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Slight, a familiar asseveration, said to be a contracted form of by this light; perhaps of ods lid. TN. 2, 5. 3, 2.

to Slink, to sueak, sculk (wh. s.), steal away. MV. 2, 4. AL. 3, 2. TA. 4, 2.

Slab, slabby, having an adhesive and glutinous
moisture, like wet clay. M. 4, 1. Kin to the
germ. schlüpfrig, lowsax, libberig, Lab, kleb-
rig, lat. lubricus, glaber, gr. laparos.
Stack, slow, loose, unbent, remiss, lazy. Rc.
1, 4. KL. 1, 3. alf. 1, 1. But variety of the
former, sax. sleac, slaec, slog, slaeg, sleag,
from sleacian, sleacgian, slacian, tardare,
remittere, laxare, pigrescere. S. Horne Tooke
Div. of P. II, 846. sued. and holl. slak, icel.
slakr, lat. laxus, germ. locker, ital. slaccio,
kin to the gr. chalan, fr. lacher, gr. legein,
lexein, lexis, ital. lasciare, germ. schlaff,
schlapp, engl. slap, slaw.

to Slack, to relent, fail, flag, neglect. MW.
3, 4. KL. 2, 4. RJ. 4, 1. O. 4, 3. TC. 3, 2.
Slackly, negligently, remissly, loosely. Cy.

1, 1.

Slip, a kind of noose, in which greyhounds were held, before suffered to start for their game. He. 3, 1; a sort of counterfeit money. RJ. 2, 4.


Slip, or let slip, a coursing term, expressing the loosing of a greyhound from the slip. aHd. 1,3. Kin to schlüpfen, wh. s. under Sleevehand. Slippers, shoes without leather behind, shaped in early times to each foot, so that they could not be interchanged. KJ. 4, 2.

to Sliver, to slice, split, cleave, cut off. KL. 4, 2. M. 4, 1.

Sliver, piece cut off. H. 4, 7.

Slander Hc.3, 6. ill habit, impertinence, misde-Stoppery, slippery, sloppy, wet. He. 3, 5.
meanour, offensiveness. A sense, that fits well
to its relation with the fr. esclander, gr. kleō,
klyū, klēdōn, as chelynazein, schelynazein.
from chelys for cheilos, chleue, wry, distorted
lip. Such oscillatory nature of a word in a
mixed language is not wonderous.

Slops, lower garments, breeches, trowsers etc.
MA. 3, 2. RJ. 2, 4. Theobald reinstates it
LL. 4, 3. for disfigure not his shop. Kin to
slack and its relations, wh. s. also

to Slope, to stoop down, to low, bend, sink.
M. 4, 1. because what is slack, sinks down,
or slouches.

Slovenly, filthily, not neatly. aHd. 1, 3.
Slovenry, filthiness, neglect of cleanliness.
He. 4, 3. From schleifen, schleppen, to draw,
to drag, kin to slow, sax. slawian Horne
Tooke Div. of P. II, 364.
Schlecks, Schlaps; cf. slut.

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prov. germ. Schlacks,

to Slave, KL. 4, 1. to treat as a slave, to make subject, to transgress. S. Steevens. The quartos have stands, approved by Malone in the sense of abides, to wit fiercely or daringly, If there were somewhat to change, one might be tempted to read slacks, or slakes. The licentiousness however, seems to fit better to the nature of the poet, who in the same passage uses super-Slough, mire, plash; cover, veil, cast skin of fluous in the sense of excessive, licentious. to Slaver, to slabber, drivel, spit, spawl. Cy. 1, 7. Kin to lap, slap, germ. schlappern, lat. labium.

Sleave, soft flossilk used for weaving. M. 2, 2. also sleavesilk TC. 5, 1. Kin to the germ. schleifen, schliefen, schleppen, perhaps to the gr. latos, laiphos, leios.

Sledded, borne on a sled, or sledge. H. 1, 1.
Kin to slide, slate, slidder, gr. leios, germ.

Sleek, soft, tender, smooth. MD. 4, 1. Hh.
3, 2. Kin to the former, and to slick, slight,
sued. slaet, goth. slaight, germ. schlecht Luc.
3, 5. schlicht, ital. schietto, lat. laevis, fr.
Sleevehand, the cuff attached to a sleeve.
WT. 4, 2. Sleeve, sax. slyf, properly earm-
slife, from schliefen, schliffen, schlipfen
schlupfen, sax. slefun.

Horne Tooke Div. of P. II, 378., kin therefore to slip, leave, and assonating in the same time the gr. lepos, lepis, lepō, lophos, cover, shell.

