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The twenty large, and six small buttons that he

The loop of death was 'round his throat,

The captive smiled, nor seemed to note cut from his coat for his mother have been pre

The moments' fleeting speed. served. A cut of one of them is printed in this

“I scorn to buy the life you take sketch.

At price of faith,” 'twas thus he spakeMr. Brown, who formerly lived here, is widely

"It were a coward's deed." known, and a gentleman from whom the VETERAN

With curling lips and flashing eye, is pleased to quote. Thousands will ever feel grate

His knightly head uplifted high, ful to him for putting on record this vivid tribute

As tho''twould death defy,

He spoke the noblest words e'er pennedto as noble a man as ever gave up his life for any

"Before these lips betray a friend, cause.

I tell you I will die.” All effort to procure one of the two or three pictures of Samuel Davis, that were made, has so far

From flashing eye the tears now start

Those tears for mother's broken heart; been futile.—More of this in next month's VETERAN.

He tears his buttons loose. Dr. Elbert A. Banks, New York City:

"I pray you these my mother bear." In the last VETERAN you spoke of publishing in

A moment spared for silent prayer, your next issue, facts of the life and death of

He dangles at the noose. young Davis, the patriot who was hung as a spy.

That fatal noose is glorified, It was nothing derogatory to his character as a

For thro' its port the deified,

Heroic soul did fly. patriot and a soldier that he was a spy, and as

His proudest epitaph the vain such became a martyr to his country's cause. Spies

Remorse of him who judged the slain -are a necessary and important part of every army.

“Too brave, too brave to die." I write to suggest that the name of some one of the counties of Tennessee be changed from its present

B. L. RIDLEY'S JOURNAL-Continued. name to that of “Davis ” County, in honor of the young patriot-spy and martyr.

Such a county Near Greensboro, NC., April 23, 1865. Gen. might well be proud of its new title.

Stewart, Alphonse, his son and I visited JohnThe editor of the VETERAN had a conference with

ston's headquarters, found out that he was expectLieut.-Gen. Schofield, Commander of the United ing to hear from Sherman on day after to-morrow; States Army, on this subject, and he said that it heard a report that Booth, son of the famous actor was “not because there is anything dishonorable in

on the stage in America, was Lincoln's assassin.

The party who stabbed, and the particulars conthe acts of a spy; that only men of courage, fine

cerning Seward's misfortune, still in abeyance. judgment, and undoubted patriotism are ever se

April 24th. Have received orders from Gen. lected as spies. It is the great danger to an army Johnston that to-morrow hostilities will be resumed. that causes the penalties to be so severe. The garb This is sufficient evidence to us of the non-acceptof a spy will not save him from the severe penalties,

ance of the terms on the part of the United States

authorities. Every man had his eyes turned homealthough it is in his favor to be in the uniform of

ward, and this suddenness of a proposed continuation of the struggle is more saddening than the first

news of a probable surrender. My father left me “DAVIS WAS TOO BRAVE TO DIE.” to-day for Charlotte.

April 25th. Accompanied Gen. Stewart to JohnThe following poem is by A. S. Morton, of St. ston's headquarters and learned that negotiations Paul, Minn., a frequent and valued contributor: are asked for again, and the armistice to be reA fitful gleam of dying light,

sumed. Gen. Stewart made three speeches succesThe herald of a gloomy night

sively to different troops of the command, explainIllumed the thrilling scene

ing to them the reason Gen. Johnston refuses the A silent group of men at arms,

acceptance of the terms, the same being that all A guard inured to war's alarms, A captive scout between!

over a certain rank will be held for treason. The

eagerness of the men to get to their homes now is “Your life I give." the leader said,

beyond picture. Do believe they'd sacrifice every“For traitor's name, to honor dead. Who gave you this design?”

thing except honor. Old Joe says continue the A flush o'erspread the captive's cheek,

fight though, and his orders are the gospel of the "My life is yours, your vengeance wreak.

army of Tennessee. But honor still is mine.

April 26th. We struck tents this morning, and “A soldier I, this dress of gray

marched to within one mile of Hill's Point, where Proclaims the truth of that I say;

we pitched tents in consequence of an order from This life I hate to yield,

Gen. Johnston, informing us of a continuation or But you have asked too great a price,

resumption of the armistice for futher negotiations. Dishonor ne'er was the device Emblazoned on my shield."

