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on his own way, apart from the teacher. But it, and much labour spent, and books for the they had drunk deep of the wells of life, and people are prepared, consisting of pragmatical went forth with a yet deeper consciousness of treatises, useful and learned compositions, their own vocation and power. They had been which are sent forth to enlighten and educate breathed upon by a creative spirit, and they the people. And the people read them-little now went forth themselves as creators. And or not at all! The people are poetical, the the day rose gloriously over the North. people are romantic, the people are full of hu
Perfect, fully armed-like Minerva from the mour. They love old stories, heroic poems, head of Jupiter-was born the Northern Tra-love-songs, ballads, and jests. The people have gedy, not Grecian, not Shakesperian, but Scan- a deeply religious feeling. The heart of life dinavian ; with its ground in the northern throbs in their heart. Literature for the peopopular tradition and history; the northern ple must be kindred to this heart, must awaken heroic life, with its peculiar colouring in hatred responses in all its strings. An author who and love ; its lyrical inspirations; its powerful can do this, while he elevates the moral sense every-day mode of thought, and the great and purifies the taste, will be a favourite with moral purport which it discovers in the life the people, and their benefactor. He will and the combat of its gods and its giants. In ennoble at the same time that he amuses. Intransfigured glory stood forward on the stage, gemann does this. before the eyes of the people, its heroes and Ingemann is a sow-man. (A man who sows heroines of old, its antique saga and song. seeds in the acre or earth. F. B.] The germs And even to this day the happy poet, the of a high and holy understanding of life and father of northern tragedy-need we indeed of existence lie in all that he writes,-heroic name Adam Ochlenschlager ?--still youthful poems, drama, romances, legends, and songs. and strong, with creative energy gathers up new In every case he makes use only of the dissolaurels to those he has already won, as justnances of life to produce therefrom the purest lately in his heroic poem, Regner Lodbrook. harmonies; in every case is his voice heard as
a reconciled and reconciling spirit. Happy he!
To him life has no night, merely twilight, and CHAPTER IV.
the human heart, history, nature, the stars of B. S. INGEMANN is, perhaps, in a still higher
the firmament, the clouds of the sky, and the sense than Ochlenschlager, a popular poet, and
moss of the field, all are sacred symbols (or in him everything which belongs to the charac
hieroglyphs), from which he is able to read ter of the popular temper of Denmark, loving,
holy and sanctifying words. “ The Wonderdeep-thoughted, lively and vigorous, seems at
Child,” which he wrote, over whom magic once to have found life and expression. Inge
had no power, but who had power over everymann has created the historical romance of the
thing, and could deliver the spirits bound by North. This romance, with its peculiar figures,
demon fetters—that “Wonder-Child” lies in all its great dramatic scenes, its pure spirit, its
his poems. And what marvel? It lies in truth deep feeling, its fresh life, has given birth to
written in his own heart. two miracles. It has made the history of
The woods and lakes of Soro—a region of Denmark dear to the Swedes, and it has taught
womanda and it has tocht | peaceful beauty---surround the house of the the peasantry of Denmark to read romances. poet, nike
| poet, like a mirror of his soul and his domestic Ingemann's romances have been read by the
life. Murmur gently, groves of Soro, murmur people of Denmark as no other books have
long around the beloved poet, joyfully and been read, except the Bible and the hymn
softly as the spirit of his life. Bear to him book. The peasant possesses them, and through
voices from the kindly genius that he has
voices 1 them he takes an interest in the history of his
awoke, the voices from friends near and afar, country and its movements. On these subjects
who preserve his image in their grateful hearts he can enlighten foreigners. In doing this, he
as one of the most beautiful memories from refers to the books of Ingemann, to obtain
| “Denmark with the verdant shore by the sparkwhich he had gladly paid the money won by
ling waves." the sweat of his brow. In reading them he
calculated for the peasantry and the working classes, are often forgets the time for sleep after the labour at this time opened in Denmark, and all that is needed is of the day. He sits up late with his family that to provide books enough to satisfy the desire for them.
For forty years has this society been in operation; during he may read Ingemann. He cannot do better.
thirty under the direction of that zealous statesman, Privy. A great deal is said in our time about litera
| Councillor Collin, and the results of his active exertions ture for the people.* Much zeal is shown for are seen in the increasing taste of the peasantry and the
handicraftsmen for pleasures of a higher order. Ale* In Denmark much has been done successfully in this houses and clubs are less visited, the home is more beloved, way, and the "Society for the Right Use of the Freedom of and reading in the family circle in the autumn and winter the Press," has understood its own business, and the taste | evenings, gives a new delight and a new interest to the of the people. Above five hundred circulating libraries, ' family life.