Sleeveless, futile, useless, fruitless; chiefly in the phrase sleeveless errand. TC. 5, 4. The most natural derivation of it seems to be, that a cloth, or garment wanting sleeves is useless. Perhaps, however, the phrase sl. er. was at first proper in matters of love, and signified an errand, where did not ensue a sleeve, as allusive to this token of a lady's favour, very common in times of chivalry.

Sleided, raw, untwisted silk, sleave, wh. s. P. 4. LC. 7. kin, as it seems, to slaie, sax. slae, goth. slacka.

to Slight off, to cast off. MW. 3, 5. to ac-
count for nothing, to despise, neglect. JC.
4, 3.

Slight, artifice, contrivance. M. 3, 5, Gifford's
Ben Jons. VII, 374.

a snake, TN. 2, 5. 3, 4. He. 4, 1. bHf. 3, 1. In this latter motion it assonates the lows. Slugge, Slubbe, the gr. lepis, lophos, lopos.

S. sleeve.

to Slow, to make slow, to slacken in pace. RJ. 4, 1.

to Slubber, to do slovenly, carelessly, imper-
fectly. MV. 2, 8; to obscure, darken. O. 1, 3.
Kin to lob, slabber, slab, wh. s., lat. lubricus,
engl. slipper.

Slug, drowsy, lazy, idle lubber. Rc. 3, 1.
to Sluice out, to float away. Rb. 1, 1. WT.
1, 2. where it is figuratively said of a seduced


Slut, dirty woman. AL. 3, 8. TA. 4, 3. Smack, taste. AWV. 2, §. bHd. 1, 2. JC. 5, 5. to Smack, to taste. MM. 2, 2. WT. 4, 3. M.

1, 2. KJ. 1, 1. Anglosax. smaec, sued. smaak, kin to the gr. maō, smaō, smeō, smē chō, smychō, smōchō, germ. schmauchen, schmochen, properly to rub, and to vapour by rubbing. Smatch is but a variety.

to Smatter, to balk superficially, or ignorantly. RJ. 3, 5. Kin to the gr. muō, mataō, mataios, ital. matto " germ, matt.


Smirch, to smear, besmear, darken, make obscure. AL. 1, 3. MA. 3, 3. H. 4, 5. He. 3, 3. Sax. smerian, germ. schmieren, kin to the gr. myron, myrūn, germ. Schmeer, sax. smero, tallow, smeoru, salve, smerwe, grease, gr. smyris, smiris, engl. murk, merk, mirk, myrk, wh. s.

Smock, shirt, or nightgown of a woman. MA. 2, 8. LL. 5, 2. RJ. 2, 4. alif. 1, 2. AC. 1, 2. Sax. smoc; perhaps kin to the lat, semicinctium, and assouating the gr. michein, lat. meiere, mingere, as petticoat, wh. s., assonates to piss. to Smoke your skincoat KJ. 2, 1. low phrase for to punish, chastise.

Smolkin, supposed name of a fiend. KL. 3, 4.

to Smooth, to flatter, cajole. P. 1,2. KL. 2, 2; to colour. cHf. 2, 1. Sax. smethian, kin to the germ. schmeidigen.

Smug, quaint, nice, spruce. MV. 3, 1. aHd. 2, 4. Anciently smugge, germ. schmuck, from the sax. smaegun, smeagan, deliberare, studere, considerare; therefore studied, on which care and attention have been bestowed. Horne Tooke Div. of P. II, 342.


to Smutch, to smut, to blacken. WT. 1, 2. Variety of to smeeth, sax. smitan, besmitan, polluere, inquinare, contaminare. Horne Tooke Div. of P. II, 806. germ. beschmitzen, beschmeissen, beschmutzen.

Snaffle, bridle. AC. 2, 2. Kin to neb, wh. s. Snake, serpent. MD. 2, 3; a term of reproach, wretch, poor creature. AL. 4, 3. From the Anglos. snican, serpere. Horne Tooke Div. of P. II, 306. kin to the deminutive form snail, sax, snaegl, to snug, perhaps snudge, snook,


to Snare, to illaqueate, catch in a gin (wh. s)
or trap. bHf. 2, 2. From the germ. Schnur,
anc. Schnarre, cord, string, holl. snaar, gr.
neura, sued. snärja, to illaqueate.
to Snarl, to growl, grin. cllf. 5, 6. Kin to
snoar, snore, snort, gr. rhenchein, rhenkein,
germ. schnarren, schnarchen.

Snatch, bit, small part, hastily caught thing.
TAn. 2, 2. H. 4, 7. Variety of snack, snap.
Snatcher, military pilfering stroller. He. 1, 2.
opp. main intendment.