We all think that the army will be disbanded at

this place. Our camp. this time is near a copper “He chooses death, your orders, men,"

mine. An amusing affair occurred in camp toThe captor grimly said, and then

night, in relation to Lieut. Polk McFall's mare. The fatal noose was brought. "Again I offer, soldier, free,

While seated around the camp fire at his tent, our Your life.if but you name to me

conversation led to her precarious condition. Not The traitor you have bought."

many moments elapsed, however, before the ac

his army.


couchment was announced. Lieut. DeSaulles, who how to get home. Col. Gale goes by Asheville for also with McFall was connected with Maj. Wilbur his wife, Terry Cahal by Wilmington, the rest of us F. Foster's engineer department, (as also will divide up the transportation load with commisLieut. Buchanan, a sketch of whom was in May saries to exchange for forage on our long journey; VETERAN) said it should be named for him. The have fears that as there is no organization, the colt turned out to be a female, and DeSaulles is ter- soldiers will take our teams. Maj. Wilber F. Fosribly teased, and it is still bearing his name. ter, Corps Engineer, and attaches, will take one

April 27th. To-day we received the order to sur- route; Dr. Darby, Medical Director from South render, and now we are prisoners of war. We will Carolina, won't have far to go; Maj. Murphy, of start for our homes in a day or two, just as soon as Memphis, and attaches, another road, but as Maj. our paroles can be made out. The war.is over. Lauderdale, our acting Quartermaster, knows where the terms we pledge ourselves to make no more war the stores are, we will take his wagon, and also and remain quietly at home until released. For Col. Sevier's in our party, and “go as you please" preservation and the eye of my old age, I transcribe so as to get out of the line of the army: A. A. I. G. in my journal the famous general order No. 18, Mimick Williams is to strike out with a separate which is the last I am to receive from Gen. Joseph party. 'Tis now eleven oclock p. m. Our plan is E. Johnston, and the last of the organized army of settled upon. Lieut. Stewart and I are off to ride the Confederacy:

all night, leaving our General and Lauderdale to Headquarters, Army of Tennessee, near Greens- care for the troops and provide for their exit. boro, N. C., April 27th, 1865. General order No. Capt. H. H. Norman, our acting ordinance 18.—By the terms of a military convention made on officer, will take charge of the guns after stacked, the 26th inst. by Maj. Gez. W. T. Sherman, U. S. and deliver them to Uncle Sam. I will keep this A., and Gen. J. E. Johnston, C. S. A., the officers journal up until I get home and show it to my of the army are to bind themselves not to take up children, if I ever have any, in the "sweet by arms against the United States until properly re

and by." lieved from that obligation, and shall receive guarantees from the United States officers against mo

The attention of Veteran readers is called to the testation by the United States authorities so long

list of premiums offered this month for clubs of as they observe that obligation and the laws in force where they reside. For these objects dupli- connection with renewals or new subscriptions. It

subscribers, and also the low rate given on books in cate muster rolls will be made immediately, and

is a pleasure to be able to make the reductions after the distribution of the necessary papers, the

noted, and we trust that many will take advantage troops will march under their officers to their re

of this opportunity to secure a good book at greatspective states, and be there disbanded, all retain

ly reduced rate with their subscription or renewal. ing their personal property. The object of this

"Life of Lee," by Fitzhugh Lee, is offered as a convention is pacification to the extent of the premium for six subscribers to the Veteran, or it authority of the commanders who made it. Events

will be sent with the Veteran one year for $2.00. in Virginia, which broke every hope of success by

“Life and Letters of war, imposed on its General the duty of sparing the

Stonewall Jackson," by blood of this gallant army, and saving our country

his wife. By a special from further devastation, and our people from ruin. Signed, J. E. Johnston, Gen.; Archer Anderson,

arrangement with Mrs.

Jackson we are enabled Lieut.-Col. and A. A. Gen.; W. D. Gale, A. A. Gen.; Lieut. Bromfield Ridley, A. D. Camp to

to offer this interesting Lieut.-Gen. A. P. Stewart, Army of Tennessee.

book as a premium for And now around the camp fires to-night we are

a club of six subscribdiscussing the surrender. All is confusion and un

ers, or for $2.00 will

send it and the Veterrest, and the stern realization that we are subdued, depauperated and ruined, is upon us. The proud

an one year. There spirited southern people, all in a state of the veriest,

are but one hundred

JACKSON the most sublimated sorrow. Oh! how is it in the

copies of this excellent yankee camp to-night? Rejoicing, triumphing and

and elegant book in

the market and we exrevelling in the idea of glory. Think of it, the big dog has simply got the little dog down. Two mil

pect this issue of the lion seven hundred thousand have gotten the upper

Veteran to secure orhand of six hundred thousand, who have worn ders for every copy. Indeed, it is doubtful if those themselves weary after losing half—the giant has who are tardy in ordering one will get it at all. put his foot on the Lilliputian and calls it glory! Think of it! This excellent history worth $2.00 Bosh! Confucius says "our greatest glory is not in and the VETERAN a year, both for $2! never falling, but in rising every time we fall."

