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opinion, i. 182. Prevents cen- ' of compensation, i. 98. On
tralization, ibid. Is of substan lawyers, i. 265, note. Against
tive value, i. 183. Trustees judges sitting in the commons,
feel their responsibility, i. 185. i. 244. On evil effects of want
Necessity of union of estates of parliamentary rules in
into a national government, i. French constituent assemblies,
186. General representative i. 205.
government necessary besides Rousseau against division of
local self-government, i. 187. power, i. 166. Contrat So-
Basis of representation, i. 188. cial, ii. 75. Against division
Direct and double elections, i. of power, ibid. His influence
191. Necessary rules and on French revolution, ibid.
principles, i. 192. Frequency Rosseauism, see Rosseau.
of parliament, i. 196. Pro- Russell, Lord John. History of
tection of members, i. 196. English Government and Con-
Parliamentary law and usage, stitution i. 46, note. A senti-
i. 199 and sequ.
ment of his, i. 79.
Republic, what does it consist
in, with reference to Mor- SANDERSON, de Conscientia, on
mons, i. 121.
vox populi vox Dei, ii. 110,
Republic, French, the constitu- note.
tion of 1848 entire, ii. 281. Sardanapalus, inscription on his
Repudiation, i. 126. Sir A. Ali- tomb of, ii. 33.
son on it, i. 127, note. Re- Say, Mr., ii. 111.
Schmidt, I. J. Translation of
Responsible Ministers, i. 175 and Ssanang, &c., ii. 83, and note.
Scott, General Winfield. His ac-
Responsibility, personal, of offi count of the offer in Mexico,
cers. See officers personally to assume the government, ii.
Revolutions, unavoidable before Security, not necessarily liberty,
liberty can be established in i. 44.
monarchies, ii. 65.
Self-Accusation in China, i. 96.
Reward of Prosecutors, i. 98. Self-Determination, i. 38.
Robespierre, dictum as to what Self-Development of administra-
government ought to be, i. 294. tion of justice, i. 236 and sequ.
Read Rousseau daily, ii. 75, Self-Government. Term used by
Béchard. See Béchard.
Romans refusing to enlist, ope- Self-Government, local. See Local
rated like English refusal of Self-Government.
supplies, i. 161. Endeavor to Self-Government and Autonomy.
give moral consistency to decla- The two words compared, i. 51,
rations of war, ii. 84, note. note.
Roman Emperor, absolute, why, Self-Government. The Anglican
tribe alone has the word, i. 29.
Rome perishing of political bank- / History of the term, i. 267,
ruptcy, i. 184.
note. What it is, i. 269. Self-
Romilly, Sir Samuel, against government is liberty in action,
judges asking prisoners, i. 93. ibid. Does not consist in de-
Intention of proposing a bill nial of power, i. 270. Is or-
ganic and institutional, i. 271. | Importance of constitution de-
It protects individuality, ibid. | pends on institutions, ii. 34.
Anecdote of William Pitt, re Love of effete institutions, ii.
lated by duke of Wellington, i. 35. Advantages of institu-
272. Opposite to apathy, i. tional government, ii. 43 sequ.
273. Is not weak, ibid. With High meaning of the term
out it, danger that govern people, under such govern-
ment forgets its true ends, i. ment, ii. 44. It breaks the
274. Propter vitam vivendi shocks which occur in central-
perdere causas, ibid. De ized countries, ii. 46. Insti-
Tocqueville on inability of tutional self-government con-
French to rule themselves, centrates the attention of the
although they have had so people on domestic matters, ii.
many revolutions, i. 275. In 49. Patience learned by it, ii.
stitational self-government, i. 51. It is the only government
349 and sequ. Local self which prevents the growth of
government, i. 353. By-laws, too much power, ij. 57 and
important and characteristic sequ. Multiplied veto no safe-
of self-government, i. 353 and guard, ii. 58. It causes lon-
sequ. Essential effects of in gevity of states, ii. 61 and
stitutional self-government, ii. | sequ. It makes wealth and
13 and sequ. Love of insti liberty compatible, ii. 62. In-
tutions, ii. 14. It makes security of uninstitutional
obedience easy, ii. 17. English states, ii. 64 and sequ. See
revolution left most institu Autonomy.
