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pressed murmur was heard from their a charge of having received 20,000 ranks, and they began to eat their piastres from the Armenians as the soup as if they would have swallowed price of his support in their dispute the dishes--such was the awe his with the Greeks for the possession of appearance and name excited among the Church of the Holy Sepulchre at them!”- Evliya.
Jerusalem. Abaza confessed that he Every day saw the influence of had received 12,000, and was immediAbaza over the Sultan increase; and ately ordered into custody in the gar-his gallant deportment and chivalrous den of the seraglio, while the grand frankness of manner maintained and vizir was directed to decapitate all justified his popularity both with the the Armenians who presented them. prince and the people. Though he selves at his levee, as a punishment possessed no vote in the Divan, every for their attempt to pervert the course measure of state policy was submitted of justice! This sanguinary order to his approbation; and his supremacy was only partially executed ; but the over the modes of dress and equip- intervention of a day produced no ment, (as far as the little-varying change in the deadly purpose of the customs of the East admit of the Sultan, who on the following mornpower of example,) was not less un- ing, before daybreak, delivered, with equivocal : the peculiar fold in which his own hand, to the Bostandjithe shawl was wound round the cap Bashi, a firman for the death of Abaza. of his turban, and his method of at- The destined victim heard his doom taching the scimitar to his side, were with the same undaunted courage copied by the monarch and his whole which had characterised every action train, and still bear at Constantinople of his life. He calmly performed the the name of their originator. But prayers and ablutions prescribed to the sombre and cruel temperament of · Moslems in the hour of their fate, Mourad was incapable of permanent and, delivering himself to the Bostfriendship or attachment: his jealousy, andji, was executed in the kiosk of once roused, was sated only by the the palace, (August 24, 1634.) His blood of the victim ; and the fall and body was honoured with a public ruin of Abaza was as precipitate as funeral. The vizirs and officers of his rise to imperial favour, a few state followed the bier in procession months previously, had been sudden. to the mosque of Sultan Bayerid, The details of his disgrace and death where the customary prayers were are variously stated by different au- read by the mufti ; and the corpse thors. Evliya asserts that the refusal was at length deposited in the same of the janissaries to march on the vault where reposed the remains of Persian expedition,* as long as the Abaza's ancient enemy, Mourad-Kou. counsels of their enemy were in the youdji, from whose mandate of death ascendant, compelled the Sultan to he had been saved at the outset of his yield a reluctant assent to the death public career by the interposition of of his unpopular adviser. But the Khalil.
Khalil. “Thus" (says Evliya) "did closing scene of the career of Abaza, Abaza finally receive according to his preceded by more than eight months actions.—May God have mercy on the display of the imperial standards him!” in Asia, and it is possible that Evliya, In ordinary cases a narrative of who had been one of the chosen com- personal adventures terminates with panions of Mourad in his social hours, the death of the subject ; but the camay have been willing, by this tale, reer of Abaza, if we may give credit to screen from further obloquy the to an anecdote related by Evliya, forms memory of his master. According to an exception even to this generally rethe narrative followed by Von Ham- ceived rule. In 1646, (twelve years mer, Abaza, alarmed by the change after his supposed death,) a person in the demeanour of the Sultan, had arrived by the route of Persia at already prepared horses at Scutari to Erzroom, where Evliya was then facilitate his flight into Asia, when he resident as part of the suite of the gowas summoned to the Divan to answer vernor Soliman-pasha, and announced
* “ If the Sultan," said they, “ wishes to march to Erzroom, let him do so with Ab.iza only."
