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That warranteth by law to be thy privilege. By sight of these our baleful enemies.
I ain with child, ye bloody homicides :

Win. Charles, and the rest, it is enacted thus.
Murder not then the fruit within my womb, That-in regard king Henry gives consent,
Although ye hale me to a violent death. of mere compassion, and of lenity,
York. Now heaven forefend! the holy maid with To ease your country of distressful war,

And suffer you to breathe in fruitful peace,War. The greatest miracle that e'er ye wrought: You shall become true liegemen to his crown: Is all your strict preciseness come to this? And, Charles, upon condition thou wilt swear

York. She and the dauphin have been juggling : To pay him tribute, and submit thyself,
I did imagine what would be her refuge. Thou shalt be plac'd as viceroy under him,

War. Well, go to; we will have no bastards live; || And still enjoy thy regal dignity.
Especially since Charles must father it.

Alen. Must he be then as shadow of himself? Puc. You are deceiv'd; my child is none of his ; || Adorn his temples with a coronet ;3 It was Alençon, that enjoy'd my love.

And yet, in substance and authority, York. Alençon! that notorious Machiavel! Retain but privilege of a private man? It dies, an if it had a thousand lives.

This proffer is absurd and reasonless.
Puc. O, give me leave, I have deluded you ; Char. 'Tis known already, that I am possess'd
'Twas neither Charles, nor yet the duke I nam'd, With more than half the Gallian territories,
But Reignier, king of Naples, that prevail'd. And therein reverenc'd for their lawful king:

War. A married man that's most intolerable. Shall I, for lucre of the rest unvanquish'd,
York. Why, here's a girl! I think, she knows Detract so much from that prerogative,
not well,

As to be call'd but viceroy of the whole?
There were so many, whom she may accuse. No, lord ambassador; I'll rather keep

War. It's sign, she hath been liberal and free. That which I have, than, coveting for more,

York. And, yet, forsooth, she is a virgin pure!- Be cast from possibility of all. Strumpet, thy words condemn thy brat, and thee : York. Insulting Charles ! hast thou by secret Use no entreaty, for it is in vain.

Puc. Then lead me hence ;--with whom I leave Used intercession to obtain a league;
my curse :

And, now the matter grows to compromise,
May never glorious sun reflex his beams Stand'st thou aloof upon comparison?
Upon the country where you make abode ! Either accept the title thou usurp'st,
But darkness and the gloomy shade of death Of benefit4 proceeding from our king,
Environ you; till mischief, and despair,

And not of any challenge of desert,
Drive you to break your necks, or hang yourselves ! Or we will plague thee with incessant wars.

(Exit, guarded. Reig. My lord, you do not well in obstinacy York. Break thou in pieces, and consume to ashes, To cavil in the course of this contráct: Thou foul accursed minister of hell!

If once it be neglected, ten to one,
Enter Cardinal Beaufort, attended.

We shall not find like opportunity.

Alen. To say the truth, it is your policy, Car. Lord regent, I do greet your excellence To save your subjects from such massacre, With letters of commission from the king. And ruthless slaughters, as are daily seen For know, my lords, the states of Christendom, By our proceeding in hostility: Mov'd with remorsel of these outrageous broils, And therefore take this compact of a truce, Have earnestly implor'd a general peace Although you break it when your pleasure serves. Betwixt our nation and the aspiring French;

(Aside to Charles. And here at hand the dauphin, and his train, War. How say'st thou, Charles? shall our Approacheth, to confer about some matter.

condition stand? York. Is all our travail turn'd to this effect? Char. It shall : After the slaughter of so many peers,

Only reserv'd, you claim no interest So many captains, gentlemen, and soldiers, In any of our towns of garrison. That in this quarrel have been overthrown, York. Then swear allegiance to his majesty ; And sold their bodies for their country's benefit, As thou art knight, never to disobey, Shall we at last conclude effeminate peace? Nor be rebellious to the crown of England, Have we not lost most part of all the towns, Thou, nor thy nobles, to the crown of England. By treason, falsehood, and by treachery,

(Charles, and the rest, give tokens of fealty. Our great progenitors had conquered : So, now dismiss your army when you please; 0, Warwick, Warwick! I foresee with grief, Hang up your ensigns, let your drums be still, The utter loss of all the realm of France. For here we entertain a solemn peace. Exeunt.

