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ng their wills, (1) so as they (although in themselves dead in sin) are hereby made willing and able, freely to answer his call, and to accept and embrace the grace offered and conveyed therein. (2)
Q. 68. Are the elect only effectually called ?
A. All the elect, and they only, are effectually called; (3) although others may be, and often are outwardly called by the ministry of the word, (4) and have some common operations of the Spirit, (5) who, for their wilful neglect and contempt of the grace offered to them, being justly left in their unbelief, do never truly come to Jesus Christ. (6)
them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.
(1) Ezek. xi. 19.-And I will put a new spirit within you: and I will take the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them a heart of flesh. Ezek. xxxvi. 26, 27.
(2) John vi. 45.-And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me. Phil. ii. 13. For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure. Deut. xxx. 6. Eph. ii. 5.
(3) Acts xiii. 48.–And as many as were ordained to eternal life, believed.
(4) Matt. xxii. 14. For many are called, but few are chosen.
(5) Matt. xiii. 20, 21. But he that received the seeds into stony places, the same is he that heareth the word yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth for awhile; for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, by and by he is offended. Heb. vi. 4, 5, 6.
(6) Ps. lxxxi. 11, 12. But my people would no:
Q. 69. What is the communion in grace, which the members of the invisible church have with Christ?
A. The communion in grace, which the members of the invisible church have with Christ, is their partaking of the virtue of his mediation, in their justification, (1) adoption, (2) sanctification, and whatever else in this life manifests their union with him. (3)
Q. 70. What is justification?
A. Justification is an act of God's free grace unto sinners, (4) in which he pardoneth all hearken to my voice; and Israel would none of me. So I gave them up unto their own hearts' lust; and they walked in their own counsels. John xii, 38, 39, 40. That the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake, Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed ? Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again, He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart; and be converted, and I should heal them. Acts xxviii. 25, 26, 27. John vi. 64, 65. Prov. i. 24 to 32. Ps. xcv. 9 to the end.
(1) Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom he did predestinate, them he also called ; and whom he called, them he also justified; and whom he justified, them he also glorified.
(2) Eph. i 5. Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself.
(3) 1 Co. i. 30. But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption.
(4) Rom. iii. 22, 24, 25. Even the righteousness of God, which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all, and upon all them that believe; for there is no difference:-being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, &c. Rom. iv. 5.
CATECHISM. 215 their sin, accepteth and accounteth their persons righteous in his sight;(1) not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them, (2) but only for the perfect obedience and full satisfaction of Christ, by God imputed to them, (3) and received by faith alone. (4)
Q. 71. How is justification an act of God's free grace?
A. Although Christ by his obedience and death, did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to God's justice in the behalf of them
(1) 2 Cor. v. 19, 21. To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them.-For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. Rom. iii. 22, 24, 25. Even the righteousness of God, which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all, and upon all them that believe, &c.
(2) Eph. i. 6, 7.-Wherein he hath made us accepted in thé Beloved : in whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace. Rom. iii. 28. Therefore we conclude, that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.
(3) Rom. iii. 24, 25. Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus : whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation, through faith in his blood. Rom. v. 17, 18, 19.-Much more they which receive abundance of grace, and of the gift of righteousness, shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ. -So by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. Rom. iv. 6, 7, 8. Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works, &c.
(4) Rom. v. 1. Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God. Acts x. 43. To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins. Gal. ii. 16. Phil. iii. 9. Rom. iji. 25, 26.
that are justified: (1) yet inasmuch as God accepteth the satisfaction from a surety, which he might have demanded of them; and did provide this surety, his only Son, (2) imputing his righteousness to them, (3) and requiring nothing of them for their justification but faith, (4) which also is his gift, (5) their justification is to them of free grace. (6)
(1) Matt. xx. 28. Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom (or price of redemption) for many. 1 Tim. ii. 6. 1 Pet. i. 18, 19. Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold,—but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot. Rom. v. 8, 9, 10.-While we were yet sinners, Christ died for us, &c.
(2) Dan. ix. 24, 26. Isa. liii. 6, 10, 11, 12.-And the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.-Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand. He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied. Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many. Heb. vii, 22. By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament. Rom. viii. 32. He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?
(3) 2 Cor. v. 21.- That we might be made the righteousness of God in him. Rom. iv. 11. 1 Cor. i. 30.
(4) Rom. iii. 24, 25.--Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation, through faith in his blood. Acts xvi. 31.
(5) Eph. ii. 8. For by grace are ye saved, through faith; and that not of yourselves : it is the gift of God.
(6) Eph. i. 7. In whom we have redemption through
Q. 72. What is justifying faith?
A. Justifying faith is a saving grace, (1) wrought in the heart of a sinner, by the Spirit (2) and word of God; (3) whereby he, being convinced of his sin and misery, and of the disability in himself and all other creatures to recover him out of his lost condition, (4) not only assenteth to the truth of the promise of the gospel, (5) but receiveth and resteth upon Christ and his righteousness therein held forth, for pardon of sin, (6) and for the accepting and accounting of his person righteous in the sight of God for salvation. (7)
his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches
of his grace.
(1) Heb. x. 39. But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition ; but of them that believe to the saving of the soul.
(2) 2 Cor. iv, 13. We having the same spirit of faith. Eph. i. 17, 18, 19. That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him, &c.
(3) Rom. x. 14, 17.-So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. Rom. i. 16.
(4) John xvi. 8, 9. And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: of sin, because they believė not on me. Acts xvi. 30.—Sirs, what must I do to be saved ? Acts ii. 37. Eph. ii. 1. Acts iv. 12. Rom. vii. 9.
(5) Eph. i. 13. In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation.
(6) Acts x. 43. To him give all the prophets witness, that, through his name, whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins. Acts xvi. 31. John i. 12.
(7) Phil. iii. 9. And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness