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official proceedings, shall be regulated thereby. Any act required by or in pursuance of law to be performed at or within a prescribed time, shall be performed according to such standard time.

§ 29. Civil and Criminal Codes — The term Civil Code means the Code of Civil Procedure. The term Criminal Oode means the Code of Criminal Procedure.

$ 30 Laws of England and of the colony of New York.A statute of England or Great Britain shall not be deemed to have had any force or effect in this state since May 1, 1788. Acts of the legislature of the colony of New York shall not be deemed to have had any force or effect in this state since December 29, 1828.

The resolutions of the congress of such colony and of the convention of the state of New York, shall not be deemed to be the laws of this state hereafter,

$ 31 Limiting the effect of repealing statutes. – The repeal hereafter or by this chapter of any provision of a statute, which repeals any provision of a prior statute, does not revive such prior provision. The repeal hereafter or by this chapter of any provision of a statute, which amends a provision of a prior statute, leaves such prior provision in force unless the amendatory statute be a substantial re-enactment of the statute amended. The repeal of a statute or part thereof shall not affect or impair any act done or right accruing, accrued or acquired, or liability, penalty, forfeiture or punishment incurred prior to the time such repeal takes effect, but the same may be asserted enforced, prosecuted or inflicted, as fully and to the same extent as if such repeal had not been effected; and all actions and proceedings, civil or criminal, commenced under or by virtue of any provision of a statute so repealed, and pending immediately prior to the taking effect of such repeal, may be prosecuted and defended to final effect in the same manner as they might if such provisions were not so repealed.

§ 32. Effect of repeal and re-enactment. The provisions of a law repealing a prior law, which are substantial re-enactments of provisions of the prior law, shall be construed as a continua

tion of such provisions of such prior law, and not as new enactments. If any provision of a law be repealed and, in substance, re-enacted, a reference in any law to such repealed provision shall be deemed a reference to such re-enacted provision. (As amended by L. 1894, ch. 448.)

$ 33. Effect of revision upon laws passed at same session or before revision takes effect. No provision of any chapter of the revision of the general laws, of which this chapter is a part, shall supersede or repeal by implication any law passed at the same session of the legislature at which any such chapter was enacted, or passed after the enactment of any such chapter and before it shall have taken effect; and an amendatory law passed at such session or at any subsequent session begun before any such chapter takes effect, shall not be deemed repealed, unless specifically designated in the repealing schedule of such chapter.

§ 34. Alterations of titles and head notes. If the title of any article or other division of a statute, or the head note of a section shall be amended or repealed in the body of the statute, or if a new article or other division having a title, or a new section having a new head note be added to a statute the corresponding title or head note, if any, in an abstract of contents at the begin. ning of the article or other division of the statute shall be deemed to be correspondingly amended or repealed, although there be no express reference thereto. $ 35. Liws repealed. - Of the laws enumerated in the sched

hereto annexed, that portion specified in the last column is repealed.

§ 36. Time of taking effect. — This chapter shall take effect immediately.

Secti ng repealed. Revised Statutes. part I, chapter 8, title 8 .... 16. Revised Statutes, part I, chapter 19, title 1 ... 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. Revised Statuties, part II, chapter 4, title: 2.... 3. Revised Statutos, part II, chapter 4, title 3.... 9. Revised Statutes, part III, chapter 8, title 17.. 27. Revise-) Statutes, part III, chapter 10, title 4.. 4. Reviso) Statutes, part IV, chapter 2, title 8... 16.

Sections repealed.

9, 10, 11,

Laws 1828, second meeting, 51st session,

chapter 20....
Laws 1828, second meeting, 51st session,

Chapter 21....
Laws 1857, chapter 536
Laws 1874, chapter 321
Laws 1877, chapter 466
Laws 1884, chapter 14
Laws 1886, chapter 21 ...
Code of Civil Procedure..

3 and 4. 3. All. 27. All. 20. 29, 788, 960 and

subdivisions 6, 7, 8, 15, 17, 21, 22, 23 and 24 of sec

tion 3343. 955, 956, 957. 261, 500, and sub

divisions 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15 of section 718

Code of Criminal Procedure.....
Penal Code ....

CHAPTER III.

THE GENERAL CORPORATION LAW.

LAWS OF 1892, CHAPTER 687.

AN ACT to amend the general corporation law.' Approved by the Governor May 18, 1892. Passed, three-fifths being

present. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

The general corporation law is amended to read as follows, to take effect immediately:

CHAPTER XXXV OF THE GENERAL LAWS.

THE GENERAL CURPORATION Law.
Section 1. Short title.

2. Classification of corporatione.
3. Definitions.
4. Qualifications of incorporators.'
5. Filing and recording certiticates of incorporation.
6. Corporations of the same name prohibited.
7. Amended and supplemental certificates.
8. Lost or destined certificates.
9. Certificate and other papers as evidence.
10. Prohibition of other than statutory powers.
11. Grant of general powers.
12. Limitation of amount of property of a non-stock corporation.
13. Acquisition of additional real property.
14. Acquisition of property in other states.
15. Certificate of authority of a foreign corporation.
16. Proof to be filed before granting certificate.
17. Acquisition of real property in this state by certain foreign

corporations.
18. Acquisition by foreign corporations of real property in this

state upon judicial sales.
19. Prohibition of banking powers.
20. Qualification of members as voters.

Section 21. Proxies.

22. Challenges.
23. Effect of failure to elect directors.
24. Mode of calling special election of directors.
25. Mode of conducting special election of directors.
26. Qualification of voters and canvass of voies at special

elections.
27. Powers of supreme court respecting elections.
28. Stay of proceedings in actions collusively brought
29. Quorum of directors and power of majority.
80. Directors as trustees in case of dissolution.
31. Forfeiture for non-user.
32. Extension of corporate existence.
33. Conflicting corporate laws.
34. Laws repealed.
35. Saving clause.
36. Construction.
37. Law revived.
38. When notice or lapse of time unnecessary.
39. As to acts of directors.
40. Alteration and repeal of charter.

Section 1. Short titie. - This chapter shall be known as the general corporation law.

[The provisions of the general corporation law apply to all corporations formed under or subject to the membership corporations law or the religious corporations law; but section 32 provides, that if, in any case, the provisions of another corporate law (the membership or religious corporations law) conflict with the provisions of the general corporation law, the provisions of such corporate law shall prevail, and the provisions of the general corporation law shall not apply in such case.

The table immediately following the repealing schedule of the general corporation law indicates the sources of the sections thereof.]

$ 2. Classification of corporations.- A corporation shall be either,

1. A municipal corporation,
2. A stock corporation,
3. A non-stock corporation, or

4. A mixed corporation.
A stock corporation shall be either,

1. A monied corporation.
2. A transportation corporation, ar
3. A business corporation,

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