With Ochlenschlager and Ingemann the lite-1 All these last-named authors and poets, rature of Denmark made its way beyond the though important in the literature of DenNorth, and became European. And this has | mark, are still but little known in foreign been done also in some measure by Hertz, who, countries. But upon the “green island," with the magic spell of the poet, has taken there sprang up one day a little, unpretending possession of foreign lands with his “ King flower, to which nobody paid any attention. Rhene's Daughter." Hertz is distinguished Many people looked disparagingly down upon in Danish literature from his having developed the little thing, and called it a mere noin the drama the knowledge of the life of the thing. Some took care of its growth. The sun people. The war-ballad with its vigorous life, loved the flower, and cast upon it his bright its melancholy, mystical tone, is the key-note beams. The leaves unfolded themselves, asof his poetical inspiration, penetrated at the sumed beautiful forms and colours. They took same time by a lofty and moral gravity. Thus wings, loosened themselves from their motheralso is Hauch, natural philosopher and poet. earth and flew forth, over the whole earth, as An ardent and enthusiastic character, he seeks singing Saga-birds. Everywhere people gato unite in one science and poetry. His earth thered themselves together to listen, great and has a glowing hearth; his flowers spring up from small, old and young, learned and unlearned, a deep and spiritual soil. The tragic solemnity in court and in cottage; and as they listened, of life, the night of existence, afford to him they felt themselves alternately amused and light only out of darkness. There gleams forth affected. They became more cheerful, more in his poems, romances, fairy tales, and dramas, gentle of spirit; whilst a world of lovely ena gloomy but a warmly beaming eye. This chantments passed before their curious glance. was given to him by his genius and the bitter- Everywhere have people hailed with astonishsweet experiences of life. PALUDAN MOLLER, ment and delight these beautiful winged legends, whose last great epic, Adam Homo, published gifted with colours and tones which seem to during the last winter in Copenhagen, produced belong to a world more beautiful, more serene a great effect, is a man of deep thought in than this. Who in the educated world has not verse, in which he has attained extraordinary heard speak of HANS CHRISTIAN ANDERSEN'S facility and perfection. Whilst his rich, poetic " Fairy Tales for Children ?” In the child, nature loves to penetrate into the deepest they awaken the thoughtful man; and we, fullmines of the human soul, and to bring thence grown people, are again converted by them into the fine gold, while he applies the fire of satire good and happy children. Andersen himself, to the dross, to the rubbish of life, of thought, is a “Wonder-Child," whom some good fairy and of feeling, CHRISTIAN WINTER sings the has gifted in the cradle. His life is a real Idylls of the country-life of his native land in fairy tale, in which the poor lad who began his poems so living and fresh, that the Danes fancy career in lowliness and want, closes it with they feel in them the odours of fresh hay, and honour and good luck: it began in the humble of the flowers of their meadows.
cottage, and it ends in the saloons of even J. C. HEIBERG has long stood amongst the royal palaces. Known and honoured also as literati of Denmark, as one of the rocks in the a romance-writer and lyrical poet, Andersen's sea against which the ships strike. He has true and peculiar mastership, his originality introduced into Denmark a higher and more and his immortality are in his tales. In these 'scientific criticism. Whether that was always he is second to no one. In these, he is the son high enough, and scientific enough, in the of the legendary North, where Sämund and highest sense of scientific, this is not the place Snorro sing wonderful adventures; where the to consider; but 'we have difficulty in recog- oldest story-teller, the old woman Turida, sate nising any judgment-seat in literature, higher in the twilight of history by the flames of than that which sooner or later forms itself in the Hecla, relating old tales, which have come living heart of the people themselves. Certain down from generation to generation. The it is, that Heiberg has laboured greatly for spirit of the old story has changed since then. the intellectual development of his countrymen, Its theme is now no longer the deeds of violence not only through his Holberg-like tendency, and the vengeance of blood, and the long, long but still more from his strong perception of the hatred which grew silently from year to year excellent which he acknowledges, and from his among contending kindred, until, like the avaown poetical creations, especially in the drama. | lanche of the Alps, it was precipitated by its That peculiar kind of vaudeville which he own weight, and crushing all that came in its created for Denmark, continues still to be way, found rest only in the graves which it the favourite amusement of the public. And dug. These stories belong to far-past times. the flowers which the rock bears at this time, These latest are children of light, and bear its testify to a genial and fruitful soil.
beams over the children of men.
FIGURES 1, 2, 3, and 4 are Walking Dresses.
over the breast and fastened on the left, trimmed with FIGURE 1. Bonnet of dark blue velvet with rouleaux buttons and lacets; large cape, and very large loose and bias of satin on the right side, with a hanging bunch sleeves. Robe of dark cloth. of spotted cazoar plumes. Pardessus cavalier, of blue FIGURE 4. Capote of satin trimmed with ruches of velvet with silk buttons; fitting closely to the figure. | blondes; crown round; bavolet edged with a ruche of Sleeves demi-long, with large revers cuffs open at the blonde and two bunches of roses, one at the right and the back. Robe of yellow velvet, plain, with long sleeves other at the left. Manteau of rich maroon-coloured velvet, fastened at the wrists with a band, and edged with white broidered with flowers in silk; trimmed with buttons and lace.
