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Than we, who lie, or sit, or walk, below, When the great Hebrew king did almost strain And should by right be singers too.
The wondrous treasures of his wealth and braia, What prince's choir of music can excel
His royal southern guest to entertain; That, which within this shade does dwell ? Though she on silver floors did tread, To which we nothing pay or give;
With bright Assyrian carpets on them spread, They, like all other poets, live
To hide the metal's poverty; Without reward, or thanks for their obliging Though she look'd up to roofs of gold, pains:
And rought around her could behold 'Tis well if they become not prey :
But silk and rich embroidery,
Though Opbir's starry stones met every where. But to our plants, art's music too,
her eye; The pipe, theorbo, and guittar, we owe; Though she berself and her gay host were drest The lute itself, which once was green and mute, With all the shining glories of the East ;
When Orpheus strook th' inspired lute, When lavish Art her costly work had done, The trees danc'd round, and understood The honour and the prize of bravery By sympathy the voice of wood.
Was by the garden from the palace won;
And every rose and lily there did stand These are the spells, that to kind sleep invite,
Better attir'd by Nature's hand 7. And nothing does within resistance make, The case thus judg'd against the king we see, Which yet we moderately take;
By one, that would not be so rich, though wiser Who would not choose to be awake,
far than he. While he 's encompast round with such delight, To th' ear, the nose, the touch, the taste, and Nor does this happy place only dispense sight!
Such various pleasures to the sense ; When Venus would her dear Ascanius keep
Here health itself does live, A prisoner in the downy bands of sleep,
That salt of life, which does to all a relish give, She odorous herbs and flowers beneath him Its standing pleasure, and intrinsic wealth, spread,
The body's virtue, and the soul's good-fortune, As the most soft and sweetest bed; [head.
health. Not her own lap would more have charm'd his The tree of life, when it in Eden stood, Who, that has reason, and his smell,
Did its immortal head to Heaven rear; Would not among roses and jasmine dwell, It lasted a tall cedar, till the flood; Rather than all his spirits choak
Now a small thorny shruß it does appears
Nor will it thrive too every where :
'Tis only here an ever-green. The earth itself breathes better perfumes here, If, through the strong and beauteous fence Than all the female men, or women, there,
Of temperance and innocence, Not without cause, about them bear.
And wholesome labours, and a quiet mind,
Any diseases passage find, When Epicurus to the world had taught,
They must not think here to assail That pleasure was the chiefest good, A land unarmed or without a guard ; (And was, perhaps, i'th' right, if rightly under- They must fight for it, and dispute it hard,
His life he to his doctrine brought, [stood) Before they can prevail: And in a garden 's shade that sovereign pleasure Scarce any plant is growing here, sought:
Which against death some weapon does not Whoever a true epicure would be,
bear. May there find cheap and virtuous luxury.
Let cities boast, that they provide Vitellius's table, which did hold
For life the ornaments of pride ; As many creatures as the ark of old;
But 'tis the country and the field,
That furnish it with staff and shield.
Where does the wisdom and the power divine
In a more bright and sweet reflection shine ? Help'd with a little art and industry,
Where do we finer strokes and colours see Allows the meanest gardener's board.
Of the Creator's real poetry,
Than when we with attention look
We all, like Moses, should espy
Evin in a bush the radiant Deity.
(Though no less full of miracle and praise): But with no sense the garden does comply,
Upon the flowers of Heaven we gaze; None courts, or flatters, as it does, the eye. The stars of Earth no wonder in us raise,
Though these perhaps do, more than they, purged from the incommodities. If I were beat
in his condition, I should think it hard measure, Although no part of mighty Nature be
without being convinced of any crime, to be se. More stor’d with beauty, power and mystery ; questered from it, and made one of the principal Yet, to encourage human industry,
officers of state. But the reader may think that God has so order'd, that no other part
what I now say is of small authority, because I Such space and such dominion leaves for Art:
never was, nor ever shall be, put to the trial: 1
can therefore only make my protestation, We no-where Art do so triumphant see, As when it grafts or buds the tree:
If ever I more riches did desire In other things we count it to excel,
Than cleanliness and quiet do reqnire : If it a docile scholar can appear
If e'er ambition did my fancy cheat, To Nature, and but imitate her well;
With any wish, so mean as to be great ; It over-rules, and is her master, here.
