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ings as a system. There is too nature, and an ornament to his holy much inclination in some quarters profession; nor, on the other hand, to “ limit the Holy One of Israel ;" is it always a proof that there is to contine all the operations of no sincerity of heart, no commence. Divine grace to one specific forinment of Divine instruction, because and order; and to construct a Pro- much ignorance and many prejucrustean bed, of perhaps very un- dices still remain in the mind. An scriptual dimensions, on which to anxious, sieady, and persevering, measure every variety of religious even though slow, advancement, experience, without any allowance will in the end bring the spiritual for the indumerable differences of pilgrim far nearer to the most comage, understanding, education, or manding altitudes of Christian dochabits. It is true that in the sight trine and experience, than the selfof God there are bui two classes of sufficient indolence of the opinionathuman character, separated from ed religionist, who, beginning with a each other by a decisive line of larger stock of knowledg, but desdemarcation. He knows infallibly titute of the same bumility and suh. who are converted, and who are mission of heart, is content with his not; who love and fear him, and present attainments, and measures who do not; who are justified, all other men by his own standard, and who are not : but to the cloud- instead of measuring himself by this ed perceptions even of the best of standard of the word of God. We men, characters often appear in a are aware indeed, ilouglı we cannot more dubious lighi. Between the dwell upon them at present, that broadly marked sinner and the there are dangers on the other broadly marked Christian, there are side ; dangers against which we are many shades; so that it is often as anxious our readers should be rash, and seldom necessary, to at. on their guard as against the one tempt to decide on the character under consideration. Happy is the of others, except where the lines man whose knowledge, whose faith, are traced in plain and visible co- whose love, whose joy, whose obe. lours of truth' or error, of spiri- dience, go hand in hand, growing tuality or worldly-mindedness. It equally and in due proportion, till is not the mere adoption of certain they come to the fulness of the dogmata, however scriptural, that slature of the perfect man in Christ renders a man a faithful disciple of Jesus. Jesus Christ, partaker of a
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
metry; translated by Dr. Brewster;PREPARING for publication :- Notices Poems; by the late Rev. Thomas Cherry. of Aucient Armour; by Dr. Meyrick ;Letters and Conversations on Preach- Oxford.— The Venerable Archdeacon ing ;--Clavis Græca Biblica ; designed Goddard, D.D., is appointed Bampton for Theological Students, who have not Lecturer for the ensuing year. had a Classical Education; by the Rev. A Grace has passed the Senate, to B, Andrews.
present copies of all such books, yet re. In the press : A Vindication of the maining in hand, as have been printed first two Chapters of St. Matthew and at the expense of tlie University, to the St. Luke; by a Layman ;-£des Al library of Bishop's College, Calcutta. thorpianæ; by the Rev. T. T. Dibden; Cambridge.--With a view to encou. -Legendre's Geometry and Trigono. rage classical and theological studies
CHRIST, OBSERV, No. 245. 2T
in the university of Cambridge, a Grace teeth are adapted beyond those of any lately passed the Senate to confirm pro- other animal to the purpose of cracking posals for the institution of a previous boves, and whose habit it is to carry examination of candidates for the degrees home parts of its prey to devour them of Bachelor of Arts,Bachelor in Civil Law, in the caves of rocks which it ivhabits. and Bachelor in Physic. A pablic exa-, Five examples are given of bones of minatiou will be held in the Senate House, the same animal discovered in other in the last week of the Lent term, to con. parts of this island. tinue for three days: the snbjects of ex. The Cambrian and Cymmoodorion amination are to be one of the four Go. Societies are making extensive re. spels or the Acts of the Apostles, in the searches for inedited Welsh manuscripts original Greek, and Paley's Evidences of and other antiquities of the PrincipaChristianity; and one Greek, and one lity. Among the queries which they Latin classical author. The first of these have issued, one is to ascertain whether annual examinations is to take place in there exists any translation, or portion the Lent term of 1821.
of a translation, of the Scriptures into Westminster Abbey is again open for Welsh, more ancient than the Norman Divide service and to the public. The conquest, or than the art of printing. monuments have been cleaned, and the
RUSSIA. abbey renovated and repaired. Rail. A series of operations for a new meaings are placed in different directions, surement of the meridian, in the Russian to prevent the public from crowding too provinces of the Baltic, will take place closely around any particular monu- during the summer.