Sneakcup, one who balks his glass, who sneaks
from his cups. aHd. 3, 3. sneaking fellow
TC. 1, 2.

to Sneap, to bite, pinch, as wind. WT. 1, 2.
or cold. LL. 1, 1. to check, rebuke. LL. 1, 1.
Kin to snap, sneb, snib, snub, snaffle, gr.
gnaptein, knaein, knauein, germ. nagen.
Sneap, check, rebuke. bld. 2, 1.
Sneck up, snick up, an interjection of con-
tempt, meaning 'go and be hanged,' or 'hang
yourself.' TN. 3, 2. Said to be for 'neck up,'
or his neck up,' unless it be rather kin to
snatch, to catch, seize.

Snipe, the fowl Scolopax L.; blockhead, baw-
cock. O. 1, 3. From neb, as the french bécasse
from bec.

Snuff, anger and cinder of a candle. AW. 1, 2.
KL. 4, 6. KL. 3, 1. MD. 5, 1. To take in s.,
to be angry, to take offence. aHd. 1, 3. LL.
5, 2. as in Germ. verschnupfen, kin to snaffle,
schnüffeln, schnaufen, schnauben, schnupfen,
schneuzen, oldengl. snush, sued. snus.
So. MV. 4, 1. instead: I am content, so he will
let me have is the true reading: and I will
let him have, the whole being otherwise incor-
rect, and not conform to the character of
Antonio, whereas the meaning now will be:
I will let him have the other half in use,
condition, that he renders it etc. Remark of
Hermes in the 'Literaturblatt' of Morgenblatt
1825. No. 80. S. 318.


to Soak, to steep, drain, immerse. He. 4, 7. TAn. 3, 2. Sax. sycan, sugan, succan, ital. succhiare, engl. suck, germ. saugen, lat. sugere, gr. hyō, hygō, hydō, hyzō, thaō, thessō, thōsso, thōchthenai.

to Soar, to fly high. Co. 2, 1. Rb. 1, 1. Gr. aiōrein, eōreisthai, eōrizesthai, whence eōra, aiōra, fr. essor.

Sodden witted, thicksculled, simple, silly, foolish, peevish. TC. 2, 1. Gifford's Ben Jons.

II, 820. has sodden in this sense. It seems rather assonate somewhat like the gr. sattō, to stop, to cram, than to be the participle of to seeth. At least it seems to be no way in connexion with wit kept warm, that occurs in Shk. Soiled horse is a term used for a pampered, highfed horse, that has been fed with hay, and corn in the stable during the winter, and is turned out in the spring, to take the first flush of grass, or has it cut and carried in to him. Steevens at KL. 4, 6. From the fr. saoul, engl. soul, sool, to satisfy with food.

Soilure, defilement, incontinence. TC. 4, 1.
to Solace, to thrive. Rc. 2, 3.
to Solder, soder, to cement with some metallic
matter. AC. 3. 4. TA. 4, 3. Oldfr. solder,
sonder, from the lat. solidare, ital. soldare.
Solicit, solicitation. Cy. 2, 3.
Solidare, a small piece of money, TA. 3, 1.
Kin to the germ. Sold.
Solve, solution. S. 69.
Son and sun is a frequent paronomasy. LL. 4, 2.
H. 1, 2. TS. 4, 5. KJ. 2, 2. cHf. 2, 1. Rc. 2, 3.
aHf. 4, 5.

Sontics, a corruption perhaps of santes, for
saints. MV. 2, 2.

Sooth, truth. WT. 4, 8; sweetness. Rb. 3, 3.
The saxon word soth includes both senses, and
is kin to the gr. hedys, engl. sweet; holl. soet,
oldengl. sute, sote, soote, germ, süss.
Sooth, true. M. 5, 5.

Sooty, full of soot, fuliginous. O. 1, 2.
Sops in wine, were bits, cakes, wafers dipped
in a bowl of wine to be drank by the bride
and bridegroom and persons present in the
church. T'S. 3, 2.

Sop o' the moonshine KL. 2, 2. is, accord-
ing to Douce's Ill. of Sh. II, 147., an allusion
to the old dish of eggs in moonshine, which
was eggs broken and boiled in salad oil till the
yolks became hard. They were eaten with
slices of onions fried in oil, butter, verjuice,
nutmeg and salt.

Sophy, king of Persia. MV. 2, 1. TN. 2, 5. where there is an allusion to Sir Robert Shirley, who had married one of the persian queens and was returned in the year 1611 in the character of embassador from the Sophy. He boasted of the great rewards he had received, and lived in London with the utmost splendour. Steevens. to Sophisticate, to falsify, alter, adulterate. KL. 3, 4.

Sort, lot. TC. 1, 3; set, company. Rc. 5, 3.

MD. 3, 2; rank, order, state. MM. 4, 4. MA. 1, 1. He. 1, 2.

to Sort, to choose. aHf. 2, 3. TG. 3, 2; to suit, to fit. MA. 5, 2; to govern, order, dispose. Rc. 2, 3.

Sortance, agreement, suitableness, conformity. ьна. 4, 1.

Soud TS. 4, 1. conjectured by Malone to be a word coined, to express the noise made by a person heated and fatigued; by Monck Mason the humming of a tune, or some kind of ejaculation without meaning; by Voss and Johnson for soote, sweet.

Souls, three, viz the vegetative, animal, and
rational, were assigned to every man by the
peripatetic philosophy. TN. 2, 3.

Sound, whole, firm, solid. MV. 4, 1. Oldgerm.
sund, kin to the gr. saos, lat. sanus.
to Sound, to examine, test, pump, sift, where-
with it is joined Rb. 1, 1. bHd. 4, 2. Rc. 3, 1.

French sonder. It is also old spelling, like Spilth, spilling, that which is spilt. TA. 2, 2. swound, for swoon. S. Malone at TL. 213. to Spin, to stream out like a thread. He. 4, 2. Sound post RJ. 4, 5. a little piece of wood Kin to the gr. pēnos, pēnē, pēnion, lat. put in a musical instrument under the bridge, paenula, pannus, engl. to spend. for sustaining the board. to Sour, to dim. Cy. 5, 5.

Southwest's diseases. TC. 5, 1. T. 4, 2.
Co. 1, 4.

to Sowl, sole, to pull, draw by the ears. Co.
4, 5. From the lat. vellere, vulsus, ital. svel-
lere, sverre; likewise as the gr. tillō is but
dental form of ellō.

Sowter, cobler; name of a dog. Steevens at TN. 2, 5. Fr. savetier, from savate, sabot, ital. ciabatta, middlelat. subtalaris, sotilare, sotular, as fr. soulier from the germ. Sohle.

Spire, point, tip, top, wherewith it is joined
Co. 1, 9. Gr. speira.

Spirit of sense, the finest sensation. TC. 1, 1.
3, 3. The word spirit is kin to the gr. pyr,
fire, the ever living, moveable and moving

to Spirt, to sprout, shoot up, to bud. He.3, 5. Sprout and spurt are but varieties, like spirtle, kin to brat, breed, brood, gr. bryō, bryzō, blyō, phlyō, phlyzō, phlyazō, engl. sprig, sprag, spray, sprat, sprit, spright, germ. sprützen, spriessen, sprossen. S. sprack.

3, 2. Gr. ptyō, germ. speien. To spit white, is the effect of hot, ardent thirst, increased in drunkards. bHd. 1, 2.

Space. KL. 4, 6. Voss for 'o undistinguished to Spit, to spout, cast out of the mouth. KL. space of woman's will' reads pace. Spade, a tool to dig the ground. TA. 4, 8. Gr. spathe, lat. spatha, it. spada, fr. épée, kin to epite, spad, ital. spiedo, germ. Spiess, fr. esponton, ital. spuntone. Spancounter, a puerile game,

where they cast counters and gain, when the counters lie within a span of each other. bHf. 4, 3. to Spangle, to guard, set, or lace with spangles, purls, tinsels, thin plate laces of gold, or silver. TA. 3, 6. where Voss reads: und spangled with your flatteries. Kin to the germ. Spange, from spannen, to spin, extendere, protrahere, and to pin, fr. épingle, lat. spinula, spiculum, engl. spike, it. spilla, spillone, as to the gr. pagō, pēgō, pēgnymi.

Spare, rich gotten by sparing, or full enough for to be spared. Hh. 4, 2; lean. JC. 1, 1. Sparrow KJ.1, 2. in Philip? - sparrow - James, there's toys abroad is judged to be a contemptuous allusion to name certain animals with

christian names, as a horse Jack, a dove Tom, a goat Will, a cat Gilbert, a sparrow Philipp to Spawn, to teem as a frog. MM. 3, 2. Spawn, seed. Co. 2, 2. Kin to span, spane, oldgerm. Span, lowsax. Spön, dug, udder, milk, anglos. spona, franc. spune, spunne, icel. spini, whence the germ. spenen, to suckle, to nurse, Spanferkel, kin to the gr. pyos, pyar. Speed, fortune, chance. WT. 3, 2. to Speed, to make prosperous,

succeed. JC.

1, 1. Gr. speudein, lat. studere, prov. germ. spuden.

Spittle, hospital; also spital, spittal. He. 2, 1. Spleen, milt, as seat of vehement actions, and motions, as anger Rc. 5, 3. Hh. 1, 2. hatred, grudge. Hh. 2, 4. merriment. TS. ind. 1. TN. 3,2; fit, violent haste, hasty action of any kind. MD. 1, 1. KJ. 2, 2.5, 7. Gr. splen, splenes.

Spleeny, ill tempered, irritable. Hh. 3, 2. So splenetive joined with rash. H. 5, 1.

to Splint, to shiver; to join by a thin long
cleft piece of wood. Rc. 2, 2. Kin to split,
splent, splice, germ. spalten, splittern, splitzen,

Spoke, bar of a wheel that passes from the nave
to the felly. RJ. 1, 4. Variety of spike, spit,
germ. Spach, Spauche, stay, prop, Spiker,
nail, kin to peg, gr. pegō, lat. pango, germ.
Fach, engl. spangle, germ. Spiess, Spitze.
Spoon. A long spoon to eat with the devil,
a proverb alluded to T. 2, 2. CE. 2, 3. 4, 3.
Apostle-spoons, of silver gilt, the handle of
each terminating in the figure of an apostle,
were the usual present of sponsors at christening.
Hh. 5, 2. 3. Drake's Sh. I, 230.
Sprack, sprag, quick, ready, alert, sprightly.
MW. 4, 1. Kin to sprit, spright, sprete,
sprout, spruce, spray, spurt, spirt, perhaps
pretty, wh. s.

to Sprawl, to tug, stir, throb. cHf. 5, 5. TɅn.
5, 1. Gr. aspairein.

Spell, charm. T. 4, Hh. 1, 3. 3, 2. MW. 4,
alf. 5, 4. Co. 5, 2. AC. 4, 10. O. 1, 8. Icel.
spell, spilda, spiold, sax. spel, word, oldgerm.
Spiel, Spil, kin to spellen, spalten, whence
spell wood, staff, or board cut in, as the
Scalds did cut the runes or charming words on
ashen staves, whence the fr. épeller. The same
word is the gr. psallo. Number, and word
were charm, whence Zauber and Ziffer are

Spendthrift, prodigal, wasteful. H. 4, 7.
to Sperr, for spar, to make fast by bars, or
otherwise. TC. prol: It is however Theobald's
conjecture instead of the stirre of the old
copies, that might be defended, in the sense
of to move,
excite, quicken, provoke to de-

Sphered, round. TC. 4, 5.
Spial, spy. allf. 1, 4. From the germ. spähen,
kin to the lat. specio.

to Spill, to shed; to waste. KL. 3, 2. Germ. spillen, assonating in the same time the gr. phlyō, blyō, phlyzō, blyzō, plyō, and ballō.

Spray, sprig, bough, scion, sprout. He. 3, 5.
to Spright, to act as a spirit, to haunt, vex.
Rb. 3, 4. blf. 2, 3. S. to spirt.
T. 1, 2. Cy. 2, 3.

Spring, a young shoot of a tree. CE. 3, 2. TL.

135. with Malone.

Springhalt, lameness of a horse. Hh. 1, 3.

Spurs, the lateral shoots of the roots of trees. T 5, 1. Cy. 4, 2. Kin to the germ. Sporn, engl. spear, it. sprone, gr. perone, from perō, peiro, fr. percer, and the aeol. por for pūs, foot.


to Spurn, to kick, or tread with feet, to trample
under foot. bHd, 5, 2. AC. 2, 5.
Spurn, kick; shock. TɅn. 3, 1; injury. TA.
1, 2.

to Squabble, to quarrel, to put on quarrels,
0.2, 3. Kin to squab, germ. kabbeln, kifeln,
keiben, keifen, Kyve, Kib, Kif, Kyb.
to Square, to quarrel. MD. 2, 1. TɅn. 2, 1.
AC. 2, 1; to mete, measure. AW. 2, 1; to
quadrate, agree, accommodate. WT. 1, 2. It

assonates quarrel, and is relationed to the fr. carré, équarre from quadratus. Square, proportion, rule, conformity. KL. 1,1; gorget, stomacher, or front of the female dress for the bosom, generally worked, or embroidered. WT. 4, 3.

Squarer, quarreller, quarrelsome fellow. MA. 1, 1.

Squash, unripe pod of pease. TN. 1, 5. WT. 1, 2; unripe kernel. TN. 1, 5. because easily to be crushed, from to squash, a variety of to Squeeze, to press hard, as a spunge. H. 4, 2. kin to the scot. squishe, engl. scatch, squab, gr. kottein, koptein, lat. cudere, quatere, germ. quetschen.

to Squint, to look obliquely. KL. 3, 4.=squiny ib. 4, 6. S. ascaunce.

