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sage. This very line was applied by Doctor Johnson to his polite literature, and especially in those physical sciences so boasted work, his Dictionary. The passage is in Boswell's life intimately connected with agriculture, that most ancient, hono. of him.
rable and independent of all pursuits. Such persons would be
qualified at once to discharge well the duties of citizens and or But an example is at hand of a quotation used with the hap- statesmen; and like one of the most celebrated of the ancient piest effect in a rerersed sense. It was in a speech of the late Romans, could step from their ploughs to the most important Mr. Randolph, which all who heard it felt, and which none oan offices of the state, without elevating there own dignity, or deforget. When the confidence of the opposition was claimed for grading the high stations to which they might be called.
“If we were disposed to detract from the dignity of the study Mr. Adams, and a pledge of confidence was asked, he gave his of moral and political philosophy, we might join issue with answer in the words of Apollo to the son of Clymene_"Pignora President Dew on the proposition which he has so broadly cuta petis, do pignora cula timendo.” The fear of Apollo was stated, that the great mass of high intellect, in all ages and for his son. That of Mr. Randolph was of Mr. Adams. Yet might appeal to the history of the world, and the testimony of
countries, has been employed in morals and politics ;' and we the effect of this quotation, so applied, was electrical, and was many of the wisest of mankind, to disprove the doctrine ihar considered by many as one of the most felicitous examples of seems to be a corollary from this proposition, that the highest Mr. R.'s fine classic taste.
intellect is necessary to political success. The truth of the re
mark of the celebrated 'Chancellor Oxenstein, who, with great So much for verbal criticism. Paulo majora canamus.
abilities, had the opportunity of extensive observation and ex. we cannot dismiss this philological discussion without avowing, perience in one of the most distinguished courts of his age, has that to us the subject is one of great interest. We would respect. been so universally acknowledged, that the remark has become fully request those who preside over the language of our coun.
almost proverbial: 'Go,' said he to his son, who expressed try and race, to consider well of the ideas we have presented. diffidence of his capacity for office, Go, and see for yourself, Should they be received with favor, they may have the effect of torian of the Age of Louis XIV, has added the weight of composing the strises of verbal critics, and of blending into har. his opinion to that of this distinguished statesman. He thus mony the contributions of literature, and art, and science, to a
expresses himself: 'In reading Mazarin's letters, and Cardina! language so happily qualified to adapt itself to all the modifica- been the superior genius; nevertheless, the former attained the
de Retz's memoirs, we may easily perceive de Retz to have tions of thought which the progressive improvement of the hu- summit of power, and the latter was banished. In a word, it man mind must elicit.
is a certain truth, that to be a powerful minister, little more is When the reviewer, turning from the work of verbal criticism, but to be a good minister, the prevailing passion of the soul musi
required than a middling understanding, good sense and fortune; undertakes to examine and controvert the doctrines taught in be a love for the public good ; and he is the greatest statesman, Mr. Dew's address, he seems to us engaged in the unprofitable who leaves behind him the most noble monuments of public task of refuting that for which his adversary does not contend. utility.' But it is needless to multiply proofs upon this subject. He does, indeed, assert the importance of moral and political In this country we have so many living witnesses, that men of
very moderate abilities, and of still more slender acquirements, science; and, in doing this, displays somewhat of that zeal, may rise to the highest offices in the state, that to doubt it, would which is always awakened by the sneers of others against what imply a degree of skepticism, sufficient to resist the strongest we approve. President Dew is aware, that in most other semi- evidence, or the most conclusive demonstration." naries, and especially in some of those in Virginia, these sub
The particular evils here enumerated are, “the morbid desire jects are held in little repute, and are decidedly postponed to the
of distinction;" "the swarms of politicians of every age, hue exact sciences. We do not understand him as doing more than and size ;” the insufficiency of their acquirements, and the to contend for their equal claim to consideration. In doing this, fearful excess of demagogues over statesmen. The general it was not necessary that he should recapitulate all that could be evil is expressed in the language of Chancellor Oxenstein: said in favor of mathematics, natural philosophy, and chemis. try. This was already done by those with whom he was con.
" Quam parra sapientia regitur mundus."
