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placed on the quarter-deck; their duties, even in the cases struck down like the rest, lived only long enough to see the where they are most mixed up with those of the scamen, group cause of his failure, and to witness the shocking sight of his them well aft. The marines are exclusively planted as sentries gallant self-devoted crew cut to pieces, rather than move their at the cabin doors of th: captain and officers; and even the hands to fire one gun to save the credit of their commander look-out men on the quarters, at night, are taken from the all consideration for their own lives, or for the honour of their royal corps. To all this it may be added, that the marines country, appearing to be absorbed in their desperate deter. furnish the officers with such small service, in the way of at mination to prove at last how completely they had it in their tendance, as they may require, and generally wait at table. power to show their sense of the unjust treatment they had

In a well-known instance of mutiny on board a frigate, the received.--Hall*: Fragments operation of these principles was shown in a most striking

OLD FOOT-PATHS. manner. The captain was one of that class of officers, now happily extinct, whose chief authority consisted of severity.

Stiles and foot-paths are vanishing everywhere. There To such an excess was this pushed, that his ship’s company, it is nothing upon which the advance of wealth and popula. appears, were at length roused to actual revolt, and proceeded tion has made so serious an inroad. As land has increased in a tumultuous, but apparently resolute body, to the quarter- in value, wastes and heaths have been parcelled out and deck. It is extremely curious to remark, that the same stern enclosed, but seldom have foot-paths been left. The papet system of discipline which had driven the seamen into revolt, and the naturalist, who before had, perhaps, the greatest had likewise been applied to the marines without weakening real property in them, have had no allotment. They have their paramount sense of duty under any circumstances. Such, been totally driven out of the promised land. " Goldsmith at all events, was the force of habit and discipline, that when complained in his day, that the captain ordered them to fall in, they formed instantly, as a matter of course, across the deck. At his farther orders,

The man of wealth and pride they loaded their muskets with ball, and screwed on their

Takes up a space that many poor supplied ;

Space for his lake, his park's extended bounds, bayonets. Had the corps now proved traitors, all must have

Space for his horses, equipage, and hounds: been lost ; but the captain, who with all his faults of temper The robe that wraps his limbs in silken sloth and system, was yet a great, and gallant, and clever-headed Has robb'd the neighbouring fields of half their growth: officer, calculated with good reason upon a different result.

His seat, where solitary sports are seen, Tuming first to the mutineers, he called out,

Indignant spurns the cotiage from the green. * I'll attend to you directly !"

And it is but too true that the pressure of contiguous And then addressing the soldiers, he said with a tone of such pride has driven farther, from that day to this, the public perfect confidence of manner and so slightly interrogative as from the rich man's lands. They make a solitude and to furnish its own answer.

call it peace." Even the quiet and picturesque foot-path “ You'll stand by your king and country?". The marines, thus appealed to, said nothing, but grasped their ing to the poor man with his burden å cooler and nearer

that led across his fields, or stole along his wood-side

, giv. fire-arms with an air of fixed resolution. It was exactly one of those occasions when silence gives the most expressive of cut to the village, is become a nuisance. One would have all consents ; and the captain, assured that if he were now only thought that the rustic labourer, with his sithe on lis true to himself, the soldiers would be true to their duty, ex-shoulder, or his bill-hook and hedging mittens in his hanit, claimed,

the cotta ge-dame in her black bonnet and scarlet cloak, “ Then royal and loyal marines, we don't care a damn for the neat village maiden, in the sweetness of health and sim. the blue jackets !"

plicity, or the boy strolling along full of life and curiosity, And, stepping forward, he seized the principal ringleaders by might have had sufficient interest in themselves, for a cul. the throat, one with each hand, and calling out, in a voice like tivated taste not merely to tolerate, but to welcome--pass