Continue, Heaven, still from me to remove It imitates her Maker's power divine,
The humble blessings of that life I love. And changes her sometimes, and sometimes does refine :
I know very many men will despise, and some
low; but I am content, and, like Horace, thank
Di bene fecerunt, inopis me quódque pasilli
Finxerunt animi 8.
i confess, I love littleness almost in all things, The golden fruit, that worthy is
A little convenient estate, a little cheerful house, Of Galatea's purple kiss :
a little company, and a very little feast; and, if I He does the savage hawthorn teach
were ever to fall in love again (which is a great To bear the medlar and the pear :
passion, and therefore, I hope, I have done with He bids the rustic plum to rear
it) it would be, I think, with prettiness, rather Á noble trunk, and be a peach.
than with majestical beauty. I would neither Ev'n Daphne's coyness he does mouk,
wish that my mistress, nor my fortune, should be And weds the cherry to her stock,
a bona roba, nór, ás Homer uses to describe his Though she refus'd Apullo's suit;
beauties, like a daughter of great Jupiter for the Ev'n she, that chaste and virgin tree,
stateliness and largeness of her person ; but, as Now wonders at herself, to see
Lucretius says, That she's a mother made, and blushes in her Parvoła, pumilio, Xapítor uta, tota merúm sal 9. fruit.
Where there is one man of this, I believe there Metbiuks, I see great Dioclesian walk
are a thousand of Senecio's mind, whose ridiIn the Salonian garden's noble shade,
culous affectation of grandeur Seneca the elder ! Which by his own imperial hands was made: describes to this effect : “Senecio was a man of a I see bim smile, methinks, as he does talk turbid and confused wit, who could not endure to With the ambassadors, who coine in vain speak any but mighty words and sentences, till T'entice him to a throne again.
this humour grew at last into so notorious a habit, "Ifl, my friends” (said he) “ should to you show or rather disease, as became the sport of the whole All the delights which in these gardens grow, town : he would have no servants, but huge, mas. 'Tis likelier much, that you should with me stay, sy fellows; no plate or household-stuff, but thrice Than’tis, that you should carry me away : as big as the fashion: you may believe me, for I And trust me not, my friends, if every day, speak it without raillery, his extravagancy came I walk not here with more delight,
at last into such a madness, that he would not put Than ever, after the most happy sight,
on a pair of shoes, each of which was not big In triumpb to the Capitol I rode,
enough for both his feet: he would eat nothing To thank the gods, and to be thought myself, but what was great, nor touch any fruit but horsealınost a god.”
| plums and pound-pears: he kept a concubine,
of Senecio Grandio, which Messala said, was not
his cognomen, but his cognomentum: when he de
claimed for the three hundred Lacedæmonians, OF GREATNESS.
who alone opposed Xerxes's army of above three
hundred thousand, he stretched out his arms, and “SINCE we cannot attain to greatness “(says the stood on tiptoes, that he might appear the taller, sieur de Montagne)” let us bave our revenge by and cried out, in a very loud voice; I rejoice, i railing at it:" this he spoke but in jest. I beliere rejoice.'—We wondered, I remember, what new he desired it no more than I do, and had less rea-great fortune had befallen his eminence. “Xerxes son; for be enjoyed so plentiful and honourable a fortune in a must excellent country, as allowed 8 1 Sat. iv. 17. 9 Lucr. iv. 1155. him and the real conveniences of it, separated and 1 Suasoriarum Liber. Suas.. 11.
(says he) is all mine own. He, who took away playing at dice; and that was the main fruit of the sight of the sea, with the canvas veils of so his sovereignty. I omit the madnesses of Camauy ships' ”—and then he goes on so, as I know ligula's delights, and the execrable sordidness of not what to make of the rest, whether it be the those of Tiberius. Would one think that .Jugustus fault of the edition, or the orator's own burley way himself, the highest and most fortunate of manof nonseuse.
kind, a person endowed too with inany excellent This is the character that Seneca gives of this parts of nature, should be so hard put to it somehyperbolical fop, whom we stand amazed at, and times for want of recretations, as to be found yet there are very few men who are not in some playing at nuts and bonding-stones, with little things, and to some degrees, Grandios. Is any Syrian and Moorish boys, whose company he thing more common, than to see our ladies of qua-took delight in, for their prating and their wanlity wear such high shoes as they cannot walk in, tonness? without one to lead them; and a gown as long
Was it for this that Rome's best blood he spilt again as their body, so that they cannot stir to
With so much falsehood, so much guilt? the next room without a page or to two hold it up?
