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wishing permission to print an edition of it there. I did not know till about ten years after, how it was so early noticed there; when I was invited to dine with Dr. Adam Clarke in a friend's house in London, who told me that he was the first introducer of the Worlds Displayed' to London. Though I have published many volumes since that time, I have heard more beneficial effects produced by that little Tom Thumb volume than by all the others put together. About twenty-five years ago I had eight gospel ministers, and more than that number of ministers' wives upon my list, who told me that their first serious impressions about religion arose from reading that book, and many more have told me the same tale since that time. How many editions it has gone through in Britain and America, I cannot tell, but the number must be considerable.'—pp. 188, 189.
Mr. Campbell was in habits of intercourse with many persons much superior in station to himself, and the volume before us supplies interesting anecdotes of some of the more distinguished of them. The following, respecting Lord Hailes, is curious, and we should much like to see the accuracy of his lordship's statement tested.
• Another of Mr. Campbell's literary friends was the late Rev. Walter Buchanan, of Edinburgh; the friend of Lord Hailes. At his table, Mr. Campbell met some distinguished men, and gathered up many literary anecdotes. One of the latter deserves to be mentioned, because it had much influence in satisfying his own mind upon
the perfection of the New Testament.
ANECDOTE OF LORD HAILES. I remember distinctly an interesting anecdote referring to the late Sir David Dalrymple (better known to literary men abroad by his title of Lord Hailes), a Scotch judge. I had it from the late Rev. Walter Buchanan, one of the ministers of Edinburgh. I took such interest in it, that though it must be about fifty years ago since he told it, I think I can almost relate it in Mr. Buchanan's words.
"I was dining some time ago with a literary party at old Mr. Abercrombie's (father of General Abercrombie who was slain in Egypt, at the head of the British army), and spending the evening together. A gentleman present put a question which puzzled the whole company. It was this: Supposing all the New Testaments in the world had been destroyed at the end of the third century, could their contents have been recovered from the writings of the three first centuries? The question was novel to all, and no one even hazarded a guess in answer to the inquiry.
" About two months after this meeting, I received a note from Lord Hailes, inviting me to breakfast with him rext morning. He had been of the party. During breakfast he asked me if I recollected the curious question about the possibility of recovering the contents of the New Testament from the writings of the three first centuries ?
I remember it well, and have thought of it often without being able to form any opinion or conjecture on the subject.'
"Well,' said Lord Hailes, 'that question quite accorded with the turn or taste of my antiquarian mind. On returning home, as I knew I had all the writers of those centuries, I began immediately to collect them, that I might set to work on the arduous task as soon as possible.' Pointing to a table covered with papers, he said, “ There have I been busy for these two months, searching for chapters, half chapters, and sentences of the New Testament, and have marked down what I have found, and where I have found it; so that any person may examine and see for themselves. I have actually discovered the whole New Testament from those writings, except seven or eleven verses (I forget which), which satisfies me that I could discover them also. Now,' said he, “ here was a way in which God concealed, or hid the treasure of his word, that Julian, the apostate emperor, and other enemies of Christ, who wished to extirpate the gospel from the world, never would have thought of; and though they had, they never could have effected their destruction.'
• The labor in effecting this feat must have been immense ; for the gospels and epistles would not be divided into chapters and verses as they are now. Much must have been effected by the help of a concordance. And having been a judge for many years, a habit of minute investigation must have been formed in his mind.'
- pp. 214–216. It is not surprising that Mr. Campbell should early have adverted to the christian ministry as his appropriate occupation. It is singular, however, that he regarded the first suggestion of this kind as a temptation from the Evil One. On sabbath last,' he says, 'I encountered all day and night strong allurements from the adversary to follow the ministry. • The suggestion increased so at night that I could not give • heed to a sentence of the sermon. I had a desire to be useful 'to my brethren's souls, but I gave the less heed to it because
it interrupted my hearing of the word.' It was well that he did so for a time, as he was obviously not yet qualified for such a work. Had he entered on it at this period, the result might have been ruinous to himself, and useless, at the least, to others. But the moral discipline to which he was subsequently subjected, brought his spirit into happy harmony with religious truth, and so controlled all the sympathies and energy of his nature as to fit him for eminent service to the church of God. The estimate formed of his piety and talents by those who had the best opportunities of observing them, were shown by the proposal which Mr. Haldane made to him, to proceed on a mission to Bengal. The proposition was favorably viewed by himself, but the opinion of his friends being adverse to its acceptance, it was ultimately declined. He determined, however, on relinquishing business, and devoting himself more entirely to the work of the ministry. The success he met with as a village preacher drew him yn, step by step, until he found himself
involved in the serious consideration of what his duty was in the case. He was accustomed to speak of his public exercises, not as preaching but as exhorting. He did so in his communications with Mr. Newton, whose counsel he sought in this most important step of his life. The answer he received from this estimable man is too characteristic to be omitted.
I know not how you draw the line, in your country, between preaching and exhorting. If I speak when the door is open to all comers, I call it preaching; for to preach is to speak publicly. Speaking upon a text, or without one, makes no difference; at least, I think not.
• I am no advocate for self-sent preachers at large ; but when men whose character and abilities are approved by competent judges ; whose motives are known to be pure, and whose labors are excited by the exigency of the occasion, lay themselves out to instruct the ignorant and rouse the careless; I think they deserve thanks and encouragement, instead of reprehension, if they step a little over the bounds of church order. If I had lived in Scotland, my ministry, I suppose, would have been in the Kirk, or the Relief, or the Secession ; and if Dr. Erskine had been born and bred among us, and regarded according to his merit, he might perhaps have been archbishop of Canterbury long ago.
Much of our differences of opinion on this head may, perhaps, be ascribed to the air we breathed and the milk we drank in infancy. Thus I have given you my free opinion upon your knotty point. I leave others to dispute whether the husk or the shell of the nut be the better of the two. I hope to be content with the kernel.
• But whilst you have a secular calling, it is your duty to be active and accurate in it. Self likes to be employed in great matters-grace teaches us to do small and common things in a great spirit. When you are engaged in business in a right frame of mind, you are no less serving the Lord than when you are praying, exhorting, or hearing.'
-Pp. 265, 266. Convinced at length that it became him to devote himself wholly to the work of the sanctuary, he removed to Glasgow in order to avail himself of Mr. Ewing's instructions, preparatory to a more formal entrance on the sacred calling. He carried with him to the west of Scotland the same habits of active zeal by which he had been distinguished in Edinburgh ; instead of confining himself to the dry routine of a student's life, he was perpetually employed in devising schemes of usefulness, which he carried out with an energy and perseverance that secured distinguished success. In connexion with his various labors at Glasgow, we have the following interesting account of a remarkable work of God, among a class of men who at that time were generally neglected by the christian church.
'I remember a young woman calling on me, that I might answer a letter her mother had just received from her son. "At the time of
my father's death,' said she, 'my brother was a very thoughtless young man-instead of helping her, he sold every thing he could lay his hands on ; after which, he left us, and became a sailor; he tells us, that afterwards he was pressed, and put on board the Barfleur, of ninety. eight guns; that some society had furnished him and others with a copy of the Scriptures, which he had carefully read, and had thereby been brought to a conviction of the sinfulness of his past conduct, and repentance for it ; that he had besought, and hoped he had obtained God's forgiveness, but he could not have peace till he had obtained his mother's also, for the great wrongs he had done her; he also solicited her advice.' It was that I might fulfil this last request that she brought his letter to me. I wrote a letter containing the best counsels I could offer, and sent it off to him, on board the Barfleur, at that time lying in Cawsand Bay. In about a fortnight I received a letter from eight sailors, including himself, who had all been affected in the same way,
reading the word of God, and who often met together for reading and prayer; and they requested I should write a letter addressed to them all, as a united band, which I soon did, and sent off; but as the fleet had sailed on a cruise off the coast of France, I heard no more from them for perhaps three months, when a letter did come from twenty-four sailors, to which number the little band had increased during the interval ; and these expressed a desire that I should address a general letter to the whole ; and if there was any particular book I would wish them to have, that I would mention it in the letter. They also informed me that a similar work had taken place on board the Thunderer, and the Terrible of seventy-four guns. I did address a letter to twenty-four, and said, that if the feet should happen to put into Portsmouth, if any of them would call on the Rev. Dr. Bogue, with my compliments, he would most readily do what he could for them, and knew of none more capable of giving advice.
