« 上一頁繼續 »
Many Samaritans come to] S. JOHN. (see her, and hear Jesus.
31 | In the mean while his disciples One soweth, and another reapeth. prayed him, saying, Master, eat.
38 I sent you to reap that whereon 32 But he said unto them, I have ye bestowed no labour: other men lameat to eat that ye know not of boured, and ye are entered into their
33 Therefore said the disciples one labours. to another, Hath any man brought him 39 And many of the Samaritans of ought to eat?
that city believed on him for the say, 34 Jesus saith unto them, My meat ing of the woman, which testified, He is to do the will of him that sent me, told me all that ever I did. and to finish his work.
40 So when the Samaritans were 35 Say not ye, There are yet four come unto him, they besought him months, and then cometh harvest ? that he would tarry with them: and behold, I say unto you, Lift up your he abode there two days. eyes, and look on the fields ; for they 41 And many more believed beare white already to harvest.
cause of his own word ; 36 And he that reapeth receiveth 42 And said unto the woman, Now wages, and gathereth fruit unto life we believe, not because of thy saying; eternal: that both he that soweth and for we have heard him ourselves, and he that reapeth may rejoice together. know that this is indeed the Christ,
37 And herein is that saying true, the Saviour of the world. (L)
EXPOSITION—Chap. IV. Continued. itself, with which our senses are conti- ners, but he sends a Mediator to introduce nually conversant, is not easy to be de- us to his presence; and leads the aid of bis fined; much less' is spirit, of which al- Holy Spirit to assist us. Even tliis poor most all we know is negative-It is im- Samaritan woman seems to have had some material. The excellent Charnock advises idea of these things : “ I know (said she) to endeavour to “ Conceive of God as ex- that Messiah cometh, and when he is come cellent, without any imperfection; a spirit he will teach us all things.” Jesus replies, without parts; great without quantity, “I that speak unto thee am he." perfect without quality, everywhere with The conversation is now interrupted by out place, powerful without members, un- the arrival of Christ's disciples; and the derstanding without iguorance, wise with- woman leaves her water-pot, and runs home out reasoning, light without darkness; and to invite her neighbours to come and set when you have risen to the highest, con this extraordinary person : " Come see : ceive him yet infinitely above all you can man (who) has told me all that ever I did conceive," &c. Nor is this a truth merely is not this the Christ?" speculative; it is of the highest practical importance. If he be a spirit, a pure and (L) Ver. 31-42. The disciples return perfect spirit, he cannot hold communion and the woman also, bringing others wil with carnal and polluted men, but through her.-Christ's disciples were, we know, : a Mediator. This leads us to consider, this time deeply imbued with Jewish pri
2. The nature of divine worship. It judices. They were surprised to find Jest must be sincere, or “ in truth," other talking familiarly with a Samaritan wi wise it is a solemn mockery; and it must man, and that of the lower class, as hi be spiritual, or we can hold no commu- occupation seems to have been to feta nion with the Supreme Spirit. But, alas! water. Knowing, however, they shou we are carnal, hence then arises the ne- meet reproof, they make no remark cessity of a Mediator : out of Christ, that this circumstance, but merely entreat the is, irrespective of his merits and atone. Master, who probably appeared exhaust ment, “ God is a consuming fire." Nor and fatigued, to take some food; but' is this all, we are carnal, and can offer said, “ I have meat to eat that ye kn no spiritual worship, but as assisted by his not of.-My meat is to do the will of hi Holy Spirit. How good is God! He not that sent me, and to finish his work ouly expresses bis readiness to receive sin- This is the perfectiou of obedience, why
NOTES-Chap. IV. Con. Ver. 42. The Saviour of the world. Whether they phecies of the Old Testament, or fron both learned this fronu Christ himself, or from the pro- stated.
He heals a nobleman's] CHAP. IV.
