« 上一頁繼續 »
numerous misrepresentations which have gone abroad con- full account of the life and literary and scientific labours cerning her, she writes now, not to defend herself, but of Cuvier—a theme full of interest; and which we hope to exculpate her parents from several charges which "she to see followed up in subsequent Numbers by similar me. knows to be false.” The charges alluded to seem princi-moirs of Humboldt, Laplace, and others. Article fifth pally to consist in this, that it was they who influenced contains a biography of Sir Thomas More-an abstract her to leave her husband, and to act with apparent incon- from the ponderous tome of Dr Rudbart. In article sixth, sistency, by forcing her to put an end to all intercourse the reader will find a satisfactory criticism on the works with one from whom she had parted in the most friendly of Calderon, together with incidental notices of other dismanner. Lady Byron states, on the contrary, that she tinguished Spanish dramatists. The short reviews of tex treated the noble poet with seeming kindness up to the publications are numerous and interesting ; and the coulast moment, simply because she doubted whether he was tinental literary intelligence comes quite up to our notion ty altogether in his sound mind, and feared lest any opposi. of the manner in which this part of the work ought to be tion or irritating expressions might make him worse ; and executedno straggling uninteresting notices, but a comthat upon mentioning these suspicions to her parents, they densed view of what has been achieved at each place dubecame naturally anxious to ascertain their truth or false- ring the last quarter. hood, and the more so, as Lady Byron now, for the first time, informed them, that “ if she were to consider Lord Byron's past conduct as that of a person of sound mind,
Colman's Random Records. London. Colburn and nothing could induce her to return to him.” Her mother
Bentley accordingly went to London to consult both lawyers and We are not going to review this book just now; but physicians on the point; and they gave it as their opi.
we string together a few anecdotes which we bare found nion, that Lord Byron was in his perfect senses, and in it: that the circumstances of the case did not appear of so
ANECDOTE OF LORD ERSKINE. very aggravated a nature, as to make a separation indispensable. Upon learning from her mother that these and invited him to dinner on that savne day ;-on these occa
My father often met Lord (then Mr) Erskine in the street, were the sentiments of the gentlemen with whom she sions, our party, which, when I was at home, formed a trio, had advised, Lady Byron returned herself to London, might as well have been called a duet, for I was only a listenand communicated, in confidence, to Dr Lashington, cerer
' ;--indeed, my father was little more, for Erskine was then tain additional facts concerning Lord Byron's conduct, young at the bar, flushed with success, and enthusiastic in which induced that gentleman to change entirely his opi- each particular case ;—this I thought dull enough, and con
his profession. He would therefore repeat his pleadings in nion of the case, and to pronounce a reconciliation im-gratulated myself, till I knew better, when the oration was possible. What these facts were, Lady Byron does not over. But here I reckoned without my host; for when my disclose, but concludes with trusting, that the statement father observed that the arguments were unanswerable, she has made will “ absolve her father and mother from By no means, my dear sir,' would Erskine say; - bad I all accusations with regard to the part they took in the been counsel for 4, instead of B, you shall hear what ] separation."
