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tive State, which have exerted a wide influence for good. Re-elected to the Thirty-seventh Congress, serving as Chairman of the Committee on the Library, and as a member of the Committee on Military Affairs; and in 1863 he was appointed Deputy Commissioner of the Revenue in the Treasury Department; and on the meeting of the Thirtyeighth Congress, he was elected Clerk of the House of Representatives. During his last term in Congress he was a Regent of the Smithsonian Institution.
McQueen, Johm.–He was born in Robinson County, North Carolina, in 1808. He claims descent in a direct line from the heroic Robert Bruce of Scotland, and his father, James McQueen, was a nephew of the celebrated Flora MacDonald. He received a good education under the guidance of an elder brother, Rev. A. McQueen, who was a graduate of the Chapel Hill University, North Carolina. He commenced the study of law in his native State, and completed his course of study in South Carolina, to which he removed at an early day. He was admitted to the bar in 1828, and having settled in Marlborough District, he there commenced, and has ever since, as his public calls have permitted, continued the practice of his profession with success. During the Nullification times of 1833, he was elected a Colonel of the State militia, in 1834 a Brigadier-General, and in 1835 a Major-General, which last position he held for ten years, and then resigned. He was elected a Representative in Congress in 1849, and has continued a member down to the Thirtysixth Congress, serving on leading committees. Re-elected to the Thirtyseventh Congress. Resigned in December, 1860.
McRae, John J.-He was born in Wayne County, Mississippi; received a good education; adopted the profession of law; was elected frequently to the State Legislature, and during two sessions officiated as Speaker; was also elected to the State Senate; was Governor of Mississippi, from 1844 to 1848; was, by appointment, for a short time in the United States Senate; and was elected to the second session of the Thirty-fifth Congress, from Mississippi, as the successor to General Quitman ; and was re-elected to the Thirty-sixth Con
Medill, William.—He was born in New Castle County, Delaware; received an academical education; he studied law, and having removed to Ohio, was admitted to the bar of that State in 1882; he was soon after elected to the State Legislature, serving a number of years, and was twice elected Speaker; he was elected a Representative in Congress, from that State, from 1839 to 1843; by President Polk, he was appointed First Assistant Postmaster-General, and subsequently held the office of Commissioner of Indian Affairs; in 1850 he was a member of the Convention called to revise the State Constitution, and chosen Chairman; in 1851 and 1852 he was elected Lieutenant-Governor of Ohio; in 1853 he was elected Governor of Ohio; and, by President Buchanan, was appointed First Comptroller of the United States Treasury.
Meech, Ezra. — He was born in New London, Connecticut, July 26, 1773; was associated in early life with
John Jacob Astor in the fur trade; in 1806 became agent of the Northwest Fur Company; and in 1809 was agent for supplying the British Government with spars and timber. Having settled in Vermont, he was, in 1822 and 1823, elected Chief Justice of Chittenden County; and was a member of the Constitutional Conventions of 1822 and 1826. He was elected, in 1805 and 1807, to the State Legislature ; and was a Representative in Congress, from Vermont, from 1819 to 1821, and again from 1825 to 1827. During the latter years of his life he was devoted to agricultural pursuits, and owned one farm, kept in a high state of cultivation, which contained three thousand acres, and upon which have been seen a flock of three thousand sheep and a herd of eight hundred oxen. He was remarkable for his intelligence and hospitality, and not less so for his personal appearance, as he measured six feet five inches in height, and weighed three hundred and seventy pounds; and, strange as it may seem, he was one of the most expert trout fishers in the county. He died at Shelburne, Vermont, September 23, 1856.
Meigs, Henry.—Born in New Haven, Connecticut, October 28, 1782; graduated at Yale College in 1798; educated a lawyer, and was elected a Representative in Congress, from New York City, from 1819 to 1821, and for many years past has been an active officer, Recording Secretary, and Trustee of the American Institute in New York. It was said of him, as something remarkable, that he never wore an overcoat, never had a sore throat or headache, and, when seventy years of age, did not use glasses. Died in New York, May 20, 1861.
Meigs, Return. J.-Was a native of Middletown, Connecticut; graduated at Yale College in 1785, and was a lawyer by profession. He removed to Ohio, and became a Judge of the Supreme Court of the State; was a Senator in Congress, from 1808 to 1810; and was Governor of the State, from 1810 to 1814. He was appointed PostmasterGeneral of the United States in 1814, and held the office nine years. He died at Marietta, March 29, 1825.
Mellen, Prentiss.-Born in Sterling, Massachusetts, October 11, 1764; graduated at Cambridge in 1784; studied law, and settled at Bridgewater; in 1792 he became a citizen of Biddeford, Maine, and in 1806 settled at Portland. In 1817 he was chosen a Senator in Congress, from Massachusetts; and on the separation of Maine, in 1820, he resigned his seat in the Senate, and was elected the first Chief Justice of the Sureme Court of Maine. He occupied a igh position as a lawyer and jurist; and in 1834, after becoming disqualified by age to serve as judge, he resumed the practice of law. His decisions may be found in the first eleven volumes of the Maine Reports. He was also a Trustee of Bowdoin College, from 1817 to 1836; and in 1828 received the degree of LL.D. from that institution. He died at Portland, December 31, 1840.