• The peace with France, in 1802, took place a short time after sending off this, and a great part of the navy was puid off, and the seamen scattered in every direction ; and I left Glasgow, so I never heard any more of the fruits of that charming display of the grace of God towards those poor sailors.'—pp. 273, 274.
His settlement at Kingsland, in 1803, was remarkably illustrative of the silent manner by which the Great Head of the church accomplishes his designs, in preparing the way for the more extended labors and greater usefulness of his servants. The station had no secular attractions, but it brought him into intimate contact with the religious institutions of the day, and opened the way for his subsequent visits to Africa, by which his name is become so thoroughly identified with one of the most interesting fields of modern missions. We need not dwell on this part of Mr. Campbell's life, as it is the one with which our readers are most familiar. He lived in perpetual activity,an activity which was the very opposite of idle restlessness, for it resulted in his case from the entire consecration of his mind to
the paramount interests of religion and eternity. He was always active because he was supremely bent on doing goodbecause he combined with the utmost suavity and tenderness of spirit an entire self-forgetfulness and a hearty appreciation of the value of immortal souls.
His biographer has done wisely in including in the present volume a somewhat extended account of his missionary tours in Africa. These were the great events of his life, for which his other labors were but preparatory, and by which his name will be handed down to posterity as an agent of extensive usefulness to the church and to the world. We are glad also to find Mr. Philip speaking in such terms of warm-hearted and well merited eulogy of Dr. Philip,--one of those remarkable men whom God in his infinite goodness occasionally raises up to enlighten and bless their species. The few opportunites we have had of personal intercourse with Dr. Philip have left upon our minds an impression which we shall never lose-an impression which deepens with our advancing years, and becomes somewhat painful, as the passage of time reminds us of the approach of that period when his divine Master shall call him from the scene of his labors to the enjoyment of his eternal reward.
* His hopes of a successful enterprise were much sustained by his confidence in the talents and discretion of Dr. Philip. It was to him a matter of wonder, as well as of delight and gratitude, that the doctor had consecrated himself to Africa; for Mr. Campbell knew and appreciated his influence in Aberdeen, and throughout the north of Scotland. Indeed, those who knew that influence best, wondered most. Some of Dr. Philip's intimate friends, however, knew the cast of his mind and the aspirations of his heart too well to believe that his object was bounded by any thing that lay upon the surface of his mission, or that the office of superintendent had swayed him at all. They did not venture to conjecture what his ultimate object was, nor are they yet sure that he has gained it all, much as his philosophy and philanthropy have won for Africa. The man who could achieve so much, certainly intended far more, and anticipated not a little of the result whilst deliberating upon the experiment. I do not pretend to any knowledge- I possess none-of the process by which he made up his mind to quit the most influential position which the north of Scotland could give to a minister; nor of the calculations he made, or the visions of glory he indulged for Africa; but having grown up from childhood under his paternal eye, and never spending a day uninfluenced by his maxims and example, I have never been surprised at either his choice or his achievements, although often alternately amused and grieved at the interpretations which some men put upon them. None know him so little as those who imagine that he would have gone to Africa, or any where else, in order to be a sort of bishop,' or merely to superintend missionaries. This is the last thing in the world he would submit to, in the sense in which these words have been