Was it for this that his ambition strove I may safely say, that all the ostentation of
To equal Cæsar, first; and after, Juve? our grandees is, just like a train, of no use in
Greatness is barren, sure, of solid' joys; the world, but horribly cumbersome and incom
Her merchandize (I fear) is all in toys; modious. What is all this, but a spicc of Grundio?
She could not else, sure, so uncivil be, how tedious would this be, if we were always bound
To treat his universal majesty, to it! I do believe there is no king, who would
His new-created Deity, not rather be depused, than endure every day of
With nuts, and bounding-stones, and boys. his reign all the ceremonies of his coronation. The mightiest princes are glad to fly often from
But we must excuse her for this meagre enterthese majestic pleasures (which is, methinks, no
tainment; she has not really wherewithal to make small disparagement to them) as it were for refuge such feasts as we imagine. Her guests must be to the most contemptible divertisements and mean-contented sometimes with but slender cates, and est recreations of the vulgar, nay, even of child with the same cold meats served over and over dren. One of the most powerful and fortunate again, even till they become nauseous. When princes 2 of the world, of late, could find out no you have pared away all the vanity, what solid delight so satisfactory, as the keeping of little and natural contentment does there remain, which singing birds, and hearing of them, and whistling may not be had with five hundred pounds a year? to them. What did the emperors of the whole Not so many servants or horses ; but a few good world ? If ever any men had the free and full ones, which will do all the business as well. not enjoyment of all human greatness (nay that so many choice dishes at every meal; but at sewould not suffice, for they would be gods too), veral meals all of them, which makes them both they certainly possessed it: and yet one of them, the more healthy, and the more pleasant ; not so who styled himself lord and god of the earth, rich garments, nor so frequent changes; but as could not tell how to pass bis whole day pleasantly, warm and as comely, and so frequent change too, without spending constantly two or three hours as is every jot as good for the master, though not in catching of flies, and killing them with a bod- for the taylor or valet de chambre : not such a kin, as if his godship had been Beelzebub 3. One stately palace, nor gilt rooms, or the costliest sorts of his predecessors, Nero, (who never put any of tapestry; but a convenient brick house, with bounds, nor met with any stop to his appetite) decent wainscot, and pretty forest-work hangings. could divert himself with no pastime more agree. Lastly (for 1 omit all other particulars, and will able than to run about the streets all night in a dis- end with that which I love inost in both conditions) guise, and abuse the women, and affront the men not whole woods cut in walks, nor vast parks, nor whom he met, and sometimes to beat them, and fountain or cascade-gardens; but herb, and flowsometimes to be beaten by them: this was one of er, and fruit gardens, which are more nseful, and his imperial nocturnal pleasures. His chiefest in the water every whit as clear and wholesome, as the day was, to sing and play upon a siddie, in the if it darted from the breasts of a marble nymph, habit of a minstrel, upon the public stage: he was or the urn of a river-god. prouder of the garlands that were given to his di- If, for all this, you l ke better the substance of vine voice (as they called it then) in those kind of that former estate of life, do but consider the prizes, than all bis forefathers were, of their inseparable accidents of both: servitude, disquiet, triumphs over nations : he did not at his death danger, and most commonly guilt, inherent in the complain, that so mighty an emperor, and the last one; in the other liberty, tranquillity, security, of all the Cæsarian race of deities, should be and innocence. And when you bave thought upon brought to so shameful and miserable an end; but this, you will confess that to be a truth which only cried out, “ Alas, what pity it is, that so appeared to you, before, but a ridiculous paraexcellent a musician should perish in this man- dox, that a low fortune is better guarded and ner 4!” His uncle Claudius spent half his time at attended than an high one. If, indeed, we look
only upon the flourishing head of the tree, it ap, Louis XIII.—The Duke de Luynes, the Con-pears a most beautiful object, stable of France, is said to have gained the favour of this powerful and fortunate prince by training
-sed quantum vertice ad auras up singing birds for him. Anon.
Ætherias, tantum radice in Tartara tendits. 3 Beelzebub signifies the lord of flies. Cowley. Qualis artifex pereo ! Sueton, Nero.
$ Virg. Georg. ii. 291.