These are evils. None feels them more than ourselves or tending. His part was to say as much, if as much could be said President Dew; and none can paint them more strikingly than with truth, in favor of what the reviewer calls his favorite his reviewer. What then? Because there is an acknowledged studies. They are perhaps his favorite studies ; but it is not on evil, shall there be no remedy? And if a remedy, shall it be that account that he spoke on their behalf. He advocated them because of their intrinsic importance, and he advocated them as
one which we can, or one which we cannot administer? the head of an institution where they have been always par- tinction" nourished by our institutions? “The democratic com.
Is it for mere schoolmen to correct "the morbid desire of disticularly cherished. He knew that this had been imputed to monwealth,” says Burke, “is the foodsul nurse of ambition.” his college as a fault, and from this imputation he felt it his The evil, such as it is, inheres in the nature of the thing, with duty to defend her. If any thing was wanting to make good his defence, his re
its consequent “swarms of politicians.” It may be rendered viewer has supplied it. We beg the reader's attention to the harmless, but while liberty exists, it can never be destroyed. following passage:
Like the name of Phidias on the shield of Minerva, envy cannot
obliterate it without spoiling the whole work. But why is it an " Among the greatest evils that has ever afflicted this com
evil? Because our “politicians are not qualified for their task,” monwealth, is the morbid Jesire of her sons for political dis- and are rather“ demagogues than statesmen.” tinction. It has been the bane of the republic, destroying every Now, for this, President Dew proposes a remedy-moral and thing like useful enterprize in Virginia, and banishing from political education. We beg the reviewer to re-examine the their homes thousands of our citizens, to find preferment among the people of other states, or from the patronage of the federai address with critical care, and say whether he there sees any No sooner do our young men leave their semi.
reason to believe that the author would be content to turn out naries of learning, than, deeming themselves politicians and from his classes, tyros in politics, and demagogues ? Does he statesmen, ready made according to the philosophy of the best schools, they rush with ardor into the political arena. Disap: effect of his instructions? Our present number contains another
see any indication that such, though undesigned, would be the pointed in their ambitious aspirations, with their taste depraved, and having lost all capacity for useful employment, they become lecture from the same institution, and on this very subject. We reckless and abandoned; or falling in with a dominant party, request him to read that, and ask himself whether he sees there they sacrifice all independence of character, and stoop to the any reason to apprehend that the student will be led to think lowest aris of the demagogue, hoping to creep to that eminence to which they had vainily attempted to soar. Nor is this passion himself a statesman, as soon as he has got by rote a breviary of for political life confined to the educated portion of our people. popular sayings. Truly bas President Dew said, 'our whole state is a great po. If we rightly understand (and we think we do) the plans of litical nursery'. It swarms with politicians of every age, and President Dew and his fellow laborers, it is their object, if prachue, and size. But, unfortunately, for one statesman we have a hundred demayogues. Next to a standing army in time of ticable, to correct the very evils of which the reviewer speaks. peace, a class of professed politicians, set apart expressly for the No doubt frequent disappointments await them ; but until we are business of public life, is most dangerous to the liberties of a free convinced that their means are not adapted to their ends, we
Such men must necessarily be the Swiss of party. shall wish to see them persevere. And we shall watch their Considering polities as their vocation, they must needs seek for employment. It they fail to find it in the independent discharge labors with a hope rendered cheerful by past experience. How. of their duty as représentatives of the people, they must seek it ever demagogies may abound among us, few of them, in proin maan compliances with the imperious mandates of party portion, have been reared at William and Mary. The course of leaders, or in a course of degrading servility and sycophaney to instruction there is essentially the same pursued thirty or forty the dispensers of federal patronage. Let us do nothing to increase this numerous swarm of hungry politicians. What we
years ago; and we live surrounded by the proofs of its excel. need in Virginia, is a class of educated country gentlemen, well lence in the very point in question. We have but to step into instructed, not only in moral and political philosophy, but in the Court of Appeals, and we see on the bench, the President,
