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The memorial stated, that she was the widow of an officer, left with twelve children. The Queen directed the strictest inquiries to be made into the character of the appli-private as possible, consistent with the exalted rank of the illustrious personage: but as the Queen of England cannot be buried privately, under any circumstances, so much of the solemn pomp only will be dispensed with as has been practised on former occasions. The remains of her late Majesty will lie in state in Kew Palace; but owing to the small and contracted state of the building (which in fact was only an outbuilding of the ancient Palace, and which was called the Prince of Wales' House, the Prince Regent having been brought up in it), there cannot possibly be an admission of the public at large; but admissions will be by tickets. In order to make the ne commanded the attendance of the Surveyor cessary preparations, the Prince Regent General at Kew Palace, together with Mr. Mash, Mr. Banting, and others, when the large dining-room or hall, as it was called by the King, and the small sitting room House is formed after the German Chapi adjoining it, were deemed the best calcu

In addition to the numerous charities to which her late Majesty subscribed, none was more conspicuous (though not general ly known) than the Institution formed at Bailbrook Lodge, contiguous to Bath. The Queen was the immediate patroness of this establishment, and not only contributed very largely towards its support, but displayed great anxiety concerning its future welfare. The Institution at Bailbrook

tres, and other Protestant establishments on the Continent. It offers a desirable residence to ladies of respectable character, whose birth places them in the rank of gentlewomen; and the plan is so arranged as to suit the circumstances of those whose in

lated for the purpose; and in consequence, the whole of the furniture was removed out of those rooms to the new building, erected

by command of the King before his last

come is very moderate; at the same time it offers accommodation to others, who, by residing in the establishment, contribute largely towards its support; but this circumstance occasioned 'no apparent inequality among the inmates, for all are, in fact, equally independent of pecuniary obligation either to the public, or to each other. The society live together as one family: but

attack. The part of the dining-room or hall deemed best calculated for the remains of her late Majesty lying in state, was a recess, in which was an organ, a great favourite of the King's, but which has, for this occasion, been taken to pieces with all its complicated mechanism, and which was also removed to the new building. When we say the organ was a favourite of the

none are admitted who are averse to a re

King's, we wish to avoid being misunderstood that he played on it, as he neither played on that instrument, pianoforte, or harpsichord, although so many ridiculous stories have been published about his performances on these instruments.

tired life, or who are unwilling to lend their aid in promoting works of charity and benevolence. It is principally intended for the reception of the widows and daughters of clergymen, and of officers in the army and navy. It is entirely under the auspices of ladies of the highest rank, and a fund of several thousands has been already secured, and placed out at interest. Her Majesty, when last at Bath, paid great attention to the above institution, minutely inspected every part of Bailbrook House, and expressed herself very anxiously, that

cant; and the result proving satisfactory, her Majesty took the whole of the children from the mother, and sent them to school. Some time after, learning that the widow had again become a wife, her Majesty sent back all the children. It is necessary to add, this object of royal bounty had married a person in opulent circumstances. How far the husband was pleased we leave our readers to conjecture.

there were not more establishments formed of the same kind in England.

The funeral of her Majesty is to be as

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FRENCH LITERATURE.

History of Jane d'Albret, Queen of Navarre. By Mademoiselle Vauvilliers. Three Volumes 8vo. Paris.

NEVER did a finer subject present itself to the pen of an historian; France and Navarre, the Catholic and the reformed religion, two different modes of worship,

and two different courts; Medicis reigning taught this son to labour and to suffer, in France, but submitting to the Guises, in wishing, as she constantly said, to let him whom audacity held the place of genius, see what it was; and to render him caand who, during a whole century, had pable of feeling for those whose lot is toil sought to obtain a throne as a reward for and sorrow. Nothing was indicated to their crimes. The violence of party by Henry that he would one day be a King; turns repressed by the virtues of Jane, and and as he was subject to all the evils atby turns excited by the perfidy of Medi-tendant on mortality, every thing told him he was but a man. Thus Jane d'Albret called in virtue to comfort her son, as Catherine made use of debauchery in the education of her offspring. These two Queens received the reward of those prin. ciples they had inculcated; the one was Charles IX. the other Henry IV.!

cis; the awful policy of Rome, and the treacheries of Spain; all these vices moving on at the same time to gain popularity, and at length losing themselves amidst the general mass; Catherine de Medicis sought to become the mistress of all her wishes by flattering every passion of mankind. But what pencil is able to produce a perfect picture of this dissolute court? Where every one tendered his service only to elevate himself, and who, when elevated, only became rapacious, ostentatious, and oppressive! There was no repose, no state of tranquillity, no such thing as neutrality. Medicis seemed to hold the reins of government only to divide interests, to irritate the passions, pervert the mind, and corrupt youth by debauchery. She was seen at her table surrounded by the first nobles of her kingdom, who were waited on by young girls hardly covered by the transparent drapery they wore; and Jane d'Albret, writing to her son, says: "Here it is not the men who solicit the women, but young girls are seen making the first advances. Were you here you could only escape contagion by the peculiar favour and grace of God."