[son in Galilee, 43 Nuwafter two days he departed cept ye see signs and wonders, ye will thence, and went into Galilee.
not believe. 44 For Jesus himself testified, that 49 The nobleman saith unto him, a prophet hath no hunour in his own Sir, come down ere my child die. country.
50 Jesus saith unto him, Go thy 45 Then when he was come into way; thy son liveth. And the man beGalilee, the Galileans received him, lieved the word that Jesus had spoken having seen all the things that he did unto him, and he went his way. at Jerusalem at the feast: for they 51 And as he was now going down, als weot unto the feast.
his servants met him, and told him, 46 So Jesus came again into Cana saying, Thy sun liveth. of Galilee, where he made the water 52 Then enquired he of them the wine. And there was a certain noble- hour when he began to amend. And man, whose son was sick at Caper- they said unto him, Yesterday at the Baum.
seventh hour the fever left him. 47 When he heard that Jesus was 53 So the father knew that it was Gime out of Judea intu Galilee, he at the same hour, in the which Jesus Tent unti) bim, and besvught him that said unto him, Thy son liveth: and he would come down, and heal his himself believed, and his whole house. SOD: for he was at the point of 54 This is again the second miracle
thut Jesus did, when he was come out 48 Then said Jesus unto him, Ex- of Judea intu Galilee. (M)
EXPOSITION. like Job (cb. xxiii. 12), we esteem the dio of Providence. One man sows and another vibe commands more than our necessary reaps, but when the work is complete, isod;" and can say with the Psalmist (Ps. sower and reaper rejoice together. Many cxix. 92), “0 how I love thy law! it is believed Jesus to be the Messialı from what my meditation all the day." But it was the woman said; and when they came, they tot merely in obedience to the moral law, were so delighted with his conversation, that our Lord Jesus delighted ; it was in that they requested him to remain two days fuffering for our sins also. “I have a longer with them. Then “ many more bea baptism to be baptized with," said he, al- lieved because of his own word; and said luding to his last extreme sufferings," and unto the woman"-what it is of great imtowam I straitened till it be accomplished!" portance for all of us to be able to say Take xij. 50.) This was the finishing of “ Now we believe, not because of thy sayChrist's work for our salvation, and to this ing; for we have heard him ourselves, and De looked through all the intermediate know that this is indeed the Christ, the Savi. steps of his ministerial labour. Deeply our of the worll"-and not of the Jews only. impressed with these ideas, he animates It is hardly to be supposed that the disis disciples to like diligence in their la- ciples took no part in this work, after being bours. At this time, it should seem, there thus stimulated by their Master : it is to were about four months unto the barvest; be hoped they, entering into this woman's but he points to another harvest close ap- labours, reaped a rich harvest. At the proaching, in which he evidently alludes same time, the seed now sown seems to be to the Samaritans, whom the woman was in preparation for another harvest; for, Doar bringing with her, and who being pro- upon the conversion of the apostle Paul, bbly dressed in white (as the Asiatics ge- from being a persecutor to become a Kerally are), gave him occasion to say, preacher, we are told that, “ then had the
Look on the fields, for they are white churches rest througbout all Judea and Gaalready unto harvest." These Samaritans lilee and Samaria (Acts ix. 31); which Here a mixed race of Jews and heathens; seems to imply, that many souls had been but they were running eagerly to receive gathered in those parts, within about seven the wird, for which ihey had been pre- years of this period. pered by their countrywoman. Such, be (M) Ver. 43–54. Jesus cures a nobleTemarks, aceorded with the usual course man's son in Galilee. The report of the
NOTES. *7. 46& certain noblonan.-Marg.“ Courtier, “a minister or servant of the king;"? i. e. Herod,
wer; but the word (basilikos) signifies pro who, though tetrarch only, was allowed to bear that pary, as the Syriac and Arabic versions render it, title,
The impotent man, in]
[the pool of Bethesda,
called in the Hebrew tongue Bethesda, CHAP. V.