Mr. Struve, pro. ment. The sum which visitors will fessor of astronomy, will commevce bis have to pay to iuspect the curiosities, labours at the 56th degree of north lati. is two shillings, and no extra remunera- tude on the meridiau of the observatory tion is to be given.
of the university of Dorpat; and Dr. In a late Number of the “ Annals of Walbeck, of the Swedish university of Philosophy,''a paper was communicated Abo, will act in concert with him. by Mr. Buckland, giving an acconnt of
EGYPT. what is alleged to be an “ antediluvian Our readers are doubtless acquainted den of hyænas,” discovered last summer with the many valuable relics of anti. at Kirkdale, near Kirby Moorside, in quity which have been discovered in Yorkshire. The den is a natural fissure, this interesting country during the last extending 300 feet into the body of the few years ; and particularly with those solid rock, and varying from two to five which, being portable, have been re. feet in height and breadth. Its month moved and brought to England. The was overgrown with grass and bushes, British Museum, in particular, has reand was accidentally intersected by the ceived rich accesssions of statuary, working of a stone quarry. It is on the sarcophagi, altars, columns, and friezes slope of a hill about 100 feet above the from Thebes, Memphis, and other parts level of a small river, which, during of Egypt. Various enterprising travel. a great part of the year, is engulphed. Terslave lately thrown much new light on The bottom of the cavern is covered the bistory and topography of the coun. to the depth of about a foot, with a try, and among others some of our own sediment of mud: at the bottom of this countrymen. The French also are de. mud, the floor of the cave was strewed sirous of obtaining the honour of Egypfrom one cud to the other with teeth tian discoveries. M. Caillaud, who is and fragments of bones of the hyæna, travelling among the ruins of Upper elephant, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, Egypt, writes from Senaar last Julyhorse, ox, two or three species of deer, " I made you acquainted with the bear, fox, water-rat, and birds. The discovery of forty pyramids, part of bones are for the most part broken, and forty-five of which I have taken the gnawed to pieces, and the teeth lie loose dimensions. I have also seen traces of among the fragments of the bones. No a town, and the remaius of a great temple boge or tooth has been rolled, or in the with six sphinx-lions cut in brown free. least acted on by water; nor are there stone. Discoveries since made confirm any pebbles mixed with them. The me in the opinion that this was the pobones are not at all mineralized. The sition of Meroë. The pyramids are to extinct fossil hyæna is slated most near. the East ; and all, with the exception of ly to resemble that species which now in. one, have a little sanctuary towards the habits the Cape of Good Hope, whose Same quarter. After nine days'march from Chendi, we arrived at the mouth of the ment of the Hindu College at Calcutta, White River: we were the first Europe- for the encouragement of the study of ans who had ever seen it, though Bruce Shapskreet, and, through the medium of was very close to it. This river, and that language, of general literature. not that seen by Bruce, is, I believe, the Mr. H. Wilson has cousented to supermain brauch, and in consequence the intend the publication of the first six real Nile. I am more than ever de. books of Euclid in the Shanskreet lancided to follow it.”
guage. The republication of extensive INDIA.
editions of many of the Society's most A College has been instituted at useful elementary works has been dePoona, under the sanction of Govern. termined on. Government bas prement, for the preservation and ad. sented the sum of 7,000 rupees to the vancemeut of Hindoo literature, and Society, and ordered a monthly contrithe edacation of young men of the bution of 5,000 more. caste of Brahmans, in the several UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. branches of science and knowledge A Society has lately been formed, on which usually constitute the objects a national scale, for promoting the civiof study of the learned of India. Ten lization and improvement of the Indian native professors have been appointed. tribes within the Uuited States. It is All young men of respectability are ad. intended to give them instruction suited mitted to attend the College gratis; but to their capacities; and, with this view, with the view of encouraging useful to inquire minutely into their wants learning, Government has allowed five and babits, and every other particular rupees each per month, for the main connected with their history and coun. tenance of one hundred scholars, ten in try. It is also proposed to settle them, each branch of study. The books at pre- wherever practicable, in farms, and to sent in the possession of Government are promote regular habits among them, appropriated to the use of the College, Most of the leading persons in the and others are to be procured from United States have become members of Calcutta. The Visram palace is de. the institution. The Indians within voted to the institution.
the United States' territory amount to Amongst various points of miscella- about 400,000. neous information contained in the Upwards of 200 gentlemen, of the Fourth Report of the Calcutta School. city of New York, have subscribed to book Society, the recent establishment an agreement, disapproving of the cus. of a similar society at Penang is men. tom of giving wine at funerals; and tioned, and also the successful progress promising to discountenance it in their of the institutions at Madras and Bom. own families, and wherever their influ. bay, and the endowment by Govern. ence extends,
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Church of England, stating their SerSermons on the Public Means of vices, their Rights, and their Keve. Grace; the Fasts and Festivals of the nues; by the Rev. Francis Thackeray. Church ; on Scripture Characters, and 8vo. 58. 6d. various Practical Subjects; by the late Treatise on the Sabbath; by the Rev. Right Res. Theodore Dehon, D.D. John Glen. 6s. Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Sermons, chiefly delivered in the Church, in the Diocese of South Caro- Clapel of the East India College, Hertlina, 2 vols. 8vo. 11. ls.
