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I suspect the print, enclosed by Dr. Franklin to me and several others, is his own. It is certainly a good one, and explains the subject deeply. The lance from the thigh of New England, pointed at the breast of Britannia, is striking, as is indeed every other emblem. If you have not one enclosed to you, keep it; if you have, please to return it by the bearer.* I am in haste, yours very affectionately, ..
FROM THOMAS WHARTON TO B. FRANKLIN.
Eminent Services of Dr. Franklin acknowledged Pennsylvania Hospital. e l irise isi
Philadelphia, 9 May, 1766. MY DEAR FRIEND, I had the pleasure of writing thee a few lines by the packet, since which our Assembly met, and have this day adjourned to meet the 2d of June next. It is with great pleasure that I acquaint thee, that the reason for this short adjournment is, that they may take the earliest opportunity of returning to the King, Lords, and Commons, their unfeigned thanks for the repeal of the Stamp Act; the account of which, it is not doubted, will reach thee by that time. I understand the New York Assembly stands prorogued to the 20th
amination before the House of Commons within these few weeks, he asserted the rights and privileges of America with the utmost firmness, resolution, and capacity.".,
From another letter. "Dr. Franklin has served you greatly; he was examined at the bar of the House of Commons, and gave such clear and explicit answers to the questions proposed, and mentioned his own sentiments with so much firmness and resolution, as, at once did him great credit, and served your cause not a little. I believe he has left nothing undone, that he imagined would serve his country.”
* See this Emblematical Representation in Vol. IV. p. 456.
instant, for the same good end, and I have not a doubt but the New Jersey House will cheerfully prosecute the same steps.
We have taken the lead to publish in our papers several pieces tending to excite a prudent behaviour in the inhabitants of the continent, on their receiving the account of the repeal, and I doubt not but that our people will conduct themselves well on the occasion; and, rest assured, my friend, that the publication of sundry paragraphs of letters from London, respecting thy conduct and the eminent services thou hast done the continent in general, and this province in particular, has so effectually silenced the calumniating principles of the party, that they know not what to say. I find Dr. Fothergill's letter to W. A. has had a good effect, as I am assured he has taken some pains to instruct their people, that it would be prudent not to be over zealous on the occasion.
Our worthy friend, G. Ashbridge, has spared no pains to acquaint the country members of every thing, which could tend to rivet their affections for thee; and through the concurring circumstances, which we were enabled to acquaint them with, the storm, which was threatened by the party, vanished. Even the giant himself could scarce find any thing to vent his sentiments on, but was obliged to introduce them by asking, if the committee had letters, and what they contained; to which he was so fully answered, that he did not attempt to resume the subject.
On the 5th instant came on the election of managers for our hospital; when the same set were elected, except A. Strettell and D. Roberdeau, in the stead of H. Harrison declined, and T. Gordon removed into the country. We have admitted, this last year, four hundred and fifty-four patients, and our expenses have
amounted to upwards of sixteen hundred pounds, a sum far superior to our income; yet from the charitable disposition of our inhabitants, and some with you, especially the benevolent Dr. Fothergill, our fund is not lessened, but, if we could receive the interest arising on the money, which, in the year 1770, we are to receive from the London Land Company, it would be of particular service. Thy family are all well. I remain, &c.
TO CADWALLADER EVANS.
On the Representation of the Colonies in Parliament.
London, 9 May, 1766. DEAR SIR, I received your kind letter of March 3d, and thank you for the intelligence and hints it contained. I wonder at the complaint you mention. I always considered writing to the Speaker as writing to the Committee. But if it is more to their satisfaction, that I should write to them jointly, it shall be done for the future.
My private opinion concerning a union in Parliament between the two countries is, that it would be best for the whole. But I think it will never be done. For though I believe, that, if we had no more representatives than Scotland has, we should be sufficiently strong in the House to prevent, as they do for Scotland, any thing ever passing to our disadvantage; yet we are not able at present to furnish and maintain such a number, and, when we are more able, we shall be less willing than we are now. The Parliament here do at present think too highly of themselves to
admit representatives from us, if we should ask it; and, when they will be desirous of granting it, we shall think too highly of ourselves to accept of it. It. would certainly contribute to the strength of the whole, if Ireland and all the dominions were united and consolidated under one common council for general purposes, each retaining its particular council or parliament for its domestic concerns. But this should have been more early provided for. In the infancy of our foreign establishments it was neglected, or was not thought of. And now the affair is nearly in the situation of Friar Bacon's project of making a brazen wall round England for its eternal security. His servant, Friar Bungey, slept while the brazen head, which was to dictate how it might be done, said Time is, and Time was. He only waked to hear it say, Time is past. An explosion followed, that tumbled their house about the conjuror's ears.
I hope, with you, that my being here at this juncture has been of some service to the colonies. I am sure I have spared no pains. And as to our particular affair, I am not in the least doubtful of obtaining what we so justly desire, if we continue to desire it; though the late confused state of affairs on both sides of the water has delayed our proceeding. With great esteem, I am, dear friend, yours affectionately,
.. FROM JOSEPH GALLOWAY TO. B. FRANKLIN.
Proceedings in Philadelphia on the Repeal of the Stamp
Act. — The Part acted by Franklin in procuring the Repeal highly commended.
Philadelphia, 23 May, 1766. DEAR FRIEND, I have now the inexpressible pleasure of informing you, that we have the great news of the royal assent to the repeal of the Stamp Act. · Upon its arrival, agreeably to your advice, our friends exerted their utmost endeavours to prevent any indecent marks of triumph and exultation. We opposed the intended fireworks, illuminations, and firing of cannon, and advised more temperate and private rejoicing on this great occasion. The chief justice, mayor, and recorder, with several other of the magistrates, were spoken to, but to no purpose. The city was illuminated by the proprietary party. Our friends refused to join with them, but were constantly patrolling the streets in order to preserve the peace, which prevented any great mischief. And I find, this morning, an indiscreet puff in Mr. Hall's paper on the occasion. However, I hope the indiscretion of a small part of the people of this city will not fix the complexion of the whole province.
Our Assembly meets on the 2d of June, when, you may be assured, they will send over to his Majesty and his Parliament, ai most dutiful address of thanks for their care and attention to the ease and happiness of the colonies. I have fixed the measure with all the members, our friends, whose hearts cannot utter the gratitude they owe to the present virtuous and worthy ministry, for the infinite trouble and fatigue they have undergone in the arduous task of