would have advanced on the other side ;'-then we did hear, Upon this pamphlet we have to remark, that we think and I wished him at the forum! it ought either not to have been published at all, or it Lord Erskine and my father; for the Lawyer delighted in
“ No two companions could have been worse coupled than ought to have been fuller and more satisfactory. Whe- talking of himself and the bar, and the Manager of himself ther Lady Byron was influenced by her parents or not, and the theatre. Erskine was a gifted mao, and, what is was a matter of comparatively little moment, and we are better, a good man. In the early
part of his career, he was willing to allow that she has now shown that they did considered a great man; but, as John Moody says of Sir not interfere oltroneously or too officiously; but what Francis Wronghead, ' he could no' bawld it."" we wanted to know was, whether she was justified, or
ANECDOTE OF BONNELL THORNTON. not, in separating herself from her husband in the man “ I have no recollection of having ever seen Thornton at ner in which she did ? This point she leaves in as great my father's house. Not long before his ( Thornton's) death, obscurity as ever; nay, she has made it more mysterious these two quondam co-partners had occasion to meet in than it was before, for it appears that she chose to confide London, on some business, at a tavern; their interview
was at noon, and Thornton came half drunk! During their to Dr Lushington certain circumstances which she would conversation, upon the business which had brought them not tell her own parents, although it is evident that upon together, my father observed to his old friend, that he rethese circumstances, from the impression they made upon gretted to see he by no means appeared in good health
. Dr Lushington, the whole gist of the matter depends. * Health!' said Thornton; look here!' and he pointed to One thing is clear, that Lady Byron was herself deter- his ankles, which were alarmingly swollen ; can't yea 'mined on a separation. If Lord Byron had been mad, see ?--'tis the dropsy ;-by 'od! I'm a-going ;' and be ievas as she seems very willing to have believed, a separation going, for he died shortly afterwards,
“ When Thornton was on his death-bed, his relations sur must, of course, have taken place. But as he was not
rounding it, he told them that he should expire before mad, she drew up what she thought a strong enough case bad counted twenty; and covering his head with the bed. against him, which she intrusted to the management of clothes, he began to count:-One, two, --- eighteen, her mother. But even this was found insufficient to nineteen, twenty.' He then thrust out his head, exclaimproduce the desired effect; and she then went to her ing, By 'od! it's very strange! but why aren't you lawyer herself, and told him something or other, which crying ? – Teach my son,' said he to the bystanders, teach induced him to advise her parents to take steps to secure
him, when I am gone, his A, B, C;-I know mine in sea separation, and thus she at length gained her object. has done me; so if you never teach him his A, B, C, at
veral languages; but I perceive no good that the knowledge Lady Byron may have been very ill used, for aught we all, it don't much signify.' Within an hour after this, poor can prove to the contrary; but we repeat, that if she was Bonnell Thornton breathed his last. This is dreadfullto come before the public at all, it should not have been | To see a man of learning and genius lost and besotted, at an with a story so inexplicit and obscure.
age when his talents and experience should have elevated him to many years' enjoyment of the world's admiration and re
spect-to see him on the brink of a premature grave, looking The Foreign Review and Continental Miscellany. No. X. ing down, like an idiot, into the narrow dwelling,' and March, 1830. London. Black, Young, and Young. beholding it with fevered levity !--can there be a more mor
tifying picture of frail humanity?" This is a good Number. The first article-containing
ANECDOTE OF LORD NORTH. a biography of Ignatius Loyola, the foander of the order “I have been told, from very good authority, that Lord of the Jesuits is from the pen of Dr Southey, and writ- North was once discovered among the crowd, which is een ten in his happiest manner. The third article contains a: nerally attracted to the windows where caricatures are dis.
di due me like?
ANECDOTE OF FOOTE.
GIBBON, THE HISTORIAN.
, staring at one of the graphic libels upon himself. tion. For my pastoral friend and brother errs much in ait, en He was represented in a ludicrous attitude, bidding the supposing that I meditate or recommend the suppression Hezbaia leaders of the Opposition do homage to his
person, by the of our venerable Psalter, and the substitution of some rash lordshipso unpopular as he then was, as a minister, but
so innovated thing in its stead. On the contrary, I have amiable in private life, so totally unaffected, and devoid of expressed regret that the high Ecclesiastics of England,
all the pomposities of a high office would have thrust him with all their learning and good taste, had exploded, raTenten self, in such times, into a mob, to gape at satires upon the ther than corrected, the energetic but faulty version of Etial 1594. government. Soon finding, however, that he was recog- Sternhold ; and I should rather choose that our present beskerm nised by those nearest him, who began to titter, he made his version, with its sundry offensive peccadilloes, should be
retreat, though by no means in confusion ;- saying, with a for ever retained, than that a new one, labouring under good-humoured laugh, to the bystanders, as he turned his Back to depart, – Don't you think, gentlemen, it is very
a morbid load of modern plethory and prolixity, should
come forth under the sanction of our Church. But corstig beta; “ In the same careless spirit of forgetting a statesman's rection, which my worthy friend confounds with destruc
gravity, and yielding to the idlest ebullitions of a humorous tion, is by no means so; it rather, like reformation in the and playful mind, he one day walked into the china and state, by extending the delicate hand of repair throughout glas-shop, so well-known for many years, in New Bond all the faultier and minuter parts, tends to establish that
Street, over the door of which was written in capitals work, which would otherwise totter, and make it endure, ude ide Fog And Son.' “Sir," said his Lordship to the tradesman whose cus
“ like the sun and moon,” for ever. And it is precisely tomer he was — this is a very extraordinary coalition of because I venerate our Psalter so much, that I wish to is havde yours, and cannot be expected to last ;--for either Fog ba see its deformities cleared away, and its whole body beau
nishes Sun, or Sun expels Fog; and in both cases, there's an tified and burnished so as to shine out in irreproachable end of the partnership.''