As far up towards Heaven the branches grow, absolute tyrant of three kingdoms, which was So far the root sinks down to Hell below. the third, and almost touched 1 he Heaven which
he affected, is believed to have died with grief and Another horrible disgrace to greatness is, that discontent, because he could not attain to the it is for the most part in pitiful want and distress : honest name of a king, and the old formality of what a wonderful thing is this ! Unless it degene- a crown, though he had before exceeded the rate into avarice, and so cease to be greatness, it power by a wicked usurpation. If he could have falls perpetually into such necessities, as drive it compassed that, he would perhaps have wanted into all the meanest and most sordid ways of bor something else that is necessary io felicity, and rowing, cozenage, and robbery:
pined away for want of the title of an emperor or
a god. The reason of this is, that greatness has Mancipiis locuples, eget æris Cappadocum rex. no reality in nature, being a creature of the
fancy, a notion that consists only in relation and This is the case of almost all great men, as well comparison : it is indeed an idol ; but St. Paul as of the poor king of Cappadocia: they abound teaches us, “that an idol is nothing in the with slaves, but are indigent of money. The an-world.” There is in truth no rising or meridian cient Roman emperors, who had the iiches of the of the Sun, but only in respect to several places: whole world for their revenue, had wherewithal to there is no right or left, no upper-band in na-' Jive (one would have thought) pretty well at ease, ture; every thing is little, and every thing is and to have been exempt from the pressures of great, according as it is diversely compared. extreme poverty. But yet with most of them it There may be perhaps some village in Scotland was much otherwise ; and they fell perpetually or Ireland, where I might be a great man: and ito such miserable penury, that they were forced in that case I should be like Cæsar (you would to devour or squeeze most of their friends and wonder how Cæsar and I should be like one anoservants, to cheat with infamous projects, to ran- ther in any thing); and choose rather to be the sack and pillage all their provinces. This fashion first man of the village, than second at Rome. of imperial grandeur is imitated by all inferior Our country is called Great Britany, in regard and subordinate sorts of it, as if it were a point of only of a lesser of the same name; it would be honour. They must be cheated of a third part but a ridiculous epithet for it, when we consider of their estates, two other thirds they must expend it together with the kingdom of China. That, in vanity; so that they remain debtors for all the too, is but a pitiful rood of ground, in comparison · necessary provisions of life, and have no way to of the whole Earth besides : and this whole globe satisfy those debts, but out of the succours and of Earth, which we account so immense a body, supplies of rapine: “ as riches increase” (says is but one point or atom in relation to those numSolomon) so do the mouths that devour berless worlds that are scattered up and down them 7.” The master mouth has no more than in the infinite space of the sky which we bebefore. The owner, methinks, is like Ocnus in hold. the fable, who is perpetually winding a rope of The other many inconveniences of grandeur I hay, and an ass at the end perpetually eating have spoken of dispersedly in several chapters ; it.
and shall end this with an ode of Horace, not Out of these inconveniences arises naturally exactly copied, but truly imitated. one more, which is, that no greatness can be satisfied or contented with itself: still, if it could mount up a little higher, it would be happy, if it could gain but that point, it would obtain all its
HORACE. Lib. III. Ode I. desires; but yet at last, when it is got up to the very top of the Pic of Teneriff, it is in very great
Odi profanum vulgus, &c. danger of breaking its neck downwards, but in no possibility of ascending upwards into the seat of
Hence, ye profane ; I hate you all ; tranquillity above the Moon. The first ambitious
Both the great vulgar, and the small. men in the world, the old giants, are said to have To virgin minds, which yet their native white.
ness hold, made an heroical attempt of scaling Heaven in despite of the gods : and they cast Ossa upon
Not yet discolour'd with the love of gold Olympus, and Pelion upon Ossa : two or three which makes it look so gilded and so foul),
('That jaundice of the soul, mountains more, they thought, would have done to you, ye very few, these truths I tell; their business: but the thunder spoilt all the work, The Muse inspires my song; hark, and observe when they were come up to the third story :
it well. And what a noble plot was crost! And what a brave design was lost !
We look on men, and wonder at such odds
'I'wixt things that were the same by birth; A famous person of their offspring, the late These giants are but pigmies to the gods.
