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man was discovered hanging under the eaves of a 3

pence; in April, to 4 florins, 3 kreutzers; in May, to house, close by the trellis of a window. A thin silken 4 florins, 9 kreutzers, 3 pf., &c., &c. Against the entry cord tightly twisted round his throat, had done the of 2 florins, 1 kreutzer, the sum received in September hangman's work. The scene quickly attracted all the 1794, it is observed that, on the 9th of this same month curious and the idle. The noble, aristocratic features of September, a new pair of boots was purchased for of the dead, the delicate white hands, plainly shewed the youngest son Samuel, which cost 3 thalers, about that the unfortunate man had at one time occupied the whole quarter's income.' a higher position than the tattered clothes in which A writer will be pardoned for anything but tedioushe was concealed would lead one to suppose. His ness. I fear I shall become tedious, or shall weary the person was searched for papers that might throw patience of the reader, if I devote one page to tell how some light upon the event; nothing was found, how- the tears of Richter's mother fell down upon her web ever; he had kept everything to himself like a true or into her wash-tub-how affiction and silent grief philosopher. Passers-by at length identified him, preyed upon the heart of the aging woman like a This suicide in rags was one of the most distinguished gnawing worm, as her first-born son, whose laboand brilliant geniuses of modern French literature, rious industry she watched, began to sicken; the lion whose wit threw every saloon and boudoir into who fought with royal courage became a lamb; her ecstasy-Gerliard de Nerval. In order that he might son had discontinued his usual and regular walks, his live, he also had grasped the pen, and had looked pleasure in life seemed to be extinguished, and the hopefully forward to recognition and distinction. He mirthful sally with which he used to deal out consolahad been living a long while dissatisfied and miser- tion was silent; the gentry of Hof affirmed that he able; by night, he roamed through the streets of the was half-crazy, and the judgment was rapidly and great city like a runaway dog; his desk and seat universally endorsed. were the table and bench of the commonest tavern; His quietness, however, which pained his mother, he frequently sought sleep and oblivion in the most was not an unstringing of his spirits or the submissivewretched dens, side by side with thieves and the most ness of despair, nor was his resignation the coldness reprobate of beings, the scum of humanity. Thus had of apathy; he had made a bargain with the longings he been thrust about till, all hopes being now at an of his heart, had made his peace with the world. end, he bethought him that dying was perhaps a little Agony has ceased to make him complain. There is better than living. He had looked for a home, and not a case in which I have not deserved my affliction. now the great quartermaster, death, had at length Every unpleasant sensation is an indication that I assigned him an abode.

am untrue to my resolutions. Epictetus was not unWhatever may be thought of this suicide, it is happy.' What does it matter to him what may be the unquestionably the nobler heroism which enables a opinions of his worship the mayor, or of his reverence man to endure, without rest or weariness, to the last. the parson? 'Men for the most part judge very pitiThat Jean Paul, in his darkest hours when crushed to fully; why are you so anxious for the praise of children the lowest extremity by the miseries of the world, or of fools? No man honours you in a beggar's coat; never lost faith in himself, never listened to the gloomy be not therefore proud of the respect that is shewn to tempter, but laughed so long in the face of fortune your clothes.' How just! Wo to the man who has that it began to smile upon him in return'—this no appeal from the judgment of the world! he is indeed commands admiration as a rare and worthy a lost man! “Let one,' as a certain critic remarks, heroism.

observe the public in a theatre: the life of a man He left Leipsic in 1784, and went to live with his is here compressed within a period of three hours ; mother, in Hof: here he found a night's lodging, at it is played upon the open stage with brilliant lights least free of cost, and here he could go about without and with all the appliances that human art and being pointed to as a beast broken loose from a mena- oratory can suggest to render it clear and simple, gerie, when he walked the streets without a wig, with and still, after the curtain falls, how diversified open breast, and no neck-tie. In this respect, the are the opinions the public pass upon both the hero people of Hof were more tolerant than a certain and the play. But now let it be supposed that the Leipsic magister, who-probably not remembering how drama is not concluded in three hours, but that it the cynic Diogenes, in tattered garb, had trodden the lasts during a man's whole lifetime, that it is not pride of Plato under foot—had written to the wigless represented with any effort towards clearness, that and collarless youth in peremptory terms, demanding upon many episodes no streams of gaslight fall, and the immediate discontinuance of the public nuisance. that we have no clue to many situations, no motive for

