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good; and also in taking vengeance on the rest, who know not God, and obey not the gospel./
Q. 46. What was the estate of Christ's humiliation?
A. The estate of Christ's humiliation was that low condition, wherein he, for our sakes, emptying himself of his glory, took upon him the form of a servant, in his conception and birth, life, death, and after his death, until his resurrection".
Q. 47. How did Christ humble himself in his conception and birth?
A. Christ humbled himself in his conception and birth, in that, being from all eternity the Son of God, in the bosom of the Father, he was pleased in the fulness of time to become the son of man, made of a woman of low estate, and to be born of her; with divers circumstances of more than ordinary abasementt.
Q. 48. How did Christ humble himself in his life?
written, as I live, saith the Lord, eve-
q Rom. viii. 28. And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.
☛ 2 Thess. i. 8. In flaming fire, taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ; Ver. 9. Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power. Psal. ii. 8. Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. Ver. 9. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron, thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.
46 s Phil. ii. 6 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God; Ver. 7. But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: Ver 8. And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the
death of the cross. Luke i. 31. And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name Jesus. 2 Cor. viii. 9. For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty might be rich. Acts ii. 24. Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death; because it was not possible that he should be holden of it.
47. John i. 14. And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth. Ver. 18 No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him. Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent: forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law. Luke ir 7. And she brought forth her first-born son, and wrapped him in swaddlingclothes, and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.
self to the law ", which he perfectly fulfilled"; and by conflicting with the indignities of the world, temptations of Satan, and infirmities in his flesh, whether common to the nature of man, or particularly accompanying that his low condition ".
Q. 49. How did Christ humble himself in his death?
A. Christ humbled himself in his death, in that having been betrayed by Judas a, forsaken by his disciples, scorned and rejected by the world, condemned by Pilate, and tormented by his persecutors; having also conflicted with the terrors of death, and the powers of darkness, felt and borne the weight of God's wrath, he laid down his
48. u Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law.
w Matt. v. 17. Think not that I am come to destroy the law or the prophets I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. Rom. v. 19. For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners; so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
x Psal. xxii. 6. But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. Heb. xii. 2. Looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith; who, for the joy that was set before him, endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God. Ver. 3. For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied, and faint in your minds.
y Mat. iv. 1. to verse 12. Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness, to be tempted of the devil, &c. Luke iv. 13. And when the devil had ended all the temptation, he departed from him for a season.
z Heb. ii. 17. Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren; that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people. Ver. 18. For in that he himself hath suffered, being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted. Heb.
iv. 15. For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet with. out sin. Isa. lii. 13. Behold, my ser vant shall deal prudently; he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high. Ver. 14. As many were astonished at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men.
49. a Mat. xxvii. 4. Saying, I have sinned, in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. And they said, What is that to us? see thou to that.
b Mat. xxvi. 56. But all this was done, that the scriptures of the pro phets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled.
c isa. liii. 2. For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. Ver. 3. He is despised and rejected of men, a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we ésteemed him not.
d Mat. xxvii. 26. to verse 50: Then released he Barabbas unto them; and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified, &c. John xix. 34. But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came thereout blood and water.
e Luke xxii. 44. And being in an
life an offering for sin, enduring the painful, shameful, and cursed death of the cross 5.
Q. 50. Wherein consisted Christ's humiliation after his death?
A. Christ's humiliation after his death consisted in his being buried, and continuing in the state of the dead, and under the power of death, till the third day; which hath been otherwise expressed in these words, He descended into hell. Q. 51. What was the estate of Christ's exaltation?
A. The estate of Christ's exaltation comprehendeth his resurrection *, ascension', sitting at the right hand of the Father, and his coming again to judge the world ".
agony, he prayed more earnestly; and his swear was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground. Mat. xxvii. 46. And abou: the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
f Isa. liii. 10. Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand. 8 Phil. ii. 8. And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Heb. xii. 2. Looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith; who, for the joy that was set before him, endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God. Gal. iii. 13. Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree.