. thunder, to the rest, instantly to move off the quarter-deck, he ing occasionally at a distance across the park or wood, as consigned the astonished and deserted culprits to the master at arms, by whom they were speedily and quietly placed in double But they have not; and what is more, they are commonly

objects agreeably enlivening the stately solitude of the ball

. irons—and the whole mutiny was at an end ! The successful issue of the recent mutiny, and his well their own estates, but permit the seasons to scatter their

the most jealous of pedestrian trespassérs, who seldom visit believe that he could command the services of his people, not charms around their villas and rural possessions without only on ordinary occasions, but at moments of utmost need. the heart to enjoy, or even the presence to behold them. Here was his grand mistake. The obedience he exacted at the How often have I myself been arrested in some long-ftr. point of the lash had no heartiness in it; and when the time quented dale—in somne spot endeared by its own beauties came that the argument of force could no longer be used, and and the fascinations of memory-by a board exhibiting in when the bayonets of the marines had lost their terrors, there giant characters, “STOPPED BY AN ORDER OF Sessions," was read to him, and in letters of blood, the bitterest lesson and denouncing the terrors of the law upon trespassers ! of retributive justice that perhaps was ever pronounced to any This is a little too much. I would not be querulous for officer since the beginning of the naval service.

The frigate under command of this energe'ic officer, when the poor against the rich. I would not teach them to look in company with another ship, chased two French frigates off the with an envious and covetous eye upon their villas, lawns, Isle of France. As, his ship sailed much faster than her con

cattle, and equipage; but when the path of immemorial sort, he soon outstripped her, and closed with the enemy single-usage is closed, when the little streak, alinost as fine as a handed. The Frenchmen, seeing only one ship near tbem, mathematical line, along the wealthy man's ample field, is and the other far astern, shortened sail, and prepared for the grudgingly erased, it is impossible not to feel indignation at attack, which, however, they could hardly suppose would be the pitiful monopoly. Is there no village champion to be undertaken by one ship. So this expectation, however, they found, bold enough to put in his protest against these euunderrated the gallant spirit of her commander, who, unques- croachments, to assert the public right-for a right it is

, tionably, was one of the bravest officers in the service. It is said, also, that he deemed himself

, at this critical moment of as authentic as that by which the land is itself held, and as his fate, one of the most fortunate of men, to possess such an clearly acknowledged by the laws. Is there no local opportunity for distinction. Seeing the enemy's friyate within “ Hampden, with dauntless breast,” to withstand the his reach, and well knowing what his men could execute if petty tyrants of the fields, "and to save our good old foot-püthis? they chose,-never dreaming for a moment that they would fail if not, we shall in a few years be doomed to the highways" him at this pinch, he exclamed, in the greatest rapture, “ We and the hedges ; to look, like Dives, from a sultry region shall take them both! steer right for them ! and now, my of turnpikes, into a pleasant one of verdure and foliage brave lads, stand to your guns, and show what you are made which we may not approach. Alrendy, the stranger, if he of!" This was the last order he ever gave ! The men obeyed, and of a steel trap; the botanist enters a wood to gather a

lose his way, is in jeopardy of falling into the horrid fangs stood to their guns, like gallant fellows as they were ; but they stood there only to be shot to death. They folded their arms,

. For six or eight miles around Edinburgh especially. The Earl of and neither loaded nor fired a single shot in answer to the peal. Rosslyn is unpopular at present ; and we do not affect to be better ing broadsides which the unresisted and astonished enerny were pleased with his conduct than our neighbours;

but he de erves the pouring fast upon them! Now had arrived the dreadful ma praise of not shutting up his grounds on the banks of the Exk, while

he newer proprietors seem afraid their possessions will run away unkw ment of revenge for them as their captain, who was soon

hey are kept close caged.

Rower, and is shot with a spring-gum ; death hunts our colour, and not quite so pure á flavour. Should colour be an dells and copses, and the poet complains, in regretful notes, shject, it may be communicated by the raspings of an overthat he

baked loaf, or by scorched treacle; but this is matter of listle Wanders away to the field and glen,

moment. The drink will spontaneously fine itself. To persons Far as he may for the gentlemen.-HowITT.

who have acquired an inveterate predilection for the aboinicable

and varied flavours which the skill of the brewer enables him FIELD-PATHS.

to communicate, this pure and simple drink may be less please BY THE AUTHOR OF CORN-LAW RHYMES.

ing: but it is singular how soon the consumer acquires a high Path of the quiet fields ! that oft of yore

relish for it, and prefers it to every other. There is a purity Calld me at morni, on Shenstone's page to pore;

of taste belonging to it quite different from the indescribable

jumble of tastes so perceptible in common ales, and a light Oh poor man's footpath! where, “ at evening's close," sharpness, combined with tenuity, which is much more agreeHe stopp'd to pluck the woodbine and the rose,

able than the glutinous or mucilaginous softness of even the Shaking the dew-drops from the wild-brier bowers, best ales. But it has one advantage which places it above all That stoop'd beneath their load of summer flowers, competition, and that is its lightness on the stoinach ; this, Then ey'd the west, still bright with fading flame, when compared with the sickly heaviness of malt-ale, is really * As whistling homeward by the wood he came ;

remarkable. The whiter the sugar the lighter will be the ale ; Sweet, dewy, sunny, flowery footpath, thou

and age greatly conduces to the same end, provided that the Art gone for ever, like the poor man's ców!

driok is sound, which is best insured by bottling. Hups are

not the only bitter whicb may be made use of for preparing and No more the wandering townsman's Sabbath smile ;

flavouring such ales ; others can inuch more conveniently be No more the hedger, waiting on the stile

procured in certain situations. Mixtures, in various propor. For tardy Jane; no more the muttering hard,

tions, of wormwood, powdered bitter oranges, gentian root, and Startling the heifer, near the lone farm-yard;

rind of Seville oranges, will afford an excellent bitter, perhaps No more the pious youth, with book in hand,

more wholesome than hops, and, if skilfully combined, to the Spelling the words he fain would understand,

full as palatable; in this position the brewers cannot refuse to Shall bless thy mazes, when the village bell

bear me out, for reasons with which many of them are acquaintSounds g'er the river, soflen'd up the dell,

ed. Gentian, and particularly qnassia, must be used sparingly; Rat from the parlour of the loyal inn,

for the bitterness of these is of so fisting and penetrating a The Great Unpaid, who cannot err or sin,

kind, that much of it is sure to be disagreeable. It has been Shall see, well pleas'd, the pomp of Lawyer Ridge,

shown by M. Dubrunfaat, that a good beer can be procured

from poratoes; the potatoes are to be grated to a pulp'; this is And poor Squire Grubb's starv'd maids, and dandy

to be well mixed with boiling water, and ground barley-malt is bridge,

to be added. The liquid being drawn off, is to be hopped in Where youngling fishers, in the grassy lane,

the usual way, yeast added, and the fermentation induced. The Purluin'd their tackle from the brood-mare's mane, beer thus produced, after being bottled, was found greatly to And truant urchins, by the river's brink,

resemble Paris beer. In certain parts of Ireland an excellent Caught the fledged throstle as it stoop'd to drink, heer is brewed from parsnips, by a process somewhat like the Or with the ramping colt, all joyous, play'd,

foregoing, except that no malt is used; the bitter employed is Or scar'd the owlet in the blue belled shade.

hops. In short, malt is by no means necessary to the produc-
tion of wholesome and agreeable beers.-- Lardner's Cyclopædia ;

Domestic Economy.
USEFUL NOTICES.

The Uses Op THE BRAMBLE. --The shrub which we are in BAR FROU SUCAR.-For making excellent ale or table the habit of despising, and which is only used by the chance heer, it is not absolutely necessary to use malt. To conceive

passenger occasionally p!ucking its fruit, possesses, however, this subject rightly, we must consider that it is the sugar of the several a:lvantages which deserve our attention. It is now to malt which undergoes fermentation, and that any other sugar be found in every bank and ditch. About the braes opposite will fer ment just as well, although no other sugar is so cheap. Hawthornden, and by the side of the path by the river-side, so Economy and long habit have established malt sugar as a brew iniquitously shut up, bramble-berries wont to be found in proing material, but cane-sugar will afford an excellent drink. fusion; but in the vale of Clyde, between Lanark and Hamil. To persons residing in the country, and far froin breweries, as ton, this becomes a rich fruit. Its roots, when dried in the well as those who do not choose the great trouble of minaging shade, cut into small fragments, and, taken in the shape of a malt. this is a valgable fact. Another advantage of cane-sugar weak infusion, form one of the best specifics against obstinate is, that the apparatus necessary for converting it into beer is conghs. Its long branches can, in cases of need, be used as weeb pore simple; all that is required. is a cask which has cords ; and its fruit produces an excellent wine, the mode of ao bung-hole, or has it well stopped up. This is to be set stand making which is as follows:- Five measures of the ripe fruit, ing on either of its eads ; a cock is to be fixed in one of the with one of honey and six of wine, are taken and boiled; the Haves, thout an inch above the bottom chimb, so that in draw- froth is skimmed off, the fire removed, and the mixture being ing of the liqnor, the sediment cannot also run. In the centre passed through a linen cloth, is left to ferment. It is then of the top of the cask, that is, in the centre of its other ecd, a boiled anew, and allowed to ferment in a suitable cask. In bole is to be bored, of such size as will admit a large bottle cork. Provence, bramble-berries are used to give a deep colour to Let us suppose that the cask holds 10 gallons, and the drink is particular wines. to be tolerahly strong ale. The