bimself to his old partisans as the long the appearance of the claimant to his lost Abaza. According to the account name in 1646; and Von Hammer, which he gave, Sultan Mourad, though with most other historians, unceremocompelled (as Evliya's version of the niously dismisses the latter as an imposfate of Abaza, quoted above, states tor. The features, indeed, of the head him to bave been) to yield an appa- which was sent to the capital, were so rent acquiescence to the demands of disfigured by death, that even the molthe janissaries, had, nevertheless, de- lab, Mohammed Sandjari, who had termined to save his life, and had been khoja or chaplain to Abaza, procaused a criminal to be put to death fessed himself unable to decide whe. under his name, while the real Abaza ther or not they were those of his for. was privately conveyed in a galley to mer patron; but there must unquesGallipoli
, and placed on board an Alge. tionably have been many in Erzroom rine corsair, of which he shortly after by whom the person of their quondam obtained the command. In this capacity pasha was too well remembered, to he cruised for seven years against the admit of an adventurer personating Christians in the Mediterranean, till him without detection; and Evliya on the very day of Mourad's death himself, though he cautiously abstains his vessel was captured by a Danish from giving an opinion on the point, ship. He now became a slave, and must, from his former intimacy with apparently was sent to the Danish set- Mourad, have known Abaza well tlements in the East Indies, as it is enough to be able to pronounce on his said that, after seven years' captivity identity. The entrance of Abaza on among the Danes, he was transferred the scene of history is marked by his to the
Portuguese, and made his escape, narrow escape from the doom prothree
years after this exchange, by the nounced against him by the relentless wreck in the Indian seas of the ship to Mourad-Kouyoudji; and it would cerwhich he belonged. He now deter. tainly be a consistent close to his mined to return to the scenes of his checkered story, if it could be proved former life, and after passing from that, on his disappearance from public India, by Bukhara and Khorassan, life, his existence was, in truth, preinto Persia, at - last reached Erzroom served by an isolated exertion of hufrom Ispahan; and “soon after his manity on the part of the most cruel arrival," says Evliya, “ began to find of the Osmanli sultans ! out his old acquaintances, and was the chief of a party, to whom he related With the death or disappearance of all his remarkable adventures," while Abaza, the party of which he had for Soliman-Pasha assigned him an al- 80 many years formed the head was lowance, and reported the case to the speedily dissolved ; the seditious spirit Porte. The functionary to whom the of the janissarics.bad been curbed for execution of Abaza had been intrust- the time by the severities exercised ed, was summoned before the reigning towards them, and the reduction of Sultan Ibrahim, and examined; but their strength in domestic and foreign as he could only depose that he had contests; and Mourad, who had con. executed a person who was said to be ceived the atrocious design of extir. Abaza, but whose features he had not pating the imperial line by the execuseen from the shroud in which he was tion of all his brothers, threw aside the enveloped, the affair was still involved weapon which he had used to ensure in mystery; and at length a capidji- the tranquillity of his own sway. Du. bashi was dispatched to Erzroom, who ring his memorable march to Bagdad seized and decapitated the real or pre- in 1639, most of the old followers of tended Abaza, and carried his head to Abaza, who had been suffered to reConstantinople.
main unmolested after the removal of Such is the romantic story which their leader from Asia, were seized Evliya narrates, immediately after and delivered to the executioner ; and his account of the supposed execution the same fate was shared by the sheikh of Abaza under the reign of Mourad. of Kaisariyeh, (who had been penIt is obvious that the number of years sioned and permitted to retire to Sieassigned to the wanderings of the vas,) on his recommencing at a later hero, do not correspond with the true period his accustomed denunciations time which had elapsed between the of the janissaries. Under the reign of presumed death of Àbaza in 1634, and Mourad, the men of the spoon conti.
NO, CCXCVIII, VOL. XLVIII.
nued to be curbed and awed by his trolled veto over the direction of the ferocity ; but when his weak and de- empire, had become so intimately con. tached brother Ibrahim (who had nar. nected and interwoven with every rowly escaped the bowstring by the institution of the monarchy, that its disobedience of the officers of the destruction could not be effected withcourt, who assured the dying Sultan out a total disruption of the bonds of his execution) ascended the throne, which sustained the union of the whole they resumed their ancient audacity fabric; and the events which have and predominance; and the design of followed in rapid succession from the suppressing this corps, which bad ori- era of 1826 have postponed, to an ginated with Osman, and which Moualmost hopeless distance of time, the rad was supposed never to have aban. reconstruction of the edifice. The doned, though his death at the age of vigorous and scarcely-shaken trunk twenty-eight anticipated its accom- might have survived, under the rule plishment, passed away; till after a of the sons of Ahmed, the amputation lapse of nearly two centuries it was of a peccant limb; but when the gan. revived and carried into effect by Mah- grene had reached the heart, the exmoud II. But at this later period the tinction of the disease inevitably inexistence of the haughty stipendiaries, volved the cessation of vitality throughwho had so long exercised an uncon- out the system.
A FEW PASSAGES CONCERNING OMENS, DREAMS, ETC.
You know, my dear Eusebius, some always takes off his hat to a magpie. of the peculiar ways of nervousness of Innumerable are the little superstitions our mutual friend, Eugene ; but that affect strong minds: perhaps it I think you are unacquainted with may be even asserted, that the stronger their cause.
