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dustry of the Translator, and the faithful manner in which she has performed her task, with no other assistance than the printed text afforded.
"The present version was far advanced towards its completion before she was informed, that the Publick was speedily to be indebted to the Rev. Mr. Ingram, for a Collated Edition of these singularly valuable Annals, accompanied by a Translation and Notes.
"Under the expectation of the appearance of a work so much more complete in all its circumstances, the present very li mited impression is intended for private circulation, and executed in a form, which, it is conceived, may render it convenient for reference."
As a specimen of Miss Gurney's Translation, and to mark the period to which the Chronicle extends, we select the earliest and the latest entries:
"Octavianus reigned 56 years, and in the 42d year of his reign Christ was born: then astrologers came from the Eastern parts that they might worship Christ, and the children of Bethlehem were slain in Herod's search after him."
1154. This year King Stephen died,
and he was buried with his wife and his son at Favres field (Feversham); they had built that monastery. · When the King died the Earl was beyond sea, and no man durst do other than good for very dread of him. When he came to England he was received with much honour, and was consecrated King at London on the Sunday before Christmas, and he held a great Court there: and on the same day that Martin Abbot of Peterborough should have gone thither he sickened, and he died on the 4th of the nones of Jannary. And that day the Monks chose another Abbot from among themselves. He is named William de Waltville, a good clerk, and a good man, and well beloved of the King and of all good people: and they buried the Abbot honourably in the Church, and soon afterwards the Abbot Efect and the Monks went to the King at Oxford, and the King gave him the Ab. bacy, and thus he departed."
41. Enchiridion Romæ: or, Manual of detached Remarks on the Buildings, Pictures, Statues, Inscriptions, &c. of Antient and Modern Rome. By S. Weston, F.R.S. S. A. pp. 183. 12mo Bald. win & Co.
TO the generality of our learned Readers the name of the respectable Author of this Manual is sufficient recommendation; and to the publick in general the book itself cannot fail
of being an acceptable present. Few travellers have visited Rome with mind better calculated to appreciate the value of its rich store of classical remains.
In a brief Introduction Mr. Weston observes, that
"A great change of feature in the face of antient Rome, and no small improvement in its topography, took place in the year 1780, not long after the visit of the Author of this small Manual to the Imperial city, and a considerable time before the French Revolution, and the conquest of Italy by Buonaparte.
"The discovery of the Tomb of the Scipios solved a grammatical problem for the antiquaries, who had contended that a fragment, which it now appears had belonged to this tomb, and had been found in a detached state in the year MDCZY with an inscription to Lucius, son of Barbatus Scipio, was a forgery. The stone was discovered near the Porta Capena; and the advocates for the bad Latin brought Cicero to prove that the tomb of the Scipios must be without the Porta Capena, not recollecting that the Aurelian wall bad brought forward that gate beyond the sepulchre mentioned by the Roman orator. The opinion was by no means general that the inscription was spurious, and it was quoted by Winkelmann and others as genuine. The difference of language between the second Punic War and the time of Cicero, about two hundred years, is as great in the Latin, as from Chaucer to Dryden in the English, which may be seen by inspection.
HONC. OINO. PLÓIRVME. CONSENTIONT, R.
Hunc unum plurimi consentiunt Romæ,
"The remainder of the inscription is in Grævius, tom. iv. p. 1835, Romæ, 1616; and in Mr. Hobhouse on the ruins of Rome, whose Dissertations for their excellence may be placed inter admiranda. Nardini mentions the tomb of Scipio Africanus, and places it, according to Acron the Scholiast on Horace, between the castle St. Angelo and the Vatican."
This volume (which every Englishman who in future visits Rome should carry in his pocket) concludes with a few instructive Notes, for which the Author is indebted to his friend Mr. Holwell Carr.
Contents, and a contemporary List of Princes, at the end of each King's Reign; with an Appendix, containing a slight Sketch of the Political Arrangements of Europe as settled by the Treaty of Paris. And Notes. By Frances Thurtle, Author of Ashford Rectory, &c. 12mo. pp. 307. Hailes,
THIS compendious epitome of the History of France will be found a very useful companion to the juvenile students; and the Chronological Lists are particularly acceptable.
Nearly half the volume is taken up with the important events of the last 40 years, and the whole is thus concluded.