The court of the virtuous Queen of Navarre offered a very different spectacle! It was, indeed, another world, for in it were other kind of hearts, other manners, or rather, it was governed by a Queen totally different: at her court, in all the simplicity of ancient times, Jane d'Albret seemed only to reign as the protectress of morals, and to make herself adored by the virtues which she cherished. The purity of her own mind seemed to influence all who surrounded her; as a wife she was exemplary for her chastity, and as she had long before obtained the title of an excellent daughter, so was she a model for every mother. She was incessantly occupied by two ideas the happiness of her people and the education of her son: her maternal tenderness

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The picture of these two courts, and these two opposite educations are sufficient to give an idea of the important and dif ficult task that Mademoiselle Vauvilliers has undertaken to fulfil. She has found that to paint Jane d'Albret such as she really was, she must trace out the whole history of her time; but whatever talent may be displayed in the work, she has not been able to get over the chief difficultythat which the abundance of incidents presents, though they form the whole richness of the subject. Her frequent excursions to the courts of Spain and of Rome, the multitude of facts, the mutilated episodes, which she introduces in her recital, give embarrassment and confusion to the main action, and cause the reader sometimes to lose sight of it.

To this cursory observation we cannot forbear adding one of yet higher import ance; which is, that the fair author is, by* no means, exempt from partiality and prejudice; and though she endeavours to be just, a kind of party spirit breaks througli, and she yields to the temptation of con cealing every foible of her heroine.

Antoine de Bourbon, dissatisfied with the court of France, which refused him the honours due to his exalted rank, was de sirous of putting himself at the head of the Protestants, hoping to obtain in them a powerful support. How did Jane act on this occasion? She opposed herself with all her might against the political views of her husband; for, to use the words of Brantome, "She took no pleasure in this new-fangled religion; and I hold it from good authority that she remonstrated with

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the King, telling him plainly that she would not ruin herself, nor see their wealth confiscated."-She did more, for she protected the Catholics and only tolerated the Protestants. Such a conduct seems to be the result of a righteous and blameless conscience. Mademoiselle Vauvilliers sees in it only an abominable artifice, and a shameful hypocrisy that she seeks in vain to palliate." This conduct," she remarks, "was more the result of sound policy than conviction."-Thus to penetrate into the secret workings of conscience, is to be acquainted with the inmost thoughts of another; and historians do not profess themselves, in general, quite so knowing. But we ask, if Jane was a Protestant in her heart, as Mademoiselle Vauvilliers often repeats, when could she have found a finer opportunity of declaring her real sentiments? In case that she was attached to the reformed religion, it was her interest at that time to have declared it, and that resolution maintained with firmness, might have averted many evils.. Antoine, protector of a worship which affected much strictness, would have found himself obliged to ennoble his passions and regulate his manners; remaining in his own dominions, surrounded by the Colignies and the immortal Condé, he would have compelled France to issue edicts of toleration in favour of the new worship, in spite of the Guises, Rome, and Spain. Jane would have kept her weak-minded husband from the seductions of Catherine's court; she would have made him to be respected by his enemies, and mistress of his heart, she would have become that of his will: but the Queen of Navarre was a Catholic, and she fancied herself obliged to observe a conduct totally different. She sent her husband to the court of Medicis, she gave him up to all the dangers of temptation, and too soon she found that she had a rival. Antoine forgot his conjugal duties, he forgot those of a King and a father; he changed his religion, and it was only then that Jane, led astray by hatred, jealousy, and vengeance, embraced the persuasion that Antoine had just abjured, and protected the reformed religion which she had before condemned. She not only assembled together the malcontents, but she excited their zeal, encouraged their audacity, and

supported herself by foreign powers. At length, after having pawned her jewels, she had recourse to the wealth of the clergy, which she sold in order to kindle that terrible war which covered France with desolation and ruin. These are facts: Mademoiselle Vauvilliers relates them with a very honourable impartiality, and we cannot see how two actions so opposite to each other can be at all praiseworthy. For ourselves, we can only find in this sudden change of opinion adopted by Jane, the mere result of vengeance and despair, and that a fatal weakness of mind prevented her seeing the terrible consequences that must ensue. She could not imagine, however, that in declaring herself the protectress of the Protestants, and in exciting their audacity, she, most likely, inspired the court of Medicis with the first idea of revenging its party by assassinations; that she instigated the horrible massacre of St. Bartholomew, and armed those hands that were destined to pierce the heart of Henry IV. Thus the best of mothers prepared, unconsciously, the violent death of her son. If we coudemu the ideas of Mademoiselle Vauvilliers, when she wishes to conceal the guilty weakness of Jane, we entirely coincide with her sentiments when she paiuts her as a tender mother solely occupied with the education of her son. Every one will acknowledge that this education was such as seemed to have inspired J. J. Rousseau with the plan in his first book of Emilius. Like the ilius of Rousseau, Henry always went barefooted. His food was of the plainest kind, aud coarse: he climbed rugged mountains and trees, and became the cotemporary of his young companions, who were the poorest children in Béarn. What was very remarkable, the young Prince, endowed with the most happy disposition, was so far from obtaining vulgar manners by this, his early mode of education, that he seemed daily to increase in politeness and elegance. The artlessness of his repartees, his easy and unembarrassed air, ¡his lively, open, and noble physiognomy, drew all hearts towards him; it was sufficient only to see him to love him. A courtier of that time writes of him as follows:-"His face is finely formed; his eyes are mild, his complexion brown, and his skin smooth; but all these qualifica