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Squire, shieldbearer. AC. 4, 4; square, measure. Hence to know a lady's foot by the squire (a Hd. 2, 2. WT. 4, 3.) LL. 5, 2. and to get the length of a lady's foot, to humour her so long, that one can persuade her to what one pleases.

Squirrel, sciurus. RJ. 1, 4. Fr. écureil, gr.


Stab, prick. Rc. 3, 2. Kin to the gr. typtein,
typein, dapein, daptein.
Stables WT. 2, 3. are no doubt kennels, and
the meaning: my wife and my dogs shall be
lodged in the same stables, or as it were by an
inversion, I'll lodge my wife, where I keep my
stables, or near to my kennels, in order to con-
fine and keep her watched. So at least there
is a fit consequence in the words I'll go in
couples with her; although it would not give
another sense, I will stay everywhere closely
with my wife, but for the plural stables, and
the unusual signification of stables for station,
stabilis statio, as Malone would explain.
Stag, a red male deer five years old. AL. 2, 1.
S. deer. From the sax. stigan. Horne Tooke
Div. of P. II, 282. gr. steichein, to move in a
stately manner.

metaphorically any staggering or agitating dis-
tress. AW. 2, 3. Cy. 5, 5.

Stain, colour, tincture. AW. 1, 1; spot, blot.
Rc. 3. end. From the lat. tango, tingo, gr. thigō.
Stairwork, trunkwork, behinddoorwork, a
child gotten on stairs, on trunk or chest,
behind doors. WT. 3, 3.
Stake, pole, stick, pale. allf. 1, 1; chiefly where
bears are tied for baiting. KL. 2, 1. 3, 7. JC.
4, 1. M. 5, 7. S. Drake's Sh. and his time. II,
176.; set in a game. WT. 1, 2.

Stale, bait, decoy. T. 4; prostitute. MA. 2, 2.
4, 1. CE. 2, 1. where Nares explains pretence
to hide the truth, I don't know, why and
whence, unless from the stalking horse, wh. s.;
TS. 1, 1. where Douce Ill. of Sh. I, 327. finds
an allusion to the stalemate in chess, when the
game is ended by the king being alone and
unchecked and then forced into a situation,
from which he is unable to move without going
into check; old, worn. MV. 2,5; piss of horses,
MW. 2, 3. where Caius is called so, and urinal.
The heterogeneous significations show this word
to be a mongrel, mixed from the elements of
the germ. schal, Schille, Schelf, gr. tilos,
small scale, as in mouldy liquids; palaios, old,
aleos, eleos, naughty; kelōn, germ. geil;
and lastly of the germ. stallen said of the
pissing of horses.



Stale, to grow old, to wither, faint, wear out. JC. 1, 2. 4, 1.

Stalk, to employ a stalking horse and to pursue the game by those means. MA. 2, 3. Stalking horse, a real one or factitious, behind which the fowler shelters himself from the sight of his game, for to get it within shot. AL.5, 4. MA. 2, 3. Gifford's Ben Jons. IIII, 280. Drake's Shk. I, 287.

Stanch, staunch, staying fast, sound, whole.
AC. 2, 2.

Stanchless, not to be stopped, unstanched
cHf. 2, 6. insatiable. M. 4, 3. From to stanch.
TAn. 3, 1. kin to the fr. étancher, engl. to
stagnate, stem, stench, staunch, perhaps kin
to the lat. extinguere.

to Stage, to expose on the stage, for to be seen. MM. 1, 1. AC. 3, 11. Kin to the gr. staō, steō, stathmos, steichō, etc. lat. statio, engl. to stack, stalk.

Stageplayers, english, were regular and established at a very early period and obtained a livelihood by their art. They obtained licenses by Henry 8, Edward 6, queen Mary, and Elizabeth, formed sometimes not only a regular troop, but also a royal company. Itinerant companies or strollers are probably coeval with the first rise of the stage. In subsequent times players were servants of Lords, and wore their badges. In the year 1533 soon after a furious attack made on the stage by the puritans, twelve of the principal comedians were selected and sworn Queen Elizabeth's servants. At that time there were eight companies of comedians, each of which performed twice or thrice a week. S. Malone's hist. account of the engl. stage in the 2nd. vol. of the plays and poems of W. Sh. (Dubl. 1794.) p. 27. ss. Tieck's Vorschule Shakspeare's (Leips.) 1823. Vol. I. p. VIIII. XI. Augustine Skottowe's Life of Wm. Shk. Drake s Shk. I, 219.

to Stagger, to reel, waver, become giddy; to be in doubt, to be amazed, to startle, hesitate. AL. 3, 2; to make startle or doubtful. Hh. 2, 4. 3, 2. Rb. 5, 5.