proper quantity of hops required for 10 gallons of 'ale, in this process, will be about 1} lb. On this quantity, contained in any convenient vessel, pour on

ODE TO FREEDOM. gallons of boiling water; or,' what is much better, boil the

BY DAVID TEDDERS hain in the water for about five minutes, and no more; then In youth I adored thee, and knelt at thy shrine emaid ud ahel hops; in the strained liquor dissolve 14lbs. of In manhood I worship thee Spirit divine : makes and mix in a pint of yeast of the best quality. Pour the When my last pulse shall throb, tchen my last sigh is sighing, thruw up its yeast through the cork-hole at the top, and, this if thy presence is there, there is bliss even it dying

. being retained within the external rim of the chimb, it will, Thy fanes have been thronged, in days that are past, for the most part, fall back into liquor, and run back into the With ardent adorers in multitudes vat; o nich as three weeks or a month to complete the fermenta- Leonidas, Washington, Wallace, and Tell! d. For the last fortnight the cork may be generally kept in Enrobed in thy vestments in Bannock's 'red field,' she the bolé, but should, once every two day he removed, to give Thy patriot sons made Plantagenet yield; sest to the fixed air, and then replaced. When the fermenta. With

the flesh of his minions the earles were gorged, *** tiso appears at an end, the taste of the sugar will almost entirely And he writhed and blasphemed in the chains he had forged.' -* * een be permanently driven in, and in four days the ale will be what tho' over Poland, all blighted and waste ft hof draoghs, or for bottling. As to the quality of the sugar, Barbarians stalk at a despotis behest jugossips it statter of little consequence; white sugac will afford av THERE, each rock is an altar, cacla grave is a shrine,,, ne scarcely coloured ; brown sugar will impart proportionate Where thy votaries shall worship yet, Spirit divide

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FINANCIAL REFORM.-In order to acquire something like a ORIGINAL AND SELECTED.

tolerably accurate understanding of what our Legislators have LIFE IN A PiG-sty.-Lord Deerhurst's antipathy to been doing with our money, it is necessary to go back to some soap and water is generally known. One night, during distant period, that we may be able to contrast what our expenthe time that Sophia Debouchette (afterwards Lady Berwick) diture was with what it now is. The period we shall select is was living under his protection, his Lordship being rather the year 1790; because a report of a Committee of the House “ Bacchi plenus,” was extolling the charms and manners of Commons baving given an exact account of the expenditure of his mistress to the Club at Whites', and concluded his of that year, we shall be safe from error in making use of that eulogy with the following trope" In fact, I live only in the army in that year was L.1.844,153 ; on the navy;

This account shews that the whole expenditore og Sophia's eyes.”_“ I don't doubt it,” said Lord Alvanley, L.2,000,000 ; on the ordnance, L.375,000 ; on the national « for I observed she had a sty in them, the last time I saw debt, L.10,317,972; and that the total expenditure in 1790, her."

was no more than L. 15,969,178. The annual accouat of the The Marquis of Hertford recently gave a grand dinner public expenditure laid before the House of Commons this year, at Pompeii, on the site of the ancient baths. Many of the shews that it amounted for the year 1832 to L.47,123,298. guests were conveyed thither in one of our omnibuses, con. But to this must be added about L. 4,000,000, which is expendtaining twenty-five persons. The passage of this stupend- ed in collecting the revenue ; making the actual estublished esous modern machine, followed by several elegant English penditure of the United Kingdom something more than Fırty. carriages, along the narrow streets of this antique town, ONE Millions, in the sixteenth year of profouod peace.

Tait's Magazine. formed a most singular spectacle. An attempt at an exca. vation was made during the dinner, but was not successful. the last accounts from New York, the malady had decreased

Tur CHOLERA IN THE UNITED States.- At the date of LONDON PORTER_Except in Dublin, this beverage has in virulence in that city; but the deaths and new cases were never been equalled in point of strength and flavour. Imi- sufficiently numerous to excite aların. Even respectable fetations have been tried with great exertion and outlay of nales, when they have occasion to go out, either on busicapital, in different parts of the country, but they can all ness or pieasure, invariaby adopt the precaution of displaybe detected by their burnt taste, and bear no comparison to ing a card, which is attached round their necks, with some the rich, full body of the genuine London porter. This ge- such directions as the following : “My name is -; should nerous liquid, as' is well known, is always drunk out of I be seized with Cholera, do not take me to the hospital, but to pewter or silver pots, which impart a finer flavour to the my residence, No. – in

DR. JOHNSON ON POPULAR AND USEFUL PREACHING. mouth of the drinker than if glass or earthenware were used. The reason for this can be scientifically accounted called Methodists have.-Johnson, "Sir, it is owing to their

I talked of preaching and of the great success which those for, by the electro-chemical action which is going on be expressing theinselyes in a plain and familiar maaper, which is twixt the acid of the porter and the metal ; and, therefore, the only way to do good to the common people, and which the popular taste is quite correct in adhering to pewter clergywen of learning and genius ought to do from a practice pots. The Scotch, who import London porter to a large of duty, when it is suited to their congregations; a principle extent, do not seem to be aware of this remarkable fact, as for which they will be praised by men of sense. To insist they always drink the liquor from glass tumblers. Be- against drunkenness as a crime, because it debases reason, the tween six and seven millions of barrels of porter or strong noblest faculty of man, would be of no service to the common beer are made annually in England ; in 1830, the quan- people, but to tell them they may die in a fit of drunkenness,

and show them how dreadful that would be canaot fail to make tity exported was 74,902 barrels.

"Arctic LAND EXPEDITION.—We rejoice to learn, that a deep impression. Sir, when your Scotch clergy give up an expedition to the shores of the Polar Seas, for the Let this observation, as Johnson meant

it, be ever rememberpurpose mentioned in the following statement, is at last ed. — Boswell's Johnson. fiually delermined upon-to proceed witbout delay, under the

command of Captain' Back, by way of Canada, Besides appearing in Weekly Numbers, the SCHOOLMASTER and, early in the spring, to move towards the terri.

is published in Montilly Parts, which, stitched in a neat cover, tories of the Hudson's Bay Company, who take a warm

contain as much letter-press, of good execution, as any of the large interest in the success of the enterprise. It is intended

Monthly Periodicals: A Table of Contents will be giveu at the end that Captain Back, without deviating from the main

of the year; when, at the weekly cost of three-halfpence, a hand. object of his mission, shall avail himself of every op

some volume of 832 pages, super-royal size, may be bound up, conportunity that may occur to enrich the scientific world,

taining much matter worthy of preservation. and that, before his return, he will have explored those Part 11.,

containing the five September Numbers, with JOHNunknown regions between Point Turnagain, where Cap

STONE'S MONTHLY REGISTER, may bc had of all the Book. tain Franklin finished his journey, and the furthermost

sellers. Price Id. For the accommodation of weekly readers, the point to the west, reached by Captain Parry, and thus

Monthly Register and Cover may be had separately at the different wind up the main object of those two expeditions—it

places of sale. being supposed, from the rein deer and musk oxen being found on Melville Island, that the land is either con

Original Letter of Burns.-Political Martyrs of the end of last tinuous or divided only by narrow straits.

century............ FRIENDLY SOCIETIES. -A statement has been exhibit

What have you to do with Politics ? ed, showing, in a very striking view, the great benefits Price of Justice, ...... and relief which Friendly Societies are calculated to Hydrostatic Bed,....... afford at a period of unexampled calamity like the pre Rise, Progress, and Present State of the Secession Church,.... Iso sent. Since the cholera appeared at Inverness, 'the Portraits by a Lady-taken in the Ventilator of the House

of Commons, number of deaths applicable to the different societies

The Comet-Infectious Character of Superstition,.............183 amounted to 74. The sum of L.5 is allowed by each