"How It Was," by Mrs. Irby Morgan. This And so let's philosophise, “what can't be cured, thrilling story of “four years among the Rebels" must be endured."

will be sent as a premium for four subscribers, or Let's laugh and not sigh,

with the Veteran one year for $1.50. A silver lining by and by.

The Modern Cook Book will be sent post-paid Our courage will command respect, and our de- with one subscription to the Veteran if the desire votion will enlist admiration. But the question is

But the question is to have it be mentioned.

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The above picture is so clever of Gen. Snowden Gen. George W. Gordon was born in Giles and staff, who conducted so successfully the great county, Tenn., October 5th, 1836. He was Captain, interstate drill at Memphis, that it is given with Lieut.-Col., then Colonel in 11th Tennessee Infantry brief sketches of the party. The members of the Regiment, Raines' Brigade under Zollicoffer. Substaff who were not present when the picture was sequently he commanded a brigade in Cheatham's made are: Rt. Rev. Bishop Thos. F. Gailer, Chap- Division, in Bragg's, Johnston's and Hood's army. lain; Capt. S. S. Brum, Pittsburg, U. S. A.: Col. John Overton, Jr., born in Davidson county, W. F. Taylor, who commanded a regiment in For- Tenn., April 27th, 1842. First enlisted in state rest's Cavalry; Dr. E. P. Sale, surgeon Confederate service and mustered most of the Tennessee Regiarmy; Capt. Thomas F. Tobin, artillery Confeder- ments into Confederate service, afterwards enlisted ate army; J. J. Williams, late county trustee of in Forty-Fourth Tennessee Regiment, was elected Shelby; Brig.-Gen. J. M. Billups, of Mississippi. Lieutenant, afterwards Captain. Served on Gen.

Capt. Ed Noland, a native of Arkansas near Bushrod Johnson's staff; upon the organization of Fort Smith, was with Gen. Ben McCulloch's com- Forrest's Brigade was transferred to cavalry, and mand in battle of Oak Hills; with Gen. Joe Shelby was Inspector-General, first under Campbell, then on raid into Missouri; on Gen. James Fagan's staff; Rucker. He was paroled with Forrest's Command served altogether in trans Mississippi department; at Gainesville, Ala., May 1865. was detailed by Gen. Holmes to command of boats W. B. Mallory was born in Hanover county, Va., transferring forces from Little Rock to Arkansas August 11th, 1835. As Captain of Company A, Post, and to collect corn and other produce for Nineteenth(Va.)Regiment, Pickett's Division, Army army use stationed in Little Rock, Ark.

of Northern Virginia; also as Commandant of Post Dr. Kennedy Jones, born in Nashville, Tenn., 1858. for a while at Charlottesville, Va., during latter He received military training at Sewanee and Vir- year of the war. In 1859, by order of Governor ginia Military Institute. He was graduated from the Henry A. Wise, he took his company to Harper's V. M. I. in 1877, and afterward studied medicine Ferry and participated in the guarding and hanging in Europe.

of John Brown and other invaders of Virginia.

Capt. Millard F. Waltz entered military academy at Richmond had passed an act permitting such at West Point, July 1st, 1874; graduated, and was promotions, and Capt. Snowden was the only staff appointed Second Lieutenant, June 28, 1878, and officer ever thus promoted in the West, though it First Lieutenant, October 15, 1884. He is con- occurred frequently in Virginia. He was assigned nected with the Twelfth United States Infantry. to the command of the Twenty-Fifth Tennessee

Maj. George M. Helm was born in Kentucky in Regiment. At the battle of Chickamauga the regi1840. He entered the Confederate army in 1861, ment made a magnificent record, and it became at and served in the engineer's degartment during

the once proud of its name and of its new commander. entire war. He was for three years on the staff of The man with bugle, just back of Gen. Snowden, Gen. Hardee, and surrendered with Joe Johnston's is L. Waterman. He is a native of Germany; came army at Greensboro, North Carolina.