War. Be patient, York: if we conclude a peace, || SCENE V.-London. A room in te palace.
It shall be with such strict and severe covenants,
As little shall the Frenchmen gain thereby.

Enter King Henry, in conference with Suffolk ;

Gloster and Exeter following. Enter Charles, attended; Alençon, Bastard, Reig. K. Hen. Your wond'rous rare description, noble nier, and others.

Char. Since, lords of England, it is thus agreed, of beauteous Margaret hath astonish'd me:
That peaceful truce shall be proclaim'd in France, || Her virtues, graced with external gifts,
We come to be informed by yourselves

Do breed love's settled passions in my heart:
What the conditions of that league must be. And like as rigour in tempestuous gusts
York. Speak, Winchester; for boiling choler Provokes the mightiest hulk against the tide;

So am I driven, by breath of her renown, The hollow passage of my poison'd voice, Either to suffer shipwreck, or arrive (1) Compassion (2) Baneful.

(4) 'Be content to live as the beneficiary of our (3) Coronet is here used for crown.



Where I may have fruition of her love.

As is fair Margaret, he be link'd in love. Suff. Tush! my good lord! this superficial tale Then yield, my lords ; and here conclude with me Is but a preface of her worthy praise :

That Margaret shall be queen, and none but she. The chief perfections of that lovely dame

K. Hen. Whether it be through force of your (Had I sufficient skill to utter them.)

Would make a volume of enticing lines, My noble lord of Suffolk; or for that
Able to ravish any dull conceit.

My tender youth was never yet attaint
And, which is more, she is not so divine, With any passion of inflaming love,
So full replete with choice of all delights, I cannot tell; but this I am assur'd,
But, with as humble lowliness of mind,

I feel such sharp dissension in my breast,
She is content to be at your command;

Such fierce alarums both of hope and fear, Command, I mean, of virtuous chaste intents, As I am sick with working of my thoughts. To love and honour Henry as her lord.

Take, therefore, shipping; post, my lord, to France; K. Hen. And otherwise will Henry ne'er pre- || Agree to any covenants : and procure

That lady Margaret do vouchsafe to come Therefore, my lord protector, give consent, To cross the seas to England, and be crown'd That Margaret may be England's royal queen. King Henry's faithful and anointed queen :

Glo. So should I give consent to flatter sin. For your expenses and sufficient charge, You know, my lord, your highness is betroth'd Among the people gather up a tenth. Unto another lady of esteem;

Be gone, I say for, till you do return,
How shall we then dispense with that contract, I rest perplexed with a thousand cares. -
And not deface your honour with reproach? And you, good uncle, banish all offence:

Suff: As doth a ruler with unlawful oaths; If you do censure3 me by what you were,
Or one, that, at a triumphl having vow'd Not what you are, I know it will excuse
To try his strength, forsaketh yet the lists This sudden execution of my will.
By reason of his adversary's odds e

And so conduct me, where from company,
A poor earl's daughter is unequal odds,

I may revolve and ruminate my grief. Exit. And therefore may be broke without offence. Glo. Ay, grief, I fear me, both at first and last. Glo. Why, what, I pray, is Margaret more than

(Exeunt Gloster and Exeter. that?

Suff. Thus Suffolk bath prevail'd: and thus he Her father is no better than an earl,

goes, Although in glorious titles he excel.

As did the youthful Paris once to Greece; Suff Yes, my good lord, her father is a king, With hope to find the like event in love, The king of Naples, and Jerusalem;

But prosper better than the Trojan did. And of such great authority in France,

Margaret shall now be queen, and rule the king; As his alliance will confirm our peace,

But I will rule both her, the king, and realm. (Ex. And keep the Frenchmen in allegiance.