Staggers, a violent disease in horses; hencel

Stand, to withstand, resist. TS. 1, 2. To st. for, to signify, be imputed, accounted. MM. 2, 3. To st. off, to come not near, to be distant, to make a contrast. He. 2, 2. To st. on, to insist, to have perfect confidence. MW.2, 1. Standard, ensign; officer who carried the standard. T. 3, 2; fruittree unpaled. Rc. 5, 3. Stannel, staniel, inferior kind of hawk, stonehawk, kestril, tinninculus L. TN. 2, 5. Staple of a bolt or lock, crampiron. TC. 1, 1. Kin to the gr. stembō.

Star. Every man has his star, is starred, viz born under a star WT. 2, 3. KL. 3, 1. bнƒ. 3, 1. cHf. 4, 6. Rc. 2, 2. 4, 4. aHf. 1, 1. MA. 2, 1. AW. 1, 1. TN. 2, 1. JC. 1, 2. AC. 3, 2. S. Plin. HN. 1, 3. Persian sithafreh, lat. sidera, sax. steorra, goth. stairno, icel. stiorna, gr. aster, lat. astrum, stella, germ. Stern. Starcrossed, crossed by the stars, mischievous. RJ. prol.


Stare, to look stedfastly; to bristle, stand up. JC. 4. tow. end; to fret and fume in anger. JC. 4, 3. Germ. starren, stieren, gr. steros, sterrhos, stereos, steiros, stēros. Start, every sudden violent motion, like humour, couceit, fancy, astonishment, terror. To get the st., to forerun the other, to precede in running, to outrun, and so gain advantage.

JC. 1, 2. where it is joined with to bear the Stickler, sticker, second, sideman to fencer, palm.

to Start, to put up, to terrify. aHd. 1, 3. Anciently stert, kin to stir, germ. stören, startle, gr. tyrein, tyrūn, tyrbe, thorybos, treein, terein, tarassein, att. tharassein, thrattein, whence metathetically start, germ. stürzen, Sturz, fr. étourdir, engl. sturdy, ital. stordire.

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Start up, upstart, person suddenly sprung up

and raised. MA. 1, 8. State, elevated chair or throne of dignity, with a canopy, the canopy itself. TN. 2, 5. alld. 2, 4. Gifford's Ben Jons. II, 334. VII, 87. Station, act or mode of standing. H. 3, 4;

state of rest. AC. 3, 3.

Statist, statesman. Cy. 2, 4. H. 5, 2.
Statue as trisyllable. JC, 3, 2. 2, 2. Rc. 3, 7.
where Reed needlessly reads statua; picture,
portrait. TG. 4, 4. Douce's Ill. of Sh. I, 49.
Statute, security or obligation for money.
S. 134.

Statute cap, woollen cap, part of the aca-
demical habit. LL. 5, 2.

Stave, shunk, stoe of a pistol. Rc. 5, 3. Kin to staff, stack, germ. Stab, Schaft, gr. skēpōn, skeptron, sceptre, lat. scipio.

to Stead, to assist, benefit, support, help, serve. RJ. 3, 3. 0. 1, 3. T. 1, 2. TG. 2, 1. MM. 1, 5. MV. 1, 3. TS. 1, 2. As in Germ. zu Statten kommen; to st. up, to fill up a place. MM. 3, 1.

Stead, place, charge. TA. 4, 1.

Steep, precipitous. Co. 3, 3. O. 5, 2; precipice. MD. 2, 1. Kin to stoop, and the germ. tief. Steeple, turret or towr of a church. TG. 2, 1. aHd. 3, 1. KL. 3, 2. Kin to staple. Stapel was originally every frame of wood, and a

turret of wood.

Steepy, precipitous, figuratively used. S. 68.
to Stell, to fix, or place in a permanent manner.
TL. 207. S. 24. KL. 3, 7. where however the
commentators suppose it to be for stellated.
Stem, race, family, generation. Co. 2, 2; twig,
bough. He. 2, 4. aHƒ. 2, 5.

to Stem, to stop, hinder, stay. JC. 1, 1; to
brave, dare. cHf. 2, 6. From the gr. staō,

germ. stauen, stemmen.