perfection, and afford no handle for the jealous jeers and
reproachful criticisms of the Anti-Calvinistical South. “ One morning, he came hopping upon the stage, during For, it is certain, that albeit you and I should allow, GENE the rehearsal of the Spanish Barber,' which was shortly, what many will not allow, that the composition of our e das mit to be produced : the performers were busy in that Scene of Psalter was perfect in the days of our great-grandfathers, al bruke the piece when one servant is under the influence of a sleeping draught, and another of a sneezing powder. - Well,'
as a demi-English, demi-Scottish linsey-woolsey sort of e, der en said Foote, drily, to my father, how do you go on?' work, yet now-a-days, when every thing proceeding from
* Pretty well,' was the answer, but I can't teach one of our pulpits must, for the sake of gravity and solemnity, rent de a these féllows to gape as he ought to do.'Can't you ?' cried be reduced to the English standard, we cannot consider
Foote," read him your last comedy of the Man of Busi- such a mixed work (which is forbidden, by the by, even
ness, and he'll yawn for a month.'-On another occasion he by the law of Moses) to be faultless or befitting. For apbal, 1
was not less coarse (though more laughable) to an actor, the days are gone by, when our preachers innocently repeat than he had been to the manager."
enamelled their sermons with the graceful Mosaic of their “ The learned Gibbon was a curious counterbalance to the native Doric; when Scottish words, now floating only
on the mouths of our lowest people, had not yet been exlearned (may I not say less learned?) Johnson. Their manners and taste, both in writing and conversation, were
tinct in the halls and on the lips of our nobility and as different as their habiliments. On the day I first sat beauty, and were therefore unaccompanied with that imdown with Johnson, in his rusty brown, and his black pression of vulgarity, or of ludicrous or too familiar adworsteds, Gibbon was placed opposite to me in a suit of dress, with which they are now so inevitably associated. flowered velvet, with a bag and sword. Each had his mea- Pulpit language ought at once to be of the most simple sured phraseology; and Johnson's famous parallel between and solemn character ; simple, to recommend itself to Dryden and Pope, might be loosely parodied, in reference the uneducated ; solemn, to recommend itself to all to himself and Gibbon.—Johnson's style was grand, and classes, but particularly to the highest, in whose esti
Gibbon's elegant; the stateliness of the former was some) times pedantic, and the polish of the latter was occasionally mation solemnity cannot be associated with vulgarities, The finical. Johnson march'd to kettle-drums and trumpets; or with mean, incorrect, or exploded expressions. A reti i Gibbon moved to flutes and hautboys;-Johnson hew'd village congregation of decent rustics, with their wives 7; in passages through the Alps, while Gibbon levellid walks and families, are not in the smallest degree shocked at
through parks and gardens. Mauled as I had been by John the rude elocution of the most vulgar-toned preacher, the best son, Gibbon pour'd balm upon my bruises, by condescendmai ing, once or twice, in the course of the evening, to talk with neither can they conceive why offence should be taken dime; the great historian was light and playful, suiting his at the “ kythest," and the “ riggs,” and the * 200 Ft matter to the capacity of the boy ;-but it was done more wents,” that still deform our psalms; but it is far other- suá ;--still his mannerism prevail'd ;-still he tapp'd his wise with the politer congregations of our cities. De
souff-box,-still he smirk'd, and smiled; and rounded his votional feeling is with them interrupted or endangered
periods with the same air of good-breeding, as if he were where taste and sense of propriety are rudely assailed; nor be conversing with men.-His mouth, mellifluous as Plato's, do I believe that the accomplished preachers of St on was a rouud hole, nearly in the ntre of his face.”
George's or St Stephen's would have courage to read out
to their audiences, as a theme of melody, the verses where MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE.
the words, so admired in Ettrick Forest, are to be found -the most mellifluous kythest, and that most venerable
kitchen-wench polysyllable imperfite! In short, it is a SCOTTISH PSALMODY.
fact that cannot be disputed, nor must we allow our naA LETTER FROM THE OCHILLS.
tional vanity, high-stomached and dogged though it be, To the Editor of the Literary Journal.
to struggle against the conviction, that our pulpit-lan
guage is completely anglicised—that we are as a conMY DEAR SIR,—I am amused to see our old, gallant, quered people in our churches that the powerful lantrust-worthy friend, the romantic Shepherd of Ettrick, guage of Lindsay and Dunbar is banished from our buckling on, even on suspicion, his Caledonian armour; altars—that our sermons, as well as their texts
, our ** waxing fierce and fervid, nay, somewhat vociferous, ad prayers, our addresses, are all (as agreeably to good taste
juring even the Wicked One in his zeal, and, contrary to they should be) completely moulded into English gravity the effect of good King David's harp, calling up Évil and decorum—all
, but our Psalter, where, despite of our Spirits in the defence of what even an archangel's voice Blairs, and Robertsons, and Chalmerses, and Thomsons, would be insufficient to defend or justify—the obstinate some unseemly specks of provincial rusticity are still in a work that ought to be complete beauty and perfec- lito use my Ettrick brother's own figure, the noble edifice;
because it has a broken pane or a crumbled corner-stone ;' there is one audacious expression, which I regret our friend, but for replacing the shattered panes with modern and gentle, and good, and kindly as he is, should have, in his brilliant glass, and substituting, for the mutilated or dis- furious anti-Bradyism, been betrayed into. He" coloured corner-stones, others more beautiful and enduring. opened the Psalms of Tate and Brady, save to despise them." I should just wish that the enlightened clergymen of our Is this like an unprejudiced critic? Is this like handling General Assembly should do for our Psalmody what the a matter, as Solomon directs us to do, wisely? If my bro. enlightened civic rulers of Edinburgh are doing for their ther opens them for the sole purpose of despising them, High Church—they are repairing and refurbishing its can his contempt be any thing else than unfounded preexterior, that it may more harmonize with the elegance judice? And, prejudiced as he sits down to read, can he of the surrounding city, and show off, with more con ever find in them any thing pleasant or good? And does gruous effect, the majesty of the architectural crown that that book of Psalms, which received the approbation of so sublimely tops and ennobles it. Even so should our the Hierarchy of England, men, of all Europe the most Psalms be beautified ; even so should the discolouring erudite and most accomplished,—which has, for more rust of antiquity be rubbed from off them, to show off, in than a century, been, as a devotional exercise, in the uninterrupted effect, and in consonance to those produc-mouths of all the learning, and the nobility, and the tions of elegant literatnre by which they are, as it were, beauty, and the royalty of our sister kingdom, --With surrounded and challenged, that regal crown of sublimity whose verses the magnificent worship of their cathedral and simplicity that so eminently adorns them. And I service has been so long and so venerably associated; is scruple not to repeat it, without any horror of an assault this a book worthy of being despised in the humble skielfrom our worthy old women of Scotland, and my good-ing of Ettrick Forest ? Alas, my brother! “ Verily," humoured Shepherd of Ettrick, with his bloodless crook, saith Solomon," he that despiseth bis neighbour"at their head, that such a purification is due—not only to but I cannot utter the remaining words upon my beloved the high literary respectability of our clergymen, to the brother. improved and daily improving taste of their lay-hearers To conclude, I am of opinion that neither of us should but it is due, above all, to the admirable excellence of the write more on this pacific subject, but consign it modestly original compositions. I profess myself no admirer of over to the clergymen, with whom the determination Tate and Brady, no admirer of our old Scottish versi must finally rest. I shall only add, that for my own fiers,—no admirer even of George Buchanan or Arthur part, I undertook the theme as a pleasant and improving Johnston ; but I profess myself an admirer of the Divine one, and found it full of recreation and delight_alway Lyrist of Judea, the first in degree, as the first in time, of like Bishop Horne, experiencing, the more I studied all lyric poets ; and according as he, in his grace, ma the subject, and compared the various versions, the less jesty, and beauty, is more or less reflected in any versions admiration of them, and the greater admiration of the whatsoever, prosaical or poetical, in the same degree will Divine Original.