Glo. And so the earl of Armagnac may do, Because he is near kinsman unto Charles. Exe. Beside, his wealth doth warrant liberal of this play there is no copy earlier than that of dower;

the folio in 1623, though the two succeeding parts While Reignier sooner will receive, than give. are extant in two editions in quarto. That the Suff. A dower, my lords! disgrace not so your second and third parts were published without the king,

first, may be admitted as no weak proof that the That he should be so abject, base, and poor, To choose for wealth, and not for perfect love.

copies were surreptitiously obtained, and that the

printers of that time gave the public those plays, Henry is able to enrich his queen,

not such as the author designed, but such as they And not to seek a queen to make him rich: could get them. That this play was written before So worthless peasants bargain for their wives, the two others is indubitably collected from the seAs market-men for oxen, sheep, or horse. ries of events; that it was written and played beMarriage is a matter of more worth,

fore Henry the Fifth is apparent; because, in the Than to be dealt in by attorneyship;?

epilogue there is mention made of this play, and Not whom we will, but whom his grace affects, not of the other parts: Must be companion of his nuptial bed : And therefore, lords, since he affects her most,

· Henry the Sixth in swaddling bands crown'd king, It most of all these reasons bindeth us,

· Whose state so many had the managing, In our opinion she should be preferr'd.

* That they lost France, and made his England

bleed: For what is wedlock forced, but a hell, An age of discord and continual strife?

* Which oft our stage hath shown.' Whereas the contrary bringeth forth bliss, France is lost in this play. The two following And is a pattern of celestial peace.

contain, as the old title imports, the contention of Whom should we match, with Henry, being a king, the houses of York and Lancaster. But Margaret, that is daughter to a king?

The second and third parts of Henry VI. were Her peerless feature, joined with her birth, printed in 1600. When Henry V. was written, we Approves her fit for none, but for a king: know not, but it was printed likewise in 1600, and Her valiant courage, and undaunted spirit therefore before the publication of the first and (More than in women commonly is seen) second parts. The first part of Henry VI. had been Will answer our hope in issue of a king; often shown on the stage, and would certainly have For Henry, son unto a conqueror,

appeared in its place, had the author been the pubIs likely to beget more conquerors,

lisher. If with a lady of so high resolve,

JOHNSON (1) A triumph then signified a public exhibition ; (2) By the discretional agency of another. such as a mask, or revel.

(3) Judge.



* The Contenfion of the two famous houses of York and Lancaster,' in two parts, was pub. lished in quarto, in 1600; and the first part was entered on the Stationers' books, (as Mr. Steevens has observed,) March 12, 1593-4. On these two plays, which I believe to have been written by some preceding author, before the year 1590, Shakspeare formed, as I conceive, this and the following drama; altering, retrenching, or amplifying, as he thought proper. At present it is only necessary to apprize the reader of the method observed in the printing of these plays. All the lines printed in the usual manner are found in the original quarto plays (or at least with such minute variations as are not worth noticing :) and those, I conceive, Shakspeare adopted as he found them. The lines to which inverted commas are prefixed, were, if my hypothesis be well founded, retouched, and greatly improved by him; and those with asterisks were his own original production; the embroidery with which he ornamented the coarse stuff that had been awkwardly made up for the stage by some of his contemporaries. The speeches which he new-modelled, he improved, sometimes by amplification, and sometimes by retrenchment.


PERSONS REPRESENTED. King Henry the Sixth:

Hume and Southwell, two priests. Humphrey, duke of Gloster, his uncle.

Bolingbroke, a conjurer. A Spirit raised by him. Cardinal Beaufort, bishop of Winchester, great Thomas Horner, an armourer. Peter, his man. uncle to the king.

Clerk of Chatham. Mayor of Saint Alban's. Richard Plantagenet, duke of York.

Simpcox, an impostor. Two Murderers. Edward and Richard, his sons.

Jack Cade, a rebel : Duke of Somerset,

George, John, Dick, Smith, the Weaver, Michael, Duke of Suffolk,

&c. his followers.
Duke of Buckingham, of the king's party. Alexander Iden, a Kentish gentleman.
Lord Clifford,
Young Clifford, his son.

Margaret, queen to king Henry.

Eleanor, duchess of Gloster. Earl of Warwick;} of the York faction.

Margery Jourdain, a witch. Wife to Simpcox. Lord Scales, Governor of the Tower. Lord Say. Sir Humphrey Stafford, and his brother. Sir John Lords, Ladies, and Attendants ; Petitioners, AlStanley

dermen, a Beadle, Sheriff, and Officers ; CitiA Sea-captain, Master, and Master's Mate, and zens, Prentices, Falconers, Guards, Soldiers, Walter Whitmore.