tions untouched, ii. 20. For- | Self-Incrimination, i. 93.
mation of government in Ore Self-Taxation, i. 125.
gon, ii. 21. Inability of the Senate, French, i. 301. Russian,
French to establish govern ibid.
ments, ii. 22. Why the Dutch Senatus Consultum, on the French
did not establish governments empire to be erected, ii. 343.
in foreign parts, ii. 23, note. Sending for persons and papers,
England the mother of repub- i. 203.
lics, ii. 23. Assimilative power Septennial Bill, i. 195.
of institutional self-govern- Sewell, Christian Politics, i. 337,
ment, ii. 24 and sequ. Sta- note.
bility of this government, ii. Shakers, i. 145, note.
25. Napoleon, I. quoted, ii. Shakspeare on pardoning, ii.
26, note. Political fashions! 150.
prevented by it, ii. 26. Liberty Sheriff, personally responsible, i.
a thing that grows in institu- 132.
tions, ii. 27. Louis Napoleon's Sidney, Algernon, i. 44.
saying that liberty does not Siege, State of, i. 130.
found states, ii. 28. Dangers Silence, Liberty of, i. 114.
of institutional self-govern- Smith, Joseph, founder of mor-
ment, ii. 29 and sequ. Self- mons, i. 345.
government must always be Smith, T. Tomlin, on local self-
adequate to the executive, ii. government, 351, note.
30. . Liberty requires union, Socialists, Fear of, in France, ii.
ii. 30. Demagogues, ii. 33. / 105.
Socrates's favorite Saying, ii. 27, Supplies, in England, i. 161.
Supreme Courts, American; de-
Soldiers, Quartering of, i. 135 cide on unconstitutionality of
laws, i. 168.
South Carolina, number of votes Suspension of Habeas Corpus Act
polled, ii. 137.
in England, i. 130.
Sovereign, every Frenchman de-
clared to be one, i. 322, note. TAXATION, i. 122 and sequ., i.
Sovereignty, what it consists in, 158 and sequ. Federalist on
Sovereignty, Imperatorial, ii. 77 | Test-Oaths in England, i. 121.
Theo democratic government of
Sparta, why preferred by ancient Mormons, i. 121.
philosophers, ii. 67.
Three Houses or more, mischief
Speaker, i. 199 and sequ.
of, i. 213.
Sprenger's Malleus Meleficarum, Tittman, F. W., Grecian Polities,
Ssanang Ssetsen Changsaidshi, Tocqueville, De, opinion that the
translated by I. J. Schmidt, ü. French always look toward the
83 and note.
central government, although
Standing Armies, i. 137. Con they change it so often, i. 275.
stitution of the United States, On Pardoning in United States,
ibid. Declaration of Independ- | ii. 151.
ence on them, i. 138. Inju | Townsend's History of House of
rious spirit they engender, i. Commons, i. 202. Modern
. 139 and sequ. Short appropria- State Trials, i. 264, note.
tions, i. 141. Ought they to Treason. Absolutists against
have the right to vote ? i. 141. a fair and regular trial for
Must not be deliberative bo- treason, i. 297.
dies, i. 141.
Trench, on Proverbs, ii. 116.
State, meaning of the word, when Trial by Jury, i. 250 and sequ.
England was a republic, i. 56, Division of judicial labor, ibid.
Guarantee of liberty, ibid.
State of Siege, i. 130.
Best school for the citizen.
St. Just, ii. 31; ii. 60, note. Doubts on its benefits, i. 251.
Story, Judge, on Treason, i. 102. Chatham's opinion, i. 251.
On Property, i. 125, note. Declaration of Independence
Commentary on the Const. of on it, ibid. The advantages
United States, i. 204. Opi of it, enumerated, i. 252. Ju-
nion on the importance of par ries of experts, i. 252, note.
liamentary usage, &c., i. 209. Hallam on it, i. 256. Against
On Codification, i. 225. Con unanimity, ibid. To Locke, i.
tributions to Encyclopædia 258. Absolutists against it, i.
Americana, i. 232. Strictly 297.
abstained from politics, when Tribune, Roman; his vetitive
judge, i. 245.
power, i. 218.
