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according to the season and scarcity, that the same root which in June sold for several shillings per quart, now sells as low, sometimes, as sixpence a bushel. Those who wish to taste the potato in the greatest perfection, inust pay a visit to a sister country, where this useful vegetable is much larger and finer than in England, and is cooked in a very superior manner. It is produced in such abundance in Ireland, as to form, with butter-milk, the almost only food of the lower classes.
The sowing of wheat is generally completed in this month: when the weather is too wet for this occupation, the farmer ploughs up the stubble fields for winter fallows. Acorns are sown at this season, and the planting of forest and fruit trees takes place.
The prudent will observe what passions reign
THE Saxons called November wint-monat, or wind-month, on account of the prevalence of high winds in this month.
1.-ALL SAINTS. In the early ages of Christianity the word saint was applied to all believers, as is evident in the use of it by Saint Paul and Saint Luke; but the term was afterwards restricted to such as excelled in Christian virtues. In the Romish church, holy persons, canonized by the Pope, are called saints, and are invoked and supplicated by the professors of that religion. For some rural customs on this day, see T. T. for 1814, pp. 278-9.
2.-ALL SOULS. In Catholic countries, on the eve and day of All Souls, the churches are hung with black; the tombs are opened ; a coffin covered with black, and surrounded with wax lights, is placed in the nave of the church, and, in one corner, figures in wood, representing the souls of the deceased, are halfway plunged into the flames.
*3. 1787.-BISHOP LOWTH DIED.
EPITAP# on his Daughter.
Et plusquam natæ nomine, card, VALE !
Quando iterum tecum, sim modo dignus, ero,
5.-KING WILLIAM LANDED. The glorious revolution of 1688 is commemorated on this day; when the throne of England became
vested in the illustrious House of Orange. Although King William landed on the 5th of November, the almanacks still continue the mistake of marking it as the fourth.
5.-POWDER PLOT. This day is kept to commemorate the diabolical attempt of the Papists to blow up the Parliament House. The best account of this nefarious transaction is detailed in Hume's History of England, vol. vi, pp. 33-38, 8vo edition, 1802.
6.--SAINT LEONARD. Leonard, or Lienard, was a French nobleman of great reputation in the court of Clovis I. He died about the year 559, and has always been implored by prisoners as their guardian saint. *7. 1665.—FIRST ENGLISH GAZETTE:
*8. 1674.- MILTON DIED,
On the late MASSACRE in PIEMONT'. Avenge, O Lord, thy slaughtered saints, whose bones
Lie scattered on the Alpine mountains cold;
Who were thy sheep, and in their antient fold
s In 1655, the Duke of Savoy determined to compel bis reformed subjects, in the vallies of Piedmont, to embrace popery, or quit their country. All who remained and refused to be converted, with their wives and children, suffered a most barbarous massacre. Those who escaped, fled into the mountains, from whence they sent agents into England to CROMWELL for relief, He instantly commanded a general fast, and promoted a pational contribution, in which nearly forty thousund pounds were collected. The persecution was suspended, the duke recalled his army, and the surviving inhabitants of the Piedmontese vallies were reins ated in their cottages, and the peaceable exercise of their religion. On this business, there are several state-letters in Cromwell's name written by Milton.-See these Letters translated, and more on this interesting subject, in Jones's History of the Waldenses, vol. i, p. 342, et seq.
The vales redoubled to the bills, and they
To Heaven. Their martyred blood and ashes sow
O'er all the Italian fields, where still doth sway
A hundred fold, who, having learned thy way,
9.-LORD MAYOR'S DAY.
Although the office of the Lord Mayor be elective, yet his supremacy does not cease even on the death of the sovereign; and when this happens, he is considered as the principal officer in the kingdom, and takes his place accordingly in the Privy-council, until the new king be proclaimed.'
The convivial preparations for the celebration of Lord Mayor's Day, in London, are upon a very Jarge scale :
1 a 1.2 ds were
Countless turbots and unnumbered soles ,
recalled ese ralxercise
The busy hum of greasy scullions sounds,
Give pleasing notice of a rich dessert.
Suppose that you have seen
Holding due course to WESTMINSTER. Here the Lord Mayor lands, and proceeds to the Exchequer to be sworn; after this, he returns by water, and disembarks at Blackfriars. The cavalcade advances to Guildhall amidst admiring crowds of citizens, their wives, and children. Meanwhile, in Guildhall,
Common Council in their mazarine gowns
* Three Cranes' Wharf, at the bottom of Queen-street, Cheapside, at which place the Lord Mayor used to take water. This place has been abandoned for Blackfriars, for some years past.
2 From three o'clock, when the doors are opened, till halfpact six,