A student has to accommodate himself to his needy many actions; and that the world or the critical public circumstances as well as he can. Nowhere,' as we during the representation is occupied in divers ways, read in Richter's own day-book, does one collect bestowing its attention for a moment now liere, and poverty's siege-coins more merrily and philosophically now there. Where is the wonder, then, if that world than at the university. The academic citizen proves condemns where the drama cannot be reviewed accordhow many humorists and cynics Germany contains.' ing to the common gauge of the three Aristotelian But it is doubly painful when the man of mature age unities, but must be measured by its own particular has to pass year after year enduring the same, or it rules—or, metaphor aside, when the object of criticism may be even greater hardships; of this, Jean Paul is a man of original genius and character? had a torturing experience after his settlement at Hof. The soul of the Doric hero rose all the clearer and On the posts of his doors he wrote in large characters: more unconquerable from the depth of its sorrows and “Dear Christian friends, you perceive that I have not oppressions, its humiliation and deprivations, after the much money, what inference do you draw from it?' | twelve labours. The angry goddess is appeased; on On passing the door, one entered a narrow chamber; Eta commences the apotheosis of the son of the at the window, sitting on a wooden stool, was our hero, gods. For Jean Paul, also, the hour strikes when the thinking and labouring; the rest of the apartment inexorable forces of destiny at length cry ‘Hold!' In was occupied with the washing his mother had taken the year 1796, the startling story of Hesperos issued in. At another time, the mother is seen busily plying from the little washing and spinning chamber: it her distaff. An account of what mother and son earned obtained for its author, in all the states of Germany, in this way was carefully kept; a little account-book, that for which he had laboured-recognition. “What relating 'how much we gained by spinning,' has been a god-genius,' writes the octogenarian Gleim, 'is our preserved. According to this, the receipts of the family, Friedrich Richter! Here is more than Shakspeare, in March 1793, amounted to 2 florins, 51 kreutzers, I say to myself, in more than fifty passages I have


underlined. I am perfectly enraptured at the genius same undying hate for every •dog of a Christian,' for from which these streams, these rills, these Rhine-falls, every unbelieving Feringhee, as of old; and though these Biandusian springs issue and irrigate humanity, they may seldom find it convenient or prudent to and if I am displeased to-day at some sentences such make manifestation of their true feelings, we must as the muses have not inspired, or even with the plan not the less be on our guard against these fanatics, itself, I shall not be so to-morrow.'

The fight for existence and recognition is fought who deem it a matter of high and holy merit to out; sunshine breaks through the clouds; henceforth murder an unbeliever. There scores, nay, the star of Jean Paul shines brightly in the heavens. hundreds of such men as these who have gained

much learning at the government expense, who are YOUNG BENGAL.

tolerably deep-read in much of our literature, and to

some extent in science; but all this is coveted merely Amidst all the shortcomings of our western civilisation in British India, but more especially in tions. In this they have been wondrously successful


as a means of obtaining employment in official posiBengal-amidst all our disappointments, and our regrets at the barren crop of results from the labours and the Indian executive have for a long time past

omitted no opportunity of promoting these fluent of a century, we may point to one small section of the native community, who, if they be not with us, Christians. Well, the government have sown the

plausible Mohammedans even to the exclusion of are certainly not against us: we allude to Young storm, and they have reaped the whirlwind. The Bengal.' Readers who have heard of Young England,' foremost men in the present murderous rebellion are of 'Young France, and other juvenile embodiments Mohammedans. Every Mussulman official in Upper of national movements, will at once perceive who are

Bengal and in the North-west Provinces has turned intended by the term Young Bengal; though they may hitherto have been in complete ignorance of against us, has obeyed the dictates of his faith, and the existence of such a class of persons in this part of shall look in vain amongst this class of men for one

drawn his sword upon us 'dogs of unbelievers. We British India.