Stench, stink, bad, rank smell. aHf. 1, 5,
germ. Stank, kin to the sax. stincan, stencan,
slav. duch, spiritus, germ. Duft.
Stepdame, second wife. MD. 1, 1. Cy. 1, 7.
Stern, sternage, (He. 3. ch) steerage, helm,
rudder. bHf. 3, 2. allf. 1, 1. Kin to steer,
and the gr. steira, germ. Steuer.
Stew, bagnio, hothouse. Rb. 5, 8; brothel.
bHd. 1, 2. From to stove, lowsax. stoven, gr.
typhun, typhos, germ. Dampf, dampfen,
Duft, dumpf, engl. damp, fr. daube, étuve.
étouffer, sax. stofa, icel. stufa, it. stufa, span.
estufa, germ. Stube.

Stewed prunes, roasted prunes, ancient de-
signation of a brothel and its appendage. Prunes
were directed to be boiled in broth for those
persons already infected, and stewed prunes,
and roasted apples were commonly, though
unsuccessfully, taken by way of prevention.
a Hd. 3, 3. MM. 2, 1.

Sticking, due, proper, fit, agreeing. M. 1, 7. where some lines before nor time, nor place did then adhere, i. e. agree. Unless it be the place, where is the hinderance, the stop.

arbitrator, person who attended upon combatants, in trials of skill, to part them, when they had fought enough. TC. 5, 9. So called from the stick or wand, they carried. Gifford's Ben Jonson II, 336.

Stiff, unfailing, positive, sure, whereto one may stiffen. AC. 1, 2.

to Stifle, stiffle, to suffocate, to check, smother. clif. 2, 6. Hh. 4, 1. RJ. 4, 3.

Stigmatic, one

on whom nature has set a mark of deformity. bHf. 5, 1. cHf. 2, 2. Stile, footway. KL. 4, 1; title, name, chiefly in heraldry. Deminutive of sty. Horne Tooke Still, continual, constant. Tan. 3, 2. Div. of P. II, 288.

Still born, dead born. bHd. 1, 3. opposed to of fair birth.

Still piercing air AW. 3, 2. is the reading of the second folio instead of still peering of the first, to which the commentators substituted still piecing, i. e. that closes immediately; still pieced; Nares still pierced, so that with piercing were for in being pierced. This emendation night seem very natural, and the sense: move rather the air, that, though continually pierced, yet sings, than my lord, who, pierced, grows speechless. Nevertheless still piercing could signify also continuous still flowing. For to pierce as neuter, is like the gr. peraō, lat. permeare. The sense would be: shake the continuous, still wandering air, that sings in wandering along.

to Stint, to confine, bound, restrain within
certain limits, to check; to stop. Hh. 1, 2.
TA. 5, 6. TɅn. 4, 4. TC. 4, 5; to cease. RJ.
1, 3. It seems but a variety of to stanch, staunch.
S. stanchless.

Stirring, agile, nimble, expeditious. KJ. 5, 1.
Kin to start, wh. s.

Stirrup, iron hoop suspended by a strap, in
which the horseman sets his foot, when he
rides. bHf. 4, 1. Co. 3, 2. TA. 1, 1. Sax. stig-
rap, stirap, i. c. mounting rope, from rap,
gr. rhapis, rhaphis, krēpis, lat. astraba, strepa,
sp. estribo. Horne Tooke Div. of P. II. 288.
Stitch, sharp pains, like pleurisy. TN. 3, 2.
Stithy, the shop containing the anvil, now
called smithy. H. 3, 2. To stithy, to forge.
TC. 4, 5.

Stock, stocking. TS. 3, 3. S. Horne Tooke Div.
of P. II, 219.

Stockado, or rather stoccata, a thrust in
fencing, an attack. RJ. 2, 1. MW. 2, 1.
Stomach, pride, haughtiness, stubborn reso-
lution. Hh. 4, 2. T. 1, 1. H 1, 1. To kill the
st., to wreak one's anger. TG. 1, 2.
Stones, as pun for lapides and testicles. TG.
1, 2. TA. 2, 2. Decker's untruss. of the hum.
poet in Hawkins' orig. of engl. th. III, 97.;
metaph. eye's sterns. Kl. 5, 3.

Stonebow, a bow, from which stones might be
shot, a crossbow. TN. 2, 5.

to Stoop, to bend down, to submit. KJ. 3, 1. Hanmer however suspects stout.

Stoop, stoup, drinking vessel, cup, bowl, flag-
gon. TN. 2, 3. H. 5, 2; a large vessel. 0.2, 8.
as in scot. a capacious pintpot. S. Burt's lett.
on Scotl. I, 157. Sax. stoppa, germ. Stauf,
Stübchen, from stauen, stauwen, i. e. to stay,
perhaps kin to the gr. depas.

Stooping, abasement, bowing. T. 2, 1.
Stop, fret of a musical instrument. H. 3, 2.

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