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Innocence is always unsuspicious. Haliburton. INNOCENCE-Virtues of.

How many bitter thoughts does the innocent man avoid! Serenity and cheerfulness are his portion. Hope is continually pouring its balm His heart is at rest, whilst

into his soul.

others are goaded and tortured by the stings of a wounded conscience, the remonstrances and risings up of principles which thay cannot forget; perpetually teased by returning temptations, perpetually lamenting defeated resolutions. Paley.

INNOCENCE-Rectitude of.

Wealthy men,

That have estates to lose, whose conscious INNOCENCE-of Youth. thoughts

Are full of inward guilt, may shake with horror,
To have their actions sifted, or appear
Before the judge; but we that know ourselves

We were, fair queen,

Two lads that thought there was no more behind,
But such a day to-morrow as to-day,
And to be boy eternal.

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We were as twinn'd lambs, that did frisk i' th' | Midway between the height and depth of


And bleat the one at the other: what we changed
Was innocence for innocence; we knew not
The doctrine of ill-doing, no, nor dream'd
That any did: had we pursued that life,
And our weak spirits ne'er been higher rear'd.
With stronger blood, we should have answer'd

Boldly, Not Guilty: the imposition clear'd,
Hereditary ours.



A spirit of innovation is generally the result of a selfish temper and confined views. People will not look forward to posterity who never look backward to their ancestors. Burke.


Free inquiry, if restrained within due bounds, and applied to proper subjects, is a most important privilege of the human mind; and, if well conducted, is one of the greatest friends to truth. But when reason knows neither its office nor its limits; when it is employed on subjects foreign to its jurisdiction, and revelation itself is, as it were, called in to bow down to its usurped authority;-it then becomes a privilege dangerous to be exercised, because a want of due respect for the mysterious doctrines of Religion seldom fails to enter into a total disbelief of them. Daubeny.

INQUIRY-increases Sympathy.

All calm inquiry, conducted among those who have their main principles of judgment in common, leads, if not to an approximation of views, yet, at least, to an increase of sympathy. Dr. Arnold.

| INQUIRY-Unshackled.

Let not the freedom of inquiry be shackled. If it multiplies contentions amongst the wise and virtuous, it exercises the charity of those who contend. If it shakes for a time the belief that is rested only upon prejudice, it finally settles it on the broader and more solid basis of conviction.


INQUIRY-Weariness of.

It is a shameful thing to be weary of inquiry, when what we search for is excellent.



Here, on a stony eminence, that stood,
Girt with inferior ridges, at the point,
Where light and darkness meet in spectral



I mark'd a whirlpool in perpetual play,
As though the mountain were itself alive,
And catching prey on every side with feelers
Countless as sunbeams, slight as gossamer:
Ere long transfigured, each film became
An independent creature, self-employ'd,
Yet but an agent in one common work,
The sum of all their individual labours.
Shapeless they seem'd, but endless shapes
Elongated like worms, they writhed and


Their tortuous bodies to grotesque dimensions;
Compress'd like wedges, radiated like stars,
Branching like sea-weed, whirl'd in dazzling

Subtle and variable as flickering flames,
Sight could not trace their evanescent changes,
Nor comprehend their motions, till minute
And curious observation caught the clew
To this live labyrinth,-where every one
By instinct taught, perform'd its little task;
-To build its dwelling and its sepulchre,
From its own essence exquisitely modell'd;
There breed, and die, and leave a progeny,
Still multiplied beyond the reach of numbers,
To frame new cells and tombs; then breed

and die,

Hence what Omnipotence alone could do
Worms did.
I saw the living pile ascend,
The mausoleum of its architects,
Still dying upwards as their labours closed:
Slime the material, but the slime was turn'd
To adamant, by their petrific touch;

Frail were their frames, ephemeral their lives,
Their masonry imperishable. All

As all their ancestors had done, -and rest,
Hermetically seal'd, each in its shrine,
A statue in this temple of oblivion !
Millions of millions thus, from age to age,
With simplest skill, and toil unwearyable,
No moment and no movement unimproved,
Laid line on line, on terrace terrace spread,
To swell the heightening, brightening, gradual

By marvellous structure climbing tow'rds the
Each wrought alone, yet all together wrought,
Unconscious, not unworthy, instruments,
By which a hand invisible was rearing
A new creation in the secret deep.
Omnipotence wrought in them, with them, by

Life's needful functions, food, exertion, rest,
By nice economy of Providence
Were overruled to carry on the process,
Which out of water brought forth solid rock.
James Montgomery.

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Insensibility, in return for acts of seeming, even of real, unkindness, is not required of us. But whilst we feel for such acts, let our feelings be tempered with forbearance and kindness Let not the sense of our Own sufferings render us peevish and morose. not our sense of neglect on the part of others induce us to judge of them with harshness and severity. Let us be indulgent and compassionate towards them. Let us seek for apologies for their conduct. Let us be forward in endeavouring to excuse them. And if, in the end, we must condemn them, let us look for the cause of their delinquency, less in a defect of kind intention, than in the weakness and errors of human nature. He who knoweth of what we are made, and hath learned, by what he himself suffered, the weakness and frailty of our nature, hath thus taught us to make compassionate allowances for our brethren, in consideration of its manifold infirmities. Bishop Mant.