having five porches. AFTER this there was a feast of the 3 In these lay a great multitude of 1Jews; and Jesus went up to Je- impotent folk, of blind, halt, withered, rusalem.
waiting for the moving of the water. 2 Now there is at Jerusalem by 4 For an angel went duwn at a certhe sheep market a pool, which is tain season into the pool, and troubled
EXPOSITION—Chap. IV. Continued. miracle which Jesus had here wrought, in ever; for his faith carried him no farther turning water into wine, with other mira than to the brink of the grave, and there cles which followed, had spread through gave up all for lost..... It was meet that the surrounding country, and naturally he should be taught to enlarge his ideas occasioned the present application. The of the power and grace of the Redeemer, two days be had been detained in Samaria as extending to universal space, and to being expired, Jesus now proceeds to Ga- every possible state of things. This seems lilee; but not to Nazareth, which he avoided, to be the only rational interpretation which and passed on to Cana, because he himself can be given of the apparent coldness of bare witness that “a prophet hath no the reception given him by our Loril. lohonour in his own country." (See Matt. stead of his usual promptitude to fly to xiii. 57, 58.) When he came to Galilee, the relief of distress, the importunate however, be was joyfully and gratefully father meets, from the lips of Christ, with received, and his object in calling at Cana a seemingly ungracious reflection, which might be (as has been suggested) to visit had nearly chilled his heart. Then said the newly married couple, and give them Jesus unto him, •Except ye see signs his blessing. But he is applied to by a and wonders ye will not believe.' ..... nobleman at Capernaum, one of Herod's Parental affection perseveres in following immediate attendants (as the word seems up the request. He tacitly admits the justo imply), and not improbably Chusa, tice of Christ's censure, but waves discusHerod's steward, whose wife became after- sion, and in the anguish of his soul renews wards an attendant upon our Lord (Luke his application. .... 'Sir, come down viii. 3); and it has been supposed, in conse- ere my child die !! Where the heart is quence of the miracle wrought upon her deeply interested tbe words are few; but, son. As to this nobleman, it is said, that oh, how forcible! The feelings of a parent “himself believed, with his whole bouse," are seen with approbation by the friend of though we hear nothing further of him as mankind, to whom nothing that affects hua disciple of our Saviour. If he returned manity can be a matter of indifference." to court, it was not a place friendly to the Jesus saith unto him, “Go thy way, thy son cultivation of religion, nor was Herod liveth.' ..... He receives his son as one a master likely to countenance religious alive from the dead ; he learns to correct servants. As to his faith (as Dr. Henry his false ideas of the power of Christ, and Hunter observes), it appears to have been to submit implicitly to his decisions. And « bleuded with much infirmity. He re- the man believed the word that Jesus had posed confidence in the power of Christ spoken unto him, and he went his way." to heal the sick ; but he weakly imagined (Sac. Biog, vol. vii. p. 404–6.) By the that his power could operate only on the way, however, a servant met him with the spot. Under this impression he travels joyful news of his son's recovery, and from Capernaum to Cana, iu hope of being upon enquiring the time, it was found that able to persuade Jesus to accompany him the fever left him at the very hour when to the former city. . . . He besought him Jesus spoke the word. Thus in the world that he would come down and heal his son, of Grace, as in that of Nature, “He spake, for he was at the point of death." He and it was done: he commanded, and it urges the importance of dispatch, lest death was established," should interpose and extinguish bope for
NOTES. CHAP. V. Ver. 1. A feast of the Jews.--Gene. Ver. 4. For an angel went down, &c.-This versi rally understood to be the Passover. So Doddridge. is admitted to be wanting in the Vaijcan, the Ephrem
Ver. 2. By the sheep-market. So Doddr.; but and Cambridge MSS. and in others is marked a! Camp. renders it " sheep-gate;" because (he says) doubtful; but it is found in all other MSS.(including we have good evidence that one of the gates was the Alexandrian), the Syriac, and other ancient ver called the sheep-gate (Neh. iii. 1, 32 ; xii. 39), but sions; and its connexion with verse 7 (which is no no evidence that there was a sheep-market. See, wanting) renders it impossible to make sense of thi however, Note on chap. ii.