Messengers, &c.
Two Gentlemen, prisoners with Suffolk.
A Herald. Vaux.

Scene, dispersedly in various parts of England.


Seven earls, twelve barons, twenty reverend bishops,

I have perform'd my task, and was espous'da SCENE 1.-London.--A room of state in the And humbly now upon my bended knee,

palace. Flourish of Trumpets: then Hautboys. In sight of England and her lordly peers,
Enter, on one side, King Henry, Duke of Glos- Deliver up my title in the queen
ter, Salisbury, Warwick, and Cardinal Beaufort; To your most gracious hands, that are the substance
on the other, Queen Margaret, led in by Suffolk; of that great shadow I did represent;
York, Somerset, Buckingham, and others, fol- The happiest gift that ever marquis gave,

The fairest queen that ever king receiv'd.

K. Hen. Suffolk, arise.- Welcome, queen Mar

garet: As by your high imperial majesty

I can express no kinder sign of love, I had in charge at my depart for France, Than this kind kiss.-O Lord, that lends me life, As procurator to your excellence,

Lend me a heart replete with thankfulness ! To marry princess Margaret for your grace; For thou hast given me, in this beauteous face, So, in the famous ancient city, Tours,

* A world of earthly blessings to my soul, In presence of the kings of France and Sicil, * If sympathy of love unite our thoughts. The dukes of Orleans, Calaber, Bretaigne, and Q. Mar. Great king of England, and my graAlençon,

cigus lord; VOL. II.


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• The mutual conference that my mind hath hadi- * Studied so long, sat in the council-house,

By day, by night; waking, and in my dreams; Early and late, debating to and fro • In courtly company, or at my beads, - * How France and Frenchmen might be keptin awe? • With you mine alder-liefest2 sovereign, |* And hath his highness in his infancy • Makes me the bolder to salute my king • Been crown'd in Paris, in despite of foes? • With ruder terms; such as my wit affords, * And shall these labours, and these honours, die ? . And over-joy of heart doth minister.

Shall !Ienry's conquest, Bedford's vigilance, *K. Hen. Her sight did ravish: but her grace in l. Your deeds of war, and all our counsel, die speech,

O peers of England, shameful is this league! · Her words y-clad with wisdom's majesty, * Fatal this marriage, cancelling your fame :

Makes me, from wondering fall to weeping joys ; | . Blotting your names from books of memory : • Such is the fulness of my heart's content. - Razing the characters of your renown; • Lords, with one cheerful voice welcome my love. Il. Defacing monuments of conquered France; All. Long live queen Margaret, England's hap-||. Undoing all, as all had never been ! piness!

Car. Nephew, what means this passionate dis Q. Mar. We thank you all. (Flourish.

course? Suff. My lord protector, so it please your grace, . This peroration with such circumstance ?3 Here are the articles of contracted peace, * For France, 'tis ours; and we will keep it still. Between our sovereign and the French king Charles, * Glo. Ay, uncle, we will keep it, if we can; "For eighteen months concluded by consent. * But now it is impossible we should :

Glo. Reads.) Imprimis, It is agreed between the Suffolk, the new-made duke that rules the roast, French king, Charles, and William de la Poole, · Hath given the duchies of Anjou and Maine marquess of Suffolk, ambassador for Henry king |* Unto the poor king Reignier, whose large style of England, -that the said Henry shall espouse * Agrees not with the leanness of his purse. the lady Margaret, daughter unto Reignier king * Sal. Now, by the death of him that died for all of Naples, Sicilia, and Jerusalem; and crown * These counties were the keys of Normandy:her queen of England, ere the thirtieth of May But wherefore weeps Warwick, my valiant son? next ensuing. -Item,—That the duchy of Anjou War. For grief, that they are past recovery : and the county of Maine, shall be released and For, were there hope to conquer them again, delivered to the king her father

• My sword should shed hot blood, mine eyes no K. Hen. Uncle, how now? Glo.

