'green pastures' have always been those of Mount Warren that I saw from the east window of the school room. We all came out strong on the last verse because she did." Another one recalled "Every afternoon as surely as the recess bell rang which ended the day for us little ones, she rose impressively from the arm chair, walked slowly across to the throne end of the room, mounted its height, raised the cover of the desk, and from behind and beneath it produced something for every good child according to the degree of his goodness Sometimes it was a raisin, sometimes a lump of sugar, sometimes only a half one. sometimes a big red peppermint." Speeches were made by principals of schools in Hadley and Hop

kins and Clifton Johnson, the author, also made a clever speech; an address was given by the principal of VVesttield Normal school where "Aunt Betsey's'' good courage and love of knowledge led her to become a student at the age of forty. The Normal school was then considered new-fangled. But "Aunt Betsey" had attended the public school at its first opening in North Hadley. This was her first regular school career. The next year she began school teaching and followed her profession with great success and honor for thirty years till 1881. There was an interval of a few years when she was married. After her husband's death she resumed school teaching. She taught largely in North Hadley, and also in Hadley Centre, Haydenville, Lcvcrett. Dockanum and Plainville. For many years she lived in her home village, taught her school and cared for her old parents. Her family was a large one and numbered one hundred cousins, many of whose children went to school to her. Little toddlers were sent to school at an early age in order that they might say in later years that they had been under Aunt "Betsey."

The orthodoxy of Mew England has been popularly considered to be a fixed quantity. The sporadic declaration of advanced opinions from time to time has had but limite 1 welcome from the recognized leaders, and it has been a frequent remark that in the reception and adoption of new thought and belief the pews have been in advance of the pulpit. That this has been apparent rather than real appears from the revelations of opinion and belief published by The Congregationalist in the number of March 8th, celebrat ng its ninetieth anniversary. It asks of seven representatives of the Baptist, Co'g'egational, Episcopalian, Methodist and Presbyterian churches the question—"The Religion of the Next Ninety Years—What Will it Be and Do?" The answers are most significant in their unanimity in practical surrender of a theory of dogmas on which great stress was formerly laid, and insistence on the authority of enlightened reason and established science in interpreting the Bible Thus Rev. Dr. Frank \V. Gunsaulus says: "After all readjustments are made in the study of the Bible and its higher appreciation according to the truer views of to-day, that to-morrow marks the new era for a civilization when the child's heart hears and answers the child's Savior." Professor Henry S. Nash, D. D., says: "The Old Testament is disclosing itself to us in its true character. It is the book of the nation. We are ceasing to take it as

a body of infallible teaching in the field of doctrine or of inerrant prediction of future events." And later: "We no longer speak without effort about predestination in the theological sense. Something more terrible than the foreordination of souls to damnation is confronting us. Can we contemplate, without sinking of heart, the possibility of social conditions which doom and damn little children to misery and hopelessness?" Rev. James R. Day, D. D„ says: "The working creed will be the thirteenth chapter of second Corinthians, which has its climax in the heart of Christ with which it closes. 'Now abideth faith, hope, love, but the greatest of these is love.'" Professor William N. Clarke, D. D., says: "Much of the present unrest is due to the seeking after reality, with its abandonment of the unreal; and the eyes of hope are turned to the day when religion shall be understood to consist in a genuine life, in the realities that are eternal." RevCharles E. Jefferson's thought is: "Since the Reformation era Protestantism has been handicapped by an intenable doctrine of Holy Scripture, which has produced in each generation a host of skeptics and filled the heart of many a saint with perplexity and misgivings. By the scholarship of the last ninety years the power of that conception has been forever broken, and clergymen hereafter instead of squandering time on questions incidental will be free to attend to the one thing essential— God's revelation of Himself in Christ." Rev. Dr. George A. Gordon says: "The worship of the Bible, the subjection of the conscience to it is. for the educated man. no longer possible. In the best sense of that uncertain and perilous adjective the Bible has become a natural book. It has ceased to be the Lord of conscience; it has taken its place as the supreme servant of the conscience." Rev. Dr. Robert F. Coyle closes the symposium with this thought: "The regeneration of the individual will be sought with increasing earn estness, not simply, however, that his soul may be saved and that he may go to heaven, but quite as much that he may ■ave and serve society and produce a little more of heaven on earth." And Rev. Dr. A. E. Dunning, the editor of The Congregationalist, in summarizing this symposium says of the seven men quoted, they "speak in this number in words as divinely prophetic as those of the Old Testament." He also says: "There is a voice of authority not limited to any past period nor confined to any one book. It is a living voice to living persons." Those of us who are not very old can recall a time when this group of sentiments could not be uttered in the ears of orthodox New England without raising a storm of protest and innumerable

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