and Judges Cabell and Brockenbrough, and at the bar, Messrs. pear, and ought not to be remembered, in the admirable fondness Johnson, and Leigh, and Stanard, and Robertson. We know and fidelity with which it clings to the trunk which it adornsthat they are all alumni of William and Mary, and almost all alike through storm and sunshine-even to its death. The poets, contemporaries; the rich fruit of one abundant harvest. While accordingly, have done ample justice to its merit in this point of we think of these men, may we not be allowed to hope that the view; and the very figure is, in fact, sanctioned by the best system of education which has given them to their country, may usage, ancient and modern. We could quote a hundred exam. continue to furnish others, in whose presence the ignorant pre- ples from the Greek, Latin, and English classics, to prove it; tender shall blush, and the demagogue shall stand rebuked ? In but we refrain. We admit, however, that the writer, whoever such a result no one would rejoice more than ourselves-no, he was, might perhaps have found a better plant for his purpose. not even our friend the reviewer ; and for its accomplishment, We observe, indeed, that the song of Lapraik, which he evi. there is no man to whom we look with more confidence than dently had before his eyes when he wrote, has the “ woodbine" President Dew. Praying God to speed bim in his labors, of him instead of the “ Ivy," and we seel at once that if one could fairly and his reviewer we take a courteous farewell. To the latter imagine himself to be a tree, he might, very reasonably, choose we feel ourselves obliged by his neat and elegant critique, and to be clasped by that beautiful flower, rather than by any lry beg him to believe, that our sense of its merit and his own, is not in the world (unless, indeed, it were one of those sineet Irys that the less, because we have felt it our duty to screen another happen to be growing and blooming in or near a certain borough friend from a censure, originating, as it seems, in misapprehen- that we know.) But we keep our readers too long from the Let. sion. The question of authority for the use of certain words, isters. Here they are at last. one to be sellled between Walker and Webster. We wish, for our parts, that all lexicographers would fight their own batues, instead of setting honest men by the ears. If they must fight by
Augusta, Georgia, 18th March, 1937. champion, we should like to see the "battle of the books " re.
Sir :-From the last number of the Messenger, I learn that newed, and folio meet folio in fair field. If the strise should you have been rudely handled, by a writer in the Pittsburg Daily end in the extermination of all the dictionaries of the English Times, for ascribing the ode “ To My Wife,” in the October tongue, we are not sure that the language would lose any thing number of your truly valuable periodical, to Lindley Murray. by it. No well-read man has need of them. They do but save Surely, your mistake was quite too natural, to justify the sharp illiterate clowns from betraying their ignorance and low breed. reproof of the writer in the Times. But what will he, and his ing. And even this they do but imperfectly. By the initiated, indorser (the Editor of the Times) say, when they learn, that the language learned from a dictionary will never be mistaken Mr. Huddesford has no more claims to the authorship of that for that acquired in the parlor or in the halls of science. piece, than Lindley Murray! In point of fact, it was written by
a Scotchman, of the name of John Lapraik, a contemporary and The remarks ich we made, in our number for February companion of Burns. It is to be found at page sixty-seven of last, upon some reflections which a writer in the Pittsburg Times, the first volume of the Glasgow edition of the Encyclopedia of and the editor of the paper, had suffered themselves to cast upon Songs ; which was published nearly twenty years before the us for ascribing the “ Lines lo my Wife” (published in our num
Western Songster. The ode appears in the Messenger a little ber for October preceding,) to Lindley Murray, have brought us changed, both in measure and dialect, from the original; but not several letters from different hands, which we shall lay before
so much so, as to raise a doubt even in the mind of the writer in our readers for their amusement. It is curious, indeed, to find the Times, as to its identity with Laprajk’s. Let me lay them
both before the reader. from them that we were all out--if we are even now exactly in. Thus our correspondent A. B. L. surprises us with the discovery
From the Messenger. that the Lines are evidently borrowed (with few alterations) from
TO MY WIFE. an old Scotch song by one Lapraik; and very interestingly iden.