Pardon me, gracious lord ; l' Anjou and Maine ! myself did win them both; Some sudden qualm hath struck me at the heart, • Those provinces these arms of mine did conquer: And dimm'd mine eyes, that I can read no further. ll. And are the cities, that I got with wounds,

K. Hen. Uncle of Winchester, I pray, read on. Deliver'd up again with peaceful words?

Win. Item,—It is further agreed between them, | . Mort Dieu! —that the duchies of Anjou and Maine shall be * York. For Suffolk's duke—may he be suffocate, released and delivered over to the king her father ;' * That dims the honour of this warlike isle ! and she sent over of the king of England's own * France should have torn and rent my very heart, proper cost and charges, without having dowry. * Before I would have yielded to this league. K. Hen. They please us well.—Lord marquess, . I never read but England's kings have had kneel down;

*Large sums of gold, and dowries, with their We here create thee the first duke of Suffolk,

wives: And girt thee with the sword. -

And our king Henry gives away his own, Cousin of York, we here discharge your grace • To match with her that brings no vantages. From being regent in the parts of France, * Glo. A proper jest, and never heard before, Till term of eighteen months be full expir'd.

* That Suffolk should demand a whole fifteenth, Thanks, uncle Winchester, Gloster, York, and * For costs and charges in transporting her! Buckingham,

* She should have staid in France, and starv'd in Somerset, Salisbury, and Warwick;

France, We thank you all for this great favour done,

* Before In entertainment to my princely queen.

* Car. My lord of Gloster, now you grow too hot; Come, let us in ; and with all speed provide * It was the pleasure of my lord the king. To see her coronation be perforin'd.

* Glo. My lord of Winchester, I know your mind; (Exeunt King, Queen, and Suffolk. l. 'Tis not my speeches that you do mislike, Glo. Brave peers of England, pillars of the state, • But 'tis my presence that doth trouble you. * To you duke Humphrey must unload his grief, * Rancour will out: Proud prelate, in thy face

Your grief, the common grief of all the land. * I see thy fury: If I longer stay, • What? did my brother Henry spend bis youth, * We shall begin our ancient bickerings. -_• His valour, coin, and people, in the wars? Lordings, farewell; and say, when I am gone, • Did he so often lodge in open field,

I prophesied—France will be lost ere long. (Exit. • In winter's cold, and summer's parching heat, Car. So, there goes our protector in a rage.

To conquer France, his true inheritance ? 'Tis known to you, he is mine enemy:
• And did my brother Bedford toil his wits, * Nay, more, an enemy unto you all;
To keep by policy what Henry got?

* And no great friend, I fear me, to the king. • Have you yourselves, Somerset, Buckingham, * Consider, lords, he is the next of blood, • Brave York, Salisbury, and victorious Warwick, * And heir apparent to the English crown; • Receiv'd deep scars in France and Normandy? * Had Henry got an empire by his marriage, • Or hath mine uncle Beaufort, and myself, * And all the wealthy kingdoms of the west, • With all the learned council of the realm, * There's reason he should be displeas'd at it.

(1) I am the bolder to address you, having (3) This speech crowded with so many circum already familiarized you to my imagination. stances of aggravation. (2) Beloved above all things.

(4) Skirmishings.

* Look to it, lords ; let not his smoothing words * The peers agreed; and Henry was well pleas'd,

Bewitch your hearts; be wise, and circumspect. || * To change two dukedons for a duke's fair • What though the common people favour him,

daughter. Calling him-Humphrey, the good duke of Glos- * I cannot blame them all; What is't to them? ter;

* 'Tis thine they give away, and not their own. Clapping their hands, and crying with a loud voice) * Pirates may make cheap pennyworths of their * Jesu maintain your royal excellence!

pillage, • With-God preserve the good duke Humphrey! * And purchase friends, and give to courtezans, 'I fear me, lords, for all this flattering gloss, * Still revelling, like lords, till all be gone: • He will be found a dangerous protector.

* While as the silly owner of the goods * Buck. Why should he then protect our sove- * Weeps over them, and wrings his hapless hands, reign,

* And shakes his head, and trembling stands aloof, * He being of age to govern of himself?- * While all is shar'd, and all is borne away; * Cousin of Somerset, join you with me, * Ready to starve, and dare not touch his own.