Darrative without it. lq our humble opinion, thi
cured of ] CHAP. V.
[his infirmity. the water : whusoever then first after day: it is not lawful for thee to carry the troubling of the water stepped in thy bed. was made whole of whatsoever disease 11 He answered them, He that he had.
made me whole, the same said unto 5 And a certain man was there, me, Take up thy bed and walk. which had an infirmity thirty and eight 12 Then asked they him, What man years.
is that which said unto thee, Take up 6 When Jesus saw him lie, and thy bed, and walk? knew that he had been now a long 13 And he that was healed wist nut time in that case, he saith unto him, who it was: for Jesus had conveyed Wilt thou be made whule?
himself away, a multitude being in 7 The impotent man answered him, that place. Sir, I have no man, when the water is 14 Afterward Jesus findeth him in troubled, to put me into the pool : but the temple, and said unto him, Behold, while I am coming, another steppeth thou art made whole: sin nu mure, lest down before me.
a worse thing come unto thee. 8 Jesus saith unto him, Rise, take 15 The man departed, and told the up thy bed and walk.
Jews that it was Jesus, which had 9 And immediately the man was made bim whole. made whole, and took up his bed, and 16 And therefore did the Jews perwalked : and on the same day was the secute Jesus, and sought to slay him, sabbath.
because he had done these things un 10 The Jews therefore said unto the sabbath day. (N) him that was cured, It is the sabbath
2. But the most remarkable part of this (W) Ver. 1-16. The lame man cured at narrative respects the descent of an angel the pool of Bethesda.-This is considered at certain times to disturb the water, which as one of the most difficult narratives to gave it a sanative or healing quality. It explain in all the gospels. We shall con- seems to be generally supposed that this sider,
water possessed medicinal properties, 1. The pool itsell, which was called which, at certain times (perhaps at the Bethesda, or the House of Mercy, being changes of the moon), were rendered the a kind of infirmary where there was a more effective by a certain agitation of bath for the benefit of the poor, of which them, which the Jews piously attributed there are some remains to the present day. to the agency of an angel; and how far Maundrell describes it as 120 paces long, the agency of angels may be employed in 40 broad, and 8 deep. At its west end, he producing the phenomena of nature is not adds, may be discovered some old arches for us, in the present state, to ascertain : which are now dammed up, which are but the most extraordinary circumstance supposed to be the remains of the porches attending this agitation was the transient or cloisters built round it for the conve efficacy of the waters, so that only the few nience of the poor who came to bathe; persons that immediately entered the pool but the pool is supposed to bave been for while thus agitated were cured. We do not merly employed to wash the sacrifices for see the necessity, however, of supposing the temple,
its virtues were confined to a single indi
NOTES. omission of this verse (and in some MSS, the con- (which) doth drill between the stones of the northelading clause of the third verse only shows that the ward wall, and stealeth away almost undiscovered." copyists were as much perplexed as we are to un- This he supposes was the water bere alluded to, derstand the passage ne passage
The late ingenious Editor of
he late ingenious Editor of which lost its eflicacy as soon as it mingled with the Calmet (Me. Taylor) was of opinion, that here were pool.- Fragments to Calmet, No. lxvi. 10 waters: the one in which the cattle were washed Ver. 13. Conveyed himself away.- Doddr. “ slipbefore they were sent to the market, or to the priests; ped away.” According to Casaubon, the word has and in this the poor were perinitted to bathe : but an allusion to swimmers, who zlide through the be thinks there was another water, far more effica water without leaving any impression in it. A cions, which ran only periodically, and in small multitude being - Marg. from tbe multitude that quantities. This Mr. Sandys, in the beginning of was in that place. We 17th century, describes as “ a barren spring
Jesus claims equality]
(with the Father, 17 | But Jesus answered them, My greater works than these, that ye may Father worketh hitherto, and I work. marvel.
