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proaches to Norfolk, and virtually division from North Carolina. There commanding that portion of North was sharp fighting during the ensuCarolina which lies east of the Chow ing week, but the advantages of shelan, had been occupied and fortified ter and of naval cooperation on our for the Union not long after the re- side overbalanced that of superior covery of Norfolk, and a fight had numbers; and every attempt to break occurred" at Kelly's Store, eight through our rather extended lines was miles south of it, between a Rebel decidedly repulsed. A Rebel battery force under Gen. Roger A. Pryor and having been planted near the west a Union expedition under Gen. M. branch of the Nansemond, it was Corcoran, wherein both sides claimed stormed and carried by Gen. Getty, the advantage. Our loss was 24 with the 8th Connecticut and 89th killed and 80 wounded. Pryor re- New York, aided by Lt. Lamson and ports that his loss “ will not exceed our gunboats: 6 guns and 200 prison50;" among them Col. Poage, 5th ers being the net profit. Still, the siege Virginia, and Capt. Dobbins, killed. was prosecuted, with no decided suc

Suffolk was never seriously threat- cess, until May 3d; when Longstreet ened till the Spring of 1863, when gave it up and drew off-doubtless Longstreet advanced " against it with under orders given by Lee when he a force which Peck estimates at seemed most in need of help on the 40,000: 24,000 (three divisions) hav- Rappahannock. Peck estimates the ing been drawn from Lee's army; Rebel loss during the siege at 2,000 while D. H. Hill had brought a full men; while ours was inconsiderable.



WHILE Gen. Hooker and his army, swelled by the hurried return of having returned to their old quarters Longstreet and his corps from their about Falmouth, were still looking sterile and wasteful demonstration across the Rappahannock at the on Suffolk, and by drafts on every heights and woods so recently and quarter whence a regiment could be 50 fruitlessly crimsoned with their gleaned; so that it is probable that blood, Gen. Lee was impelled to the superiority in numbers was tembreak the brief rest by a determined porarily on his side ; but why not and daring offensive. He was, of seek directly a collision, which course, aware that our army had been “Fighting Joe” would so readily depleted, directly after its sanguinary have accorded? Why shun the conexperience of Chancellorsville, by venient and inspiring neighborhood the mustering out of some 20,000 of Cedar Mountain and Bull Run for nine months' and two years' men; one more remote, and which invoked while his own had been largely ominous recollections of South Mounbi Jan. 30.

62 April 10.

.corps led the Sion of Lond

ened Port Ind

tain and the Antietam? Grant was! A month had barely elapsed since beginning to be triumphant in Mis- Hooker rëcrossed the Rappahannock, sissippi, and would soon be thunder- when Lee put his columns in motion ing at the gates of Vicksburg; Dick up the southern bank of that river. Taylor, chased almost out of Louis- McLaws's division of Longstreet's iana by Banks, could do little toward corps led 'the march from Frederthe rescue of threatened Port Hud- icksburg, followed' by Ewell's corps ; son : why not spare Longstreet to while Hood moved up from the needy, beseeching Jo. Johnston, Rapidan; all concentrating, with enabling him to overwhelm Grant the cavalry under J. E. B. Stuart, and then to crush out Banks, restor- on Culpepper Court House. These ing the Confederate ascendency on movements were of course carefully the Mississippi, while simply holding screened from observation on our on along the Rappahannock, trusting side; A. P. Hill's corps being left to to the great advantages afforded to make as much display as possible the defensive by the rugged topogra- in and around Fredericksburg: but phy of that region, and to the terrors Hooker was soon aware that someinspired by the memories of Frede- thing unusual was in progress, and ricksburg and Chancellorsville ? threw over Gen. Howe’s division of

In fact, Lee's invasion of Maryland the 6th corps a little below the city, and Pennsylvania at that juncture to ascertain if the enemy were still in was justifiable on political grounds force there. Hill soon convinced him alone. The Confederate chiefs must that they were; creating an impreshave acted on the strength of trusted sion that there had been no material assurances that the Northern Peace reduction of the Rebel strength in Democracy, detesting the Emancipa- that quarter; but, as it was not his tion policy now steadfastly ascendant policy to fight, and Howe did not at Washington, and weary of high care to attack the entire Rebel army, taxes, dear fabrics, a disordered cur- there was no serious conflict. Howe, rency, and an enormous yet swelling after some careful skirmishing, deNational Debt, were ripe for revolt: sisted, and ultimately withdrew withso that a Rebel victory on Northern out loss. soil would enable the devotees of It being at length clear that the Slavery in the loyal States to seize enemy were operating on our right, upon the pending Conscription and Hooker massed his cavalry near Catwield it as an engine of revolution. lett's Station, giving its command to Lee hints this obscurely where, in Pleasanton, who speedily prepared the opening of his report on this to look across the Rappahannock and campaign, after trying to give mili- see what was going on there. He tary reasons for his movement, and was backed by two small but choice failing to satisfy himself of their brigades of infantry under Gen. plausibility, he says:

Ames, of the 11th, and Gen. Russell,

of the 6th corps, each taking a bat"In addition to these results, it was hoped that other valuable results might be attained

tery; and the whole moved quietly by military success.”

down to Kelly's and to Beverly June 3. : June 4-5.

'June 5.


fords, six miles apart, where they , tunity offered, until about 1 P. M., were to cross in two divisions, and when Gregg came up. He had been advance on Culpepper C. H. (alias fighting pretty steadily all the mornFairfax), where J. E. B. Stuart was ing, charging and being charged in understood to be. But scarcely had turn, and had crowded his antagoGen. Buford's cavalry, supported by nists back to Brandy Station, where, Ames's infantry, crossed Beverly Col. Wyndham reported, they were ford, when they were sharply en- bringing up infantry in railroad cars. gaged; the Rebel ferry guard, whom Gregg's cavalry had fought well, and they had hoped to surprise, falling taken 150 prisoners, but had lost back on Jones's cavalry brigade, en- heavily. The two divisions were camped just behind, and checking | now connected, and the Rebels in our advance until these could mount | their immediate front pushed back; and charge; when the 8th New two regiments narrowly escaping capYork was routed with loss, and Col. ture. And now Pleasanton saw that B. F. Davis,' its commander, killed. he must begin to fall back or prepare The 8th Illinois cavalry, now charg- to fight half of Lee's army; so he reing, drove the enemy back in disor-treated to the fords and rëcrossed about der: meantime, Gen. Russell brought dark; having lost about 500 men, and over his infantry, and Pleasanton brought off over 100 prisoners. directed him to engage them in front, J. E. B. Stuart (who of course while Buford, with the cavalry, claims the result as his victory) adshould strike them in flank. The mits a loss of over 600 of his cavalry charge was made with spirit by the in this affair, including Col. Saul Wil. 6th Pennsylvania, supported by the liams, 2d N. C., and Lt. Col. Frank 5th and 6th regulars; but, just as the Hampton, 2d S. C., killed; Gen. W. 6th had reached the enemy's guns, H. F. Lee and Cols. Butler and Harit was charged in turn by two regi- man being among his wounded. He ments of Rebel cavalry which burst claims 3 guns and a good many small from the woods on its flank, and arms captured; and an unofficial routed with heavy loss.

Rebel account says they took 336 Pleasanton now found himself in a prisoners, including wounded. hornets' nest. Every moment in- Considered as a reconnoissance in creased the force in his front, which force, Pleasanton's expedition was a had an infantry corps at hand to draw decided success. There was no longupon ; while Gregg, who had crossed er any doubt—if there had been till at Kelly's ford, and had sent word at now—that the Rebel army was in 8 A. M. that he would soon be up, did this quarter, and tending westward. not make his appearance till after- There had been a grand review of noon. The fight was therefore al all the cavalry of the army at Cullowed to drag, in this quarter; each pepper Court House, a few days beside covering itself with woods and fore; Gen. Lee and his staff being shelling or sharp-shooting, as oppor- present. Pleasanton sent over next

* June 9, at daylight.

ing Longstreet's ammunition train on his way to " Who led the cavalry safely out of Harper's | Pennsylvania. Among our wounded here was Ferry just before Miles surrendered it; captur. | Col. Percy Wyndham.

VOL. II. --24

ing theit making "It beenn the F river, and of course, ichborbooties in

day to ascertain the fate of some of men, whereof 7,000 may have been his missing officers, and received for considered effective. Of these, one answer that every thing had been brigade, Col. A. T. McReynolds, was done for our wounded that humanity thrown out on his right, holding Berdictates, but that they could hold no ryville, observing the adjacent passes further communication with him of the Blue Ridge and fords of the save by truce-boat on the James. Shenandoah; while his cavalry scouts Nevertheless, it was already ascer-patroled the Valley so far as Front tained by our reconnoissance that Royal and Strasburg. So early as & Rebel column of infantry and ar- June 1st, he felt that the enemy tillery, moving westward, had been holding the Valley above him were three hours and a half in passing inclined to crowd ; and, on the 12th, through Sperryville, near the Blue he sent out a strong reconnoissance Ridge; so that the Rebel army must on either road to ascertain what this be making its way into the Shenan- meant. That on the Strasburg road doah Valley once more.