Amongst the natives of Hindostan, whether to join the swelling ranks of Young Bengal.
Hindoo or Mussulman, we find men of all ages who

The government of the East India Company found are advanced in their ideas, who have imbibed certain themselves assailed, some time since, for sluggishness notions more or less tinctured by civilisation, who in the cause of education. They resolved that the possess a certain taste for European things. There reproach should no longer attach to them, and accordare many rajahs of Bengal who ape European life ingly an order went forth for large grants for educaand habits, who are driven by English coachmen,

tional purposes.

Colleges were built, philosophical furnish their mansions in English style, read English

* chairs' were established, professors with strange · books and newspapers, and seek English society. names and huge beards were imported, highly paid The rajah of Bithoor, the Nena Sahib of infamous inspectors were appointed, and annual reports drawn notoriety, was one of this class of men. Civilisation up and placed in type for England's satisfaction; and had indeed reached him, but it had come too late; it the cry is now: “See what we have done!' Well, they had exerted no softening influence on his heart or have at least succeeded in rearing Young Bengal; his mind : he was the same fanatical, bigoted Mussul- but beyond that one first result, it is hard to lay

Civilisation had not even taught him one's hand upon any perceptible effect upon the vast worldly wisdom, or he must have felt how unequal, masses of the people of India. The bulk of the popuhow hopeless the contest with British power.

lation, indeed, has not been reached; we, and our Such as these are not comprised in the term schools, and our books, are as much strangers to them Young Bengal. The class of Hindoos we allude to, as we were fifty years since. though perhaps not of more promise to a superficial

But what of Young Bengal? The government observer than such as the above, are, in our opinion, colleges and their professors have between them the men who shall hereafter do much for India; men wrought a great change in the thoughts and disposiwho cannot stand still, who must progress, even tions, and even in the career of most of the young though not in the true path. This class of young students. At a cost of about eighty or ninety pounds men is by no means small, nor contemptible; and sterling per annum for each pupil, the Company though they have as yet made but small demonstration, has managed to instil large quantities of classical though they must be sought for if to be found, it is and British literature into the minds of the Hindoo beyond a doubt not an unimportant part they will scholars. An acquaintance with pure science has enact at no distant day.

been less general, very many young lads contenting Whence come they? Of what class are they? themselves with a knowledge of general literature, They have sprung from the class-rooms of the govern- devouring with much zest Shakspeare, Milton, Byron, ment colleges. They are of no particular caste, or Moore, and our long range of prose writers, from Dr class, or section of native society; amongst them may Johnson to Douglas Jerrold. Anything more solid be found the sons of rajahs, of zemindars, of baboos, than this they appear to have systematically eschewed of shroffs, of brokers and traders. But this one

as indigestible food. They were content to catch fact must be borne in mind, they are all descended ideas, to be able to quote freely high-sounding from the Brahminical race. Not one Mussulman, not sentences, without any practical application. a single follower of the Prophet of Mecca is to be The peculiar qualities of the Bengalee mind-its found in their ranks. Those stiff-necked, stubborn elasticity, its pliability, its susceptibility-fitted it disciples of the Koran remain as they were a thousand especially for the reception of theories, for the appreyears ago, and as they will be found a thousand years ciation of poetical adornments; and thus at the end hence. They never change or progress; they are of a student's career in the chief Calcutta college, neither softened nor civilised; they have still the he came out in no way fitted for an active career,

man as ever.


in no way prepared to become a useful member of in, and they will not hesitate to tell you how com. society, even as so-called society there exists, but pletely they despise the old creed of Siva and replete with much to render him discontented, and too Vishnu; how thoroughly their European studies have frequently unhappy.

