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stamp. I'm nearly heart-broken from him myself; Next morning, at the hour indicated, commanding and the sergeant-major threatened suicide if com- officers and staff assembled as directed at the generalis pelled to continue drilling him. I could not knock quarters, all in full-dress, to look as imposing as anything into his head, or out of his heels; so I possible. When Sir Hannibal entered the room, thought it no harm to try whether liis hands could without noticing any one, he fixed his eyes on the not perform some military movement. He is getting wall, which a large speckled spider was slowly on very well at it; and I am sure the general would ascending on his return from a successful foraging be quite pleased to hear the fine tone he brings out of expedition, taking with him a supply of ant-meat the instrumenti'

for the nourishment of his family. Had the general not been present, it is probable The bearer, loudly summoned, warily and slowly that the affair might have passed off as a harmless approached the unsuspecting spider, and when arrived trick; but restrained by this, and a sense of duty, within springing distance, made a dash at it with the the colonel frowned down his rising mirth, and said: cloth he held in his hand; then removing it triumphYou have done wrong, sir, to allow your private antly, displayed the cruslied remains of the spider, feelings to influence you in the discharge of your surrounded by a gory stain, on the wall. Instead, duty; you have abused the authority I gave you over however, of the approbation he looked for, his master a young officer, and endeavoured to make him the was so enraged at the mark on his spotless chunam, butt of the regiment. This mock-instruction must that he pulled a flash pink turban off the bearer's be discontinued ; and I trust you will see the pro- head, wiped the obnoxious stain with it, then threw priety of apologising to Mr Rooke for what has it in his face, and kicked and pommelled him out of passed. I trust you are satisfied, Sir Hannibal.' the room, to the great amusement of those who

“No, I am not satisfied; very much the reverse,' witnessed this practical commentary on the genesaid the general, his choler rising as he became ral's favourite exordium against maltreating native gradually aware of the extent to which his nephew servants. and liimself had been imposed on, until between the Then gravely seating himself at the head of a table state of the thermometer and internal warmth, he covered with writing materials, Sir Hannibal motioned seemed on the point of spontaneous combustion. 'Go the other officers to chairs on either side; and they to your quarters instantly, Mr Wriglit, and consider had hardly time to compose their faces, when Wright yourself under arrest.'

entered, looking so preternaturally solemn, that any Whereupon the culprit left the room without speak- one who knew him, would at once have suspected ing, and the general soon after took his leave, vowing there was some mischief brewing. vengeance against Wright; declaring that he would Knowing Sir Hannibal's entomophobia, he had make an example of him, and that he was fully employed some of his spare time in capturing a number determined to bring him to a court-martial for such of flies and immuring them in a paper-box, perforated outrageous conduct.

with innumerable pin-holes, in order to keep its To all this tirade, Colonel Hardy wisely made no inmates in a state of active vitality. reply; but, soon after the general's departure, sent him This lie held inside his shako with one hand, and a note, saying that he hoped Sir Hannibal would, on by keeping his finger on an orifice in the lid, let mature reflection, view the case more favourably, as them escape when he wished. The general, not being Wright was a young man of excellent principles, and gifted with much extempore eloquence, had written a first-rate officer, though sometimes led away by the wigging he intended to administer, and now high spirits; that it would be impossible to frame commenced reading it aloud. charges for a court-martial without making his Lieutenant and Adjutant Wright, I regret'nephew-he did not venture to say himself-the Buzz, buzz went an audacious blue-bottle within an laughing-stock of the service; and, moreover, that inch of the pretorian nose. Slap, slap from the general, if ever the matter came to a trial, he would feel and the enemy retreated in good order, leaving him bound to state that Sir Hannibal Peacocke, a general master of the field. officer commanding a division, fully believed that He had hardly recommenced reading, when he was learning the drum formed an integral part of an again interrupted in a similar manner; but this time officer's education.

he had better success, for the intruder was destroyed. By this time, Sir Hannibal's wrath had time to Complacent at the successful result of his coup de cool ; and seeing the cogency of these arguments, he main, lie made a third essay. replied that to oblige Colonel Hardy, he would treat • Lieutenant and Adjutant Wright, I regret to find the case as leniently as his duty would permit; that that'- Here a score of flies, rampant from their Mr Wright might be released from arrest; but as he newly acquired liberty, made an onslaught, together could not pass over such conduct without publicly with such a brisk hum of insolent defiance, that, expressing his disapprobation of it, the lieutenant dropping the paper he held, the general vigorously in question should attend at the general's quarters smote the air, in a vain attempt to rid himself of his the following morning, when, in the presence of all persecutors. commanding officers and staff in the station, he would Imitating the example of their chief, the other receive such a reprimand as the major-general might officers rose to assist him in banishing the unwelcome deem it fit to administer.

visitors. Sir Hannibal Peacocke was a particularly neat Furor arma ministrat; each seizes what he can lay man; the scrupulous exactness of his person was only hold of-books, cocked-liats, and hand-punkahs are equalled by the cleanliness of his house, and ele- converted for the nonce into fly-flappers. A dragoon gance of his bachelor ménage. Every one else's linen major, more zealous than skilful, grasped a long ruler looked yellow in comparison with the immaculate sabrewise, and making cut two' in most approved purity of his; a speck on his white trousers, a soil style, missed the blue-bottle, and nearly floored the on his boots, a stain on his table-cloth, or a particle garrison-surgeon, whose bald head it encountered of dust on the table itself, made liim quite uncomfort- in its descent. The adjutant-general, in making able; but the presence of a fly or spider set him well- a vigorous sweep with his arm, knocked off the nigh distraught, and he would interrupt the gravest commissary's spectacles; and the latter functionary, conversation to make slaps at an intruding blue- purblind from their loss, and surprised at such an bottle, and prided himself not a little on the dexterous unlooked-for assault, upset the ink-bottle in groping manner in which he crushed the offender between his to recover them, dashing its contents over the forextended palms.

midable foolscap whereon the reprimand was written, and extending its ravages to the snowy integuments things that pain and trial had taught him, cannot be which covered the general's nether man.

told here. But there are many who look back to Solvuntur tabule risu. Such a scene of confusion his example with loving gratitude, and treasure his ensued, that Sir Hannibal, finding it impossible to words in their inmost hearts as a precious legacy of restore order, dismissed all present, intimating, how- strength and consolation. “How pathetic to think ever, at the same time his intention of reassembling that this intense and bright naturethem at some future time for the same purpose.

Appearing ere the times were ripeIt would seem, however, that a convenient time for the purpose never came, as no one ever afterwards should so "soon come to confusion,” that he should heard Sir Hannibal allude to the subject; nor, stranger suffer as he did, and die with little else fulfilled but still, does any mention of it appear in the life and pain—his hopes withered, his secret purposes broken memoirs of that gallant and distinguished officer, off, his years unaccomplished, fame and a great place published after his lamented decease, several years in the world's history, merely seen from under the subsequently, and it has consequently remained opening eyelids of the morn, and then vanishing unchronicled up to the present moment.

away; his sun going down while it was yet day; the tree of mortal life withering in all the leaves of his

spring-all this is strange and sad; but what in this THE LATE SAMUEL BROWN.

world has not in it something both sad and strange ?' When a brilliant and powerful intellect has passed Thus much it seems necessary to premise before away without leaving any written works behind, it speaking of the merits of these Essays, for some of them is difficult to make the world believe in what it has were written in extreme youth, and while they overflow lost. The deep and subtle influence which a great with its fire and generosity, they also bear the marks man leaves on other minds by personal association, of it, in occasional rashness of conclusion and extravacan neither be told nor accounted for; and those gance of words. Others were composed in the rare who loved and honoured the dead, must be content intervals of comparative ease which occurred during with their own profound conviction of his greatness. his last years of suffering and weakness, and we can But the case is even harder when something is left but look with tender admiration on the spirit which -good, indeed, and precious, but utterly inadequate could so far overcome pain and exhaustion as to write as the expression of the power or possibilities of the them at all, while we wonder at their brilliancy and writer. To leave such fragments uncollected, and power. The range of subjects they embrace is very suffer them to be lost among the mass of ephemeral wide. Though science has the larger share, art and literature, would be wrong; but to have them set up poetry are treated of with the insight that comes only as the measure of their author's mind, would be still from sincere love and feeling. A few of his own more unjust to his memory. The difficulty of deciding poems are in the first volume, and are very pure between these two risks must have been felt by the and fine; but it is rather in his prose writing we editors of these Essays; for, beautiful and interesting feel what a true poet he was. There the bright as they are, they are infinitely below what Samuel imagination continually lights up the sternest subBrown might and would have done; and it would be jects, not with conscious rhetoric or fine writing of most painful to those who eagerly watched the pro- any sort, but with a pervading feeling for what is mise and growth of that noble intellect, to think that lovely and picturesque, and the fine instinct which these few and scattered utterances should be in any seizes the noblest and most poetic aspect of everything, way looked upon as its whole result. *

