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The question was mooted—a question tory which is in dispute. If, then, the which, if there had been any ground difference between the two countries has for doubt, would certainly have been not been long since settled, it is not for stirred long ago-which of the two want of proposals on the part of Great countries had the right, pending the Britain, which, as it appears to her Majescontroversy, to govern this debate- ty's Government, were in their nature able land. It had always been under.
honourable for both parties. stood that England, who was, at the
“ With respect to the events that have time of the treaty, in possession of the
recently occurred between Maine and territory, and who was bound to sur
New Brunswick, her Majesty's Governrender nothing more than what would
ment deeply deplore that any circumbe proved to belong to its old revolte
stances should have arisen tending to
threaten an interruption of the friendly ed colonies, was to retain the govern.
relations between the two countries; but ment, in order to protect the soil, for
her Majesty's Government cannot refrain the sake of both parties, from all in
from observiog, that if any collision shall terlopers. But even this, we say, has unfortunately have taken place between been questioned, and the state of the people of Maine and the authorities Maine, turbulent and impatient, thinks of New Brunswick, that collision will have it a hardship that she is not let into been brought on by hostile proceedings on possession of this litigated property. the part of Maine, planned or decided upon
In this state of things Mr Steven- in secret, executed suddenly and without son, the Minister of the United States previous notice, and so conducted that, if residing in this country, writes to Lord it had been the intention of the GovernPalmerston, “ to invite the attention ment of Maine to provoke a conflict, betof her Majesty's Government to the ter means could not well have been devised subject, and in the most solemn and to attain that end. Her Majesty's Governa earnest manner invoke its speedy and
ment, however, fcel great pleasure in doprompt interposition."
ing the fullest justice to the wise and enTo this letter Lord Palmerston re
lightened course pursued upon this occaplies (April 3, 1839) with truth and
sion by the President of the United States;
and they beg Mr Stevenson to assure the dignity
President, that the British Government is “ The undersigned begs leave to state, equally animated by the same spirit of in reply to Mr Stevenson’s note, that her peace which has guided the councils of the Majesty's Government fully share the President in this conjuncture of affairs." opinions expressed by the Government of -P. 62. Part I. the United States as to the importance of
Mr Stevenson, in his reply, as he a final settlement of the Boundary Question; and they partake of the anxiety felt
was in duty bound, throws his shield by that Government, that such settlement
over his countrymen of Maine ; but a should be arrived at with as little delay as
perusal of the correspondence of their the nature of things will admit: and her
own authorities, and of the resolves Majesty's Government flatter themselves
of their own legislature, is sufficient that they have given indisputable proofs to prove that they do not merit his deof their sincerity in this matter; first, by fence. We anxiously hope that this accepting, without hesitation, the award question will now be brought to a of the King of the Netherlands, however speedy determination ; but if the condisadvantageous to Great Britain ; and by test is prolonged, we are convinced adhering to that award until the United that, in the judgment of every impar. States had irrevocably determined to re- tial man, this will be owing entirely ject it; and, secondly, by afterwards pro- to the unreasonable pretensions of the posing to solve the question, by dividing inhabitants of Maine. equally between the two parties the terri
NO COSCIX. VOL. XLVIII.
DE WALSTEIN, THE ENTHUSIAST.
A TALE OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION.
Great men must be employed to than the Dane." He looked as if he complete great changes in empire ; but had been born rather on the southern little men often begin them. In this side of the Alps than the northern, and moral architecture, the man who raises I could conceive him, at the head of the proud superstructure, who brings his corps d'armée, or in the midst of a all the discordant features into one whirlwind of Hungarian cuirassiers, grand harmony, who fills the eye with making a very showy figure of modern the consummate and magnificent shape chivalry. of solidity and power, must be the We discussed the great names of master of his art; but any workman the war over our bottle of wine, in the can dig the foundation.