taught them the folly and absurdity of faith in any Nothing could possibly exceed the magnificence such vain religion; and that they attend the Hindoo and extent of the government educational establish- festivals merely to please their mothers or their ments in Calcutta for rearing Hindoo atheists. wives. The ease, the comfort, the luxury of the spacious No member of the fraternity of Young Bengal has apartments and halls of these godless colleges,' yet found courage to speak out boldly before the cannot by any means be excelled. The audience world and tell their unbelief. They slırink from the chamber of the ancient Mogul kings of Delhi, the consequences; they dare not take a step which, whilst spacious courts of the old Assyrian palaces, the it would assuredly entail upon them the anathemas dwelling-places of Belus and Nimrod, the amphi- of their families, and banishment from all Hindoo theatres of Athens and Rome, were not more noble society, would at the same time procure them no than the great balls and lecture-rooms of the City admission within European circles. In British India, of Palaces. There, in those cold shady recesses, far the line of demarcation between white and black, removed from the glare, the dust, and the scorching between European and Asiatic, has been so unmisheat of a Bengal day in September, the young rajahs takably drawn, so rigidly enforced, as to be impassand incipient baboos reclined beneath grateful pun- able. There is something, however, more fatal even kahs, upon soft inviting cushions, listening with half-than colour or caste tending to exclude Young closed ears, with drowsy eyes and nodding head, to Bengal from any sympathy from Europeans: it is the oft-repeated verses, the well-conned chapter, but their scepticism. With but very few exceptions, these too glad when the hour approached for their depar- young men are atheists, and to us openly, avowedly ture, when the evening drive and the nightly carouse so. The teachings of the government professors have came to wind up the daily routine of their listless indeed destroyed the old superstitions of the land, student-life.

but they have failed in replacing them with anyYoung Bengal is not so very young but that he has thing niore worthy of belief. They have learned so a wife. In India, however, marriages take place at thoroughly to despise the ancient creed of their about the age at which in England young gentlemen ancestors, that knowing nothing of the one living would be breeched ; and young Hindoo ladies are faith, they have flung themselves into the arms of not unfrequently betrothed immediately after cutting unbelief, swearing by the words of Voltaire and Tom their last teeth, so that it does not amount to much Paine. to say that all our college students of the first and No Epicureans of the ancients ever revelled in second classes are married. Most of them drive to more enervating luxury and voluptuous ease and college in carriages that would not discredit - Hyde idleness than the upper ranks of Young Bengal. Park; some few drawn by valuable .pairs ;' but some Their private life reads like the chronicles of Nineveh, also borne along by the real Hindoo hack, all bone the diary of some imperial Roman. The early indoand skin, whilst tattered red curtains are fluttering lence of the morning; the late and costly breakfast; wildly from the windows. With this singular race, the mid-day bath ; the lounging on soft couches, and there is but one step from the magnificent to the listening to melodious poetry; the evening drive; mean, from the princely to the paltry. They recog- the lamp-lit meal, the music and gay female comnise nothing like respectability; they know nothing pany, the late wine-cup and midnight song-such is but the extremes of luxury and dirt.

but a faint though truthful picture of the everyday We have said that these young students—the hope life of Young Bengal. of their country-are married; and in this we at But let us not forget to except some few more once find one certain evil result of their own highly honourable men than such as these. We can count finished half-education. Cultivated as their tastes up half a score of names of Hindoos who, amidst all may be far above the old-caste prejudices of their their learning, have not run wild, nor rushed into race, these men have all married women utterly vicious excesses, who ply their pens, and though not unlettered; for to this time, education is all but as rightly so as we could wish to see, still use unknown amongst the females of the higher classes of them honestly and vigorously. One of the most able natives; it has made some way amongst lower castes, weekly journals of Calcutta is not only conducted, but there it has remained. So long accustomed to but written throughout by a young Hindoo pupil of the highly seasoned intellectual food of the colleges, the government college. The articles from his pen, Young Bengal turns with indifference, if not with though sometimes errant, are, on the whole, able and disgust, from her who should be his best and constant instructive. · He is a Brahmin of high family, and companion and helpmate, to find the solace, the wit, has to this time remained true to his family faith. the thought, the knowledge of passing events in some It is impossible not to regard this enlarging class of less legitimate acquaintance-in one who has made young men with interest. It remains to be seen what it her study to minister to the vitiated tastes of the their children will become, and whether, feeling their frequenters of the gay mansions in Durrumtollah and own want of sympathy from uneducated wives, they the Circular Road. The wife who was good enough will have courage to give their daugliters instruction for one of this class of Hindoos before education lifted not less than their sons. This is already happening him from his former place in native society, is no in some few instances ; let us hope the example may longer to be tolerated; hence a wide schism in the be widely followed ; and from that time may be dated houses of the race, where the evenings and the nights a new and brighter era for British India. None sare of Young Bengal are but too seldom passed.