and revels in it with that enthusiasm which never In the generality of obscure geniuses and possible fails to awaken a corresponding delight in the reader. great men, common sense refuses to believe, and most It is the mixture of poetic feeling and calm reasoning justly; for it is a second-rate talent only that needs which gives its chief charm to the book. to be nursed by circumstances into greatness. If The first volume is mainly devoted to the history there be one spark of the real divine fire of true of chemical science, and part of it is a sort of reprogenius, it can never be quenched by external con- duction of the brilliant lectures which Dr Brown ditions; poverty only braces it-contest only rouses delivered in Edinburgh in 1849, and of which those it-sorrow only purifies it-and, sooner or later, it who heard them will be glad to be reminded. Hox. will find its appointed mode of expression. But over ever unacquainted with science the reader may be, genius itself, disease and death are victorious; and he will find in the series of Essays which commence Samuel Brown was early called to a martyrdom that with Alchemy and the Alchemists, some of the only ended with his life. After a youtlı strenuous most fascinating sketches that can be conceived. labour and extraordinary attainment, just when his The playful and apparently successless childhood of mental powers were matured, the instruments of cliemistry may be said to have passed among those knowledge within his grasp, and visions of long- young-souled Greeks from whom phlogiston came sought truths opening brightly before him—then down. They asked such profound questions of came the fatal disease which held him fast for ever. nature that they could not understand her motherly From this time, says the preface, and till his death, responses, yet the very putting of those questions seven long years, he was probably never for an hour, foreshadowed the whole history of the science. Its except in sleep, free from pain, and often in extreme busy but little-doing boyhood was spent in the east, agony-his existence being little else than the fulfilling under califs and physicians whose very names are of his capacity for suffering. When in Russia, he had fragrant with romance; its ardent and imaginative typhus fever; and it is likely he never was sound pubescence, in the unbroken Christendom of the afterwards, and carried his death within him in the middle ages, amid the hum of scholasticism and under form of an internal disease, necessitating pain of the the shadow of Gothic architecture; and we have just sharpest and steadiest kind. He died in the full seen something of its sturdy youth of somewhat exercise of his intellect and affections, having fought positive effort during the reign of phlogiston. The his disease to the last.'

fifth of its ages, that of victorious and self-confident How nobly he bore this stern fate, how brightly the manhood, now offers itself to the attention of the soul shone out through all these clouds of suffering, historical student.' how humbly and thankfully he spoke of all the deeper Along this pleasant path, so full of variety and

interest, we are carried in a series of vigorous and * Lectures on the Atomic Theory, and Essays Scientific and characteristic descriptions of the lives and labours of Literary. By Samuel Brown. Edinburgh: Thomas Constable & Co. I workers in chemistry, beginning with the Greeks,

and then pausing among the oriental alchemists, egotist of a single pursuit, and to refresh himself with whose mystical theories have caused their earnest the inexhaustible variety of nature and of life.' investigations of natural facts to be undervalued- The rest of the Essays are on a great variety of sincere, devout, industrious men, who, toiling away subjects, and we can do little more than name a few among their crucibles and furnaces, discovered many of them. Among the most interesting are those on new facts and new processes, and did many a good George Herbert's poetry; on . Physical Puritanism, thing;' and next, among their European successors; including vegetarianism, hydropathy, &c.; on David whiere, foremost in his own school, and mighty among Scott the painter, a most touching account of that all schools of natural science, in all time, appears the great but wayward genius, who, like Samuel Brown great name of Roger Bacon, one of whom England himself, died before he had accomplished half his has just cause to be proud; but his legendary fame as work; as a tender and friendly memoir of the artist, a magician has eclipsed his true glory as a man of and as a piece of general art-criticism, it is a striking science. That he believed in the elixir of life and and excellent essay. Ghosts and Ghost-seers,' the the philosopher's-stone, like the rest of his contempo- last of the Essays, is also one of the best, and contains raries, is confessed, but he did not devote himself to some of the most striking remarks. How true and searching for them; and 'in truth,' says Dr Brown, well put is the following:

we should never look at the little particular beliefs * Few people are aware of the extreme difficulty of and notions of great spirits in the history of science, the art of simple observation. That art consists not but to their great ideas, otherwise we shall run the only in the ability to perceive the phenomena of risk of despising men so exalted in character as to nature through uncoloured eyes, but also of the talent remain for ever incapable of despising us.' And again: to describe them in unobstructed and transparent * There is indeed no room for national or epochal words. To observe properly in the very simplest of vanity in the study of the history of science; there is the physical sciences, requires a long and severe rather occasion for humility and emulation ; for those training. No one knows this so feelingly as the great old men worked with grand ideals and small means discoverer. Faraday once said that he always doubts upon an obdurate and an unbroken soil, while we his own observations. Mitscherlich, on one occasion, stand on fields which they have ploughed, armed with remarked to a man of science of our acquaintance, an elaborate instrumentation, and too often guided by that it takes fourteen years to discover and establish ideals which savour more of the shop than of the a single new fact in chemistry. An enthusiastic universe.'

student one day betook himself to Baron Cuvier with The sketches of Paracelsus and the rest of that the exhibition of a new organ-we think it was a race are vivid and interesting, but they cannot be muscle-which he supposed himself to have discovered quoted without spoiling them; for the history must in the body of some living creature or other; but the bo read as a whole, and the-thread of their real experienced and sagacious naturalist kindly bade the discoveries foilowed, as it runs bright and clear young man return to him with the same discovery in through the strange webs of their romantic fancies, six months. The baron would not even listen to the and still more romantic lives. In the next essay on student's demonstration, nor examine his dissection,

Phlogiston and Lavoisier,' we pass through another till the eager and youthful discoverer had hung over long epoch of true experiment and mistaken theory, the object of inquiry for half a year; and yet that and read the stories of Beccher and Stahl, Priestley object was a mere thing of the senses! In a word, and Cavendish, Black and Watt, till the young the records of physical science are full of instances in Lavoisier appears, with the inexorable balance in his which genuine researchers—men formed by nature hand, to change the whole form of chemical science; and trained by toil for the life of observation-have to open a new path to all suc eding philosophers, misstated the least complicated phenomena. Nor and to perish in the very midst of his labour, and in would the intelligent public fail to be amused, as well the zenith of his powers; one amongst a batch of as astonished, if they only knew how very few of the victims in the high frenzy of the first French Revolu- noisy host of professing men of science, in even this tion. The two or three pages in which his short life matter-of-fact country, ever discover a single new is related are full of pathetic beauty. A brilliant fact; ever describe with irreversible fidelity a new and genial essay on Sir Humphry Davy, full of phenomenon of any significance; ever add one true cordial appreciation of liis character and discoveries, word to the written science of the world.' worthily completes this striking series, and is in With these words, important to every aspirant after itself a delightful piece of biography. With one more real knowledge, and to every lover of exact truth, short extract, we must close this volume:

we take leave of this remarkable book, earnestly There are poets who wonder at the spectacle of commending it to a close and attentive perusal. such keen spirits as Humphry Davy, for example, labouring with might and main at the dry births of