light way in which men talk of those Joseph II. of Germany was the who can now do them neither good workman of the French Revolution, norill; generals who could no longer He was the delver, Napoleon was the order any body to be shot, and empearchitect. Nothing could be more re- rors who had given up the keys of mote from each other, than the obs Olmutz, or who could no longer send scure industry of the German and the the refractory a letter of introduction brilliant mischief of the Italian; yet to the wolves of Siberia. they were combined in one fearful fa- “ There were but two men in the brication, they were both essential to world when I first knew it," said the the design : if Joseph, in all his medic general. ocrity, had never been born, Napo. I involuntarily stared at this ante. leon, in all his splendour, would never diluvian view of things. He smiled. have been heard of. Let philosophers " That is,” said he, “ there were reconcile those difficulties; I have now but two men in the world whose names no time to speculate. Those are the it ever mentioned-your Pitt and all mysteries of human character. They the world's Napoleon. In those days, I must be left till the day when oracles hated your great minister as much as revive, and men have only to ask I worshipped the Corsican. They questions of the pythoness.
were my opposing powers of light and Some years ago, in a tour during darkness, my two antagonist prinwhich I passed some days of an in- ciples--the tyrant of the seas and the tense summer among the hills of Ca. regenerator of the earth; but I had the rinthia, I happened to meet a wander- excuse of having all Germany, or per. er like myself, who, though with but haps all Europe, of my opinion.” one riband at his button-hole, had seen “The Germans soon changed theirs, service in the field, had sustained office I presume, at least of the French Emin the imperial court, taken his share peror." in the chief events of the last thirty “ My countrymen," said the geneyears; and, in his twofold capacity of a ral, “ are certainly excellent men ; but general officer and an imperial coun- they have not the faculty of reason. cillor, was as well calculated to assist ing. They toil admirably ; but they a traveller in a huge German hotel to find it difficult to think. They have get through the heaviness of an idle the virtue of the mole in perfection. day, as most men whom fortune has Give them something obscure, heavy, ever thrown in my way. He was still and disheartening to labour at, and in what is to be regarded as the very they will drudge away for ever. Their finest period of life; when the under- existence, known too, like the mole's, standing has arrived at its maturity by the little heaps of dust which they without losing its lustre, and the heart, throw up on the surface, and undoubtif man can be allowed to have any edly loosening the soil for better uses thing of the kind, has acquired steadi to come. But the moment they are ness without losing its sensibility. His put upon the surface they are blind; countenance was handsome, yet with -bid them walk, and they stumble : some lines of trial ; and both counte- bid them run, and they fall into the nance and manner had, as Hamlet first ditch. In literature, they are says, “ more of the ancient Roman what the pioneers are to an army, es.
sential to every advance, but a rough tor. Politics are the sun of the world. corps after all; stout, strong-handed England had sun enough already, and serfs; and with hatchet and saw in could be tropical only to be scorched ; hand formidable to thickets and rocks; but Germany, cold, aguish, swampy, but what man ever looks among the and wild, would be much the better pioneers for a hero ?”
for being half roasted alive. The “ Yet they had esprit enough to ad. world has to thank a German for mire the romantic glitter and magic that revolution. Joseph the Secondfreaks of Napoleon.'
of all Germans that ever Jived the “ Yes," said the general, “all truest model of the German of the children are fond of tales of wonder, nineteenth century-was the man." and all gossips of telling them. We " What-Joseph the philosopher Germans are proud of our country, and and philanthropist! Where was the it is by nature a noble one-certainly fire ?" superior in its natural advantages to “ We shall long remember him," any other that I have seen, not even observed the general, “ for three excepting your own; for the unrival-things-the partition of Poland, the led loveliness of England is the work loss of the Netherlands, and the overof man, of freedom, good sense, and throw of the Bourbon throne." the simple tastes of the nation. But The evening was one of southern we are still in our infancy. Germany beauty; and the window of the hotel is only one huge nursery, in which overlooked one of those small lakes the population is in its cradle. But which are so numerous in the counc we are children with a fine inheritance try, watered by the thousand springs waiting for us when we shall arrive at of the Tyrolese hills. The air, after the age of discretion ; yet, until then, a day of intense warmth, flowed in we must be allowed to play the antics filled with the freshness of the moun. of the nursery, to stare at every thing, tain vegetation; and a young rising to imagine that we know every thing, moon, just touching with her circlet to attempt every thing, and, finally, the brow of a forest above, gave the like children who never see a toy but due finishing of the picture. But with a longing to know what makes even this was not all ; for a troop of it squeak, or dance, or tumble, break- the travelling horn-players, who range ing up every one of our graver toys all Europe from the Mediterranean of state, religion, and science, with a to, I believe, the Pole, seeing our curiosity worthy of the cradle, and casement open, took up a position in having only the fragments, after all, the adjoining garden and began their for our pains. I am a patriot, Sir," display. All this is common; but the said he with a smile, “yet you see I effect was as good, on the whole, as too can play the philosopher.”