He has very recently the mind, the more certain is it to enbeen upon a visit with me. Our dis- joy some such small safety-valve of course, the other day, turning upon the imagination, that the general curlucky and unlucky times, on dreams, rent of thought may be the more omens, and all such idle but interest. free from vagrant fancies. The doubt ing speculations—phenomena of na- which often perplexes, is gladly convertture, as he called them-I was much ed into a belief. But I wished to give surprised when he told me that some- you, my dearEusebius, an account of the thing akin to a belief in such matters origin of the nervousness of our friend was a weakness against reason, per. Eugene. He told me that it came haps worse than a weakness, to which upon him thirty years ago, and in the he had to plead guilty. I remembered following sudden manner:
:-He had that I had once myself intended to been then, he said, remarkably free write some remarks on a lucky and an from those practical reminiscences of unlucky year, which were remarkable our mortal nature which occur in most in my own life-the lucky immediately families. He had never witnessed a succeeding to the unlucky. I was, not deathbed. It was to his imagination very long ago, conversing with one who an awful thing ; but poetically so, if was in the habit of making a mock at the expression may be allowed ; that the credulity of mankind. He was not is, it was a feeling to indulge in when aware that he was himself gifted with his fancy so willed. It was a part of his full share. I found he attached the drama: a scene to sit and weep greatimportance to the particular num- over, as over a Juliet in her tomb, and ber nine, and said he dreaded the com- then to return to the world of life, and ing of every year terminating in pine, in a moment know it not-feel it not. for that every such year had been dis. The conception was one of highastrous to him; and he ran over a wrought pleasure to sport with-and great number of events, unpleasant to discard. He was the child playing indeed enough, all which had occurred at the cockatrice's den; so that ihis inin years whose last figure was nine. dulgence of his, like most intellectual I know a gentlemen of high attain- indulgences in the buoyancy of youth, ments and natural strong sense, who was but rare and he was completely
master over it. He knew just enough eye, that thus in fact superseded other of death, by this sort of speculation, to vision, but walking, sitting, or runmake the real presence of it (come ning skeletons. He felt the necessity to him when or where it might) the of at once resisting this horrid delumore terrific. He was then living in sion. He immediately determined the little village of , and very upon an excursion, Where shall I near the residence of a beloved sister, go? said he: nothing interests me; He had passed an evening with her but I must fly. He found an adverand her interesting daughter, then tisement in a newspaper, announcing rather an invalid, with more than usual a sale of curiosities at the town of S-, cheerfulness. In the night he was about fifty miles distant. He took his suddenly awakened out of a sweet place by the coach instanter, and arsleep, the sweeter from the cheerful- rived the same night. Somewhat faness he had enjoyed, and told that she tigued, he went early to bed. In the (his sister) was dying. He reached middle of the night he was awakened her house in time to support her in his by unusual noises; at one time groans, arms, and in them she died. The at another roaring laughter; then shock, he said, stupified him, so that was a momentary stillness, which was at first he scarcely knew the power of succeeded by vehement ejaculations. the blow which had struck him. It Whence did they come? From the was like the fatal battle-wound, for a very next room to his own.
Soon moment not felt, and the stricken there were many voices; and, louder knows not whence comes the small than all, were the blasphemies of a mablood-stream in which his life is pass. niac. A stillness again succeeded; but ing away. Within a few days he was it was death again. The man had died again summoned, and again at night, raving. to receive the latest breath of her dy And this was the recreation our ing daughter: she, too, expired in his friend Eugene sought?—this was the arms. He saw them both deposited in escape from thoughts of death_from one grave. The week of wretchedness the terrors his presence had engenderwas not yet concluded. The day fol. ed in him ? He doubted himself-his lowing the funeral, a letter announced actual waking existence. Was he to him the death of a very dear friend. himself under the spell of a hideous At the same time a near neighbour, dream? Then he felt as if a great efwishing to divert his mind from brood- fort were necessary to keep his reason ing over these melancholy occurrences, in her seat. Perhaps this exertion called upon him. They walked out kept off an immediate and dangerous for some time, and would have pro. illness. His health did not give way, ceeded together to the town of B but his nerves were shaken ; and never but our friend bad letters to write, and from that awful week have they reengaged within an hour to meet his covered their strength. Any distressfriend in the town. Thither, at the ing, any vexatious circumstance, intime agreed upon, he went. He saw stantly affects him powerfully even his friend on the opposite side of the now; but less so than at first. His street-ere he could reach him, he saw palpitations of the heart were, for a him suddenly fall back—there was au year or two, frightful. He