tions are animated by so striking a vivacity that speaks no common mind. If he is not a favourite with the ladies it will be a

pity."-This prediction was but in part verified; for by the fatality of his stars, this great King and amiable man, he who deserved to be loved for himself alone, had never the happiness of finding one female who was faithful to him, if we except his second wife, Mary de Medicis.

We are sorry that our limits will not allow us to cite a few passages so replete with elegance, wherein Mademoiselle Vauvilliers describes the mother with her son: one struck us as peculiarly charming, it is that where Jane d'Albret presents Sully to the young Henry. The whole work is indeed rendered interesting, by the most pleasing details of the infancy, education, and early youth of the good King. She has known how to give an air of novelty to a subject which seemed quite worn out, but which, in this part of her work, may bid defiance to all criticism; and the whole style wants neither ease nor correctness.

BIRTHS.

At Pershore, on her road to London, Lady || Lucy Clive, consort of Lord Clive, of a son and heir.

MARRIED.

At St. George's Church, Lieutenant-Colonel Sir William Gomm, of the Coldstream Guards,

to Sophia, daughter of G. Penn, Esq. of Hert

ford-street, May-fair,

At her house, in Langham-place, the lady of Sir J. Langham, Bart. of a daughter.

In Wimpole-street, the lady of the Hon. J. T. || Leslie Melville, of a son.

At St. Mary's, Islington, by the Rev. Mr. Rose, John Worge, Esq. of Euston-street, Eustonsquare, to Miss Bucknall, daughter of Mr. John Bucknall, of Dalby-terrace, Islington.

DIED.

At his father's seat, at Mount-Edgecumbe, the Right Hon. William Richard, Viscount Valletort, in his 24th year.

Lately, at Neuviller, near Saverne, in Alsace, Marshal Clarke, Duke of Feltre. He was the descendant of an ancient Irish family, but was born at Landrecy on the 17th of October, 1765.

At East Cowes Castle, the seat of John Nash, Esq. the lady of Sir S. Romilly. She had borne a long and painful illness with exemplary patience and resignation.

At his house, in Russell-square, Sir Samuel Romilly, Knt.

WORKS IN THE PRESS.

Abelard and Heloisa, a new and origi nal didactic Poem, containing a familiar history of the lives, loves, and misfortunes of that matchless pair, who flourished in the twelfth century. By Robert Rabelais, the younger.

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A work, designed as a proper companion to the Comfort of Old Age, is now in the press, called The Enjoyments of Youth.

In December will be published Maternal Conversations, by Madame Dufresnoy; and Family Suppers, or Evening Tales, for young people, by Madame Delafaye.

At Montreal, C. Morrison, wife of Mr. John

Angela, a Poem, in four Cantos, by J. H. Hall. She complained of slight indisposition, Church. and fell into a state of lethargy, from which every attempt to rouse her proved ineffectual, having slept for the space of thirteen days.

Lately, in the 68th year of his age, Baron Ad. erbeth, member of several academies, and known by his translations of Virgil and Horace, and several other works considered classical in Sweden.

Lately, at Oporto, at a very advanced age, Donna Anna Correa E. Lancastro, a lady who will be remembered with gratitude and respect by most of the British officers who had occasion to visit the northern part of the kingdom of Portugal, for her partiality to the English nation, and her elegant attentions, as far as her fortune permitted.

At his house, at Lambeth, after a few hours' illness, Samuel Goodbehere, Esq. Alderman of London.

Lately, Cardinal Cambaceres. He was born and was consecrated Archbishop of Rouen by the at Montpellier, on the 11th of September, 1756; Cardinal Legate on the 11th of April, 1802, and installed the 23d of May following.

At Minto-house, in the county of Roxburgh, the Right Hon. W. Elliott, of Wells, M. P.

Lately, at Strachur, Argyleshire, Dr. I. Campbell. On the morning of the day on which he died, he enjoyed excellent health, and had eaten a hearty breakfast.

Lately, Mrs. E. Evans, aged 75, many years housekeeper to his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, at Carlton-house.

London: Printed by and for JOHN BELL, Proprietor of this MAGAZINE, and of the WEEKLY MESSENGER, No. 104, Drury-lane.

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