“Euonaparte having formed a conspicuous character in the latter part of these pages, and having appeared upon most occasions in an unfavourable point of view, it will be but justice to take an impartial review of his life, and to point out his principal actions, good as well as bad,
"It has been observed, that there is no character so uniformly bright, as not to possess some dark shades; but while we assent to the general truth of this observation, that charity which hopeth all things,' the distinguishing characteristic of our holy religion, should teach us to believe that there are no hearts so darkly vicious, as not to be illumined by some beams of the light of virtue. To sup. pose Buonaparte an exception to this rule would be illiberal. We are not, however, his apologists: we are but simple narrators of truths and facts, as far as they are attainable; and to posterity (who are the proper judges, as being impartial) we leave the judgment of bis motives. There are, however, certain points in his character which are clear to every one, and upon these we may be permitted, with all due bumility, to comment.
“Buonaparte was extremely indignant at not being allowed to take up his abode in England as a private person. He surely forgot that those who will openly sanction dishonour in others, may be suspected, and that without any great lack of charity, of paying but little regard to honour themselves. The French officers who broke their parole in this country were received by Buonaparte with the greatest kindness and respect. Take as one instance General Le Fevre.
"Buonaparte, like most other conquerors (among the few exceptions, Henry IV. of France, and Prince Eugene *, are
conspicuous), was profuse of human blood; and in many instances wantonly so. death of the Duke d'Enghein will be an eternal blot upon his character, as well as crimes of the former there is not only no that of Toussaint and his family. Of the proof, but what they were pretended to be is scarcely known: he is accused of traitorous designs; but the particulars of these designs are not brought forward. His judges were ignorant to the last moment of him whom they were going to try; the decree of his condemnation was signed by them with trepidation aud dismay; and his grave was ready dug before he arrived at Vincennes; thus affording a complete proof that his trial was but a mockery. Such a proceeding as this admits of no palliation; but must ever be looked upon with abhorrence. Murat was President at this disgraceful trial. Surely when he was afterwards overtaken by the same sort of summary justice, conscience must have forcibly to his recollection. Toussaint's brought the death of the Duke d'Enghien He loved his country too
crime we know.
dearly to sell it to slavery.
"The unbounded licence Buonaparte ever allowed his soldiers upon all occasions, greatly aggravated the miseries of war, and eventually contributed to his own downfall, by arming against him the peaceable inhabitants of those countries he had conquered, who might perhaps have submitted to his sway as willingly as to that of their natural princes, had mercy and justice been his guide. But of the mild virtues of justice and mercy, which so conspicuously adorn the character of Louis XVIII. Buonaparte had but a small share. They are, indeed, virtues of the shade, and in the former had been taught and cultured by the stern rugged nurse,' Adversity.
"His cruelties in Syria, and his departhat country; and bis subsequent and ture from Egypt, sullied his laurels in unfortunate campaign in Russia, where he left the wreck of his army in the greatest distress, and found selfish safety in flight, is a blot on his character as a military man, that cannot be wiped out. The battle of Waterloo winds up the account of his ingratitude to the soldiers of France, who even now forget his faults, and think only of him as the conquering leader who led them on to victory at Jena, Austerlitz, &c. The soldiers at the battle of Waterloo were enthusiastically devoted to him. The wounded, who were conveyed to Brussels, gave astonishing proofs of
"A General officer having pointed out to Prince Eugene a post of considerable importance, which he assured him would not cost him above twelve grenadiers at most. May be so,' replied the Prince; but the lives of twelve grenadiers are much too valuable to be thrown away upon this occasion. Now if it were twelve Generals, indeed, that would be a different matter.'
unshaken a'tachment. One of these brave fellows, after suffering amputation, with the most perfect unconcern, cried, Vive l'Empereur! and expired. Another told the surgeon, who was probing his wounds, to go deeper, and he would find the Emperor. These were the soldiers Buonaparte forsook! and, by forsaking them, gave convincing proof that he was deficient in that true and noble courage which arises with difficulty, and becomes more collected and firm as the hour of danger approaches. His detention of all the English who were in France at the time Lord Whitworth took his departure, previous to the last war, was cruel and wanton. It was not only contrary to all the laws of nations, but even of humanity. His duplicity towards the house of Bourbon, in Spain, is perhaps, less reprehensible; because we cannot help thinking the Royal Family of that country shewed so little respect for themselves and each other, that they had no reason to look for it elsewhere.
"Buonaparte has been often compared to Charlemagne, and in many instances with great reason. There is also one striking resemblance between him and the Emperor Charles V. Charles V. always professed the greatest moderation, and the most pacific intentions, when he was decidedly bent on war. So did Buonaparte: and if the latter employed unfair means to attain his ends, so did the former,
"These, we believe, are the most glaring defects in his character. Of his good deeds, the entire abolition of that dreadful tribunal the Inquisition, stands conspicuous. It has since been restored by Pope Pius VII.; and Ferdinand VII. King of Spain, has allowed it to be again established in bis dominious.