18 Therefore the Jews sought the 21 For as the Father raiseth up the mure to kill him, because he not only dead, and quickeneth them; even su had broken the sabbatlı, but said also the Son quickeneth whom he will. that God was his Father, making him- 22 For the Father judgeth no man, self equal with God.
but hath committed all judgment unto 19 Then answered Jesus and said the Son: unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto 23 That all men should honour the you, The Son can do nothing of him- Son, even as they honour the Father. self, but what he seeth the Father do: He that hunyureth not the Son hofor what things soever he doeth, these poureth not the Father which hath also dueth the Son likewise.
sent him. 20 For the Father loveth the Son, 24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, and sheweth him all things that him. He that heareth my word, and beself dueth: and he will shew him lieveth on him that sent me, hath ever
EXPOSITION--Chap. V. Continued. vidual, but to the few only that entered the to be lifted from place to place; and whebath during its agitation, which this poor ther he carried it upon his arm or his man was not able to do on account of his sboulder, could make no difference to the extreme debility, which lad lasted, it law, since it was probably of less weight should seem, almost forty years, though than the robes of the Pharisee, when full nothing is said of the time he had here dressed for prayers. Jesus, however, had waited. The narrative is certainly full of witbdrawn from the crowd without making mystery, in whatever way it may be viewed. himself known, either to the man or to Dr. Hammond supposes it might have the people; when, therefore, they enderived its medicinal virtues from washing quired of him-not, Who made him whole? the sacrifices; we should rather suspect bnt who dared to bid him carry bis bed? that the springs which supplied the bath he very properly replied, “ He ihat made might have some secret connexion either me whole, the same said unto me, take up with a subterraneous sea, or an exhausted thy bed, and walk.” And, surely, he who volcano. Thus much is certain, that the was able to work such a miracle, had a dead sea, at no great distance from Jeru- right to be obeyed. salem, is remarkable for the quantity of Soon aster this, however, Jesus finding salt and bitumen which it contains. Leave the poor man in the temple, where he ing these circumstauces, however, in that doubtless came to return thanks to God, mystery in which nature is often shrouded, after carrying home his bed, he made himwe must now devote our attention to the self known to him; and the man, probasignal miracle which our Saviour wrought bly with a view to do him honour, told the upon this miserable invalid.
Jews that it was Jesus-not, who had bid Jesus asked no question of the man, but him carry his bed, but who had made whether he was willing to be cured, and him whole. Our Lord, at the same time then immediately commanded him to take as he thus made himself known, added up bis bed and walk. This command, how this friendly caution- Sin no more, lest ever, was delivered on the sabbath, and a worse thing come unto thee." From this gave such offence to the Jews, as to raise it has been inferred, that the poor man's their enmity, and excite a persecution long affliction of 38 years, had arisen out against him, on pretence that he violated of some sin committed in his early days the sabbath. But what was this poor man's (at wbich it were in vain to guess), and he bed ? Perhaps only his byke, or upper gar- is cautioned against a like folly,“ Jest a ment; or a piece only of old carpeting; or, worse thing," namely, than total helplessat most, an old mattress stuffed with hay or ness and poverty, “ should befal him;" straw, on which he had been accustomed which, we conceive, can intend nothing
NOTES-Chap. V. Con. Ver. 18. His Father.-Doddr. and Camp. “ Flis God peculiarly his Father, (he) had equalled himself onn Father.” The former says, “ This is the plain
18 18 the plain with God.” and literal sense of the original-Patera idion. See Ver. 19. Nothing of himself. That is, indeLake vi. 41; X. 34; Acts iv. 32; I Cor. vii. 2.- pendently, or without his concurrence, Equal with God.-Camp. renders it, “ By calling