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-D. B. Urbaneja. V. Cardoso_J. FRANCISCO A. ZEA President.
Munoz_0. Basalo-D. Alzuru_J. T. DIEGO DE VALLENILLA, Secretary.
Machado-R. G. Cadiz-Secretary Diego Palace of Government, Angostura,
de Vallenilla.

Dec. 17. 1819.
Palace of the Sovereign Congress of Vene Let the above be printed, published, and

zuela, Angostora, Dec. 17, 1819. executed, and let the seal of State be affix.
The Sovereign Congress decrees, that ed to the same.
the present fundamental law of the Repub (Signed) Simon BOLIVAR,
lic of Columbia shall be communicated to

President of the Republic. the Supreme Executive Power by means The Minister of the Interior and of Justice, of a deputation for its publication and ob

DIEGO DE URBANEJA. servance.

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covering the body. The storm still raged Violent Snow Storm.-On Thursday tle with considerable fury, and they had not 21 instant, as Agnes Brown and her hus- proceeded far before they observed a hand band, James Siton, a respectable joiner, in slowly raised above the snow. This, on exthe parish of Tynron, were returning from amination, led to the discovery of a new Moffat, where they had been on a visit to sufferer, who, in travelling between Locherone of their children, they were overtaken ben and Moffat, had been overtaken by by a violent storm of snow, when about a the same tremendous storm, and dashed to mile beyond the shepherd's house at Stid- the ground by the violence of the drift. ridge. This onfall was soon accompanied This person wss carried to Stidridge in a by a rapid and stupifying drift, and, as state of insensibility, but by proper care they were now in the middle of a wide and has been restored to health and strength. lonely moor, Mr Siton became apprehen- A little farther on the party came to Mr sive of the consequences, and seriously Siton's staff, which was now nearly buried proposed that they should turn back. His in the snow, and without the aid of which companion, however, inpatient to reach they could not have discovered the body of home, and believing that the storm would his unfortunate wife. The deceased was soon be over, proceeded a little farther on the mother of ten children, all living; and it her journey, when, feeling her strength be- is needless to add, that her untimely fate gin to fail, she at last consented to follow has excited a very lively sentiment of reher husband's advice. She turned back ac gret in the district where she resided. cordingly, but ere they had proceeded ma 11.-Salisbury Crags. Yesterday Lord ny yards, her voice became weak and her Pitmilly heard a debate at great length on steps unsteady. This circumstance did not the action of declarator pursued at the inescape the eye of her husband, and while stance of the Officers of State against the wrapping his plaid round her shoulders, Earl of Haddington, for having it found and desiring her to lean upon his arm for and declared, that his Lordship, as Keeper support, he observed that her countenance of the Royal Parks surrounding the Pa. had undergone a remarkable change. To lace of Holyroodhouse, has no right nor his affectionate request she was only able title to quarry or carry away the rocks from to answer, that she was no longer able to Salisbury Crags. The Solicitor-General stand upright, and sinking to the earth, contended that he had no right to do so. she soon lay at his feet a lifeless corpse. Mr Cranstoun, for the defender, maintainThe feelings of the husband at this mo. ed that he had right to quarry the rocks, ment we will not attempt to describe. Three and use the whole grounds as he saw fit. times he started away from the body of his As the case involved many points of law, wife, and as often returned, tormenting as well as rights of servitude, wherein the himself with the thought, that the spark of inhabitants of Edinburgh had a first interlife might not be totally extinct, and in his est, Lord Pitmilly ordered memorials to be despair almost resolving to share her fate. given in by the first box-day in the ensuing At last he stuck his staff into the snow by vacation, the side of the corpse, and with great diffi Riot in Ross-shire.— The Clergyman of culty found his way back to the shepherd's the Parish of Ross-shire, in which the late house, the charitable inmates of which, in- unhappy disturbances took place, bas, by terpreting his looks rather than his words, his influence alone, accomplished what the soon discovered what had happened, and authorities were unable to effect. The Reimmediately set out for the purpose of re

vcrend Gentleman convened them all (the

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tenants) at Culrain, on the 8th current, strects. In consequence of this popular and, after pointing out the madness and ebullition, the military were sent for from inutility of such violence, and the destruc- Aberdeen and Perth, to keep the peace, tive consequences that must inevitably en- but on the 14th they again left Brechin; la sue, he prevailed upon every man of them and the same scenes were repeated, and the 19 to go down to Ardgay Inn, to receive their clamours of the people were not quieted