And all together-with the duke of Suffolk,- * So York must sit, and fret, and bite his tongue, "We'll quickly hoise duke Humphrey from his seat. * While his own lands are bargain'd for, and sold. * Car. This weighty business will not brook de- ||* Methinks, the realms of England, France, and lay;

Ireland, * I'll to the duke of Suffolk presently. (Exit. l* Bear that proportion to my flesh and blood, Som Cousin of Buckingham, though Hum- ||* As did the fatal brand Althea burn'd, phrey's pride,

* Unto the prince's heart of Calydon.2 * And greatness of his place be grief to us, Anjou and Maine, both given unto the French! • Yet let us watch the haughty cardinal;

Cold news for me; for I had hope of France, His insolence is more intolerable

Even as I have of fertile England's soil. Than all the princes in the land beside; A day will come, when York shall claim his own; . If Gloster be displac'd, he'll be protector. And therefore I will take the Nevils' parts,

Buck. Or thou, or I, Somerset, will be protector, || And make a show of love to proud duke Humphrey, * Despite duke Humphrey, or the cardinal

. And, when I spy advantage, claim the crown, [Exeunt Buckingham and Somerset. For that's the golden mark I seek to hit: Sal. Pride went before, ambition follows him. Nor shall proud Lancaster usurp my right, While these do labour for their own preferment, Nor hold his sceptre in his childish fist, Behoves it us to labour for the realm.

Nor wear the diadem upon his head, I never saw but Humphrey duke of Gloster Whose church-like humours fit not for a crown. Did bear him like a noble gentleman.

Then, York, be still a while, till time do serve: Oft have I seen the haughty cardinal

Watch thou, and wake, when others be asleep, • More like a soldier, than a man o'the church, To pry into the secrets of the state; * As stout, and proud, as he were lord of all, Till Henry, surfeiting in joys of love,

Swear like a ruffian, and demean himself With his new bride, and England's dear-bought * Unlike the ruler of a common-weal.

queen, • Warwick, my son, the comfort of my age! And Humphrey with the peers be fall'n at jars : * Thy deeds, thy plainness, and thy house-keeping, Then will I raise aloft the milk-white rose, * Hath won the greatest favour of the commons, With whose sweet smell the air shall be perfum'd; • Excepting none but good duke Humphrey.- And in my standard bear the arms of York, * And, brother York, thy acts in Ireland, To grapple with the house of Lancaster; In bringing them to civil discipline ;

And, force perforce, I'll make him yield the crown, • Thy late exploits, done in the heart of France, Whose bookish rule hath pull'd fair England down. When thou wert regent for our sovereign,

[Exit. • Have made thee fear'd, and honour'd, of the

SCENE II.-The same. people :

A room in the duke

of Gloster's house. Enter Gloster and the Join we together, for the public good;

Duchess. • In what we can to bridle and suppress * The pride of Suffolk, and the cardinal,

Duch. Why droops my lord, like over-ripen'd • With Somerset's and Buckingham's ambition ; * And, as we may, cherish duke Humphrey's deeds,|| Hanging the head at Ceres' plenteous load? While they do tend the profit of the land. * Why doth the great duke Humphrey knit his * War. Šo God help Warwick, as he loves the

brows, land,

* As frowning at the favours of the world ? And common profit of his country!

* Why are thine eyes fix'd to the sullen earth, York. And so says York, for he hath greatest||*

Gazing on that which seems to dim thy sight?

• What see'st thou there? king Henry's diadem, Sal. Then let's make haste away, and look unto * Enchas'd with all the honours of the world? the main.

* If so, gaze on, and grovel on thy face, War. Unto the main ! O father, Maine is lost; ||* Until thy head be circled with the same. That Maine, which by main force Warwick did win, |. Put forth thy hand, reach at the glorious gold * And would have kept, so long as breath did last : What, is't too short? I'll lengthen it with mine: Main chance, father, you meant; but I meant Maine; ||* And, having both together heav'd it up, Which I will win from France, or else be slain. * We'll both together lift our heads to heaven;

[Exeunt Warwick and Salisbury. ||* And never more abase our sight so low, York. Anjou and Maine are given to the French; | * As to vouchsafe one glance unto the ground. * Paris is lost; the state of Normandy * Stands on a ticklel point, now they are gone : (2) Meleager; whose life was to continue only * Suffolk concluded on the articles;

so long as a certain firebrand should last. His

mother Althea having thrown it into the fire, he (1) For ticklish.

lexpired in torment.



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