"Napoleon's general toleration of all religions, and the kinduess he shewed the Jews, who are in general much oppressed on the Continent, is another instance that he could sometimes feel as a man should feel. His habits are abstemious; and, it is almost needless to say, his mind and body active. He was also, as Shakspeare says of Wolsey,
<--fair spoken and persuading; Lofty and sour, to them that lov'd him not; But to those men who sought him, sweet
In his way to England, and during his stay at Plymouth, he gained the good wishes of most of those who approached him; and while he had the unreserved privilege of seeing different persons at St. Helena, he made himself many friends. With the English officers, who are his immediate and personal attendants, he is familiar, communicative, and gentlemanly.
"The bustle and ferment in which he
kept the Parisians suited their disposition well. He was like Prester John, always to be sought. The question of Où est l'Empereur,' was as difficult to resolve as to decide on the colour of the Camelion. If one person affirmed, he had seen him at the Palais Elysée a quarter of an hour ago; a second would say, Cela ne peut ; mais je viens de le recontrer à deux ou trois lieues de Paris; while a third would cut the matter short, by saying, Messieurs, vous avez tort, tous les deux. L'Empereur est maintenant avec ses ministres aux Thuilleries.
"He improved Paris wonderfully, and certainly would have made that city the finest in the world. Some parts of it, indeed, as it now is, stands unrivalled. Prince Blucher said, upon seeing London, that there was but one London in the world. Buonaparte wished to make but one Paris. The superiority of the two cities, it is presumed, will never be yielded by the inhabitants of either. To John Bull's broad paved streets, to his small comfortable house, occupied by himself alone, and endeared by that comprehensive word, home, the Frenchman would oppose the splendour of his palaces, the loftiness of his houses, and la totalité de rues.
"The spoils with which Napoleon Buonaparte enriched Paris were matter of great exultation to the Parisians: and when the great work of restoration began, the regrets and murmurs were loud and repeated. The departure of the Venus de Medici caused quite a sensation. Monsieur, elle est partie!' said a Frenchman upon this occasion, without at all indicating who was gone; no one could possibly doubt who was meant by elle.
"Some have exclaimed against this act of restitution as an act of injustice. Conquest and treaties gave these works of art to France, it is said; then, surely, it may be answered, conquest had equal right to reclaim them. The allies took their own; they did not retaliate upon the French people, and rob them of their treasures, though they certainly had the power of so doing, and the same right as the French had, to plunder the nations they had conquered.
"But to return to Buonaparte. He was much beloved by his own family, to whom he was himself strongly attached, at least if we may judge from the profusion with which he scattered crowns and sceptres among theni.
"His Generals were not forgotten by him. Murat he made grand Duke of Berg, afterwards King of Naples. Bernadotte is now King of Sweden. Many of the rest he made Dukes and Peers of France, and loaded them with wealth and honours. By one class of men he is very generally regretted; we mean men of ge
nius and letters, to whom he was a liberal patron.
"His refusing to admit into his army the guard of honour who forsook Monsieur at Lyons, and his sending the cross of the legion of honour to the only soldier who remained faithful to his master, is a proof that he can duly appreciate acts of truth and loyalty even in an enemy.
"This extraordinary personage, who rose gradually from the middling ranks of life to be monarch of an empire, not far inferior to that of Charlemagne, suddenly fell from this immense height, not merely to be a private individual, with the title of General Buonaparte; but to be a prisoner on a lonesome rock, which forms but a speck in the vast expanse of
the world of waters. Such is the uncer
tainty and vanity of all human great
43. Tales and Historic Scenes in Verse.
By Felicia Hemans, Author of the " Re-
WE have often been led to reflect, what difference, if any, the female character, as distinguished from the male, tends to introduce into poetry. Favouritism, the usual distinction in the conduct of life, does not operate in this abstract pursuit, nor that sublime and noble indifference to self, which characterizes the maternal and conjugal character of the best and most valuable donation of Deity, the lovely companions of our pleasures, and the sincere participators of our sorrows. By their admiration of heroic qualities they strongly support bravery by their meekness and patience under pain they hold out a bright example of philosophy, which far exceeds that of the boasted lords of the creation, by their sensitive delicacy they banish rudeness from 90ciety by their taste they clothe it with grace, and by their sentiment they introduce soul and feelings into persons who would otherwise be often only animated counting-houses, or wine-casks, absorbed in mere calculations or gross pleasures. Of these several qualities of admiration, of bravery, meekness under pain, deli cacy, taste, and sentiment, we may therefore suppose their works chiefly to consist; and accordingly we expect to find the Corinthian, rather than the Doric order in their poetry. In the qualities mentioned the poetry of this fair Authoress abounds.