, suinmonses for removing, which they did until it was announced to them that the on the 14th, when the Sheriff's officer met majority of the council, upon a second conthem from Tain. Many were prevented sideration of the subject, had decided to vote by sickness from coming. The Sheriff's for Mr Hume. It is likely that, in conseofficer went to their houses and executed quence of these proceedings, his election their summonses, and returned at night to will be questioned in the House of ComArdgay, after experiencing the greatest mons. hospitality. The Reverend Gentleman says 28. Trial of Mr Hunt. On the 16th he shall go bound for the peace of the pa- instant, the trial of Mr Hunt, and nine rish, and that no obstruction shall be given others, upon charges connected with the to the execution of the laws; at the same reform meeting at Manchester on the 16th time he makes the following feeling appeal August last, came on at York, before Mr on behalf of his parishioners:

Justice Bailey, and a special jury, and did “Of all the human race," he says, not terminate till yesterday. The indict" there is not a more grateful or affection- ment charged the defendants with a conate being than the Highlander, to the man spiracy to alter the legal frame of the go who feels for his case and sympathizes with vernment and constitution of these realms, him ; but, alas ! few of the present day and with meeting tumultuously at Manknow his value ; they did, the system of chester, on the 16th August last, with extermination would not continue. I trust 60,000 persons, many armed with sticks, Mr Munro will still avert, from the first which they carried on their shoulders like days of his possession of the estate, so fire-arms, and with bearing flags and bandreadful a judgment as the expulsion of ners, on which were inscriptions and de nearly 600 persons, able and willing to pay vices calculated to inflame the minds of his their rents, who are not one penny in ar. Majesty's subjects against the constituted rear, and who have hitherto paid a higher authorities of the State. There were severent than the tacksman who is to succeed ral counts, varying the form of the indictos them.” Of these six hundred souls there ment. The prosecution was conducted by are more than 100 bed-ridden and aged Mr Scarlett. His evidence closed on the persons, whose locks have grown hoary on 4th day, when Mr Barrow addressed the the soil, under the fostering kindness of jury for Moorhouse, and Mr Holt on be their late excellent landlord, Sir Hector half of Saxton. Mr Hunt on the 5th day of Munro, and whom no earthly power can entered upon his defence, which Oxeuremove till death come to their relief. pied him from ten in the morning till three

We regret to learn that one young wo- in the afternoon. On the four following man, the daughter of the catechist of the days, he examined witnesses to disprove parish, who was wounded on the day of the allegations in the indictment, and at the disturbance, is since dead; but there the end of the 9th day Mr Scarlett replied has been no other fatal casualty.

in an animated speech of three hours and a 15. Election Riot.—The Aberdeen dis- half. The evidence proved that the people tricts of burghs, consisting of that city, and had no sticks, but walking sticks; that no the towns of Montrose, Arbroath, Brechin, arms were carried to the meeting; that no and Bervie, has been keenly contested by orders were given to resist the military; the former member, Mr Hume, and Mr that till the yeomanry advanced all were Mitchell, a merchant in London. The first peaceable ; that Nadin never attempted to mentioned candidate had secured the votes serve hiswarrant without the assistance of an of Montrose and Arbroath, and the latter armed force; that no resistance was made those of Aberdeen and Bervie. The con- when the crowd was attacked ; that there test was therefore for Brechin ; and it being was no riot, no riot act read, no time given understood, that on Friday the 11th inst. for dispersion. The principal evidence s. the town-council of that burgh had resolve gainst Mr Hunt was his having attended ed to give their vote for Mr Mitchell, a a meeting at Smithfield, at which, amongst great popular commotion took place, the the resolutions moved, was one, that from inhabitants of the town being decidedly in the 1st of January 1820, they could not favour of Mr Hume. The windows of the trust any who were not representatives of provost's house, those of two of the clergy, the whole male population of the kingdom. and several gentlemen, who were known to At this meeting Mr Hunt was chairman. be inimical to Mr Hume's interest, were Against Johnson it was proved, that he was broken in pieces ; and such was the rage repeatedly seen as Hunt's companion. The of the populace, that no gentleman favour. same was proved against Knight. The eviable to Mr Mitchell durst venture on the dence against Healey seemed to centre in