When on thy bosom I recline, tifies the original as a favorite of Burns himself. He agrees with us, however, that the imitation which we published was proba. Enraptur'd still to call thee mine, bly written by Murray, rather than by Huddesford; and we were
To call thee mine for life; thanking him in our hearts for his aid on this point, when we
I glory in the sacred ties, received the letter of “ Oxoniensis," who, not dreaming that the
Which modern wits and fools despise, Lines were borrowed or altered from Lapraik, assigns them with: out hesitation to Huddessord, and indeed seems to prove that
Of Husband and of Wise. they are his, by tracing them to the “ Wiccamical Chaplet," One mutual flame inspires our bliss; which he certainly ediled. At least, their coming out in that
The tender look, the melting kiss, work would appear to establish the fact of their having been written by some Wiccamist, and Murray, we suppose, was
E’en years have not destroyed; hardly one of that tribe. So we must now think that the Lines
Some sweet sensation ever new, are most probably Huddesford's; and we are glad to learn from Springs up, and proves the maxim true, our correspondent, that the author of them is not the “English. That Love can ne'er be cloyed. man of very little celebrity” that our Pillsburg pair supposed him to be, but an eminent Oxonian, a man of learning and let
Have I a wish ?--'is all for thee; ters, and justly esteemed an elegant poet for his time. Indeed,
Hast thou a wish ?-'tis all for me. these Lines, if he had writ no other, would fairly entitle him,
So soft our moments move, in our opinion, to the praise of possessing no small share of
That angels look with ardent gaze, poetical tenderness and taste. But our correspondent X. Y. has here furnished us with another specimen of his Muse, which
Well pleased to see our happy days, raises him still higher in our favor; as it shows that he had also
And bid us live-and love. no small genius, or at least talent, for the sublime.
If cares arise-and cares will comeBut what do we say to the fifth, or additional stanza, 'which
Thy bosom is my softest home; our “Oxoniensis" informs us is not in the copy in the “ Wic
I'll lull me there to rest : camical Chaplet :” Why, we think, with him, that it is mani. fectly unworthy of the rest, and most probably by another hand. And is there aught disturbs my fair ? We cannot, indeed, altogether assent to his sharp condemnation I'll bid her sigh out every care, of the figure of the Ivy, which we think justifiable upon the
And lose it in my breast. soundest principles of criticisn--for it is suficient, we take it, that a figure shall be, in luw language, “true to a common in
Have I a wish!--'tis all her own, tent," without being so to “ erery intent;" and if the Ivy, as he All hers and mine are rolled in onecharges, draws its nourishment from the tree to which it attaches
Our hearts are so entwined, itsell, that is obviously no more than it has a right to do, as a
That, like the ivy round the tree, wife may, very lawfully, claim support and subsistence from her husband, (though both, we confess, may happen to extract
Bound up in closest amity, a little too much) and, at any rate, its secret fault does not ap.
'Tis Death to be disjoined.
From the Encyclopedia, &c.
pares. You are, no doubt, aware that Howley is now Archbishop
of Canterbury, and Burgess Bishop of Salisbury, with a literary MATRIMONIAL HAPPINESS.
reputation exceeded by that of sew scholars in Europe. Dr. When I upon thy bosom lean,
Huntingford, when one of the under-masters of that noble school, And fondly clasp thee a' my ain,
published his “Greck Erercises,” and, subsequently, his “MoI glory in the sacred lies,
nostrophics,” which were reviewed, in vos. 68 and 69 (old series) That made us ane, wha ance were twain: of the Monthly Review, by Dr. Parr and Dr. Charles Burney; A mutual flame inspires us baith,
with a display of critical learning which is hardly imagined in The tender look, the melting kiss;
the United States where more is said, and less done, in the way Ev'n years shall ne'er destroy our love,
of sound education, than in any other part of the civilized world. But only gie us change o' bliss.
Dr. Huntingford's learning and merit raised him from compara. Hae I a wish?—it's a' for thee;
tively obscure parentage, to be head-master of Winchester (asler
Dr. Joseph Warton's death), and, successively, Bishop of Glou. I ken thy wish is me to please;
cester and Hereford. Some very interesting correspondence beOur moments pass sae smooth away,
[ween him and Dr. Parr, may be found in vos. 7 and 8 of Dr. That numbers on us look and gaze;
Parr's lately published works. So much for Mr. Huddesford's Weel pleased, they see our happy days,
friends; and, I suppose, he is entitled, as well as other men, to Nor envy's sel' finds aught to blame;
the benefit of the maxim,“ Noscitur à Sociis,' even if he had no And ay when wearie cares arise,
better claims to distinction as a man of letters. Thy bosom still shall be my bame.