W. TENNANT. I form my opinion and mete out my commendation. Devongrove, Dollar Institution,
But, indeed, my brother of Ettrick, fervid though he 20th March, 1830. be, and putting on the appearance of championing it in behalf of what he deems the Palladium of Calvinism, which he suspects that I, like another crafty Ulysses, am REMARKS ON THE SCOTTISH METRICAL VERSION devising to displace and to steal--my brother himself
OF THE PSALMS. seems to be, at bottom, in agreement with me, by confess.
For the Edinburgh Literary Journal. ing “the incalculable advantage which would be if the ancient and original spirit of ours were installed into theirs ;" I am glad to see that so respectable a poet as Mr Tenmeaning, I doubt not, the combination of the English nant has turned his attention to the metrical version of the taste and correctness with the Scottish fire and original- Psalms which is used in the Church of Scotland ; and ity. Now this is quite my own conception of what is though I do not altogether agree with him in his estimate necessary to form a perfect version ; and, as it is altogether of that version, yet it is undeniable that it has many impracticable to infuse the spirit of ours into their too faults, calling loudly for correction. Mr Tennant seems inanimate paraphrase, I should be inclined to adventure to be unacquainted with the history of our version, or he upon the latter alternative, which is quite practicable-would not have been so apt to find it so full of Scotticisms the infusion of their taste and correctness into our fire and as he has done. It was, in fact, not prepared by Scotchmen, animation. On this point, it remains for our clergymen but by Englishmen, and is called the Scottish version, to decide ; and, after decision, to undertake the execution. merely from the circumstance of its having been adopted For the work should be intrusted to no lay-poet, not even
by the Church of Scotland. It was composed during the to Sir Walter himself; it should be done by themselves ; Civil Wars, under the auspices of the Assembly of Dithere are many men of genius belonging to our Church, vines which met at Westminster, and was intended to be not only in our university-towns, but in the retired valleys the authorised version for both England and Scotland, and obscurer nooks of our provinces, fully capable of when the projected uniformity of worship had taken achieving such a task. As to the prejudice which would arise against a change,
* Since the above letter was written and sent to press, the auther
of it and of the short critical strictures that occasioned Mr Hogg's te particularly in our aged people, I confess it deserves to monstratory epistle, has had an opportunity of perusing Dr Beattie's be respected rather than ridiculed or contemned; but the
" Letter to Dr Blair on the Improvement of Psalmody in Scotland,
(just published by Mr Buchanan of George Street,) which was writ. same prejudice must bave existed, and in a much more ten upwards of 50_years ago, and privately circulated among their violent degree, (for the change was much greater,) against
mutual friends. From the perusal of this well-timed little publica:
tion, the author cannot but congratulate himself on observing, tha the present version, which about a century and a half ago his view of this important subject is sanctioned by a name so respect superseded the defective one that preceded it. Many able and authoritative as Dr Beattie, who coincides with him, almost murmurs against innovation,—many lamentations against requisite in our own, of the persons most qualified to make these
unvaryingly, in his opinion of the various versions, of the corrections backsliding, must have proceeded from those old persons, corrections, and of the most simple and proper mode of making who, having got most of them by heart, must have re
them; in fact, in every point, whether of criticism or of suggestion
to the authorities of our Church. garded their Psalms as the Church's Palladium, and de 230 March, 1830. parted this life unreconciled to that improved version
(A Correspondent enquires," Could Mr Tennant's attention be which was forced upon them. A few years, however, drawn to a versification, or rather a new edition, of the Psalms, with swept away these respectable murmurers, and left the new
the versification amended by the late Mr Boswell, advocate? Ne
Boswell was an Oriental scholar, and one of the leaders of the small one in unopposed possession, to be sung, and admired, but respectable sect of Glassites in this city. His version appears to and committed to memory by new generations.