VERSES FOR THE YOUNG,.. society to defray the funeral expenses of each per ELENENTS or Thougar–The Press, &c.................... 186 son; and when it is taken into consideration that se COLUMN FOR THE Ladies-Governesses, &c...... veral of the unfortunate sufferers belonged to more than THE STORY TELLER-The old White Hat--and the old Grey

Mare,........... one society, there is here a sum of L.400 applied, in a

Sailors and Marines--Beauties of Flogging......... very short period, to sooth the sorrows of the afflicted;

Old Foot-Paths, &c... and the relief is afforded at a crisis when its value can be

Useful Notices—Beer from Sugar, &c.....................191 more peculiarly appreciated—when the harrowed feelings ScuaPs--Original and Selected... of the relatives are gratified by being able to pay the last

EDINBURGH: Printed by and for John JouNSTONE, 19. St. James and most sacred duty to the remains of their friends in

Square.- Published by Joux ANDERSON, Jun., Bookseller, 55, North decency and propriety. Can we make a more forcible

Bridge Street, Edinburgh ; by Joux MACLEOD, and AITKINSON & appeal as to the usefulness of such institutions, and to the

Co., Booksellers, Glasgow; and sold by all Booksellers and Venders prudence of the working-classes becoming members of them?

of Cheap Periodicals.

CONTENTS OF NO. XII.

177

179

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185 189 1920

THE

AND

EDINBURGH WEEKLY MAGAZINE,

CONDUCTED BY JOHN JOHNSTONE.

THE SCHOOL MASTER IS ABROAD.-LORD BROUGHAM.

No. 13.-Vol. I. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1832. Price THREE-HALFPENCE.

ALL-HALLOW EVE.

fixed a lighted candle. This they do with their mouths THE SCOTCH HALLOW E'EN.

only, their hands being tied behind their backs. From the

custom of flinging nuts into the fire, or cracking them with ABOUT the time this number of the SCHOOL MASTER comes their teeth, it has likewise obtained the name of nut-crack into the hands of our young readers, préparations will be night. In an ancient illuminated missal in Mr. Douce's making, and invitations giving, for the due celebration of collection, a person is represented balancing himself upon the social festivities and ancient mysteries of HALLOW lighted candle, from which he is endeavouring to light an.

a pole laid across two stools ; at the end of the pole is a E'ex. On “hauding Hallow E'en” Burns is, and ever other in his hand, at the risk of tumbling into a tub of will remain classic authority, and Burns, in one shape or water placed under him. A writer, about a century ago, other, is to be found in almost every house in the kingdom.says, “ This is the last day of October, and the birth of All Hallow Eve is the eve, or vigil of All Saints' Day, this packet is partly owing to the affair of this night. I the Ist of November. It is accordingly celebrated on the and nuts, I took the opportunity of running back my own

am alone ; but the servants having demanded apples, ale, last day of October. As a church festival, it is said by an- annals of Allhallows Eve ; for you are to know, my lord, tiquarians to correspond with the Ferialia of the Romans, that I have been a mere adept, a most famous artist, both on which day they sacrificed in honour of the dead, in the college and country, on occasion of this anile chime

rical solemnity.'* offering up prayers to them, and making oblations. The Church of Rome consecrates it to Saints en masse, including “ Pennant says, that the young women in Scotland deterall whom the limited number of 365 days cannot compre- mine the figure and size of their husbands by drawing cabhend. Bonfires were made on this night in many parts of bages blind-fold on Allhallow Even, and, like the English, Scotland, Ireland, and in Wales ; but the Hallow Even Ning nuts into the fire. It is mentioned by Burns, in a

note to bis poem on Hallow E’en,' that. The first cerebleeze is now nearly fallen into desitetude. From a letter in mony of Hallow E’en is pulling each a stock or plant of one of Mr. Hone's most amusing books, it appears that the kail. They must go out hand and hand, with eyes shut, custom of kindling fires is still observed near Paisley. In and pull the first they meet with. Its being big or little, the parish of Callander, a Highland border parish, Hallow straight or crooked, is prophetic of the size and shape of Even fires were lighted in every hamlet or toun, and it is If any yird, or earth, stick to the root, that is tocher, or

the grand object of all their spells---the husband or wife. probable the custom still lingers in those districts. When fortune, and the taste of the custoc, that is the heart of the fire was burnt out, the ashes were swept up into a line, the stem, is indicative of the natural temper and disposiin form of a circle, near the circumference of which a stone tion. Lastly, the stems, or, to give them their ordinary was placed for every member of the families connected with appellation, the runts, are placed somewhere above the