they who have dwelt in the far east, and who have It is not difficult to ascertain the creed of this known the Hindoo in his home, can say truly how school of Hindoos. Amongst their own families and servile and debased is the career of such a man's wife. friends, they are still disciples of Brahma and Her mind left a barren waste without one single Vislınu. The Rhat Jattra, the Doorga Poojah, and elevating or generous principle, what can be expected other great Hindoo festivals, find them foremost in from her, and what can be hoped from the rising the ranks of devotees : they are still the same generation intrusted to her care for so many long faithful, constant attendants at the temples of their years! forefathers. But question them on their belief in The great work of enlightenment, of Christianising, the scenes and ceremonies they are taking a part I must be done through the wives and daughters of

Young Bengal. Once a imit the light of day into the and I regard it as rendering him incapable of the private chambers of the Hindoos, and we shall quickly exercise of social duties and civil rights; and not behold a wondrous change. Until that can be done, merely so, but as lessening and altering the nature we but labour in vain-we do but as yet sow the seeds of his culpability in reference to crime, and thereby of unbelief, of domestic discord and unhappiness. his liability to punishment of the same kind, or to the

same extent, as the other members of the community.

That the excessive incontrollable desire for intoxicatDIPSOM ANI A.

ing drinks is a disease, and that it is symptomatic of In the progress of events, new scientific terms are some abnormal cerebral condition which gives it the continually making their appearance; the last is character of a form of insanity, cannot be doubted; perhaps Dipsomania —a craving for intoxicating and it should be always kept in mind that this liquors which partakes of the character of insanity; condition is not so much produced by intoxicating the term being compounded of the Greek words for drinks, as it is by that which created the desire for thirst and madness. Whether thirst, in the usual them. As to the manifestation of insanity, it may be meaning of the word, has anything to do with the addictedness to drinks, as well as to hallucination of maddened propensity for drinking, is of no conse- ideas. To declare whether it is so, or not, is as much quence. The name now given to the disease will do as a question for medical skill in the former case as in the well as any other; and under whatever phraseology, latter. But medical observation has declared that we are glad to find that the medical world is at length dipsomania is a physical proof of mental disorganisaconcerning itself with one of the most distressing tion, and therefore it appears to me that such cases forms of mental derangement.

stand exactly on the same footing as other forms of Tipplers, hard-drinkers, men who go off on a insanity; and that, as it never has been questioned drunken ramble, as it is called, for days or weeks, are that government may deal with insanity, it seems to nothing singular. We have all seen or heard of such be equally within its province to deal with dipsomania. persons—an annoyance they are to society, a discredit Surely, viewed in the light of common sense, and to themselves. These, however, are not dipsomaniacs. sisted and scrutinised by the strictest rules of inducApplying to the subject the nomenclature of natural tion, the confirmed dipsomaniac ought to be regarded history, the genus drinker consists of two species, as of “unsound mind,” or, as I would rather call it, he who, with intervals of common-sense, relieved at “diseased mind,” non compos mentis, and should be worst with short fits of delirium, still puts a good taken care of for his own sake, for the welfare of his face on affairs, and conducts himself on the whole family, and for the goo of tri' pretty fairly; and he who, by a peculiar condition of The remarkable thing about the dipsomaniac is brain, sinks under a chronic and uncontrollable appe- his want of power to restrain liiniself. With certain tite for intoxicants: this last being the dipsomaniac faculties still active, he knows that he ought not to proper. The law, which always drags heavily at the drink, yet he cannot lielp drinking. In medical lanheels of general intelligence, has not yet been able guage, the crave is upon him. The main desire of to make any distinction in the drinking species ; and his life is how to obtain liquor; his capacity for busiaccordingly, however far a man be gone in dipso- ness is confined to the means of gratifying his leading mania, however confirmed in this kind of madness, desire; moral control has lost its sway over him; he and however incapable of thinking or acting correctly has no power to resist the propensity whenever grati. --in fact, if he should fall into ruin himself, and ruin fication is within his reach; he has, in fact, become all about him—still, legally, he is not insane; and the involuntary slave of the vice, and would sacrifice in defiance of common sense, he goes at large, no his last sixpence or his shirt, or sell his soul to the magistrate being authorised to grant a warrant for devil, for one drop more, rather than be disappointed. his apprehension and confinement.