to America in 1859, and was a member of the First Col. Robert K. Gaston was born in Dallas, Texas; Louisiana Infantry. He was with that regiment at received his education at the University of the Shiloh. When his year's enlistment expired he South, and is now on the staff of Governor Culbert- joined the Twenty-Eighth Mississippi Cavalry and son, of Texas. He is about twenty-five years old. was made its chief bugler. He surrendered at

J. Henry Martin, born at Lewisville, Miss., Oct. Gainesville, Ala., May 10, 1865. 28, 1840, entered army in 1861 in Memphis Light Dragoons; appointed A. D. C. to Gen. W. H. Jack- HEROIC DEED OF JAMES KEELAN. son in 1863; paroled at Columnbus, Miss., May, '65.

Maj. G. V. Rambaut, born in Petersburg, Va., Announcement has been made that the June VETFebruary 13, 1837; served in McDonald's company, ERAN would contain a thrilling account of the brave Forrest's old Regiment, as a private until Forrest deed of James Keelan in defending the bridge at was made Brig-General, when he was appointed on Strawberry Plains, early in the war. It was inhis staff and served with him until his surrender in tended to make extracts from the pamphlet account May, 1865, at Gainesville.

by Radford Gatlin, author of the "Confederate An interesting sketch of Gen. Snowden appeared Spelling Book” and “Reader," but Mrs. Sarah in the May Veteran, upon which Capt. J. Harvey Stringfield Butler, of Nashville, Tenn., editor of Mathes comments in the Commercial Appeal:

Woman's Missionary Advocate, who, with her husMaj. Vaulx, who was on Gen. Cheatham's staff, band, then lived near the bridge, furnished a vivid is slightly mistaken in saying that Col. Snowden account of it which is given precedence. was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel and assigned to Mr. Keelan was in the employ of Mr. Butler at the command of the Twenty-fifth Tennessee at the the time during the day and of the railroad comrequest of the officers of that regiment. The pro- pany at night, and there is perhaps no one who motion was for gallantry in the field at the battle could give a more authentic account of his deed. of Murfreesboro, December 31, 1862. I was along Mrs. Butler writes that the pamphlet history "conas adjutant of the Thirty-Seventh Tennessee Regi- tains the facts” in regard to the successful defence ment of Bushrod Johnson's Brigade and escaped of the bridge, but it is written "in such a bombastunhurt, although the field officers of my regiment ic style that even the truth does not appear true.” were all shot down. The Twenty-Fifth Tennessee Confederate troops had been stationed there from Regiment was near us, and was very badly handled time to time to protect the bridge, as this was an by its field officers. Capt. R. B. Snowden, as as- important strategic point, but the cry of “wolf! sistant Adjutant-General on Gen. Johnson's staff, wolf!" had been so often sounded, and the Confedexposed himself frequently in a


reckless erate forces were needed so badly at other places, manner in the fight, which lasted from daylight that all had been withdrawn, only one watchman until dark in open field.

being employed to guard the bridge, and that at At a critical juncture in the battle, Capt. Snow- night. His box or bunk was on the Strawberry den dashed down in front of the Twenty-Fifth Ten- Plains side of the river. nessee Regiment, which had come to a dead stand- James Keelan was that inan. He was small in still, and led it in a charge which resulted in the stature, with a ruddy complexion, blue eyes and capture of a Federal battery by our brigade. I saw light brown hair. He was uneducated, but simple part of this heroic conduct, and thought Capt. hearted, brave, and as true to his friends as he Snowden had the colors in his hands, though he proved to be to his country. He had a wife and has since modestly disclaimed this honor.

three children at that time. He had two horses killed under him in that bat- The end of the bridge was but a short walk from tle, and the third was badly wounded. Two of the the fence that enclosed the old homestead of Maj. guns captured were named for two majors of ou Stringfield, then occupied by Mrs. Stringfield, his brigade killed that day-Maj. Henry C. Ewin, of step-mother, and his sister, Miss Mary Stringfield, the Forty-Fourth, and Maj. J. T. McReynolds, of now Mrs. J. E. Ray, of Asheville, N. Č. Mr. F. A. my own regiment, the Thirty-Seventh Tennessee. Butler and family lived not far distant. On the The other two guns were named after two other evening in question, Maj. Stringfield had reached fallen heroes, and if I mistake not, these are the home on furlough from Virginia, and Mr. Butler same cannon recently placed and spiked around the and wife were at his home until after ten o'clock. Confederate monument dedicated at Chicago.