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his having headed a party of reformers, and streets of Glasgow ; of which, after a long having had a black flag, bearing the inscrip- trial, they were clearly convicted, and sention * Equal Representation or Death." tenced to 14 years transportation. Bamford was found connected with dril. Fraud and Imposition. On the 22d, ling, but it was drilling merely to keep Patrick Branan, Isaac Eccles, William the step, that they might march in an or. Brown, and Mary Fisher, alias M‘Quire, derly manner to the meetings. In the were placed at the bar, charged with falseafternoon of the 9th day Mr Justice Bailey hood, fraud, and wilful imposition. The commenced his charge to the jury, which indictment contained four distinct charges, he did not finish till the 10th day. The of a similar nature. viz. that the said Palearned judge, at some length, descanted on trick Branan, Isaac Eccles. William Brown, the nature of conspiracy, and the elements and Mary Fisher, alias M‘Quire, did, upof which it was composed, together with on the 17th day of January 1820, at Corthe objects and meaning of unlawful assem- storphine, fraudulently use or utter 24, or blies. He said, the great question for the thereby, false and forged passes or certifi. jury to decide was, first, if the meeting of cates, by presenting the same to the said the 16th August were orderly and peace- Alexander Simpson, as genuine, they knowable; and in the second place, if it were ing them to be false and forged, and fraudu. legally assembled ? In conclusion he made lently claiming allowances as due thereon some strong and pointed observations to for 24 women and children, who they falsethe jury upon the illegal nature of Mrly pretended were then travelling on the Hunt's resolutions at Smithfield, which road to Glasgow ; whereby they did cozen vent to refuse the payment of taxes, in and impose upon the said Alexander Simpcase the demand of universal suffrage was son, and did prevail on him to pay to them, not complied with. The defendants had or to one or other of them, and did defraud him given no evidence as to what was the na- of four pounds four shillings or thereby. The ture of the resolutions intended to have witnesses being examined, the Jury, after been passed at Manchester, and it was for retiring for about half an hour, returned the jury to infer, whether they might not. with the following verdict :-Mary Fisher, be presumed to have been of a similar na. alias M'Quire, Guilty of the 1st charge as ture; and whether the inscription on some restricted ; Branan and Eccles Guilty of of the banners did not warrant that infer. the 2d and 3d charges as restricted ; Brown ence. His Lordship concluded his charge and Fisher Guilty of the 4th charges as reat a quarter before twelve, and the jury re- stricted ; and not proven against Branan tired; and at twenty minutes to five they and Eccles on this charge. On account of returned into court. The Foreman being the good character Brown had received, the asked whether they found the defendants Jury unanimously recommended him to guilty or not guilty, replied, “We find the mercy of the Court. The Lord Justice James Moorhouse, John Thacker Saxton, Clerk then pronounced the sentence of the Joseph Robert Jones, George Swift, and Court, which was, that Mary Fisher or Robert Wild,Not Guilty. Henry Hunt, M'Quire be transported for 7 years, and Joseph Johnson, John Knight, Joseph William Brown for 5 years ; Patrick Bra. Healey, and Samuel Bramford, -Guilty nan and Isaac Eccles to be imprisoned in of assembling with unlawful banners, at an the Bridewell of this city for one year, and unlawful meeting, for the purpose of mov. to be kept to hard labour. ing and inciting the subjects of our Lord the King to contempt and hatred of the Ireland.--It is with much plcasure we Government and Constitution of the realm, learn, that the disturbances in the west of as by law established."

Ireland, which lately assumed so menaHigh COURT OF JUSTICIARY.-On cing a character, are gradually diminishthe 13th instant, John Robertson, convicted ing, and there is every reason to hope tranof housebreaking, was sentenced to 14 years quillity will soon be restored. This benetransportation. And on the 16th, William ficial change has been produced, partly by Grant, a young man, belonging to Edin. the increased firmness and activity of the burgh, pleaded guilty of theft, and re- local magistracy and gentry, and partly by ceived sentence of transportation for seven the convictions which were obtained at the years. The same day, David Craw, carter late Roscommon assizes, against a number at Newhaven, was put to the bar, accused of the Ribbonmen. Resolutions have been of stealing a large quantity of old metal passed by the grand jury of Mayo, declarfrom Houston colliery, and after a trial, ing that good order and loyalty prevail in was convicted, and sentenced to 18 months every part of that county. Mr Grant, the hard labour in Bridewell.

chief secretary for Ireland, is thanked for On the 16th, Alexander M‘Donald, a the energy and zeal with which he assist. well known character in Edinburgh, was

ed the efforts of the magistracy and gentry put to the bar, along with Margaret Smith, and a letter to this effect, signed by Mr woman with whom he cohabited, accused Jackson, the high sheriff of the county, has of assault and robbery committed on the been addressed to him. The letter states,