went nearly to Middletown, where Two days later, 250 Rebel cavalry its troopers decoyed a Rebel cavalry dashed across the Potomac at Ed- patrol into an ambush, and routed it wards's ferry, driving back part of the with a loss of 50 killed and wounded 6th Michigan cavalry, picketing the and 37 prisoners. Col. Shawl reriver, and burning their camp-re-turned to Winchester, and reported crossing, of course, but making no no force on that road which had not haste to quit that neighborhood. It been there for months. was clear that active hostilities in On the Front Royal road, the 12th that direction were meditated. Pennsylvania cavalry, Lt. Col. Moss,

Still, Howe's division remained 400 strong, went only to Cedarville, across the lower Rappahannock, well 12 miles, and returned, reporting intrenched, as were the Rebels in that they had been stopped by a large its front; and Gen. Hooker, though Rebel force; but Milroy refused to he had begun to send his sick and credit the story; insisting that they wounded to Washington, lingered on had been too easily frightened, and the Rappahannock, as if doubtful of that, if any such force could be there, Lee's real purpose, and expecting to he should have heard of its approach find him advancing by Warrenton to from Hooker or Halleck; nevertheBull Run; when a blow was struck less, he advised McReynolds to look that dissipated all reasonable doubt. sharp. Next morning,' however, his

Gen. R. H. Milroy was in com- patrols on the Front Royal road remand in the Valley, holding Win-ported the enemy advancing in force; chester, under Gen. Schenck as de- whereupon, Milroy signaled McReypartment commander at Baltimore, nolds to join him, while he sent out to whom Halleck had suggested that a considerable force on either road to Milroy's position seemed perilous; he learn what was brewing. having too many men to lose, yet. They had not far to go. Col. Ely, not enough to insure his safety. His on the Front Royal road, was stopentire force numbered some 10,000 ped barely a mile from Winchester, * June 12.

'June 13.



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5 a time to fly as well as a time to SHE FIER OSTOWNE figlit, and that now was the time to

run, after destroying every thing that

could be of use to the enemy. But { HARPER'S FERRYETU

Milroy held on, waiting for something to turn up, and let the night

pass unimproved. Pike WINCHESTER

The next day was one of ominous quiet for the most part; but the

enemy was constantly crowding up, Νεύτow

and was of course working around to

cut off the retreat of the garrison.


There was skirmishing at intervals; and the numbers of the foe visibly and steadily increased. At 4 P.M., they made a charge up the Front Royal

road to the edge of the town, but by a Rebel battery, and fell back, were repulsed; when Milroy ordered after a slight skirmish, unpursued; a charge in turn, which amounted while General Elliott, on the Stras- to little—the enemy being found in burg road, advanced a very little far- great force just out of range of our ther, and was halted by observing works; and, a little later, they openthe enemy in force on his left—that ed fire from two 8-gun batteries on is, on the Front Royal road. Here the north-west, hardly a mile from some cannon-balls were exchanged; town; and forth with Ewell's infantry when our men fell back to Applepie swept up to and over our breastridge, that next the city; where works, disregarding the fire of our more skirmishing beguiled the time guns, driving out the 110th Ohio till dark, when a prisoner was taken with heavy loss, and planting their who rather astonished Milroy by colors on the defenses. Meantime, the information that he belonged to the city had been substantially inEwell's (formerly Stonewall Jack- vested on every side, and was now son’s) corps, and that Longstreet's also virtually lost; though an attempt to was just at hand—the two number- storm the main fort from the position ing about 50,000 men.

first gained was repulsed; and the Col. McReynolds, with his brigade, assailants desisted for a time. arrived from Berryville at 9 P. M., At 1 A. M.,' Milroy held a council, and was assigned a position; but which decided to evacuate and run. what use in that? Lee's army was It was too late. Though he spiked at hand; Hooker's was many weary his guns, and drowned his powder, he marches away, had not been heard was unable to steal off, and obliged from, and knew nothing of the immi- to fight—the enemy attacking so soon nent peril. A thoroughly brave and as he had disarmed himself. The competent commander must have 110th Ohio, Col. Keifer, and the 122d realized, it would seem, that there is ditto, on one road, the 87th PennsylSunday, June 14.

Monday, June 15.

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