THE CHANNEL BRIDGE. stone and iron, when they might well be abroad among the strong and the beautiful, stirring the life One of those little difficulties which are common of man in its auguster depths. But a man must work to the matrimonial state, even among the best reguwhere he is placed ; and he must also obey the hint lated couples, are constantly occurring between my of lis peculiar talent, else he will never do the most wife and me with regard to a continental tour. So he can for the race and for himself. These are two surely as the autumn shews its face, she wants to visit of the great rules of duty. There is little matter that dear darling Paris,' or that exquisite Chamouni,' what a man finds to be his proper task, so he rest not or some other absurdly belauded spot beyond the sea, until he have won all it can teach him; so he relax instead of being content with the bracing airs of not until he have made the most of it for the world; Brighton, or the yellow sands (and slippers) of Marso he relent not before he has adorned it with his gate or Ramsgate. She affirms that there are no proper virtue, and ennobled it by his proper genius. dresses to be got in Regent Street fit for a lady to Truth is a globe like the world, and it is of small wear, and no mountains worthy of the name to be moment where you begin to dig, for you will come as seen in all Great Britain. To this I reply, that if such near the centre as another, if you dig deep enough. be the case, she must abandon her outer garments altoIt is at the same time an important, though a second- gether, and content herself with a comparatively level ary duty of the industrious miner, to ascend every country, for that out of England, or I'm a Dutchman, now and then from his particular shaft, both to see she does not get me to stir. Now, the true reason of what others are about, in case he should become the this I do not care to own to her, and shall therefore caresully keep this particular Journal out of her sight; The great objection which attaches to M. de but the fact is, that I become so absolutely and hope Gamond's tunnel, in connection with the trip of lessly wretched so soon as I set foot on board a myself and my wife to Paris, is, that I know she | steamer, that I am well determined never to encoun- will never be got by any means to travel by it. She ter the misery of it again. Of course, the sea has a will not even go to Bath on account of the existence, good deal to do with it; but the steamer-the rolling, between our home and that city, of the Box Tunnel.

1 the throbbing, the heat, the panting of the steamer- Her behaviour during any subterranean passageis quite sufficient for this result, without the sea. I am whenever I have caught a glimpse of her by light rendered intellectually an idiot, and physically a help- of lamp or shaft-is ridiculous, and personally unless log, from the instant the terrible yell of departure comfortable in the extreme. She shuts her eyes very is raised by the escape-valve, and when the first half- tightly, takes her under-lip between her teeth, puts a turn of those hissing wheels gives me a wliole one. finger into each of her ears, and, in short, assumes a

The arguments I address to her ear are national state of physical tension, which it would be impossible and patriotic; such as, how right it is that every for her to maintain during half the time consumed by Briton should spend his money in his own country, this proposed subterranean journey. As far, therefore, and by no means pour it into Frenchmen's pockets; as we two are concerned, M. Thomé de Gamond night with other even nobler sentiments, which I have just as well never have existed; but I am by no culled diligently from the newspapers of my native means inclined to say the same of Mr Charles Boyal, land; but my real and sole objection-which I keep, of Barnes, Surrey, the projector of the Marine Viaduct, as I have said, in my private bosom-is simply to the or Continental Railway Bridge. I have his pamphlet sea-passage, the crossing of the Channel. I know now lying before me, written with all seriousness and that she who 'halves my sorrows, and doubles my gravity, and with a charming section of the viaduct, joye,' as the poet satirically sings, would urge— before by way of illustration, on the scale of an inch to a she gave up the contest as hopeless, and began to call hundred feet, and shewing the greatest depth of the names—that it was 'only a little suffering after all,' Straits of Dover, and the relative space afforded for and 'the inconvenience is over in no time,' and I should the passage of_shipping. The book is of a yellow not be able to convince her to the contrary. The cover, like a Bradshaw, and of so amusingly conterm "suffering' does not in the least express the vincing a character, that one is quite disappointed mental and bodily agony of my position on ship-board; not to find the hours of starting of the super-channel and after I land-after I have been carried on shore trains, both ordinary and express, week-day and inanimate—I don't recover for a week.

Sunday, at the end of it. Never,' quoth I, the last time I was dropped like a The marine viaduct will consist of a succession of sack on Folkestone pier- never, if I know it, and tubes 50 feet deep by 30 feet wide, made of wroughtremain in my right mind, do I catch myself on board iron, riveted and braced together, interspersed with ship again.' This resolution I have kept, and mean ventilators and sky-lights, and supplied with the to keep; but yet, may be, I may take my wife to Paris ordinary lines of railway within. This is to be nevertheless.