fordshire ; by the Rev. Charles Webb Eighteen Sermons, intended to esta. Le Bas, A.M. 108. 6d. blish the inseparable Connection be- Considerations on the Subject of Cal. tween the Doctrines and the Practice vinism, and a short Treatise on Regeof Christianity. 12mo. 58.
neration ; by the Rev. William Bruce Discourses, chiefly doctrinal, deli. Knight, A.M. 6s. vered in the Chapel of Trinity College, The Young Communicant's RememDublin; by B. Lloyd, D.D. 10s. Gd. brancer ; by the Rev. William Hamil.
Grounds of Distinction between the ton. 12010. 3s. 6d. Genuine New Testament and the Apo- An Abridgment of the Prophecies as cryphal Volume; by the Rev. Thomas connected with History, in Question Renpell. 68.
and Answer; selected from the best A Defence of the Clergy of the Authors; by Anne Smith, 12mo.
A Sermon, preached at the Spital, on An Arcont of the Abipones, an Easter Tuesday, 1822; by the Rev. Equestrian People in the Interior of Archdeacon Goddard, D.D.
South America ; translated from the Discourses adapted to the Pulpit or Latin of Martin Dobrizboffer. 3 vcls. Family Use; by the Rev. Atkyns Bray. 8vo. 364. 8yo, 8s.
Statistical Acconnt of Upper Canada; Two Sermons, on Ezekiel iii. 17, and by R. Gonrlay. 3 vols. 21. 2s. Dent. xxx. 19, 20; by the Rev. Charles Recollections and Reflections, conR. Sumner. Is. 60.
nected with Public Affairs during the Institntions of Theology; or, a Con. Reign of George the Third ; by John cise System of Divinity: with reference Nicholls. 2 vols. 19s. under each article to some of the prin. The Fishes of the Ganges; by F. cipal Anthors who have treated of the Hamilton, M.D. F.R.S.L. 4to. 51. 55. subjects particnlarly and fully; by The Entire Poems of Ossian, revised, Alexander Ranken, 'D.D. one of the illustrated, and anthenticated by Visits Ministers of Glasgow. 148.
to the Scites described; by H. CampThe Destruction of Jerusalem, as beli, F.A.S. 2 vols. royal 12mo. illas. connected with Scripture Prophecies; trated with a map. 11. by the Rev. G. Wilkins, A.M, 108. 6d. An Essay on the Scripture Doctrines MISCELLANEOUS,
of Adultery and Divorce; and on the A New System of National and Prac. Criminal Character and Punishment of tical Agriculture; by R. Donald. 2s.6d. Adultery by the Ancient Laws of Eng.
William Lilly's Memoirs of his own land and other Countries. Being a Life and Times, &c. 8vo. 12s. 6d. Subject proposed for Investigatiou by
Life and Writings of John Home; by the Society for promoting Christian H. M.Ken zie, F.RS. 7s.
Knowledge in the Diocese of St. Da. An Inaugural Lecrire delivered in vid's, and to which that Society awarded the University of Glasgow; by D, K. its Premium (by Benefaction) of Fifty Sandford, A.B. Oxon. Professor of Pounds, in Dec. 1821 ; by H. V. Tebbs, Greek. 2s.6d.
Proctor in Doctors' Commons. 8vo. Ts. Observations on da Vinci's Last Sup- Hints towards the Right Improvement per; by J. W. de Goëthe. 410. 15s. of the present Crisis; by Joseph Jones
The 'Topograply of Troy; by Charles . 8vo. 5s. Maclaren. 95.
it, by the Rev. Edward Patteson SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING
M A. CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE. A Manual of Instruction and Devotion, From the last Annnal Report of the for the Use of Prisoners, by the Rev. Society which has lately been distributed Duke Yonge, M. A. among the members, we learn that the A1 edition of the Psalter in 24nio. ipnumber of books disposed of ou the troducing the Burial Service, and the terms of the Society, and gratuitously, Prayers to be used at Sea, for the during the year, has been,
Use of the Navy. Bibles (exclusive of the Socie
Ditto, withont the above additions. ty's Family Bible)........ 32,199 A Christian Guide for plain People, by New Testaments and Psaliers 45,632 the Rev. John Miller, M. A. Book of Common Prayer 85,301 Thonghis for the Labouring Classes, biy Other bound books
75,550 the Rev. John Miller, M. Small Tracts, half-bound, &c. 827,014 It having appeared to me general Books and papers, issued gra
Board desirable that the Greeks of the tuitously....