But, sir, when you have before you the new series of the I'll lay me there and take my rest,
Monthly Review, you may form some judgment of George Hud. And if that aught disturb my dear,
desford, per se. In vol. 39, page 472, of that excellent work, you I'll bid her laugh her cares away,
will be made acquainted with two volumes of “Poenis” by HudAnd beg her not to drap a tear :
desford, printed in a style of typographical elegance that is sel. Hael a joy?-it's a' her ain;
dom given to the productions of very obscure authors: they are United still her heart and mine;
dedicated, by permission, to Lord Loughborongh, then Chancel. There like the woodbine round the tree,
lor, in language that manifests the degree of esteem entertained That's twined till death shall them disjoin.
by that distinguished lawyer and statesman for his young friend.
The“ Poems” probably met with a gracious reception ; for, soon To the last, the Editor appends the following note: "We are informed by Burns, ' that this song was the work of after, Mr. H. published his “Wiccamical Chaplel,” in rivalship,
no doubt, of the “Lusus Westmonasteriensee," and of the a very worthy facetious old fellow, John Lapraik, late of Dal
“Musæ Etonenses.” The “Chaplet” did not pass unnoticed, fram, near Muirkirk, whose little property he was obliged to sell
as is evident from vol. 49, page 201, of the same series of the in consequence of some connexion as security for some person concerned in that villainous bubble. The Ayr Bank. He has “Monthly,” where you will find it reviewed with a degree of often told me that he composed this song one day when his wife approbation that no scholar could have bestowed upon the lines
attributed to Lindley Murray in your miscellany for October had been fretting o'er their misfortunes.' From this it may be inferred, that this is the identical song asluded to in the following probably reviewed the book, and Mr. Addington (then Prime
1836. Bowles, Huntingford, Howley, or Burgees, one of whom stanzas of Burn's epistle to J. Lapraik:
Minister), to wbom it is, also with permission, dedicated, would On fasten-e'en we had a rockin
never have sanctioned such stuff as "two wishes rolled in one ;' To ca’ the crack and weave our stockin'; nor were these gentlemen so ignorant of the connection between And there was nuckle fun an'jokin
the Ivy and the Oak, as to suppose that to separate them was to Ye need na doubt;
kill the oak. Dr. Johnson, at least, knew better ; for, he comAt length we had a hearty yokin
pares the fondness of a mawkish wife to the embraces of the Al sang about.
Ivy, which occasion the death of the noble tree to which it at. There was ae sang amang the rest,
laches itself: separation, therefore, would be life. Aboon them a' it pleased me best,
In short, sir, Murray, or somebody else, had stolen Mr. Hud. That some kind husband had addrest
desford's pleasing verses, and had persuaded his unsuspicious To some sweet wife;
wise that they were his own, and that she had inspired them. If, It thirl'd the heart-strings thro' the breast
in this instance, the Ivy had entwined itself round the Oak (such A' to the life.”
a one as it was), till it had choked it, poetical justice, at least,
would have been done. The foregoing establishes ihe authorship of the song, beyond To enable you and your readers to settle this point for your. controversy. Murray, we know, was for a time in extremely selves, I add Mr. Huddesford's “Song,” as he modestly calls it. indigent circumstances, and was through life almost afflicted It will undeceive your own Correspondent, and abash, if any with bodily infirmity. It is probable, therefore, that, considering thing can, the Editors of the Pittsburg “ Times,” as well as him the song peculiarly appropriate to his own situation, he para of the “Western Songsler.” phrased it, as it appears in the Messenger, and addressed it to
MUTUAL LOVE. his wife. Can Mr. Huddesford present as fair a claim to it as this?
A. B. L.
From Huddesford's “ Wiccamical Chaplet,” page 112.
When on thy bosom I recline, [As above.)
One mutual flame inspires our bliss; [As above.]