Yet, strange to say, the poor creature, in this conSo very extraordinary a stretch of respect for dition, has no pleasure in drinking. He takes it, not the liberty of the subject' is beginning to attract sippingly and with gusto, enjoying it as the bon vivant attention. An improved knowledge of mental disease does, socially or convivially, but gulps it down in now makes it evident that the dipsomaniac is as : large quantities, away from society and observation, completely an irresponsible being as he who is and even as it were a drug; and the only satisfaction affected by other forms of lunacy. It may be that, derived from the act is, that it secures blunted feeling, in the first instance, he has brought his disease on insensibility to the wretched state of mind which himself; he has, perhaps, in that eager pursuit of prompts the desire, and an escape from the fancied business and desire to be rich, which is the scandal miseries of his existence. When this has gone on for of the present age, greatly overtasked his brain- some time, although a suspension of the use of stimuworked hard all day, mistimed his meals, sat up late, lants be imposed by the interference of friends, or by taken no outdoor exercise, kept his mind on the the occurrence of an attack of either of the two rerack, and to sustain nature, resorted to stimulants. sulting forms of delirium, yet his mind has suffered so So much may be admitted: we may look on the materially, that, unless continued control be exercised victim as self-immolated; but what then? From over him, and this for a very considerable time-which whatever cause men become maniacs, it is surely is not often practicable in the present usages of society, the duty of society to see that they are restrained and is contrary, as I have shewn, to the common law from committing grievous wrong, and subjected to a of the land- he returns immediately like the dog “ to humane and remedial mode of treatment.

his vomit, and like the sow that was washed to lier A perusal of the lately issued pamphlet of Dr wallowing in the mire;” and his progress towards Alexander Peddie of Edinburgh, * ought to remove some incurable form of insanity, or to an early death any doubts which may be entertained respecting the from some other superinduced disease, is certain. His actual nature of the drinking insanity. Speaking of moral faculties become more and more diseased, his the diseased state of the dipsomaniac, this writer intellectual powers weakened, disturbed, or at last observes: 'I consider that his condition is strictly even annihilated. He becomes either facile or wasteone of combined moral and mental insanity, and the ful, or incapacitated for transacting the ordinary consequence of a vicious impulsive propensity-for I business of life, or he is mischievous, and commits cannot in such a case denominate it simply as a vice; homicide or suicide ; these various results being

induced according as his natural disposition and * The Necessity for some Legalised Arrangements for the Treat- passions may urge, or his hereditary predisposition ment of Dipsomania. By Alexander Peddie, M.D. 1858. may incline, or some previous injury of the head or disease of the brain may precipitate him. That such, An effort-a stern determined effort-and the throe more or less, is the condition of the dipsomaniac, was over Firmly bracing my nerves—firmly graspand that these consequences may, and do, frequently ing the branches--I clung to my seat, resolved to result, cannot be disputed. And yet, because the know more. unhappy victim of this disease does not fall strictly That was a fortunate resolution. Had I at that under the present legal definition of unsoundness in moment given way to the wild impulse of passion, mind, he is permitted to go at liberty; any inter- and sought a reckless revenge, I should in all likeference in the shape of control is illegal, and his lihood have carved out for myself a long lifetime of nearest and best friends, and he himself, are deprived sorrow. Patience proved my guardian angel, and the of the only means by which his cure could be effected, end was otherwise. and his restoration as a useful member of society Not a word-not a motion—not a breath. What accomplished. He is thus permitted, without any will they say ?--what do? barrier being placed, or allowed to be placed, in the My situation was like his of the suspended sword. way, to hurry himself on to ruin, reducing his own On second thoughts, the simile is both trite and family, it may be, to beggary, perhaps even to dis- untrue: the sword had already fallen ; it could wound grace, and at last to accomplish his own sad death, me no more. I was as one paralysed both in body or be convicted and punished for some criminal act and soul-impervious to further pain. committed in an hour of intoxicated madness, for Not a word-not a motion-not a breath. What which he is nevertheless held responsible in the eye will they say ?-what do ? of the law. In the latter case, indeed, the total The light is full upon Maümee; I can see her neglect of the law to provide for this humiliating from head to foot. How large she has grown-a disease, is well illustrated by its viewing that very woman in all her outlines, perfect, entire. And her circumstance, which had deprived the criminal of loveliness has kept pace with her growth. Larger, self-control, to be, not a palliation, but an aggravation she is lovelier than ever. Demon of jealousy! art of his guilt.'