Sweden, four estates, i. 312. Troplong, his opinion that de-
Switzerland, i. 74.
mocracy in Rome victorious in
Supremacy of the Law, i. 128 and the emperors, ii. 81. Report
on petitions to change the re-
public into an empire, in the Our so-called veto power is no
French senate, ii. 325.
real one, i. 218. Provision of
Two Houses, mischief of three American Constitution regard-
houses, i. 210 and sequ. ing it, i. 218. Multiplied and
Dr. Franklin's opinion, i. 211, mutual, no safeguard of liber-
note. Odillon Barrot's, i. 211. | ty, ii. 58.
Lamartine's, ibid., and note on Vice-President of United States
p. 212. Their great advan is president of U. S. senate, i.
Types and Printing Presses, free Villêle, French minister, carried
sale of, prohibited by Louis French septennial bill, i. 195.
Napoleon, i. 290.
| Vincke, Account of Internal Ad-
ministration of Great Britain.
UNANIMITY of Juries, Hallam See Niebuhr.
against it, i. 256. Locke, like- Vociferous crowds mistaken for
wise, i. 258. Unanimity no the people, ii. 104.
sign that Vox Populi Vox Dei, Votants and Voters; term justi-
fied, ii. 138, note.
Unicameral System. Its danger, Vote, sole basis of liberty, an
i. 210. Part of Gallican liber-1 error, i. 308.
ty, i. 310.
Votes, General, of Yes or No,
Uniformity of men greater than ii. 123 and sequ. See Elec-
their diversity, i. 318 and tions.
Vox Populi Vox Dei, ii. 89 and
Uninstitutional Multitude, ii. 70. 107 and sequ. An imposing
Uninstitutional States, their in maxim, ii. 107. Periods when
security, ii. 64 and sequ. an impulse from on high seems
Unity of Power dazzles, i. 169. to be given, ii. 108. Crusades,
Gallican type, i. 167 and sequ. ii. 109. Where the maxim
United States, constitution of, originated, ii. 110. Acclama-
entire, ii. 249.
tion, ii. 110. Conclamatory
Universal Suffrage believed to character of the middle ages,
constitute the republic, ii. 55. ii. 110. Unanimity no proof,
Upper House, principles on which ii. 111. Petition of French
it may be formed, i. 214. manufacturers against calico,
ii. 111. Unanimity of fashion,
VALLETTE, on the Formation of ii. 112. Unanimity in Witch
Laws and Parliamentary Pro trials, ii. 113. Two nations
cedure in France, England, clamoring for war against each
United States, Belgium, &c. other, ii. 114. Unanimity often
&c., i. 206, note.
proceeds from the worst pas-
Vaughn, Age of Great Cities, &c., sions, ii. 114. Governments
ii. 99, note.
by paid applauders or cla-
Verdicts ought to be definite, i. queurs, ii. 115. Case of pro-
verbs, ii. 116. Pope Pius IX.
Vertot, History of Knights of calls Italian rising a vox Dei,
ii. 116. Vox Populi Vox Dei
Veto, i. 216. Erroneous use of now especially appealed to in
the term, i. 217. Power of France, ii. 117. It is no canon
the Roman tribune, i. 218. or test in politics, ii. 119.
WAR, Power of Declaring, i. 162. Western History, want of a pro-
In England and in United per term, i. 30, note.
States, ibid. Cabinet wars, i. Westphalia, Kingdom of, ii. 98. -
| William III., his saying on liber-
Wardlaw, Judge, “Opinion,” i. ty of conscience, i. 119. Did
not create public debt, i. 161.
Warrants. General. See General | Winthrop, Robert C., states
when publicity first establish-
ed by law, i. 154, note. On
Wharton, Francis, State Trials of
inconvenience and advantages
the United States, i. 106.
of publicity, i. 155, note.
Wealth necessary for modern Witch Trials, unanimity on, ii.
civilization and liberty, ii. 62. 113.
Webster, Daniel, great passage Words, history of important, i.
on Division of Power, i. 169 327, note.
and sequ. Webster's Works, Writing, instead of Publicity, Mr.
i. 286, note.
Raikes on it, i. 150, note.
Wellington, relates an anecdote Written Constitutions, i. 178,
of William Pitt, regarding po- note.
litical self-reliance, i. 272.
Does not strive for a sovereign- YES or No, general Votes of, ii.
| 123 and sequ. See Elections.