APRIL

moreover, that the peasantry are in a state fatuated madmen, called Radicals, have of active industry, tranquillity and con. carried their outrages to a length, for which tentment, and free from those poisonous we believe no man of any party was pre. principles which have filled their neigh- pared ; because, in Scotland at least, the bours.

very lowest of the people have been hither. 3. Disturbances at Jluddersfield. On to characterized by a degree of caution and the 31st ult. a parcel arrived at Hudders- shrewdness, which has always prevented field by the Regulator coach from Birming. them from acting like downright fools, al. ham, addressed to John Payne, Castlegate, though it may not have always prevented Huddersfield, which exciting suspicion, the them from being the dupes, to a certain de deputy constable, Mr Whitehead, thought gree, of selfish and wicked knaves. Had it proper to await the arrival of the person any one ventured to prognosticate a few who should call for it. Towards the even. weeks since, that any portion of the coming a notorious Radical named Gill called munity would rise into open rebellion afor it, and was immediately apprehended, gainst the State, and wilfully and by setand after examination held to bail to the iled premeditation peril their lives in so inassizes. The same day the Magistrates re sane a cause, what conclusion would have ceived information that great numbers of been formed, but that he spoke the language the lower orders in the neighbourhood were of terror or ignorance ? And yet this matcharmed with pikes and pistols, and that an less folly has actually been committed. attack before the town was to be made in The result, however, of the short-lived rethe course of the night by several bodies of bellion, will certainly convince its abettors, pikemen, 200 in each. Arrangements for that any attempts in this country to resist defence were accordingly made, and de. the authority of government, must ultitachments of the 85th infantry and 24th mately terminate in the destruction of its dragoons were on the alert, and late in the contrivers. evening the yeomanry were called out. At Between the night of Saturday the 1st, two o'clock in the morning of Saturday a and morning of Sunday the 22 April, plafire balloon, the appointed signal of the in. cards were posted upon the walls in şurgents, was observed in the direction of Glasgow, Paisley, and in all the manufacthe Castle Hill. At the same time several turing villages for twenty miles round, ad. parties of men were seen advancing upon dressed to the people of England, Ireland, the town in regular order ; none of them, and Scotland, calling upon them to coine however, entered it. The nearest approach forward instantly, and to effect by force, if was the advance of one column to the resisted, a revolution in the Government. marsh turnpike. It is probable the insur. These placards further enjoined that pee. gents were deterred by the preparations of ple should abstain froin work from the 1st the Magistrates. A number of persons April. This order was but too implicitly have been apprehended in Huddersfield obeyed. All the weavers and other work. and its neighbourhood, in consequence of men in Glasgow, Paisley, and in the coun. these proceedings.

try for many miles round, immediately During the whole of Saturday, the vigi. struck work, and the streets were covered lance and activity of the Magistrates were with crowds of idle and discontented work indefatigable ; large quantities of pikes and men. pike-staves were detected. The pikes The civil authorities instantly took the are extremely coarse and clumsy, fixed necessary measures for securing the public with a screw, by which they can be fixed tranquillity. A proclamation was issued, into a handle. The staves are generally warning the populace that all attempts to about seven feet long, and have been re- disturb the peace would be instantly put cently stolen from plantations in the neigh- down by a military force. Other proclabourhood. About four miles from Hud- mations were issued, directing the shops to dersfield another assembly was observed on be shut at six o'clock, and recommending Saturday night, but they dispersed before all the peaceable inhabitants to withdraw the military could be brought to act against from the streets as soon as possible after that them.

hour. 15. Disturbances in the West of Scot. A large military force was also immediland. In our last number, we stated that ately collected in and round Glasgow ; and a number of persons had been apprehended the volunteers and ycomanry corps in Lain Glasgow and Paisley, suspected of be- narkshire, and the surrounding counties, ing concerned in schemes to disturb the were instantly in arms; which had șhe efpeace of the country; but we were scarcely fect of overaving the reformers in Paisley then prepared to believe that the visionary and Glasgow, and preventing any actual reformers in the west entertained the mad. collision in these towns. For several days, project of open resistance to the established however, the peaceably disposed inhabiorder of government. That such was the tants were on the rack of apprehension, fact, however, has, we are sorry to say, been and business was entirely suspended. Bards proved by subsequent events. These in. of the reformers continued to assemble in