The night was cool and frosty, and the clouds obCapt. Snowden was recommended for promotion scured the moon almost entirely. to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel by Gen. Cleburne, About midnight Mr. Butler was awakened by a under whom he fought part of that day. Congress messenger who said an attempt had been made to

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buru the bridge; that Mr. Keelan was badly wound- field made a light in her room which overlooked ed and was at Mr. Elmore's house. Mr. Butler the scene, and went into the yard. Seeing the went to him immediately, and when the physician, light, the men hastened away, believing that Keelan Dr. S:eed, arrived, he assisted in dressing Keelan's was dead. As soon as they left, Keelan rolled himself numerous wounds. He then learned from Mr. Kee to the ground and crawled quietly beyond Mrs. lan all the circumstances as they occurred, and af- Stringfield's house, not knowing that Maj. Stringter "the cruel war was over” he talked with the lead- field had reached home that night, and fearing to er of the attacking party, several of his men, and alarm the two women whom he believed to be also with Col. Wm. Carter, of Carter County, who alone. When he reached Mr. Elmore's gate he was the projector of the whole movement.

called him, resting his hand on the fence. Mr. Elmore saw it, and exclaimed: "Jim, you've been drunk or asleep and let the train run over you."

Keelan replied: "No, Billy; they have killed me, but I've saved the bridge."

He was taken in the house at once and friends and physicians sent for. His head was cut open six or seven inches, and the brain was oozing from the dreadful gash; his left hand was cut off and hanging by a shred of skin. The right hand was also badly cut. He was in such close quarters during the time of the fight that he could use his gun only as a sort of shield, and that was hacked in several places. He was shot at many times, but only one bullet pierced his flesh.

When Dr. Sneed wished to cut off his hand smoothly, he said: “No, no, I can rest a gun against that stump." He was nursed carefully, but his recovery was wonderful.

The old pamphlet account by Radford Gatlin quotes Mr. Keelan, after reporting their approach, says:

"I did not stop to count them. I think, from the appearance of the crowd, there were abont fifteen. I had to be quick, for the fellow. was just about to place the torch between the scantling and weatherboarding. I could have touched him with my single-shot pistol. I put it very near him and shot him in the right breast as he was in a position quartering to me. Off he tumbled to the ground among the crowd below; the torch was knocked out by the fall, and all was dark again. It was

very dark, and I could only see dark forms apCol. Carter was employed by the U. S. Govern- proach me, so I continued to carry my left arm up ment to destroy all the bridges from Hiwassee Riv and down to shield my head and face until I heard er at Charleston, Tenn. to Bristol, and was paid the crack of a bowie knife on the brace over my not less than ten thousand dollars. Men in each head, and then I grabbed him with my left hand neighborhood were employed for this purpose and thrust my dirk into him with my right arm. and the 8th of November was appointed as the time As I drew it out of him, off he tumbled to the for a simultaneous attack. Mr. Wm. Pickens led ground among the crowd.

“At him the party of fifteen men who attempted to burn the again,' said one of their number; 'let me at him bridge at Strawberry Plains. About midnight and I can fetch him,' using an oath. I was sensithey reached the bridge. Keelan was in his bunk ble that I was wounded, as the blood was running close under the end, two feet above the abutment over my mouth and it made me feel savage as the of the pier, and that was four or five feet from the fourth fellow came at me, and I wanted to get him. ground. His gun was in a rack above his head, I made a quick grab and caught him by the cap, but he did not have time to take it out when he which slipped off and I went back hard against the heard the men approaching. One of them jumped weatherboarding, and in the rebound I came near up on the pier and began to lig:'t the pine splint- falling out of my box. It was then the rascal cut ers. When it blazed, Keelan fired his old single off my left hand and split open my head, but, at barrel pistol, and the man tumbled to the ground. the same time, I poked it into him and he got the Keelan was then fiercely attacked by as many as steel good. They now commenced shooting and could get around him, some striking with heavy retreating. I tried to use my rifle, but could not knives and other shooting. He resisted manfully, lift it. I did not know until afterwards that they defending himself the best he could, but it was im- had cut off my left hand and shot me in the right possible as he was too far above them to use his arm.” small dirk.

Mr. Butler has a vivid recollection of the event. As soon as the first shot was fired Miss String- He had warning of the danger from bridge burners;



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