176,316 Ionian Islands should be supplied with
Tracts written by the Ancient Fathers
Total 1,242,091 of the Church, in the Greek Language, The following new books and tracts the following were admitted on the sohave been admitted on the Society's ciery's Catalogue. permanent catalogue within the year. S. Athanasius contra Gentiles. A plain Account of the Nature and Use S. Chrysostomus in Pentecostep Homiliæ
of the Bible, with Directions for using duae.
S. Basilius ad adolescentes, qnomodo ex ledge of varions kinds, and boastful of
Gentilinm doctrinis proficiant. diffusing that knowledge to an extent S. Gregorios Nazienzenus adversus Jq. incalculably beyond that which for. lianum Imperatorem :-prior Invec.
mer ages had, perhaps, ever ventured tiva.
to contemplate. So far as the mere ex. The Sub-Committee appointed to con- ercise of intellectual power has been sider of, and report upon, books suited called forth, its claims are not to be to the formation of a supplemental ca. gainsayed. It must be allowed, that talogne, being anxious to make as early never before were such pains taken, a selection as possible, that the views and successfully taken, to give to man, of the Society might be carried into im- in the most depressed condition of his mediate effect, a large list was prepar. being, a conscionsness of something ed on the urgency of the occasion; but nobler than mere animal instincts; a little opportunity baving been allowed lively perception of that native force for very rigorous examination, the Con- of intellect which is common to all our mittee are now eniployed in a careful species, though not always known or revision of the works then adopted, felt even by those who are as amply enand in the further selection of appro- dowed with it as their fellows. That priate pablications.
this sort of illumination is infinitely Seasonable supplies of books have more extended now than heretofore, is been granted to the settlers at the Cape not to be denied. And something it of Good Hope; to the Chatham Garri- undoubtedly is, to have given men a son Library; and to the King's Beuch juster estimate of their natural powers; Prison.
to bave impressed them with notious, The Special Committee for counter- or persuasions, which may render them acting blasphemous and infidel publica. more sensible of the true dignity of tions report, that, during the present their nature, and of the place they hold year, upwards of a million of books in the scale of moral being. and tracts have been printed by order “ But from this very circnmstance of the Committee, and about 900,000 arises a more imperious necessity of have been issued to the public either carefully attending to what yet remains gratuitously
very reduced to be accomplished. You may have prices. The whole expense incurred in taught man what he is; but you have printing and distributing these works yet to teach him what he ought to be. may be taken at 40001. To meet this You may have shewn him that he has heavy expenditure, the Special Fond, powers, that he has energies, of which including the Society's grant of 10001. he was before unconscious; but you amounts to 73261. The balance being have yet to direct him to their proper thus ample, it is intended to keep up the You may have put weapons into operations of the Special Fund another his bands; but whether to nse them to year, in liopes of obtaining an increased his welfare or lo liis destruction, he may demaud for works on the Society's Ca- be still untaught. Should you stop here, talogue, among that part of the public and deem the work of education com: who are not members of the Society. pleted merely by such a development
The receipts of the Society from of his faculties, it may well be doubied, April 1820 10 April 1821, amounted to whether, both upon himself and upon 55,2451. and the payments to 52,9541. society, you bave not inflicted an evil. The oumber of members has increased rather than bestowed a good. Until to 14,530; and that of the diocesan discipline has performed its work; un. and district committees at home and til principles have been instilled, laws abroad to 225.
of conduct laid down, rules and maxims We extract from the Bishop of of life inculcated, with competent sancLlandaff's Sermon prefixed to the Re- tions to enforce their observance; ah port, the following just and useful re. that has previously been done will be marks on the necessity of making reli but vain and ostentatious show. It givus, and not merely intellectual, in- will be just enough to create pride, selfstruction a principal feature in the edu- sufficiency, disquietude, discontent; to cation of tlie poor, and we may add of arouse the corrupt appetencies of nathe rich also.
ture, and to add strength to every in“ The present is not, in the common ordinate affection ;--but it will provide acceptation of the term, an age of Ig- no counterpoise to evil propensity, no
It is an age fruitful of know. prevailing motive, either of restraint or