Have I a wish, &c. (As above.] “Messenger” for February last. I have no doubt that you will If cares arise, &c. (as above, except that the original has give it a place, as, I think, it must end all controversy relative all her care,” for "every care.”] to some verses attributed by the Editor of a Pittsburg newspaper Here ends Mr. Huddesford. The fifth stanza, about "rolling to Mr. Huddesford, whom he is pleased to call "an Englishman wishes in one,” and “the Ivy round the tree?!_“Bound up in of very little celebrity." Mr. Huddesford (now, I believe, no closest amity"--so that “Death ensues from disjunction"--of longer living,) was a distinguished scholar at Winchester, under“ a parasite creeper !" (as Lord Bacon calls the Ivy, that nour. that illustrious head-master, Dr. Warton: he was subsequently ishes itself by sucking out the substance of the tree to which it a fellow of New College in Oxford, where none but Wiccamists attaches itself)—is perfectly original, and from the pen of the are eligible, and where his friends and school-fellows Hunting. Bard of the “Western Sorgster.” He is welcome to it. ford, Howley, Burgess, and many other distinguished young men,
OXONIENSIS. were his constant associates. He was also intimate with Lislo Bowles, who, though a Wiccamist, was of Trinity College, and Mr. White:– The introduction of the name of Huddesford (in a a pupil of Thomas Warton-a scholar not less illustrious than late Messenger) into a controversy concerning the authorship of his brother Joseph. With all these Oxonians, excepi Huddes. some lines claimed for him by one, and for Lindley Murray by an. ford, I was myself well acquainted, and have often heard their other, has reminded me of the following. They are all of his comestimate of their school-fellow, who was, at least, par inter ! position that I have ever seen. As I never heard his name but in
connexion with them, I presume he was a writer of but "little in France--are worth noting. Our limits will not allow us to celebrity," as is said of him. Be that as it may, these lines have give them--we must therefore content ourself by referring the a merit which entitles them to be preserved. They came to my reader to vol. 2, pp. 77 to 81, and 93, to the end of the chapter. hands in manuscript some five and twenty years ago. Whether There are more good and amusing things in these books; par. they are Huddesford's or no, I know not. Perhaps they too may ticularly a very accurate account of a great diplomatic dinner be found in the Western Songster, or some other such pedlar's given by our Minister, Mr. Brown, to Mr. Secretary Canning, at pack of small wares, second-hand trumpery and stolen goods, which all the corps were present; and another of another great and may have the name of some other person prefixed to them dinner (a royal one this time,) where our author had the good forShould this be the case, I hope that neither you, Mr. White, nor tune to see his Majesty Charles X, and all the royal family, eat 1, may be accused of altempting any deception. Yours, X. Y. in splendid style-but we forbear.
We infer from the title of these volumes--Gleanings in ExTO A MOUNTAIN OAK, TORN UP BY A TEMPEST.
rope--that they are to be followed by some others which may Thou, who unmoved hast heard the tempest chide, treat of England, &c. as these do of France. Well, if Mr. C. Full many a winter, round thy craggy bed,
will continue to publish such things, we shall probably continue And, like an earth-born giant, hast outspread to read them, (that is, if we have nothing else to do at the time ;) Thy hundred arms, and Heaven's own bolls defied, but we really think that we might both be better employed. Now liest along thy native mountain's side Uptorn. Yet deem not that I come to shed
Minor Morals for Young People. Illustrated in Tales and Travels. The idle drops of pity o'er thy head,
By John Bouring. Philadelphia: Carey, Lea and Blanchard. Or basely to insult thy blasted pride.
1 vol. 12mo. p. 262.
We can hardly call this a good book; though it has certainly No! still 'tis thine, tho' fallen, imperial Oak,
some good things in it. The author's design in writing it, as he To teach this lesson to the wise and brave;
tells us in the Preface, is to "elucidate the theory of genuine That 'tis far better, overthrown and broke,
morals for the service of the young, by the blending of amuse. In Freedon's cause to sink into the grave,
ment and instruction ;” and “in the attempt,” says he, "to Than, in submission to a tyrant's yoke,
accomplish so important a purpose, I felt encouragement from a Like the vile reed, to bow, and be a slave.
frequently repeated observation of Mr. Bentham's, lhat nothing is wanting for the establishment of sound opinions in all questions
of right and wrong, but the determination to follow the conseCRITICAL NOTICES. quences of actions into the regions of pain and pleasure. No
better guide for judgment has, I believe, been ever proposed; Gleanings in Europe. By an American. Philadelphia. Carey, Lea and my conviction is as strong as it can be, that it is impossible and Blanchard. 2 rols. 12 mo.
