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26 To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness : that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.

27 Where is l boasting then ? It is excluded. By what law ? of works ? Nay: but by the law of faith.

28 Therefore we conclude that a man is mjustified by faith without the deeds of the law

29 nIs he the God of the Jews only ? is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also :

30 Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.

31 P Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid : yea, we establish the law.

CHAP. IV. 1 Abraham's faith was imputed to him for righteousness, 10 before he was circumcised : 13 by faith only he and his seed received the promise : 16 Abraham is the father of all that believe : 24 our faith also shall be imputed to us for righteousness.

WHAT shall we then say that a Abraham, our father as pertaining to the flesh, hath found? are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.

* See Acts, xiii. 28, 39.

"Rom. ii. 17, 23. do. iv. 2. 1 Cor. i. 29, 31 : That no flesh should glory in his presence. He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord. Eph. ii. 9: Not of works, lest any man should boast.

m Ver. 20–22. See on Acts, xiii. 38, 39. n See on Acts, X. 35. .Gal. iii. 8, 20: And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the Gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed. Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one. See on Acts, x. 35.

P HEB. X. 16 : This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them.

CHAP. IV. , a Isa. li. 2: Look unto Abraham your father, and unto Sarah that bare you. Mat. iii. 9 : And think not to say within your-,

2 For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God.

3 For what saith the Scripture ? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness.

4 Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt.

5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth e the ungodly, his * faith is counted for righteousness.

6 Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works,

7. Saying, & Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.

favour. Co. Ma. Cr. Gen. 2 without works of the law. Wi. selves, We have Abraham to our father : for I say unto you, that God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham. John, viii. 33, 39 : They answered him, We be Abraham's seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free? They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father. Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham's children, ye would do the works of Abraham. 2 Cor. xi. 22: Are they Hebrews ? so am I. Are they Israelites ? so am I. Are they the seed of Abraham ? so am I.

b Rom. iii. 20, 27, 28.

cGen. xv. 6: He believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness. Gal. iii. 6: Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness. JAMES, ii. 23 : The Scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed to him for righteousness.

d Rom. xi. 6: If by grace, then is it no more of works : otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace : otherwise work is no more work.

e Jos. xxiv. 2 : And Joshua said unto all the people, Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, Your fathers dwelt on the other side of the flood in old time, even Terah, the father of Abraham, and the father of Nachor: and they served other gods.

Hab. ii. 4: Behold, his soul which is lifted up is not upright in him : but the just shall live by his faith.

& Ps. xxxii. 1,2: Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered. Blessed is the man unto whom the LORD imputeth not iniquity.

8 Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.

9 Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncircumcision alse ? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness.

10 How was it then reckoned ? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision ? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision.

11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised : that he might be the 'father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also :

12 And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised.

13 For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith.

14 For if they which are of the law be heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of none effect:

would be in vain. Pu. .

Gen. xvii. 10, 11: This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised. And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you.

Ver. 12, 16. Gal. iii. 7. "See on Luke, xix. 9. *Gen. xvii. 4, &c: As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations. Gal. iii. 29: And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs recording to the promise. See on Acts, iii. 25.

Gal. ii. 21 : I do not frustrate the grace of God : for if eousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.

15 Because the law worketh wrath : for where no law is, there is no transgression.

16 Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace ; ° to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed: not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham ; P who is the father of us all,

17 (As it is written, 'I have made thee a

y, much morGAL. iii. 10:he curse : formers

do. iii. 18: If the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise : but God gave it to Abraham by promise.

m John, xv. 22 : If I had not come and spoken unto them, they had not had sin : but now they have no cloke for their sin. Rom. iii. 20: By the law is the knowledge of sin. do. v. 13, 20: Sin is not imputed when there is no law. The law entered, that the offence might abound. do. vii. 8, 10, 11: Sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead. And the commandment, which was ordained to life, I found to be unto death. For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it slew me. 1 Cor. xv. 56: The strength of sin is the law. 2 Cor. iii. 7,9: But if the ministration of death, written and engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which glory was to be done away : for if the ministration of condemnation be glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory. Gal. iii. 10, 19, 23: For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse : for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. Wherefore then serveth the law ? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made.-Before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. ] John, iii. 4: Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law : for sin is the transgression of the law. do. v. 17: All unrighteousness is sin.

n See on Rom. iii. 24.

• Gal. iii. 22 : But the Scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.

PIsa. li. 2 : The words under ver. 1. Rom. ix. 8: They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed.

4 Gen, xvii. 5: Neither shall thy name any more be called

father of many nations,) before him whom he believed, even God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were.

18 Who against hope believed in hope, that he might 5 become the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seed be.

19 And being not weak in faith, "he considered not his own body now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sarah's womb :

* like unto him. A. V. sshould. Ham. Whit. Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham ; for a father of many nations have I made thee.

Rom. viii. 11: He that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you. Eph. ii. 1,5: And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins; even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, by grace ye are saved.

* Rom. ix. 26: And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people ; there shall they be called the children of the living God. 1 Cor. i. 28: And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are. 1 PET. ii. 10: Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God; which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.

Gen. xv. 5: Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.

u Gen. xvii. 17: Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old ? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear? do. xviii. 11: Now Abraham and Sarah were old and well stricken in age; and it ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women. Heb. xi. 11, 12: Through faith also Sarah herself received strength to conceive seed, and was delivered of a child when she was past age, because she judged him faithful who had promised. Therefore sprang there even of one, and him as good as dead, so many as the stars of the sky in multitude, and as the sand which is by the sea shore innumerable.

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