head of the door; and the Christian names of the people the fire ; and the stone (or stones) displaced or tumbled whom chance brings into the house, are, according to the over before next morning, foretold the death of the fey or priority of placing the runts, the names in question. It doomed person for whom it was placed, before next Hallow appears that the Welsh have a play in which the youth Eren. In the parish of Logierait, dry heath, broom, and of both sexes seek for an even-leaved sprig of the ash: and fiax-dressings were tied upon a pole, the fagot kindled, is answered by the first of the other that succeeds ; and

the first of either sex that finds one, calls out Cyniver, and and carried round the village by a person running, attended these two, if the omen fails not, are to be joined in wed. by a crowd of followers. These Hallow Even fagots lock.'t made a brilliant illumination through the parish in a dark

“ Burns says, that'Burning the nuts is a favourite charm. night. Antiquarianş derive this custom from the proces. They name the lad and lass to each particular nut, as they sions of the Romans, and other ancient nations, who bore lay them in the fire; and accordingly as they burn quietly torches round the tombs of their ancestors. Ovid states together, or start from beside one another, the course and that when those rites were neglected, the dead left their issue of the courtship will be.' It is to be noted, that in

Ireland, when the young women would know if their tumbs and went howling about the streets, till the custo

lovers are faithful, they put three nuts upon the bars of the mary honouts were paid to their manes. From Brand, grates, naming the nuts after the lovers. If a nut cracks or one of the most delightful of antiquarian gossips, we Içarn jumps, the lover will prove unfaithful; if it begins to blaze that,

or burn, he has a regard for the person making the trial.

If the nuts, named after the girl and her lover, burn to. "On this night young people in the north of England dive gether, they will be married. This sort of divination is for apples, or catch at them, when stuck upon one end of a

• Life of Harvey, the conjuror. 8vo. 1729. kind of hanging beam, at the other extremity of which is

+ Owen': Weish Dictionary.

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also used in some parts of England at this time. Gay men same by an apple in a tub of water; eachowing a thrnut tions it in his "Spell :...

into the fire, and those that burn bright betoken prosperity • Two hazel nuts I threw into the flame,

to the owners through the following year, but those that And to each nut I gave a sweetheart's name :

burn black and crackle denote misfortune. On the follor. This with the loudest bounce me sore amazed, That in a flame of brightest colour blazeid;

ing morning the stones are searched for in the fire, and if As õlazed the nut, so may thy passion grow,

any be missing they betide ill to those that threw them in' For 'twas thy nut that did so brightly glow!"

só At St. Kilda, on Hallow E'en night, they baked • « There are some lines by Charles Graydon, Esq.co.' On large cake in forin of a triangle, furrowed round, and which Nuts burning Allhallows Eve.'

was to be all eaten that night."* In England, there are *These glowing nuts are emblems true

still some parts wherein the grounds are illuminated upon Of what in human life we view;

the eve of All Souls, by bearing round them straw, or other The ill-match'd couple fret and fume,

fit materials, kindled into a blaze. The ceremony is called a And thus, in strife themselves consume;

a linley, and the Romish opinion among the common peo. Or, from each other wildly start, And with a noise for ever part

ple is, that it represents an emblematical lighting of souls But see the rappy, happy pair,

out of purgatory. Of genuine love and truth sincere ;

“ The inhabitants of the Isle of Lewis, one of the western With mutual fondness while they burn,

islands of Scotland, had an ancient custom, to sacrifice to a Still to each other kindly turn :

sea god, called Shony, at Hallow-tide, in the manner fol. And as the vital sparks decay

lowing : the inhabitants round the island came to the church Together gently sitik away:

of St. Mulvay, having each man his provision along with Till life's fierce ordeal being past, I heir mingled ashes rest at last,"'*

him. Every family furnished a peck of malt, and this was

One of their number was picked out to The blue clew, the three dishes, the apple ate at the brewed into ale. glass, the hemp-seed sawing, the winning three wechts o' wade into the sea up to the middle; and carrying a cup of

ale in his hand, standing still in that posture, cried out with naething, the drouking the sark sleeve, are all familiar a loud voice, saying, “Shony, I give you this cup of ale, spells. The drapping of the egg is less practised in the Low- hoping that you'll be so kind as to send us plenty of sealand parts than the Highlands of Scotland ; the white of the ware, for enriching our ground the ensuing year;" and so

threw the cup of ale into the sea. raw egg is dropt in small quantities into fair water in a

This was performed in

the night-time. At his return to land, they all went to glass vessel, when the fantastic floating forms into which church, where there was a candle burning on the altar; and it shoots, afford subject of divination. If a single particle then standing silent for a little time, one of them gare a of the yolk drop into the glass which is to shadow forth a signal, at which the candle was put out, and immediately young maiden's fortune, her fate is as certain as if she had all of them went to the fields, where they fell a drinking lost the tap pickle in drawing the three stalks of oats. For their ale, and spent the remainder of the night in dancing

and singing, &c."† the following selection of Hallow Even customs we are in

In Ireland, this vigil, in which it is believed the Prince debted to Mr. Hone's works:

“At Aberdeen, “ The Midsummer Even Fire, a relic of of the Power of the Air, and his minions, have full scope, u Druidism, was kindled in some parts of this county ; the observed with nearly the same ceremonies as in Scotland · Hallow Even file, another relict of Druidisın, was kindled and the north of England. One custom peculiar to the

in Buchan. Various magic ceremonies were then celebrated north of Ireland is, for the girl who longs for a glimpse of to counteract the influence of witches and demons, and to her predestined partner, to go to some solitary spot by herprognosticate to the young their success or disappointment in the matrimonial lottery. These being devoutly finished, self, and knitting nine knots on a garter, repeat the while the Hallow fire was kindled, and guarded by the male part the following spell:of the family. Societies were formed, either by pique or

# I knit this knot-this knot I knit, humour, to scatter certain fires, and the attack and defence

To see the sight I ne'er saw yetwere often conducted with art and fury. But now the

To see my true love in his best array, Hallow fire, when kindled, is attended by children only ;

Or the clothes that he wears every day;' and the country girl, renouncing the rites of magic, endea.

And if his livery I'm to wear,

And if his children I'm to bear vours to enchant her swain by the charms of dress and of

Blithe and merry may he be, industry.'t

And may his face be turned to me." « Pennant records, that, in North Wales, there is a custom, upon All Saints' Eve, of making a great fire, called

The apparition of course passes the maiden, as in these Coel Coeth, when every family about an hour in the night, ruled cases. The only drawback on these old usages was makes a great bonfire in the most conspicuous place near the the mortal terror into which they sometimes threw yonn; house ; and when the fire is almost extinguished, every one people, especially the blue clew, and the rites practised in throws a white stone into the ashes, having first marked it,

solitude. In the southern suburbs of Edinburgh, a girl, a then, having said their prayers, tuning round the fire, they go to bed.

In the morning, as soon as they are up, they servant in a respectable family, died about twenty-five come to search out the stones; and if any one of them is years ago, in consequence of the agony of fright into which found wanting, they have a notion that the person who she was thrown by the trick of a mischievous companios. threw it in will die before he sees another All Saints' Eve.' They also distribute scul cakes on all Souls' Day, at the receiving of which poor people pray to God to bless the next CURIOUS TRAITS OF FEUDAL MANNERS. crop of wheat.

« Mr. Owen's account of the Bards, in Sir R. Hoare's HIGHLAND GRAND VIZIÉES.-Under the hereditary • Itinerary of Archbishop Baldwin through Wales,' says, The jurisdictions, the deputies of the lairds, or Feudal larons, autumnal fire is still kindled in North Wales, on the eve

the bailies, possessed or assumed delegated anthority, of of the first day of November, and is attended by many ceremonies; such as running through the fire and smoke, each which they often made the most wanton and Aagitious use ; casting a stone into the fire, and all running off at the cou-proving that excessive, and irresponsible pover is not more clusion to escape from the black short-tailed sow; then dangerous to its unfortunate victims than to the petir of supping upon pairsnips, nuts, and apples; catching at an

the great tyrant by whom it is exercised. The annals of apple suspended by a string with the mouth alone, and the

petty tyranny and cruelty in our own country, if more of Graydon's Collection of Poems. 8vo. Dublin, 1801, † Sinclair's Stat. Ace of Scotland,

Martin's Western Islands,

† IUR.

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