Menifee, Richard H.-He was a member of Congress, from Kentucky, from 1837 to 1839, and died at Frankfort, February 21, 1841.
Menzies, John W.-Was born in Fayette County, Kentucky, April 12, 1819; graduated at the. University of Virginia in 1840; studied law and came to the bar in 1841, establishing himself in Covington, Kentucky, where he has ever since practised his profession. In 1848 and 1855 he was elected to the General Assembly of Kentucky; and in 1861 he was elected a Representative, from Kentucky, to the Thirty-seventh Congress, serving on the Committees on Elections, and Unfinished Business. He was also a Delegate to the Chicago Convention of 1864.
Mercer, Charles Fentom.—Born in Fredericksburg, Virginia, June 6, 1778; graduated at Princeton in 1797. In 1798, while a student of law, he tendered his services to General Washington for the defence of the country against a threatened invasion by the French, and received from him a commission as first Lieutenant of cavalry, and soon after that of Captain, which he declined, not intending to devote his life to the military profession. In 1803, after spending a year in Europe, he returned and practised law. From 1810 to 1817 he was a member of the General Assembly of Virginia. In 1811 he was again called to military duty by the General Government; and in 1813 was
appointed aid to the Governor, and rose to the rank of Brigadier-General of militia, having command of the forces at Norfolk. In 1816, as Chairman of the Committee on Finance, in the Legislature, he devoted his time to the promotion of internal improvements, and was chief supporter of the measure for the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, and was appointed President of the Canal Company. He was a member of Congress, from 1817 to 1840. In 1853 he visited Europe from philanthropic motives, at his own expense, and used his efforts for the entire abolition of the African slave trade, conferring with the chief executive officers of most of the kingdoms of Europe on the subject. He died at Howard, near Alexandria, Virginia, May 4, 1858.
Mercer, John F.—He was a soldier of the Revolution; was a member of the old Congress, in 1782; was a mem or, from Maryland, of the Convention which formed the Federal Constitution ; a Representative in the new Congress, from 1792 to 1794; Governor of Maryland, from 1801 to 1803; also a member of the Legislature of that State; and died at Philadelphia, August 30, 1821, in the sixty-fourth year of his age.
Meriwether, David.—He was a Representative in Congress, from Georgia, from 1802 to 1807; and was appointed, by President Jefferson, in 1804, a Commissioner to treat with the Creek Indians.
Meriwether, David.—He was a Senator in Congress, from Kentucky, by appointment, for one session, in 1852, and was appointed, by President Pierce, May 6, 1853, Governor of the Territory of New Mexico.
Meriwether, I. A.—He was born in Georgia, and was a Representative in Congress, from that State, from 1841 to 1843.
Meriwether, James. – He was born in Wilkes County, Georgia, and was a Representative in Congress, from Georgia, from 1825 to 1827.
Merrick, William D.—He filled several prominent positions in the State of Maryland, and served in the United States Senate, from 1838 to 1845. He died in Washington, District of Columbia, February 5, 1857, at an advanced age.
Merrill, Orsamus C.—He was a Representative in Congress, from Vermont, from 1817 to 1819; and also held the positions in that State of County Attorney for two years; State Councillor for four years; State Senator for one year; Register of Probate for two years; and Judge of Probate for six years.
Mervin, Orange.—He was born in fitchfies , Connecticut, and was a Representative in Congress, from Connecticut, from 1825 to 1829.
Metcalf, Arumah.-He was a native of New York; a Representative in Congress, from that State, from 1811 to 1813, and subsequently served four years in the Assembly of New York, from Otsego County.
Metcalf, Thomas.--—He was born in Fauquier County, Virginia, March 20, 1780. When he was quite young, his parents emigrated to Kentucky, and settled in Fayette, where his education was restricted to the advantages of a few months’ attendance at a country school. He worked at the trade of a mason, but employed his leisure hours in study, and soon developed remarkable intellectual abilities. In 1809 he first appeared as a public speaker, in defence of his country against British oppression; served in the war of 1812, and in 1813 commanded a company of infantry at the battle of Fort Meigs, and greatly distinguished himself for his bravery. He was subsequently a member of the Kentucky Legislature for several years, and was a Representative in Congress, from 1819 to 1829, when he was elected Governor of Kentucky, which office he held until 1833. In 1834 he was elected to the State Senate, and in 1840 was chosen President of the Board of Internal Improvement. In 1848 he was appointed to fill the unexpired term of Mr. Crittenden, in the Senate of the United States, after which he retired to his farm, between Maysville and Lexington. He boasted of his service as a stone-mason, and delighted in being called the “Old
Stone Hammer.” He died in Nicholas County, Kentucky, August 18, 1855.
Middleswarth, Ner. — He was born in New Jersey, and on removing to Pennsylvania, was elected a Representative in Congress, from that State, from 1853 to 1855.