me to be both smoother and closer than that of the Old Church, to On reading again my brother's “Letter from Yarrow,” it when convinced the alteration is an improvement.")
which, however, he gives the decided
place. The original draught was made by a Mr Rous, be very considerable difference of opinion on many points. or Rouse, a member of the Long Parliament. It was The Calvinist could not conscientiously use in public worcarefully revised by the Westminster Divines, and after ship a formulary which distinctly recognises the Armireceiving their approbation, it was transmitted to the Ge- nian doctrines ; nor could a conscientious Arminian adopt neral Assembly of the Church of Scotland, and by them language which was manifestly Calvinistic. * But, intransmitted to the Presbyteries, where, after some cor-dependently of all doctrinal differences, the actual state
rections, it was received into the churches on the 19th of devotional feeling is widely different among Christians, 21 May, 1650. There were a great number of versions, by as much, at least, as the degrees of a musical ear and a in different authors, brought under consideration ; of the re musical taste among mankind at large. Hence those de
spective merits of wbich I do not know if there is now votional expressions, which are well suited to the feelings any means of forming an estimate. There was one by of those who are at the highest point of the scale, will
Mure of Rowallan, which is often mentioned, and highly appear to those who stand lower as enthusiastic and uninla spoken of, by the writers of that period. Worthy Mr telligible ; while such as suited those of a lower grade, z. Zacharias Boyd also laboured much that his version would be felt by the higher as frigid and uninteresting. I might be adopted, and the General Assembly, to avoid Besides this, the poet, if not strictly tied down to Scripin hurting the feelings of so good a man, appointed a small ture, would be in danger of allowing his "eye, in a fine committee to consider it, and they never made a report. frenzy rolling, to body forth the forms of things unknown”
Many of the faults of the present version have arisen and incomprehensible by any class of worshippers. All t;.. from the change which has taken place in the pronuncia- these evils are got rid of by keeping strictly to Scripture; * tion of our language, during the two hundred years which and from all these evils and dangers the Scottish version
have nearly passed since it was made; an evil to which is quite free. It sets before us pious and devotional K. all poetry, and especially rhyme, must be subject. There thoughts and feelings, which are acknowledged as true and
seerxs to be little reason to doubt that the words, high just by all who acknowledge the divine inspiration of the ze and thee, ring and reign, were at that period so pro- Scripture, and it gives us nothing more. 35. nounced as to be good rhymes. Some of the worst are To accomplish such a work well was no easy task, as ir also accurately copied from Sternhold, as is the case with any one may satisfy himself by trying to execute it better the first verse of the 41st Psalm :
on a single Psalm, tying himself down rigidly to the rules
in the received version. Let him neither add a single “ Blessed is he that wisely doth
idea, nor omit one, but give us the ideas of the original The poor man's case cousider ;
Psalmist in plain, elegant, and smooth verse, without the For when the time of trouble is,
smallest poetical embellishment drawn from his own The Lord will him deliver.”
stores, and he will feel the difficulty. With regard to many of the faulty rhymes, it is also That the Scottish version is on the whole admirably to be remembered that the public ear and the public taste executed, agreeably to this plan, no man can doubt. In were not then so accurately formed as they are now; and fact, when compared with that of Sternhold and Hopin consequence of this, there are to be found as bad rhymes kins, it will be found that there is not a single psalin, in Dryden, and as harsh, unreadable lines in Milton, as nor scarcely a verse, which is not improved. It is granted are to be found in our version of the Psalms. * This, that the two verses in the 18th psalm in Sternhold, which however, is only an apology for those by whom it was have been so often quoted, are very fine ; but as they are executed, but its faults still remain, and, in this age of paraphrastic, they could not be adopted in our version more correct taste, should certainly be removed.