We look on kings as giants of the Earth, giant of our nation, when from the condition of a
The humblest bush and proudest oak' very inconsiderable captain, he had made himself lieutenant-general of an army of little Titans, Beauty, and strength, and wit, and wealth, and
Are but of equal proof against the thunder-stroke. which was his first mountain, and afterwards general, which was his second, and after that,
And love to see themselves, and smile, . Hor, 1 Ep. vi. 39.
Eccl. v, 11. And joy in their pre-eminence awhile ;
Ev'n so in the same land,
[stand; second is like the foolish chough, which loves to Poor weeds, rich corn, gay flowers, together steal money only to hide it. The first does Alas! Death mows down all with an impartial much harm to mankind; and a little good too, hand.
to some few : the second does good to none;
no, not to himself. The first can make no exAnd all ye men, whom greatness does so please, cuse to God, or angels, or rational men, for his Ye feast, I fear, like Damocles :
actions: the second can give no reason or coIf ye your eyes could upwards move lour, not to the Devil himself, for what he does; (But ye, I fear, think nothing is above)
he is a slave to Mammon without wages. The Ye would perceive by wbat a little thread first makes a shift to be beloved; ay, and envied
The sword still hangs over your head: too by some people; the second is the universal No tide of wine would drown your cares ; object of hatred and contempt. There is no Nomirth or music over-noise your fears : vice has been so pelted with good sentences, and The fear of Death would you so watchful keep, especially by the poets, who have pursued it As not t'admit the image of it, Sleep.
with stories, and fables, and allegories, and al
lusions; and moved, as we say, every stone to Sleep, is a god too proud to wait in palaces, Qing at it: among all which I do not remember And yet so humble too, as not to scorn
a more fine and gentleman-like correction, than The meanest country cottages :
that which was given it by one line of Ovid : “ His poppy grows among the corn." The halcyon Sleep will never build his nest Desunt luxuriæ multa, avaritiæ omnia.
In any stormy breast.
Much is wanting to luxury, all to avarice.
To which saying, I have a mind to add one Tis not enough; he must find quiet tvo. member, and tender it thus, The man, who in all wishes he does make, Poverty wants some, luxury many, avarice all Does only Nature's counsel take,
things. That wise and happy man will never fear The evil aspects of the year;
Somebody says 8 of a virtuous and wise man, Nor tremble, though two comets should appear;
“ that having nothing, he has all :" this is just He does not look in almanacs, to see
his antipode, who, having all things, yet has Whether he fortunate shall be ;
nothing. He is a guardian eunuch to his beLet Mars and Saturn in the heavens conjoin, lored gold: divi eos amatores esse maximos, And what they please against the world design, sed nil potesse. They are the fondest lovers, So Jupiter within him shine.
but impotent to enjoy. Jf of your pleasures and desires no end be found, And, oh, what man's condition can be worse God to your cares and fears will set no bound. Than his, whom plenty starves, and blessings
What would content you? why can tell ? Ye fear so much to lose what ye have got,
The beggars but a common fate deplore,
The rich poor man's emphatically poor.
I wonder how it comes to pass, that there has Spare nought that may your wanton fancy please; never been any law made against him: against
But, trust me, when you have done all this, him do I say? I mean, for him : as there are Much will be missing still, and much will be public provisions made for all other madmen: amiss.
it is very reasonable that the king should appoint some persons (and I think the courtiers would not be against this proposition) to manage his
estate during his life (for his heirs commonly VII.
need not that care): and out of it to make it
their business to see, that he should not want OF AVARICE.
alimony befitting his condition, which he could
never get out of his own cruel fingers. We reHere are two sorts of avarice: the one is but but have no care at all of these really poor men,
lieve idle vagrants, and counterfeit beggars; of a bastard kind, and that is, the rapacious appetite of gain; not for its own sake, but for the who are, methinks, to be respectfully treated, in pleasure of refunding it immediately through all regard of their quality. I might be endless the channels of pride and luxury: the other is against them, but I am almost choaked with the the true kind, and properly so called; which is super-abundance of the matter ; too much plena restless and unsatiable desire of riches, nor for any farther end or use, but only to hoard, 8 The author, well acquainted with the taste of and preserve, and perpetually increase them. his readers, would not disgust their delicacy by The covetous man, of the first kind, is like a letting them know that this “ somebody greedy ostrich, which devours any metal; but St. Paul, [2 Cor. vi. 10.)--though the sense it is with an intent to feed upon it, and in effect, and expression would have done honour to Plato. it makes a shift to digest and excern it. The HURD.