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attached to the continental army. Two of the younger Inmans, therefore, were compelled to remain at home with their aged parents. Two of those who went forth, Elijah and Israel, went to return no more — both having been slain. “Two escaped without injury; and the fifth, hotly pursued, plunged into the river, overheated with exertion, and hid himself under the willows. He might as well have fallen in the fight; for a cold settled upon his lungs, and carried him in a few weeks to his grave."* Of the two brothers who escaped, one, Richard, had the satisfaction of saving the life of his neighbour, Rufus Bennett, from the tomahawk of a stalwart Indian, when in the act of leaping upon him. Bennett and the Indian had both fired without effect, and the latter, with his uplifted tomahawk flashing in the air, was in the act of springing upon him, when the rifle of Richard Inman brought him with a convulsive bound dead within a few feet of his intended victim. But the tale of sorrow in this patriotic family is not yet ended. In common with the other surviving inhabitants of the valley, the parents with their remaining sons escaped to the Delaware. With others, however, toward winter, they returned for the purpose of sowing their fields with wheat. Soon after the season of snows had set in, one of the young men, Isaac, aged nineteen, imagining that he heard the rustling of a flock of wild turkeys in a neighbouring forest, sallied forth with his fowling-piece to bring some of them in — not anticipating that danger was lurking so near. He had not been long in the forest before the discharge of a musket was heard, and the family were shortly expecting his return, laden with the prize of his skill. He came not. A sleepless night was passed, but there was no return. The hearts of his fond parents sank within them at the tidings that the trail of an Indian scouting party had been discovered in the neighbourhood. Still hope ever whispered the flattering tale that their young and promising son, - for he was indeed a youth of uncommon grace and beauty,– had been taken a captive, and would perhaps find his way back in the spring. But, alas ! the spring came, and the dissolving snow revealed a sadder tale. The body of the youth was found in the edge of a little creek passing through the farm. He had been shot, and an Indian's war-club lay by his side. His body was cruelly mangled and his light silken hair was yet stained with blood, drawn by the hatchet and scalping-knife.*
* Hazleton Travellers.
“Death found strange beauty on his manly brow,
And dashed it out." Thus perished four of this devoted family in the course of that memorable year.t
The name of Colonel John Jenkins has more
* Hazleton Travellers.
| One of the survivors of these melancholy scenes, Colonel Edward Inman, a man of wealth and character, yet, (1839,) resides in the valley, a few miles below Wilkesbarré.
than once occurred in the preceding pages. This gentleman was an early emigrant to the valley, and presided at the meeting of the inhabitants in the beginning of the revolutionary troubles, when the patriotic resolutions mentioned in a former chapter, in opposition to the unconstitutional acts of Parliament, were adopted. The old gentleman was an active patriot until after the massacre, when he removed to Orange county in the State of New-York; closing there an honourable and well-spent life. He had a son, Lieutenant John Jenkins, no less a patriot than himself, who had been married shortly previous to the massacre, and who did the cause good service. He was taken prisoner by a band of Indians, while on a reconnoitring party, near Wyalusing, several miles above Wyoming, in November, 1777, and carried to Niagara. It happened that, at the same time, the Americans held captive at Albany a distinguished Indian warrior, for whom Colonel John Butler determined to exchange Mr. Jenkins. For this purpose he sent the latter to the American lines, under a strong escort of Indians. But the party was short of provisions, and from the fatigues of the march, and other privations, Mr. Jenkins almost perished. Nay, he came near being murdered in one of the drunken carousals of the Indians, and was only saved by the fidelity of a young warrior, whom he had succeeded in securing as his friend. This faithful savage kept himself perfectly sober, in order to the more effectual preservation of the life of his prisoner.
On the arrival of the party in the neighbourhood of Albany, it was ascertained that the chief for whom Jenkins was to be exchanged had died of the small pox. The Indians, greatly incensed at this loss of a favorite warrior, were resolved upon taking Jenkins back with them into captivity, and Jenkins himself believed it was their intention to murder him as soon as they should have withdrawn beyond striking distance from Albany. His release, however, was ultimately negotiated, and he made his way back to Wyoming, to the company of his friends, and to the embrace of his young wife, whom he had recently married.
During the latter years of the war, Lieutenant Jenkins was in the habit of keeping a diary, or record of current events in the valley. From this diary a few extracts have been made, which show how constantly the settlers were harassed by the subtle and ever-active enemy with whom they were obliged to contend:
6 January 11th, 1780. A party of men set out to go through the swamp, (across the Pokono range) on snow-shoes, the snow about three feet deep.
“Feb. 2d.— Two soldiers went to Capowes, and froze themselves badly.
“Feb. 7th. - Colonel Butler set out for NewEngland.
“ March 27th. — Bennett and son, and Hammond taken and carried off — supposed to be done by the Indians. The same day Upson killed and
scalped near William Stewart's house, and young Rogers taken.
“ March 281h. – Several scouting parties sent out, but made no discoveries of the enemy.
6 March 29th.-Esquire Franklin went to Huntington on a scout, and was attacked by the Indians, at or near his own house, and two of his party murdered — Ransom and Parker.
6 March 30th. — Mrs. Pike came in this day, and informed that she and her husband were in the woods making sugar, and were surrounded by a party of about thirty Indians, who had several prisoners with them, and two horses. They took her husband and carried him off with them, and painted her and sent her in. They killed the horses before they left the cabin where she was. One of the prisoners told her that the Indians had killed three or four men at Fishing Creek.
“ Captain Spalding set out for Philadelphia this morning, &c. This day the Indians took Jones, Avery, and Lyon, at Cooper's.
" April 4th. — Pike, and two men from Fishing Creek, and two boys that were taken by the Indians, made their escape by rising on their guard of ten Indians — killed three — and the rest took 10 the woods naked, and left the prisoners with twelve guns and about thirty blankets, &c. These the prisoners got safe to the fort.
"May 17th. – Sergeant Baldwin went to Lackawana, and found a man which ran away from the Indians, and brought him in. He in