without a violation of that ri:le of rigid adherence to the There is reason to believe that the great leading object original, which the authors of that version bad laid down which is constantly kept in view in our version, is not to themselves. But it may safely be asserted, that there inte generally understood. This object is shortly and accu is scarcely an instance in which they have not either given
rately expressed in the title page:-“ The Psalms of us a more correct version of the original, or finer poetry, David, in metre, more plain, smooth, and AgrEEABLE TO than their predecessors. The finest psalm in Sternhold THE TEXT, than any heretofore.” The compilers did not is the 100th, and this our version has adopted, with the propose to give us Psalms of their own, but the Psalms of alteration of only one word in the third line, “ Him serve David, rendered into metre, without admitting a single with mirth," instead of “ Him serve with fear,” as Sternidea of their own, and without omitting one which they hold has it, different from the original; so scrupulous found in the original. The three rules by which they were they in this matter. Adherence to this rule led proposed to guide themselves were, That the new version them also sometimes to adopt a very obscure version ; should be smooth, plain, and agreeable to the text ; ;-more for where they did not find the original clear, they did so than any heretofore. Agreement with the text, and not think themselves at liberty to become paraphrasts nor plainness, they considered as matters of essential import-expositors, but gave, as nearly as possible, the very words ance, and never to be sacrificed. Smoothness was only a of Scripture. It was solely on this ground that they matter of taste, and if they could not in every instance have given us the lines in the 74th psalın, which have so combine all the three, they sacrificed this.
often been made the subject of ignorant ridicule, The plan thus adopted was certainly a very excellent
“ A man was famous, and was had one, and well calculated to secure unanimity in the minds
In estimation, of all who joined in public worship. Particularly in that
According as he lifted up age when religious opinions had run riot in no ordinary
His axe thick trees upon.". degree, it would have been found quite impracticable to have produced any human composition which would have | Mr Hopkins has here allowed himself the liberty of a met the views of all classes of worshippers; but, in ad- commentator, as he and his fellow-labourer often do, but, hering strictly to the ipsissima verba of Scripture, the cor like many other commentators, he has quite mistaken the dial consent of all who bore the Christian name was effectually secured. This view of the subject is applicable
* The first of the following verses are from a Calvinist, the second
from an Arminian hyinn: to all periods of the Church, at least of the Protestant
"Yes, I to the end shall endure, Church, in which, from the entire liberty of thinking for
As sure as the earnest is given : himself, which is granted to every man, there must always
More happy, but not more secure,
The glorified spirits in heaven." • There is also as bad grammar in Pope. Witness the Universal
“Ah, Lord, with trembling I confess, Prayer," Who all my sense confined;" while the grammar re
A grácious soul may fall from grace: quired "confinedst." And again," Yet gave me in this dark
The salt may lose its seasoning power, estate," instead of "gavest.".
And never, never find it more. ***
sense of the author. The passage is both poetical and
In pieces renting it, while there beautiful. The Psalmist is lamenting the sad change
Is no deliverer.” which had taken place in what related to religion : Ps. vii. 9. “ but ’stablish stedfastly." “ There was a time when a man's estimation in society
16. on his own pate shall come." stood high, in proportion to the zeal which he showed in
“ From infants and from sucklings mouth, repairing and beautifying the Temple, and in bringing Ps. viii. 2.
Thou diddest strength ordain, in materials for that purpose ; but now, the chief zeal seems to be, who sball be most active in the work of de
For thy foes cause, that so thou mightst facement and demolition.” The psalm was probably
Th’avenging foe restrain." written during the wicked reign of Manasseh, or at the | The whole of the above verse is extremely unmusical. time when Jerusalem was in the hands of some of her | The next has a most faulty rhyme. foreign enemies, which was several times the case before its final destruction. On the same ground, a zealous Ro-Ps. viii. 3. “ When I look up unto the heav'ns man Catholic in Scotland, when the work of destruction
Which thine own fingers framd,
Unto the moon, and to the stars, among the religious buildings was going on at the Reformation, might have exclaimed, in almost the same lan
Which were by thee ordain'd. guage, “ Alas! what a change! a man was once famous The two first lines of verse 6th are also very unharmoaccording as he laid out his wealth in bringing trees from nious :the forest, and stones from the quarry, to rear these splendid and beautiful fabrics ; but now, with hammers and
“ Of thy hand-works thou mad'st him, Lord, axes, they break down the carved work thereof."