if we had heard it in a salon of “ But when is your infant to arrive Vienna, or even enjoying a at man's estate ?"
painted moon and canvass forest, with " National minds are of slow the full crash of a Parisian orchestra growth,” was the answer. “I do not in front, to take us by storm. think that Germany will be mature We had both sunk into silence; and in less than five hundred years. It after a while I observed my companion will take at least a century to get rid bad drawn from his bosom a miniature, of her presumption that she is the on which he gazed with a fixed eye. cleverest nation in the world; and He saw that I was looking at him, until then she cannot be said to even and handed it over to me. It was have the use of her understanding." well worth his study, for it was one of
“ A long probation. But she is the loveliest faces that I ever saw in certainly not retrograding : she is my life. clearly advancing."
“ I presume I may ask the name? “ I am not so fully convinced of It is excessively lovely-at once gentle that. She is yet got little beyond the and noble.” line where the French Revolution “ You may; for she is neither an placed her. I allow that to have been opera girl nor a goddess. It was exan advance. But it was universal. actly in such an hour, and in this It pushed every nation of Europe very apartment, five-and-twenty years some degrees nearer the moral equa- ago, that a German friend of mine
was indebted to this lady for the most "Who reckons the moments important event of his life."
When beauty is nighI looked all curiosity ; but feeling
When life is a glance, that I had no right to intrude upon
And the soul is a sigh?'" his recollections of one perhaps dead, “Well, I see you are determined to remained in silence. But foreign continue in your old opinions. Women manners are often remarkably frank; are made to be laughed at. But as and he saw my wish at once.
none of the Guard ever condescend to " You shall have the story,” said waltz, tell me the news from the Low he, " of my friend. He was an en. Countries. Is the Emperor still santhusiast in those days, though born on guine in his ideas of reducing them to the northern side of the Alps. The order? We all know Count D’Alton's lady was somewhat of an enthusiast great abilities; but I have some very too, though no Encyclopediste. Both dear relatives there, and I feel an had their share of the republican anxiety to know the state in which you mania, though both living in the most left Brabant." formal court from this to Pekin. But. The young officer listened, rose from I must tell the story in my own way.” his seat, and drew a fauteuil for the
He then threw himself back in his lady. The subject was a real one, chair, and with his eyes fixing alter- and the vapid elegance of the guardsnately on the landscape and the pic man was exchanged for respectful ture, talked in the dramatic style into attention. His regiment had been which the continental taste throws quartered at Brussels on the first every thing.
breaking out of the Flemish discon" Imagine, a young officer of the tents in 1788, and he now slightly Hungarian Guard, enraptured with a detailed the circumstances which had sense of his wearing the most showy occurred within his knowledge. of all possible uniforms, declining to " My infancy," said the princess, dance when the fairest forms of "was spent in the palace of the ArchVienria were whirling before him, and duke, and though, when he ceased to playing the coxcomb with the most be governor of the Netherlands, I rewell-bred apathy in the world. Ima- turned to Germany, my recollections gine another figure in this history of that fine city, and not less of its piece, a beautiful woman of the first luxuriant landscape, and its kind and rank, approaching him, with ridicule hospitable people, are as much alive as sparkling in her brilliant eyes. Bon ever. Of course, I know all the noble jour, Monsieur le Comte, you look the families. Are any of them engaged very picture of a philosopher.'” in those unhappy disturbances ?”