There is nothing insignificant, nothing!



As it is the nature of a kite to devour little birds, so it is the nature of some minds to insult and tyrannize over little people; this being the means which they use to recompense themselves for their extreme servility and condescension to their superiors; for nothing can be more reasonable than that slaves and flatterers should exact the same taxes on all below them which they themselves pay to all above them. Fielding. INSTABILITY-Characteristics of.

As the morning cloud, and as the early dew that passeth away, as the chaff that is driven with the whirlwind out of the floor, and as the smoke out of the chimney. Hosea.

INSTABILITY-Disadvantage of. Unstable as water, thou shalt not excel.


INSTINCT-Power of.

Who taught the natives of the field and wood
To shun their poison, and to choose their
Prescient, the tides and tempests to withstand,
Build on the wave, or arch beneath the sand?


INSTINCT-Unerring Providence of.

Beasts, birds, and insects, even to the minutest and meanest of their kind, act with the unerring providence of instinct; man, the while, who possesses a higher faculty, abuses it, and therefore goes blundering on. They, by their unconscious and unhesitating obedience to the laws of nature, fulfil the end of their existence; he, in wilful neglect of the laws of God, loses sight of the end of his.



Improvable reason is the distinction between mau and the animal. Binney. INSTITUTIONS (Civil and Religious)— Aim of.

Man is an animal formidable both from his passions and his reason; his passions often urging him to great evils, and his reason furnishing means to achieve them. To turn this animal and make him amenable to order, to arouse him to a sense of justice and virtue, to withhold him from ill courses by fear, and encourage him in his duty by hopes; in short, to fashion and model him for society, hath been the aim of civil and religious institutions, and in all times the endeavour of good and wise men. The aptest method for attaining this end hath been always judged a proper education. Bishop Berkeley. INSTRUCTION-Life a Course of.


"Tis but instruction, all! Our parent's hand Writes on our heart the first faint characters, Which time, retracing, deepens into strength, That nothing can efface, but death, or Heaven, Aaron Hill.

INSTRUCTION-Necessity for.

The fruits of the earth do not more obviously require labour and cultivation to prepare them for our use and subsistence, than our faculties demand instruction and regulation, in order to qualify us to become upright and valuable members of society, useful to others, or happy in ourselves.




Insurrection, never so necessary, is a most sad necessity; and governors who wait for that to instruct them, are surely getting into the fatalest courses,-proving themselves sons of Nox and Chaos, of blind Cowardice, not of seeing Valour! How can there be any remedy in insurrection? It is a mere announcement of the disease,-visible now even to sons of Night. Insurrection usually gains little;

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usually wastes how much.
kinds of waste, to say nothing of the rest, is
that of irritating and exasperating men against
each other, by violence done, which is always
sure to be injustice done; for violence does
even justice unjustly.

One of its worst INTELLECT-Superiority of.

INTELLECT-Development of

Times of general calamity and confusion have ever been productive of the greatest minds. The purest ore is produced from the hottest furnace, and the brightest thunderbolt

is elicited from the darkest storm.


INTELLECT-No Limit to.

God has placed no limits to the exercise of the intellect he has given us, on this side of

the grave.



The march of intellect is proceeding at quick time; and if its progress be not accompanied by a corresponding improvement in morals and religion, the faster it proceeds, with the more violence will you be hurried down the road to ruin. Southey.


The mind of mortals, in perverseness strong,
Imbibes with dire docility the wrong. Juvenis.

INTELLECT-Pleasures of.

The more any object is spiritualized, the more delightful it is. There is much delight in the tragical representation of those things which in reality would be sights full of amazement and horror. The ticklings of fancy are more delightful than the touches of sense. How does poetry insinuate and turn about the minds of men! Anacreon might take more delight in one of his odes than in one of his caps; Catullus might easily find more sweetness in one of his epigrams than in the lips of & Lesbia. Sappho might take more complacency in one of her verses than in her practices. The nearer anything comes to mental joy, the purer and choicer it is. It is the observation not only of Aristotle, but of every one almost, "Some things delight merely because of their novelty;" and that surely pon this account, because the mind, which is the spring of joy, is more fixed and intense upon such things. The rosebud thus pleases more than the blown rose. Lamb.


INTELLECT-Radiancy of.

The intellect of the wise is like glass; it admits the light of heaven and reflects it.



While the world lasts, the sun will gild the mountain-tops before it shines upon the plain. Bulwer Lytton.

INTELLECT-Vanity of.