thou not content with what thou hast already done? The remedy proposed for this deliberate injustice Have I not suffered enough? Why hast thou preand inhumanity, is the establishıment of asylums, sented her in such witching guise ? O that she were distinct altogether from those for ordinary lunatics, scarred, hideous, hag-like-as she shall yet become! to which, by medical certificates under proper autho- Even thus to see her, would be some satisfaction-an rity, the unfortunate class of dipsomaniacs may be anodyne to my chafed soul. consigned. It is believed that in a variety of in- But it is not so. Her face is sweetly beautifulstances, a short retirement would have the effect of never so beautiful before. Soft and innocent as ever so restoring a healthy state of brain that the maniacal -not a line of guilt can be traced on those placid appetite for liquor would disappear, and the patient features-not a gleam of evil in that round, rolling be either sent home effectualiy cured to his friends, eye! The angels of heaven are beautiful; but they or allowed to assume the management of his affairs are good. Oh, who could believe in crime concealed within the limits of the asylum. When the public under such loveliness as hers? mind is more fully awakened to the benefits of this I expected a more meretricious mien. There was mode of treatment, we may expect that legislation a scintillation of cheer in the disappointment. will be brought to bear on the subject.

Do not suppose that these reflections occupied time. In a few seconds they passed through my

mind, for thought is quicker than the magnetic shock. OÇ E O L A:

They passed while I was waiting to hear the first words that, to my surprise, were for some moments

unspoken. To my surprise: I could not have met CHAPTER XLIV.-AN ECLAIRCISSEMENT,

her in such fashion. My heart would have been These were the shadows upon the water promised by upon my tongue, and my lipsHaj-Ewa-black shadows upon my heart.

I see it now. The hot burst of passion is pastMad queen of the Micosaucs! what have I done to the spring-tide of love has subsided—such an interdeserve this torture? Thou too my enemy! Had view is no longer a novelty--perhaps he grows tired I been thy deadliest foe, thou couldst scarcely have of her, foul libertine that he is ! See! they meet contrived a keener sting for thy vengeance.

with some shyness. Coldness has arisen between Face to face stood Maümee and her lover--seduced them-a love quarrel—fool is he as villain--fool and seducer. I had no doubt as to the identity of not to rush into those arms, and at once reconcile it. either. The moonbeam fell upon both-no longer would that his opportunities were mine !--not all with soft silvery light, but gleaming rude and red, the world could restrain me from seeking that sweet like the chandeliers of a bagnio. It may have been embrace. but a seeming—the reflection of an inflamed imagin- Bitter as were my thoughts, they were less bitter ation that influenced me from within; but my belief on observing this attitude of the lovers. I fancied it in her innocence was gone-hopelessly gone; the was half-hostile. very air seemed tainted with her guilt--the world Not a word--not a motion-not a breath. What appeared a chaos of debauchery and ruin.

will they say ?—what do ? I had no other thought than that I was present at My suspense came to an end. The aid-de-camp a scene of assignation. How could I think otherwise? at length found his tongue. No signs of surprise were exhibited by either, as they 'Lovely Maümee! you have kept your promise.' came together. They met as those who have pro- * But you, sir, have not yours? No-I read it in mised to come—who have often met before.

your looks. You have yet done nothing for us!' Evidently each expected the other. Though other * Be assured, Maümee, I have not had an opporemotions declared themselves, there was no the tunity. The general has been so busy, I have bad slightest sign of novelty in the encounter.

no chance to press the matter upon him. But do not For me, it was a terrible crisis. The anguish of a be impatient. I shall be certain to persuade him; whole life compressed into the space of a single and your property shall be restored to you in due moment could not have been more unendurable. The time. Tell your mother not to feel uneasy: for your blood seemed to scald my heart as it gushed through. sake, beautiful Maümee, I shall spare no exertion. So acute was the pang, I could scarcely restrain Believe me, I am as anxious as yourself; but you myself from crying aloud.

must know the stern disposition of my uncle; and,


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