50. b 1 Cor. xv. 3. For I deliver ed unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins, according to the scriptures. Ver. 4. And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day, according to the scriptures.
i Psal. xvi. 10. For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see cof
ruption. Compared with Acts ii. 24. Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death; because it was not possible that he should be holden of it. Ver. 25. For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face; for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved: Ver. 26. Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope: Ver. 27. Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. Ver. 31. He, seeing this before, spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption. Rom. vi. 9. Knowing that Christ, being raised from the dead, dieth no more; death hath no more dominion over him Mat. xii. 40. For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
51. 1 Cor. xv. 4. And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day, according to the scriptures.
/ Mark xvi. 19. So then, after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God.
m Eph. i. 20. Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own. right hand in the heavenly places.
n Acts i. 11. Which also said, Ye
Q. 52. How was Christ exalted in his resurrection?
A. Christ was exalted in his resurrection, in that, not having seen corruption in death, (of which it was not possible for him to be held °,) and having the very same body in which he suffered, with the essential properties thereof P, (but without mortality, and other common infirmities belonging to this life,) really united to his soul, he rose again from the dead the third day by his own power; whereby he declared himself to be the Son of God, to have satisfied divine justice, to have vanquished death, and him that had the power of it", and to be Lord of quick and dead all which he did as a publick person *, the head of his Church, for their justification, quickening in
men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven. Acts xvii. 31. Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righ teousness by that man whom he hath ordained, whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead.
52. o Acts. ii. 24. Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it. Ver. 27. Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.
p Luke xxiv. 39. Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: han dle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.
q Rom. vi. 9. Knowing that Christ, being raised from the dead, dieth no more; death hath no more dominion over him. Rev. i. 18. I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.
r John x. 18. No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself: I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.
s Rom. i. 4. And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to
the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.
t Rom. viii. 34. Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us.
u Heb ii. 14. Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewitook part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil.
w Rom. xiv. 9. For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living.
x 1 Cor. xv. 21. For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. Ver. 22. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shäll all be made alive.
y Eph. i. 20. Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places. Ver. 22. And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church, Ver. 23. Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all. Col. i. 18 And he is the head of the body the church, who is the beginning, the first-born from the dead; that in all things he might have the pre-eminence.
z Rom. iv. 25. Who was delivered
grace, support against enemies, and to assure them of their resurrection from the dead at the last day.
Q. 53. How was Christ exalted in his ascension?
A. Christ was exalted in his ascension, in that having after his resurrection often appeared unto and conversed with his apostles, speaking to them of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God, and giving them commission to preach the gospel to all nations, forty days after his resurrection, he, in our nature, and as our head f, triumphing over enemies, visibly went up into the highest heavens, there to receive gifts for men, to raise up our affections
for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.
a Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins. Ver. 5. Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved.) Ver. 6. And hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Je
Col. ii. 12. Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him, through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead.
b 1 Cor. xv. 25. For he must reign till he hath put all enemies under his feet. Ver. 26. The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death. Ver. 27. For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith, all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted which did put all things under him.
c 1 Cor. xv. 20. But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the first-fruits of them that slept.
53. d Acts i. 2. Until the day in which he was taken up, after that he through the Holy Ghost had given commandments unto the apostles whom he had chosen. Ver. 3. To whom also he shewed himself alive after his passion by many infallible proofs, being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God.
e Matt. xxviii. 19. Goye, therefore,
and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Ver. 20. Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.
f Heb. vi. 20. Whither the forerunner is for us entered, even Jesus, made an high-priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
g Eph. iv. 8. Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.
b Actsi. 9. And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud recei ved him out of their sight. Ver. 10. And, while they looked steadfastly toward heaven, as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel; Ver. 11. Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven. Eph. iv. 10. He that ascended is the same also that descended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things. Psal. lxviii. 18. Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received gifts for men; yea, for the rebellious also, that the Lord God might dwell among them.