Man's intellect has indeed great power over all outward things. This we are not disposed to question. In these days more especially we all take far too much pride in it, and make presumptuous boast of it, nay, are apt to fall down and worship it, as the one great miracle worker, the true mover of mountains. But powerful as it may be, omnipotent as we may deem it to be, over the world around us, over the outward fields of nature, there is one region where our hearts and consciences tell us, sometimes in half-muttered whispers, sometimes in cries of anguish and agony, that it is almost powerless: and that region is the dim, visionary, passion-haunted one within our own breasts. We all know but too well,every one whose life has not flowed away in listless inanity,-every one struggled against the evil within him, must who has ever have felt but too deeply, that our intellectual convictions, clear and strong as they may have been, have never of themselves been able to shake the foundations of a single sin, to subdue a single vice, to root out a single evil habit. Ever since that severing of the heart from the intellect, which took place when man gave himself up to the lust of godless knowledge, the Passions have made mock at the Under

standing, whenever it has attempted to control them, and have only flattered and pampered it, when it was content to wear their livery, and to drudge in their service; while the Will has lifted up its head against the Understanding in haughty defiance and scorn. Moreover this lesson, which we learn from our own grievous experience, is confirmed by all the evidence of history; where, in example after example, we see, how vain and impotent the enlightening of the understanding has been to elevate and purify man's moral being; and how, unless that enlightenment has been working together with other healthier powers, and been kept in check by them, its operation

on the character of nations has rather been to


weaken and dissipate their energies, to crumble the primitive rock into sand.



Intellect and industry are never incompatible. There is more wisdom, and will be more benefit, in combining them than scholars like to believe, or than the common world imagine; life has time enough for both, and its happiness will be increased by the union. Turner.



INTENTIONS (Best)-Forgetfulness of.
A man who is always forgetting his best in-
tentions, may be said to be a thoroughfare of
good resolutions.
Mrs. Jameson.
INTENTIONS (Good)-Advantages of.
It is of unspeakable advantage to possess
our minds with an habitual good intention, and
to aim all our thoughts, words, and actions, at
some laudable end, whether it be to the glory
of our Maker, the good of mankind, or the
benefit of our own souls. A person who is
possessed with such an habitual good intention
enters upon no single circumstance of life with
out considering it as well-pleasing to the
Author of his being, conformable to the dic-
tates of reason, suitable to human nature in INTERRUPTION-Trivial.
general, or to that particular station in which
Providence has placed him. He lives in a
perpetual sense of the Divine Presence, regards
himself as acting, in the whole course of his
existence, under the observation and inspection
of that Being who is privy to all his motions,
and all his thoughts, who knows his "down-
sitting and his uprising, who is about his path
and about his bed, and spieth out all his ways."
In a word, he remembers that the eye of his
Judge is always upon him; and in every action,
he reflects that he is doing what is commanded
or allowed by Him who will hereafter either
reward or punish it.


There are certain interests which the world supposes every man to have, and which there fore are properly enough termed worldly: but the world is apt to make an erroneous estimate: ignorant of the dispositions which constitute our happiness or misery, they bring to an undistinguished scale the means of the one, as connected with power, wealth, or grandeur, and of the other, with their contraries. Philosophers and poets have often protested against this decision; but their arguments have been despised as declamatory, or ridiculed as romantic. Mackenzie.

who would fly to save us if informed of our fate, and with consciousness that of this fate they can never be informed; that our hopeless portion is that of the really dead,-these considerations, I say, carry into the heart which still palpitates a degree of appalling and intolerable horror, from which the most daring imagination must recoil. We know of nothing so agonizing upon earth, we can dream of no

thing half so hideous in the realms of the

nethermost hell.

E. A. Poe.


You have displaced the mirth, broke the good


With most admired disorder.


What! because bread is good, and wholesome, and necessary, thrust a crumb into my windpipe while I am and nourishing, shall you talking? Do not these muscles of mine represent a hundred loaves of bread? and is not my thought the abstract of ten thousand of these crumbs of truth with which you would choke off my speech?



Those who, having magnified into serious evils by injudicious opposition heresies in themselves insignificant, yet appeal to the magnitude of those evils to prove that their opposition was called for, act like unskilful physicians, who, when by violent remedies they have aggravated a trifling disease into a dangerous one, urge the violence of the symptoms which they themselves have produced in justification of their practice.


INTOLERANCE-Principle of.


The principle of intolerance makes rapid strides. When accepting it to-day, you may be a fanatic only; to-morrow, those who follow you will be shedders of blood. in the first trial of Penn, the Quaker patriarch, the judge (Sir John Howell, recorder of London) irritated by the sang froid of the prisoner, exclaimed, "I never before could understand how the It may be asserted without hesitation, that Spaniards ever suffered the establishment of no event is so terribly well adapted to inspire the Inquisition; but now I see clearly enough the supremeness of bodily and of mental that we shall never be at peace in England distress, as is burial before death. The unen- until we have something of the same sort." durable oppression of the lungs; the stifling Whoever attempts to suppress liberty of con fumes of the damp earth; the clinging to the science, finishes some day or other by wishing death-garments; the rigid embrace of the for the Spanish Inquisition. Simo nrrrow house; the blackness of the absolute night; the silence, like a sea, that overwhelms; INTRUSIVENESS-Annoyance of. the unseen, but palpable presence of conqueror Worm-these things, with thoughts of the air and grass above, with memory of dear friends

By my troth, I'll go with thee to the lane's end. I am a kind of burr,-I shall stick.


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