assured me immediate rush of those about him that, during two years, he did not Eugene reached him, and was one that think there was one hour in any day supported him-he was dead. This in which he had not powerfully picwas very awful—was very dreadful. tured to his mind scenes of death, He was haunted, he said, with images either of his own, or of those he loved. of death. It made him, as he described During those two years his existence it, see through the covering of fleshly was miserable. One curious effect beauty with which Nature had con. was, that his favourite pursuit, which cealed the intricate mechanism of life, was in no manner connected by any and through the more various cloth. association he could trace, became ing which the arts of life had superodious to him. He had indulged a added, and behold nothing but the taste for pictures, and had acquired bare deformity of death—the deformity a considerable knowledge of the arts, of death, yet more hideous to him, for theoretically and practically. He had it was yet gifted with life: man, wo been a collector; but for nearly two man, and child, were to his mind's years he could not abide the sight of
what he had so fondly cherished. If ately extricate myself. Had this perthe subject was mentioned, he felt un. son been the minutest point of time comfortable ; and he declared, that he later, had the horses advanced one verily believed that if it had been pro- single stop, either before they could posed to him, by walking into a room, be held or after, my leg and thigh or even by drawing a curtain, to see must have been torn from my body, the finest work of art that had ever and in all probability I must have been executed, he would have shunned been killed upon the spot. I was, in the sight with a feeling of loath. truth, in a most awful situation; so it ing. This is the picture of a mind was, not one single move did the warped a little astray. And where, coach make from the instant I was in the wanderings, the errors that be, thus, with my limb between the set the paths of our minds, shall we spokes of the wheel till I was perfectset up our mark and say, r so far are ly extricated; and none of this was the limits of sound reason ?" It is a effected by any human means with the hard riddle, Eusebius, and we must intention of saving me, for no one leave it where we find it.
was aware of my situation. I never I mentioned to you my own unfore could think it other than a providentunate and fortunate year. I will not tial escape; and I trust I was then, detail either the disasters of the one, and am still, thankful for that and the or the recompenses of the other; but many other mercies I have experienced. the termination of the unfortunate But I well remember being struck year, even to the very last moment, with this circumstance, that the mo. was very remarkable, as was the in- ment of my utmost peril must have stantaneous change from imminent been the last moment of the unfortuperil to perfect safety, even at the very nate year, and the moment the coach moment that ushered in the new and stopped must have been the first of successful year. It was thus : The the new year; and I recollect the last day of the year
thought passing through my mind, obliged to go to the city of upon that it was a merciful, a happy beginvery distressing business that had long ning, and I accepted it, in my thankharassed me-one of the evil occur. fulness, as an omen that that year rences of that evil year.
would be as happy to me as the last travelling at night by coach : I had had been otherwise. I found, when I an outside place. One of the passen- arrived at -, letters which put gers remarked, “ We are within two the disagreeable business, the cause minutes of the new year." He had of my journey, in a better train. scarcely spoken these words, when we I succeeded to my utmost wishes; and observed the coach to sway very I may say that, from the moment of much, and not to keep its place in the the commencement of that year to its road; the coachman cried out,“jump termination, it gave me as much sucoff all of you as quick as you can, for cess as the last had brought disasters. we shall be upset." I could just see
Does not the mind feel at times somethat the off-leader had, somehow or thing very like a conviction, upon other, disencumbered his head of his which it does not reason- 1_will not headgear ;-the bit was out of his reason—that it is under the influence mouth, and the reins had no power of evil spirits that thwart all its reover him. All scrambled off as they solves, all its actions? And how could could: I was not so quick, having on I avoid a feeling that the evil demon, a thick greatcoat; and when I did get the Alastor, that had persecuted me, off the coach, I swung, holding by had been subdued? A sparrow falleth the irons, the coach moving on the not to the ground without permission. while in most irregular motion; at Evil is permitted to work, and it is length my right leg and thigh fell in stayed by an Omnipotent hand-s0 between the spokes of the wheel on that, be it how it may, by whatever the inside. Ai that very instant the agency the evil is prevented, and the coach, as if by a merciful Providence, good brought to pass, we have still stopped ;--some one had, at the very reason to be thankful : and I trust nick of time, contrived to get to the here is no superstition. And if there head of the leader, and held him, yet were, is it not a certain necessity of not knowing the precarious situation our condition that there should be in which I was ; nor could I immedi. some in us all ? And could we divest