to add to the stock of virtue without adding to that of felicity, or These volumes ought never to have been written-or at least to increase the amount of felicity without increasing that of virought never to have been published. They are made up, indeed, tue.” Accordingly, all that follows, as he tells us, is only an at. almost entirely of matters and things that might do well enough tempt to illustrate this important truth by facis drawn from the to talk about, or even to write about in familiar letters to one's writer's own observation and experience, and sometimes by litfamily, or friends; but quite too small and trivial, we should tle fables of his own invention, intended to show " the applica. think, to be Cooked in this way. In truth we are surprised, and tion of that standard of morality, whose universal recognition almost provoked, that Mr. Cooper (for he is the writer of them,) will, as he believes, be the characteristic of a new and better should seriously undertake to carry us back ten years in our lives, and all the way across the Atlantic, to give us an account Now, we cannot agree for a moment with our author, that his of such things, for instance, as a kiss which he saw committed, "standard of morality,” as he calls the Greatest Happiness prinin Cowes, by a tight young sailor lad, upon the lips of a smart ciple of his master Jeremy Bentham, is either sound or safe. It country girl, wh
gave him, very properly, a sound box in the is true, indeed, that God in his infinite wisdom and benevolence ear for his pains. Yet the said kiss is positively one of the most has connected duly and happiness together by strong and ininteresting and instructire things in all the work.
separable ties; but we deny that this union is the foundation of But we are perhaps a little too hasty in our judgment; and moral obligation, or that it can be properly made the basis of a we are forgetting at least the modest and reasonable request system of morals for any—and especially for the young. In our which the author makes in his Preface, when he says: “All opinion, we are bound to love virtue, as we love beauty, for ilask is, that the volumes may be viewed as no more than they self-for its own sweet sake--and independently of the pleasure profess to be. They are the gleanings of a harrest already ga. which it imparts--though that pleasure comes, of course, along thered, thrown together in a desuliory manner, and without the with it, (or after it,) and may even enhance its charme. Still, slightest, or at least a very small pretension to any of those we do not love it for the pleasure, (though we may love it the arithmetical or statistical accounts that properly belong to more for that,) but for itself. But we go further, and higher, works of a graver character. They contain the passing remarks and mairtain that we are bound to love virtue, not only for its of one who has certainly seen something of the world, whether own sake-for its own intrinsic excellence-but because it is it has been to his advantage or not, who had occasionally good agreeable to the will of God, as intimated indeed by the very opportunities to examine what he saw, and who is not conscious happiness which accompanies, or follows it, and more clearly of being, in the slightest degree, influenced by fear, favor, or revealed in his word; a principle which this new theory seems the hope of reward.' His compte rendu must pass for what it is to supersede. worth.” This is certainly fair warning, and if we will read the Nor if the Greatest Happiness principle were true, would it volumes after it, it is plainly our own fault, and we have certainly be easy or possible, we think, to make children comprehend it no right to complain that we do not find them what we wished, It is evidently loo general and abstract for their minds to embrace. but what they did no: pretend, or choose to be. We may add, Ner, as we have said, would it be exactly sale in all cases. 100, that they give us quite all, and even a little more than they For if we even concede that the tendency of any act to produce promised in the Presace; and contain, in fact, some light and the greatest amount of happiness would furnish a proper test of pleasing sketches of the state of things in France, (that is, as it its morality, may not a false appearance-a mere mirage of pleawas some eight or ten years ago,) which may serve to pass off a sure-deceive the eye? And especially of a child who has not leisure hour or two well enough. We would submit some ex. yet learned to look beyond the surface of things, or to “ submit tracts as samples of the work; but being pressed for room, we the senses to the soul.” The theory is, therefore, dangerous as can only refer our readers to a few.
well as false, and the inculcation of it, of course, taints, and al. Mr. C.'s account of the physical characteristics of the French, most spoils the book. There are, however, as we said, some our readers will find a little different from what they had sup- good things in it; and we should lay a few of them before our posed. (See vol. 2. pp. 53 and 56, inclusive.)
readers as samples of the work if we had room. The chapter His views of society and manners in the French capital, are on the “Employment of Time," on page 69, and the chapter lively and pleasant enough. (Vol. 2. pp. 124 to 128-130 to 133— entitled “ Fishes and Friendly Counsels," on page 182, are fair and 135 to 137.)
specimens of the book, and our readers may judge from them The remarks on the literary character of the age--especially how far it is likely to suit their taste.
SOUTHERN LITERARY MESSENGER,
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