supported by 190 towers, and to be raised, one tube The French engineer, Mathieu, so long ago as the at a time, to the required height of 300 feet above First Consulate, and when railways were entirely the level of the sea, by means of hydraulic machinery unknown, considered the scheme of a roadway under placed in pontoons. This great elevation will admit the Channel practicable, and laid it before the great of the passage of the tallest ships in the highest tides, Napoleon. More recently, other Frenchmen of science with 45 feet to spare, in case of vessels being built have proposed various plans for land-communication of unprecedentedly large dimensions. The space between England and France, under much more between the towers will be sufficient not only for favourable circumstances. One of these ambitious three line-of-battle ships to sail through abreast, but projectors has within the last few months procured even for three Leviathans, should so many giant for himself something more than interest and brethren ever chance to be keeping such close comattention. A commission of eminent engineers pany. Each tower will be of 100 feet in dianieter, appointed by government to report upon his stupen- and, after rising upon its pedestal 260 feet, is to be dous theory, has returned a favourable verdict. It continued 60 feet above the viaduct for the forination has, moreover, recommended that twenty thousand of a light-house, and again 50 feet higher still for that pounds should be granted for experimental examina- of a belfry or gong-tower, and for a central air-shaft tions. Finally, and above all, Napoleon III. is a for the viaduct. believer in the matter himself. The gubmarine These light-houses, whose illuminating surfaces are ground has been accurately surveyed already, and to be forty-three feet in diameter, are to reflect a nothing is wanting but the following little prelimi- bright red light on the south side, and a vivid blue nary arrangenients to the tunnel of M. Thomé de one on the north, in order that vessels may clearly Gamond. His scheme is doubtless worthy of our ascertain their own position with regard to the Channel highest admiration, but still I cannot dismiss from Bridge. The belfries will hold a gong—a bell not my mind his aristocratic name. What chance, I being loud enough, and a whistle liable to be confused wonder, upon this side of the Channel, would an with that of the steam-engines—to be struck by a engineer of the name of Tommy Gammon have, who hammer propelled by clock-work. The light-houses proposed such operations as these :

are to be lit up at sunset throughout the entire length To tear up rocks, and having carried the same out of the bridge by electricity, and the same power will to sea, to drop them in the Channel.

set the gongs sounding in case of fog. All the towers To form thirteen islands in that fashion in the said are to be fitted at water-mark with fenders, consisting Channel.

of spindles of wrought iron, very thickly coated with To dig down through the above islands into terra India-rubber, and made to revolve vertically in an firma under the sea, and there to begin the tunnel, iron framework attached to the tower bases, in order east and west.

to repel collision; so that any vessel concussing not There are a few other difficulties to be overcome, at right angles with the fender, would be simply sent whereof one is the formation of a sort of Swindon on her way. The towers are to bear the arms of Station in mid-channel, with a well-staircase leading France and England alternately; and in summerup to an artificial island in the open air; but they are time, on occasions of any increase in the Napoleonic scarcely worth dwelling upon in comparison with family, will, I daresay, be tastefully decorated with those we have mentioned.

flowers. Thus far, every part of the scheme looks

not only practicable but alluring-only we have yet seems to be of great importance in the sense of com-
to inquire, .upon what are these towers which support parative safety it will convey to the passenger; while
the viaduct to stand ?' This, as it seems to me, is the circumstance of it being admitted through a
an almost insurmountable difficulty, but not so does it sky-light will prevent lim seeing the horrors of his
seem to Mr Boyd. He proposes to form, as founda- way, and also, perchance—for a glimpse of the tossing
tions for these towers, enormous pedestals, which ocean would be sufficient for me—from getting sea-
will be formed by sinking into the bed of the Channel sick. For persons of stronger stomachs, there might
blocks of stone each of several tons' weight, securely be easily constructed a promenade-protected, of
riveted through their centres with iron bolts, and course, by balustrades-above the viaduct, where
with their connecting faces strongly cemented, so that sea-air might be imbibed as on a pier, at a certain
a succession of blocks will form one ponderous and charge, or which might be used by an active pedes-
immovable mass. The operation of placing them trian instead of the railway; a turnstile being placed
this art of sinking-is to be conducted by means of at both its French and English terminations, as at
machinery on board ship, or on pontoons at anchor; the Middlesex and Surrey ends of Waterloo Bridge.
so that each block may gradually sink therefrom
into its proper place below, first ascertained by the

