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Liberty and Union, now and for ever, one and inseparable. Second Speech on Foot's Resolution.

We wish that this column, rising towards heaven among the pointed spires of so many temples dedicated to God, may contribute also to produce, in all minds, a pious feeling of dependence and gratitude. We wish, finally, that the last object to the sight of him who leaves his native shore, and the first to gladden his who revisits it, may be something which shall remind him of the liberty and the glory of his country. Let it rise! let it rise, till it meet the sun in his coming; let the earliest light of the morning gild it, and the parting day linger and play on its summit.

Address on Laying the Corner-Stone of the
Bunker Hill Monument, 1825.

He smote the rock of the national resources, and abundant streams of revenue gushed forth. He touched the dead corpse of Public Credit, and it sprung upon its feet.* Speech on Hamilton, March, 1831.

On this question of principle, while actual suffering was yet afar off, they (the Colonies) raised their flag against a power, to which, for purposes of foreign conquest and subjugation, Rome, in the height of her glory, is not to be compared ; a power which has dotted over the surface of the whole globe with her possessions and military posts, whose morning-drum beat, following the sun, and keeping company with the hours,

* He it was that first gave to the law the air of a science. He found it a skeleton, and clothed it with life, colour, and complexion; he enbraced the cold statue, and by his touch it grew into youth, health, and beauty.-BARRY YELVERTON (Lord Avonmore) on Blackstone.

circles the earth with one continuous and unbroken strain of the martial airs of England.*

Speech, May 7, 1834.

Sea of up-turned faces.†

Speech, September 30, 1842.

L

LORD BROUGHAM.

ET the soldier be abroad if he will, he can do nothing in this age. There is another personage, a personage less imposing in the eyes of some, perhaps insignificant. The school-master is abroad, and I trust to him, armed with his primer against the soldier in full military array. Speech, January 29, 1828.

* Why should the brave Spanish soldier brag the sun never sets in the Spanish dominions, but ever shineth on one part or other we have conquered for our king.-Capt. John Smith, Advertisements for the Unexperienced, etc. Coll. Mass. Hist. Soc. 3d Ser. Vol. iii. p. 49.

I am called

The richest monarch in the Christian world;

The sun in my dominions never sets.

Ich heisse

Der reichste Mann in der getauften Welt;

Die Sonne geht in meinem Staat nicht unter.

SCHILLER. Don Karlos. Acti. Sc. 6.

The stake I play for is immense-I will continue in my own dynasty the family system of the Bourbons, and unite Spain for ever to the destinies of France. Remember that the sun never sets on the immense empire of Charles V. (Napoleon, February 1807).-WALTER SCOTT. Life of Napoleon.

This phrase, commonly supposed to have originated with Mr. Webster, is from Rob Roy, vol. i. ch. xx.

372

MARCY-CHOATE-MACAULAY.

WILLIAM L. MARCY. 1786-1857.

THEY

HEY see nothing wrong in the rule that to the victors belong the spoils of the enemy.

Speech in the United States Senate. January, 1832.

RUFUS CHOATE. 1799-1859.

HERE was a State without king or nobles; there

THERE

was a church without a bishop; there was a people governed by grave magistrates which it had selected, and equal laws which it had framed.

Speech before the New England Society, New York.
December 22, 1843.

We join ourselves to no party that does not carry the flag and keep step to the music of the Union. Letter to the Whig Convention.

Its constitution the glittering and sounding generalities of natural right which make up the Declaration of Independence. Letter to the Maine Whig Committee.

SH

THOMAS B. MACAULAY. 1800-1859.

HE (the Roman Catholic Church) may still exist in undiminished vigour, when some traveller from New Zealand shall, in the midst of a vast soli

tude, take his stand on a broken arch of London Bridge to sketch the ruins of St. Paul's.*

Review of Ranke's History of the Popes.

The Puritans hated bear-baiting, not because it gave pain to the bear, but because it gave pleasure to the spectators.+ History of England. Vol. i. Ch. 2.

The same image was employed by Macaulay in 1824, in the concluding paragraph of a review of Mitford's Greece-'When travellers from some distant region shall in vain labour to decipher on some mouldering pedestal the name of our proudest chief, shall hear savage hymns chanted over some misshapen idol over the ruined dome of our proud temple.'

Who knows but that hereafter some traveller like myself will sit down upon the banks of the Seine, the Thames, or the Zuyder Zee, where now in the tumult of enjoyment, the heart and the eyes are too slow to take in the multitude of sensations. Who knows but he will sit down solitary amid silent ruins, and weep a people inurned and their greatness changed into an empty name.-Volney's Ruins, ch. ii.

At last some curious traveller from Lima will visit England, and give a description of the ruins of St. Paul's, like the editions of Baalbec and Palmyra.-HORACE WALPOLE. Letter to Mason, Nov. 24, 1774.

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Even as the savage sits upon the stone

That marks where stood her capitols, and hears
The bittern booming in the weeds, he shrinks

From the dismaying solitude.

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In the firm expectation, that when London shall be an habitation of bitterns, when St. Paul and Westminster Abbey shall stand, shapeless and nameless ruins in the midst of an unpeopled marsh; when the piers of Waterloo Bridge shall become the nuclei of islets of reeds and osiers and cast the jagged shadows of their broken arches on the solitary stream. some transatlantic commentator will be weighing in the scales of some new and now unimagined system of criticism the respective merits of the Bells and the Fudges, and their historians.--SHELLEY. Dedication to Peter Bell.

Even bear-baiting was esteemed heathenish and unchristian; the sport of it, not the inhumanity, gave offence.-HUME. History of England. Vol. i. Ch. lxii.

374

IRVING-PARKER-AMES-HOLMES.

WASHINGTON IRVING. 1783-1859.

FREE-L

REE-LIVERS on a small scale; who are prodigal within the compass of a guinea.

The almighty dollar.

The Stout Gentleman.

The Creole Village.

MARTYN PARKER.

YE gentlemen of England

That live at home at ease,

Ah! little do you think upon
The dangers of the seas.

I

law.

FISHER AMES.

CONSIDER biennial elections as a security that the sober, second thought of the people shall be Speech on Biennial Elections.

BOSTON

O. W. HOLMES.

State-House is the hub of the Solar

system. You couldn't pry that out of a Boston man if you had the tire of all creation straightened

out for a crowbar.

The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table, p. 143.

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