" Then, your Imperial Highness, I « None that I could hear of," was look perfectly unlike what I am, or the answer. " The whole character ever can be, while I have the honour of the popular convulsion was the reof being in the same ball-room with verse of all that strongly engages the you," was the answer, without chan. mind. The controversy was of lawging his position,
yers, not men ; of old privileges " Perhaps said gallantly, yet per against new encroachments: it began haps not; I know the Count de Wal. in the parchments of jurists and advostein's chivalry, yet I suspect he de cates, and is likely to end in the dust spises the sex," playfully observed the and darkness of the closets from which lady.
it came." - Never, when all that is charming " Then our war with the Nether. in it has such a representative as your lands will be brief, and Count D'Alton Imperial Highness.”
will settle the rebellion by a feu-de- Well, that at least is unequivocal; joie," said the fair politician. “I see and I must acknowledge that the that you have no faith in the force of opinion of so severe a critic as Count popular outcry against the spurs and Walstein is said to be, is of peculiar Swords of the Austrian cuirassiers." , value. But, to say no more on those “ That must depend on circumpretty topics, how long is it since you stances," was the reply. “ We know have returned to Vienna ?”
what an army can do ; but in the mind “ I have already lost the recollec of a nation we have a new element be. tion. Let Schiller answer for me:- fore us. We know the limit of the
machine ; but who can tell the limit of laugh of the world of fashion at empowers that, like the wind, at this mo barrassments of the nature into which ment unfelt, may, at the next, change she might be plunging ; but she was the calm for the storm ; and then, sub a woman, that is saying much-a siding as suddenly as it rose, leave us young, lovely, and brilliant one-and nothing but the desolation that marks that is saying more. She saw a new its way across the land ?"
subject before her, perhaps a new The princess felt herself gradually slave: that settled the question, and she engaged by the conversation. The resolved to make the experiment. All sentiment and the expression might this may be blameable; but courts are be nothing, but they were new to her, never very lively places with all their were totally unlike the language of the balls; and the court of Joseph II. court, and were the more surprising was as prim and pedantic as its masfrom being the language of one of that ter. The conversation flew on from very showy corps whom all the world grave to gay, and from gay to grave looked on as the especial idlers of the again. The guardsman had found court; perhaps to prolong an indul that the finest woman of Vienna was gence which she began to feel in the not a fool; and the discovery stimuhour, the scene, and the speaker, she lated even his apathy until he felt turned to the topic of the Belgian tu. that to affect it any longer would be mults once more. The subject, too, ridiculous. He becamo animated had an interest for the guardsman, his ideas flowed-he now recollected, of which he had been hitherto uncon for the first time during half a dozen scious, and he began to wonder at the years, that he had been in Italy, ardour of the thoughts which rose to Greece, and England; that he had his lips.
wandered among classic ruins, ranged “ If the lovers of change," said he, over Arcadian hills, aud listened to “expect any thing from the risings in the language of the boldest, freest, the Netherlands, they will be disap- and most eccentric race of men that pointed. A few cannon-sliot, and a were ever enclosed in an island.
He few charges of cavalry, will be enough had found unconsciously that converfor the riotous rabble of the town: as sation was not limited to the merits for the peasantry, they may be brave, of a horse, an actress, or a new epaubut they have no grievances, or at lette ; and the eyes of the fair listener least none which prevent them from showed by their downcast lids that having the best furnished farm-houses she listened with all her soul. and the richest crops in the world. In 'An universal flourish of the imperial short, I regard the
whole as une affair orchestra, which intimated that the finie. Yet," added he, after a pause, most distinguished violinist of the “ I admit that there are things which earth had just finished his most celemight awake a nation. There may brated concerto, unhappily unheard be pulses in the national heart which from its first note to its last, alike by have never beat before: I can imagine the princess and the count, at length events to occur, like the giving of told them that they had conversed wings to the human frame, lifting us beyond all legitimate bounds at the into a new element, giving us a new imperial supper table, and that eti. faculty, and laying open a career, to quette required their separation. whose loftiness, vastness, and splen A week of pomps and parades foldour, the world has never yet seen lowed, in which the princess was surthe equal."
rounded by French milliners and All this was new from the lips of coiffeurs all the morning, and imperial the soldier, and new to the ears of the and serene highnesses, and their exprincess. She gazed on his counte- cellencies the ambassadors all the nance, at that moment thrown into night. The Hungarian was on horseunusual animation by the topic, and back riding in procession twelve hours listened like one who had heard a sud. a.day; or escorting some diplomatic den burst of harmony from a harp cavalcade ; or, in the intervals, writshaken only by the wind. She was ing the name of Catharena Zadorinsky not altogether unconscious of the sin. on his tablets, and calculating the gularity of amusing herself with this exact distance between a cornet of tête-à-iete, with five hundred eyes upon cavalry and a princess of the imperial her. She also knew perfectly the line. He might have calculated for