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Glasgow and the suburbs ; and in the even- wounded by a shot in the side, and by a ings they appeared frequently armed with pike. Three horses were also wounded. pikes, muskets, and pistols ; but the instant Four of the radicals were wounded, one of a military force opposed itself, they skulke' whom was left on the field, 5 muskets, ed into corners, or took to flight. În Pais- 2 pistols, 18 pikes, and about 100 round ley the mob attempted to obstruct a peace of ball cartridges, were taken. Lieutenant officer while posting up a proclamation of Hodgson has reported to Major-General the magistrates, and so annoyed and pelt- Sir T. Bradford, that no troops could beed the military escort, that they were forced have better than the whole party under his to turn about and fire a few shots, by one command.” of which a servant girl passing at the time One of the prisoners taken in this affair was wounded in the neck. This was so seriously wounded, that he was left the only serious casualty which occur- in the house of a neighbouring farmer, red in either of these large towns. In from which he was forcibly carried by his the country, however, the operations of friends in the evening. Fifteen of them the radicals were more daring. Many far. have been brought to Edinburgh Castle, mers and gentlemen residing there were and three remain wounded at Stirling. distressed with nocturnal visits by bands of These will shortly be tried on charges of these madmen ; who, on pretence of search: high treason and rebellion against the ing for arms, frequently plundered the king. houses. On one occasion, a gentleman at The result of this attempt seems to have Foxbar, near Paisley, resisted, and warned awakened the reformers to a sense of the the assailants of his determination to de- hopelessness of their cause.

From that pefend his property. They however attempt. riod the weavers and others about Glasgow ed to force his house, from which a shot and Paisley shewed a disposition to return was fired, which killed one of the radicals to their employments; and at the end of a on the spot, and the others instantly fled. week from the commencement of the dis

Engagement with the Radicals at Bonny, turbances, tranquillity appeared to be remuir.-On Wednesday the 5th, a party of stored. At present all is quiet ; and the about 50 radicals, chiefly from Glasgow, manufacturers of Glasgow, as a body, have and supposed to be on their way to Carron come to the resolution of employing none works, gave battle to a party of the 10th of the workmen who cannot shew satisfacHussars, and Stirlingshire Yeomanry, torily that their late strike of work was the which was the first attempt at systematic consequence of intimidation. In the inresistance on the part of the reformers; terval, the most active search has been made and from its result there is little doubt of throughout the country, to discover the its being the last. Thc following account leaders and instigators of the disturbance ; of the affair was published by authority : and a vast number of persons have, in

" Wednesday morning, about seven o'. consequence, been apprehended and lodged clock, one of the Stirlingshire Yeomanry, in various jails. Quantities of arms of vain proceeding to join his troop at Falkirk, rious descriptions, chiefly pikes, have also was stopt on the high road, within a few been discovered and secured ; thus lessenmiles of Kilsyth, by a party of armed ra- ing the means of future tumult or resist. dicals, who refused to allow him to pass. ance. On his return he met an orderly of the Kil. We wish we could close our account of syth troop, with dispatches, proceeding in these wicked and foolish proceedings here; the same direction, and both came into Kil- but a more deplorable event remains to be syth, where they acquainted the officer with recorded, which took place at Greenock on what had occurred. Lieutenant Hodgson Saturday the 8th instant. of the 10th Hussars, and Lieutenant Da Outrage at Greenock.-On Saturday vidson of the Stirlingshire Yeomanry, im- forenoon it became generally known in mediately marched with a party of each of Greenock that some prisoners would shortthose corps in pursuit of the men, whom they ly arrive from Paisley. Accordingly, about ofertock near Bonnybridge. On observe three in the afternoon a party of 80 men, ing this force the radicals cheered and adof the Port-Glasgow armed association, who vanced to a wall, over which they com were on their way home from Paisley, arri. menced firing at the military. Some shots ved at Greenock, escorting five prisoners were then fired by the soldiers in return, in a cart, whom they succeeded in safely and, after some time, the cavalry got lodging in the jail. On their return, hov through an opening in the wall, and at. ever, they were assailed by an immense tacked the party, who resisted till over- crowd of people, who, from the knowledge powered by the troops, who succeeded in of the event, had collected in the streets, taking nineteen of them prisoners, who are and who immediately began hooting, hisa lodged in Stirling Castle. In this encount- sing, and throwing stones at the volunteers. er Lieutenant Hodgson received a pike The party, to intimidate the mob, fired wound through the right hand, and a ser some shots in the air. This, however, had jeant of the 10th Hussars was severely only the effect of irritating them. The

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VOL. VI.

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