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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

172

192

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.

Columbia University:

Page. The New Library......

168 The Library (first floor).....

172
The Library (third floor)..
University Hall ..
Plan of the New Site.

190 Scbe merkorn Hall ........

View from Barnard Hall. ...
Hamilton College:
Kirkland Cottage.........

230 Hamilton Oneida Academy ........

230 Lobart College Hobart College. .........

244 Gymnasium, Observatory, and Library .......

246 New York University: Old University, Washington square, 1831-1894.....

254 Law School Library, Washington square...

264 New University, Washington square, law and pedagogy ......

268 Library, University Heights.

274 Hall of Languages, University Heights. .

276 Colgate University: East and West Colleges....

278 Library .................

282 Library, grand staircase. ..

284 Chemical Laboratory ....... University of Rochester: Anderson Hall..

288 Reynolds Memorial Laboratory.. ... St. Lawrence University: College Hall.

304 Interior of Library.

304 Cornell University: Campus, looking north .......

318 Sage College. Women's Dormitory

858 Lincoln Hall, civil engineering and architecture... Franklin Hall, physics

374 Morse Hall, chemistry ..

376 Sibley College, mechanical and electrical engineering and mechanic arts. 380 President White Library of History and Political Science... ..

382 Armory and Gymnasium.

394 Sage Chapel and Memorial Chapel ..

402 University Library Reading Room of University Library. ...

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284

294

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438 442

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Elmira College:

Elmira College and the college grounds.................

Observatory Hall and Phi Mu Parlor.
Vassar College:

Main Building and Thompson Library.
The Lake.....
Strong Hall..
Observatory.....
Museum......
Alumnæ Gymnasium.......

Laboratory, physics and chemistry ....
Teachers' College:

Main Building and Mechanic Arts Building .....
In the library and a sewing lesson....

Wood carving ..........
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute:

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute .....
Main Buiding...
Chemical Laboratory.......
Astronomical Observatory

Gymnasium ...
Location of institutions. Map.....

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PREFACE.

This report is not designed as a "omplete, detailed history of education in New York State, for that would have made the work excessively voluminous. The aim is rather to point out the most important features of the educational development of the State and upon these to lay the larger emphasis. Accordingly the primary-school system has been for the most part excluded from consideration, an exclusion easy of accomplishment owing to the earlier establishment in New York of the administrative system of higher education and to the fact that the "common-school” system, when established, was placed under a separate administrative control.

The peculiar dual administration of education in New York is one of its distinctive characteristics. The historic “l'niversity of the State of New York” was founded in 1781, immediately upon the achievement of independence from Great Britain. It was in reality the State bureau of education, although in form a private corporation. While it was thus an administrative arm of the State government, it included at the same time within its corporate existence all the chartered teaching institutions of the State of academic and collegiate grade.

The common-school system of New York was put on a permanent basis by the establishment of the State department of public instruction in 1854. This, however, was not the beginning of a system of primary schools, but rather the culmination of a long historie progress, having its origin in the order of the States-General of Tolland in 1621, that a tax should be laid upon the inhabitants and householders of New Netherland for the support of a school. The development of the system from this germ until the final adoption in 1867 of the principle of schools absolutely free to all and supported by general taxation is outlined in an admirable address delivered before the New York State Teachers' Association in 1890 by Dr. Andrew S. Draper, then superintendent of public instruction in the State of New York.' The influence of the English colonial administration was toward ecclesiastical control of education and unfavorable to the promotion of popular primary schools.

A new current toward State control and popular education came

See appendix where this address is reprinted.

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