All under 's feet did'st lay,” &c. The inequality in our version is in some measure owing The whole of this Psalm is so exquisitely beautiful in to the inequality which is to be found in the original. | the original, that it deserves the highest degree of polish The authors thought it enough if they made that sublime which can be given it in a metrical version. But, let the which they found sublime, and that pathetic which was original simplicity be held sacred, and all modern embelso in the original; but did not think themselves warranted lishments and tawdry ornaments rigorously banished. to introduce the flowers and ornaments of poetry where Besides correcting the present version, there is still antheir author had not introduced them.
other field open-which is, to give us a few of the most deBut with all its merits, it has many faults, which it votional of the Psalms, in long metre, still adhering to would be most desirable to see corrected. This is an age the rule which has guided the authors of the present in which there is immensely greater facility of versifica- version, that they shall be literally the Psalms of David tion than was to be found two hundred years ago ; and in metre. I have no manuer of objection if any man I beg leave to conclude, with inviting all your poetical
can produce better psalms or hymns than these, but I correspondents, and all your versifying correspondents, feel so much satisfied with them, that I wish, in the first (for this work does not require a poet,) to send in their place, to bave them pure and entire ; and when any are several quotas. It is not intended to turn your miscel-produced which are better, it will then be time enough lany into a religious magazine, but your desire to promote to consider them. good taste and good writing, will, it is hoped, ensure a place to any thing of this kind which deserves it. Nor is there any reason to apprehend that your pages will be LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC SOCIETIES OF quite overrun with matter of this kind. If you adhere
EDINBURGH. with unbending steadiness to the rule, that nothing shall be admitted, but what is more smooth, plain, and agreeable to the original than any heretofore, very little space will
Saturday, 20th March. probably contain the whole.
Dr GREVILLE, V. P. in the Chair. I shall point out a few faulty verses, on which im Present,-Professor Jameson, Drs Scot, Hibbert, Henry provers may try their handic
Witham, Walker Arnott, Patrick Neill, James Wilson,
&c. &c., Esquires. Ps. i. 3. “ He shall be like a tree that grows
Mr James Wilson read a paper “On the Origin of our Near planted by a river,
Domestic Poultry;" with view to illustrate which, speciWhich in his season yields his fruit, mens of the wild poultry of India, from the College MoAnd his leaf fadeth never."
seum, were exhibited by the Essayist. He remarked, tbat
of the many benetits which Providence has enabled man to Ps. ii. 6 “ Yet, notwithstanding I have him
draw from the numerous tribes of the feathered race, there To be my King appointed,
is none which surpasses in extent and utility the domestiAnd over Zion, my holy hill,
cation of those most familiarly known of all birds, called, I have him King anointed !"
par ercellence, the Cock and Hen. So ancient has been
the subservience of this species to the human race, that do Ps. iii. 7, 8. “ Arise, O Lord, save me, my God, authentic traditionary traces now remain of its original inFor thou my foes hast stroke,
troduction to any of the more ancient kingdoins of the All on the cheek-bone; and the teeth earth; and its existence under the protection of man appears, Of wicked men hast broke.
indeed, coeval with the most antique records. It seems,
like the faithful and accommodating dog, to have joined its “ Salvation doth appertain fortunes to the earliest families of our race, and to have tol
. Unto the Lord alone,
lowed man in all his migrations, until it lost, under the Thy blessing, Lord, for evermore
joint influence of climate and culture, almost all resem, Thy people is upon.”
blance to the stock from which it sprung. The obscurity
which hangs over the origin of our domestic poultry, hat Ps. vi. 1. “ In thy great indignation,” &c.
occasioned more inconclusive speculation than almost any 8. “ But now depart from me, all ye
other question in natural history. It has been inferred That work iniquity ;
from the epithet “ Persian bird," applied by Aristophane For why? The Lord hath heard my voice,
to the cock, that it came originally from Persia; but no tra
veller since the revival of letters has been able to discover When I did mourn and cry.”
any species of wild poultry in that country. In all pro9. “ Unto my supplication," &c.
bability the expression of Aristophanes infers no more than 10. “ That enemies are to me,” &c.
that the Greeks obtained from the Persians an already
domesticated breed. It appeared from the learned discusPs. vii. 2. “ Lest that the enemy my soul
sion read by Dr Scot, at the last meeting of the Society, Should like a lion tear,
that domestic poultry are not specifically alluded to in the