From her command of language, she is precise and energetic, and from her close inspection of nature, impressive in her ideas. Numerous lines fix the brilliant gaseous flame of the epic or the ode, and the softness of the lunar beam appears in the pathetic: We see no dull November morning verses-all is steady summer lustre.
We shall select one specimen from the Wife of Asdrubal. At the downfall of Carthage, that mean-spirited General solicited mercy, by privately retiring from the scene of misery to the tent of the conqueror. His highsouled wife flew to the roof of the
burning temple, arrayed in her best
threw them and herself into the
The flames are gathering round-intensely
Full on her features glares their meteor-
Flush'd is her cheek, inspired her haughty
She seems th' avenging goddess of the scene." p. 194.
It is a certain denotation of the grandeur of this poetical picture, that it reminds us of Mrs. Siddons in her loftiest scenes. The ideas of the verses in italicks are exceedingly fine.
The idea in the following address to her husband is of the happiest kind.
"Scorn'd and dishonour'd live with
blasted name, The Roman's triumph not to grace but shame.
The dirge in p. 139, is sweet and beautiful, and we deeply regret, that our scanty limits allow us only to exhibit a small part of so much rich scenery by the momentary light of a hurrying meteor.
We take the liberty of offering a friendly hint to this lady, and to other poetical writers. It is, to select their stories from subjects which do not depend upon the simple catastrophe, but are accompanied with various interesting incident. The result of such a choice inevitably insures the Author. The mind is utterly absorbed in the event, and the poetry is disregarded, because it is not possible to equal, or rather to rise up to in language the grand overpowering sensation. Besides there appears to us an error of judgment in such selection. The spectator at an execu. tion, or standing by a death-bed, sympathizes with every emotion of the sufferer, but a picture of these events excites no such interest, only a feeble gloomy impression.
44. The Theory of Elocution, exhibited in connexion with a new and philosophical Account of the mature of instituted Language. By B. H. Smart, Professor of Elocution and Public Reader of Shakspeare. Svo. pp. 149. Richardson, &c. MR. SMART is a Professor of the Art of Reading, and we most cordially wish him, as apparently an able man, who has well studied his subject, the utmost possible number of pupils. But friends as we are to simplicity, we do not think that they are likely to be increased, by annexing to the study of Elocution, a waggon load of unintelligible and uninte resting metaphysical jargon about the nature of instituted language, and a wheelbarrow burden of technical musical scores.
Mr. Smart, p. 77, "The mechanical tones [of a school-boy] gave the learner some trouble, but were he obliged to read according to the meaning, he must make himself acquainted with it." This remark is judicious; and we think that the comprehension of the passage and proper disposition of the accents is every thing practicable, which can be required by the teacher, if he means to have numerous pupils. There is a rage in the present day among the Professors of Elocution, to aunex the utmost possible quantity of artificial machinery, but things in common use cau never be kept in order, but by simplicity of construction. We do not hire masters to know what they are able to do, no more than we pay a
French cook to see what dishes he is able to make, but to be instructed ourselves, and have a luxurious dinner. Let the pupils read sentences, and the master mark the accents. Prac tice and oral instruction will soon complete the rest. Do players study technical arts of reading? Cannot people take souff without having a musical box? or read well without wasting time in useless drudgery?
45. Rosamond, Memory's Musings, and other Poems By William Procter. 800. pp. 145. Hookham.
MR. PROCTER, like many other young poets, took it into his head to fall in love with a girl, who afterwards preferred another, as girls frequently do, till they reach a certain age, when they do not venture to speculate any longer.
Mr. Procter very judiciously observes, of one of these pratling, spin
No-pity dwells not in the heart which cold caprice despoileth. No-sorrow saddeus not the cheek on all alike that smileth."
No philosopher could have given a more just definition of the horrible unfeelingness of a capricious temper, not directed by good sense and judgment, a fault, we fear, too common from educational inattention to mind and principle, and through which the lives of husbands, relatives, and servants, are perpetually teazed with annoying petty miseries; for who can know how to conform themselves to persons who have no fixed metre of thinking or conduct. We think it a lucky thing, that this girl cut him, because he appears to be an amiable man, and a man of taste and sentiments, who sins in poetry, like varions idle young men, with very fair pretensions to indulge in such a flattering mode of humouring females, who, by no means deserve it, at least not his capricious pet: but falling in love, and falling in battle, are' common incidents with gallant young men: and, as Fielding says, a challenge to love and to fight is always to be accepted, let the consequences end how they may. We should prefer wives all soul and no self; and should certainly pay due attention to prudence, steady character, and an assurance, that a woman loved us, before we commenced particular attentions.