compass-bearings on deck, and by divers, who will be
employed with diving-bells to examine the bed of the The novelists are, after all, 'dull dogs.' Travelling in
channel, to arrange, secure, and connect the blocks one continual narrow round of characters and rela-
and other materials as they descend: and who are to tions of character, they never observe the infinite
communicate with the workmen on board by signal- variety of others which go to form the web of society.
lines and speaking-tubes. In addition to the blocks Always, with them, the rich man is an oppressor or
80 placed, strong iron grapnels chained together at
short distances apart will be fixed around and to the fool, and poverty the inseparable associate of talent,
base of the pedestal, to prevent any movement of the learning, and virtue. Always the new rich man is
blocks when once in position. The bases are to be vulgar, and a despiser of all left behind him in the
300 feet square, and the pedestals will gradually rise race; always the governess a paragon of the amiable
at an angle of 75 degrees until they reach the level of and accomplished, amongst mean, harshi, ungenial
the sea, and there form an insular plain 40 feet high employers ; thoughi, strange to say, when she sets
by 150 square, for the reception of the tower. The up a boarding-school, she is just as sure to be a
French terminus-a8 in M. Thomé de Gamond's plan grasping, pretentious, hypocritical, pupil-starving
-is to be at Cape Grisnez, which, however, being humbug. A person bearing the name of step-
only 147 feet above the sea, will require to be mother never can do anything that is right. In an
brought to the same elevation as the English terminus action at law, justice, as a matter of course, is exclu-
at Dover, of 300 feet.

sively on the side of the party whose circumstances “To relieve any anxiety that may be entertained are the meanest; only, law being so costly, the really by the proposed union of Britain with the continent, poor man seldom gets his rights advocated. It is it is intended that the English approaches shall be almost absurd to insist how partially all such things commanded by the batteries of Dover Castle, and are true. Yet we may just take leave-for the inforthat a battery shall be erected to cover the French mation of these slaves of the conventionalisms of their terminus, as a part of the viaduct could then be art—to assert, that we continually meet rich and suddenly disconnected without damaging the whole titled men who are neither tools nor oppressors, and structure; and when hostility ceased, the injury done generally find talent, learning, and virtue in tolerably might be repaired in a few weeks, and the traffic be good worldly circumstances; that our experience finds readily resumed '—an arrangement for destruction self-raised men osten possessed of the most cultivated and reparation which seems to me to be a very tastes, and rather humble in mind and modest in their pleasant satire upon war.

social predilections, even where their origin is not By the detailed official statement of the commerce generally known; that, singular as it may appear, a between the United Kingdom and the continent, and governess is now and then unreasonable in her expectby the calculations made thereon by Mr Boyd of the ations amongst people immensely her superiors in probable sources which will make his marine viaduct both amiableness and accomplishment, while, on the their channel, it seems that the necessary outlay for other hand, the mistress of the institution for young this ambitious project will be returned to an enter ladies' is frequently a painstaking, conscientious, and prising company in eight years; the various items essentially kind-hearted woman struggling with a of each outlay being nicely estimated to a pound, and thankless profession. Só also step-mothers in real amounting in the aggregate to the trilling sum of life, so far from being necessarily harsh to the young thirty millions.

brood they have adopted, are often only too kind “It is calculated that the entire structure can be and forbearing, as fearful to abuse that power in concluded and thrown open to public traffic in three correction which a real mother would have used years, as the whole of the pedestals, with their assigned unsparingly. So also, we have known poor people towers, can be erected simultaneously;' the workmen prosecuting unjust or imaginary claims at law, being lodged upon, or rather over, the spot which is and thus inflicting infinite annoyance and damage the scene of their labours, in vessels prepared for that upon rich people who had been their best benefacpurpose. The tubes may be also constructed simul- tors. In all of these actual relations of life there taneously upon shore, so that the entire edifice may is surely a rich fund of new material for the ficbe erected almost in the same space of time which is tionist, if he would open his eyes and see it. Why devoted to one pedestal, tower, and intermediate tubes. does he not give us, as a new kind of comedy, some

Finally, says Mr Charles Boyd, “This bridge will of the persecutions and hardships suffered by rich form the high road to Europe, India, China, and all people? Why should we not have from him a tragedy parts of the Mediterranean, and testify to the World, founded on the sufferings which a jealous, rancorous by its visible presence, the Power and the Unanimity mother-for such a character exists-has it in her of the greatest Nations of the Earth;' in addition to power to inflict upon her children? A well-treated which-to descend to small letters and the practical governess who would be unhappy, a kind step-mother,

- there will then be some probability of my wife and a worthy boarding-school keeper, a penniless raiser of myself recrossing the British Channel. The fact of vexatious lawsuits-all of them creatures of frequent the light of the sun illumining this viaduct by day occurrence in actual life-are all perfect novelties


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