Middleton, George.—Was born in Philadelphia, October 14, 1811; came of the old stock of the Society of Friends; received a common school education; while yet a boy removed with his father to New Jersey, and settled in Burlington; was engaged for many years in the business of tanning; was twice elected to the Legislature of New Jersey; has been noted in his district as a local peace-maker among his neighbors; and was elected a Representative, from New Jersey, to the Thirty-eighth Congress, serving on the Committees on Agriculture, and on the Expenditures in the Interior Department.
Middleton, Henry.—A native of South Carolina; was chosen a Representative in the State Legislature in 1801; then State Senator until elected Governor in 1810. From 1815 to 1819 he was a Representative in Congress, and in 1820 was appointed, by President Monroe, Minister to Russia, which position he filled for many years. He died in Charleston, South Carolina, June 14, 1846.
Miles, W. Porcher.—Born in Charleston, South Carolina, in July, 1822; prepared for college at the “Wellington School,” and graduated at the Charleston College ; studied law; was for several years Assistant Professor of Mathematics in Charleston College ; he was Mayor of Charleston in 1856 and 1857, and inaugurated the present police system of that city, and also the present system of tidal drains for the same; and he was elected a Representative, from South Carolina, to the Thirty-fifth Congress, and re-elected to the Thirty-sixth. Mr. Miles has been a frequent contributor to the “Southern Quarterly Review,” and has delivered a number of literary and patriotic addresses. It ought to be mentioned, that when the yellow fever was raging in Norfolk in 1855, Mr. Miles visited that city as a humanitarian, and for that conduct was rewarded with the office of Mayor of Charleston. His Committees have been those of Commerce, and Foreign Affairs. Re-elected to the Thirty-seventh Congress. Was elected a member of the South Carolina Seceding Convention in 1860, and resigned his seat in Congress. Served as a Colonel in the Rebellion, and as a member of the Confederate Congress.
Milledge, John.—He was born in Savannah, Georgia, and descended from one of the early settlers of the colony. He frequently served in the Legislature, and in 1780 he was appointed Attorney-General of the State, and Governor in 1802. He was a Representative in Congress, from 1792 to 1802, excepting one term, and a Senator of the United States, from 1806 to 1809, serving for a session as President pro tem. of the Senate. He was the principal founder of the University of Georgia, and presented the land which forms its site. He died at his country-seat, at the Sand Hills, February 9, 1818. His memory was honored by an Act of the Legislature, calling the capital of the State Milledgeville.
Millen, John.-He was born in 1804; educated a lawyer; served in the Legislature of Georgia; and died near Savannah, October 15, 1843, about ten days after his election to a seat in the National House of Representatives.
Miller, Daniel F.—Born in Alleghany County, Maryland, October 4, 1814; studied law in Pittsburg, and admitted to the bar in 1838; emigrated to Iowa in 1839; and during the following year was elected to the Legislature of that Territory. In 1848 he was the Whig candidate for Congress, but his seat having been contested, a new election took place in 1850, when he was elected for the term ending in 1851. In 1856, he was a Presidential Elector, since which time he has resided in Fort Madison.
Miller, Daniel H.-He was a na: tive of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and was a Representative in Congress, from that State, from 1823 to 1831. Died many years ago.
Miller, Jacob W.—Born in Morris County, New Jersey; bred a lawyer; and was a Senator in Congress, from
New Jersey, from 1841 to 1847; and having been re-elected, served until 1853. Died at Morristown, New Jersey, September 30, 1862.
Miller, Jesse.—He was a Representative in Congress, from Pennsylvania, from 1836 to 1837, and died at Harrisburg, August 20, 1850. By President Jackson, he was appointed First Auditor of the Treasury.
Miller. John.—He was born in Dutchess Čounty, New York, and was a Representative in Congress, from New York, from 1825 to 1827, having previously, as well as subsequently, served both in the Assembly and Senate of New York for a number of years.
Miller, John. — He was distinguished for his courage as an officer, in the last war with England; soon after the struggle, he was appointed Register of the Land-office in Missouri; subsequently elected Governor of the State ; and he was a Representative in Congress, from 1837 to 1843. Died near I'lorissant, Missouri, March 18, 1846.
Miller. John G.-Born in Kentucky, and in 1835 emigrated to Missouri. In 1840 was elected to the State Legislature, and from 1853 to the time of his death he was a Representative in Congress, from Missouri. Died in Saline County, Missouri, May 11, 1856, aged forty-four.
Miller, John K.—He was born in Ohio, and was a Representative in Congress, from that State, from 1847 to 1851.
Miller, Joseph.-He was born in Ohio, was elected a Representative, from that State, to the Thirty-fifth Congress, and was a member of the Committees on Unfinished Business, and Expenditures in the Navy Department.
Miller, Killiam.—Born in Claverack, Columbia County, New York, July 30, 1785; received a good common school education, with instruction in the JLatin and Greek languages. He studied law, and was admitted to practice in 1806; from that time continued to pursue his profession, removing from Livingston to Hudson City in 1833. In 1824 and in 1827 he was a member of