little rouleaux of satin, Robe of damask broché and FIGURE 2. Bonnet of light green velvet, with bouillonné Pekin. Muff of marten. all round the face, and a plume of cock's feathers drooping FIGURE 5. Full Dress Dinner Costume.--Small cap of at the right. Under-trimming of chenille. Pardessus of white blonde, with large designs placed upon the head, dark brown velvet, ornamented in front and on each and fastened on cach side by two rosettes of lively violet seam with numerous little bell buttons of silk, and edged satin ribbon. On each side depend also three rich clusters round the skirt with lace. Robe of double taffetas, of the of scarlet velvet, and two white marabouts. These tufts same colour as the pardessus, but several shades lighter; stand en relief, support the blonde, and are themselves sleeves long, and gathered to a band at the wrist.
separated by puffing bandeaux of the hair. FIGURE 3. Capote of satin with a ruche at the edge, and Robe of dark velvet. Corsage open before in a V, offerbias of velvet in front, halfway under the face. Above | ing to view eight or nine rows of white lace placed one are volants of satin, and a bunch of flowers on the left upon the other, not depending, but in an upright position. side. Manteau of light lemon-coloured cloth, crossing Sleeves turned back to the bend of the arm, à la saignee,
as the French call it, and large below. Jupe full, with the elbow to the lower edge in front. A wide fringe also rather deep plaits.
passes all round the base of the jupe. Robe of rich damask, The trimming of the robe is a fringe composed of rich roseate pearl-gray, broché in columns of large waving black chenilles and silk fringe. The chenille forms as an reed leaves. co lying down, and from each junction fall back three FIGURE 7. Toilette de ville.-Gray felt bonnet without ends. At the middle of the openings is seen the crest of a trimming except the plain crossing of the strings. Lining silk fringe. There are three rows of this trimming upon and under-trimming of white satin. Gray poplin dress the jupe, entirely covering it almost to the hips, and a trimmed up the front with parallel bands of silk galons row of the same kind, but narrow at the edge of each and buttons. Pardessus of green satin trimmed with wide sleeve, and at the edge of the opening of the corsage, the lace; deep pelerine trimmed to match. of chenille only. Under-sleeves of white lace.
FIGURE 8. Home Toilette.-Cap of white tulle coming FIGURE 6. Toilette de ville.--Bonnet with double face, near to the forehead, in a point, retreating to the side of
e under side of bright green satin, the upper of green the head, then extending in rather long rounded ears to velvet; that below smooth, trimmed with black lace, that the cheek, and finally retreating again to the back of the above, with embroidered dents of a black lace. Bavolet of head. The material of the cap is very full and puffed as plain green satin, covered with a velyet with dents of lace. it were, and quilted all over by numerous little rose-bells, Crown flat, but with rounded corners; three rosettes of in the hollows of the tulle. On each side is a thick cluster satin ribbon mingied with black lace, and placed at the of these rose-bells. Under these clusters, the puffings are junction of the crown and face. Manteau ajusté, of green much thicker than those on the head, as are also those satin, smooth over the chest and close round the neck, near the edge of the cap behind. Hair in puffed bandeaux. where a small collarette comes out with a noeud at the Robe of light green moire ; corsage open in front in an throat. The front is quilted from the seams at the top of elongated V, and trimmed like the edge of the sleeves with the shoulders, the quilted part narrowing to the waist and dark green chenille fringe; waist long, and pointed in then widening a little, but toward the lower part of the front. Sleeves wide below, reaching in front only to the jupe extending all round. Sleeves wide, gathered at the bend of the arm. Under-sleeves tight. Skirt very full and shoulder, trimmed by a fringe sewed on en biais from trimmed with three rows of the dark chenille fringe, of
graduated widths, the lower row being twice as wide as the upper. Around the opening of the corsage is an under edging of white lace, and near the point appears a very small chemisette.
FIGURE 9. Evening Dress.-White satin robe, with skirt trimmed with thirteen volants of English application, and with small white roses and foliage placed together, and arranged en tablier (apron-like). Body low, with long
point with berthe of lace like that on the skirt. Corsage bouquet of orange flowers and white roses. The hair is ornamented very gracefully with clusters of pearls and vineleaves.
FIGURE 10. Marriage Costume-Lace guimpe and veil. Robe of damask trimmed on each side of the front breadth of the skirt with two rows of point d'Alençon, separated by à bouillonné of crêpe lisse. High body open to the waist; trimming similar to that of the skirt, and placed around the edge of the opening. Sleeves, open to the elbow, rounded in front, trimmed with bouillonnés and lace falling over the wrist.
FIGURES 12, 14, 16, and 18 are spencers or guimpes of the latest styles, with embroidery anglaise and valenciennes.
FIGURE 11 is a ladies' morning cap.
FIG. 20. Cavalier Pardessus. This pardessus is in the style of the times of Charles II. There are indications which promise for it much favour in future. It is the same in shape as that on figure 1, but the application of the trimming is somewhat different.
The chaussure of this winter, for ball or full evening dregs, is shoes of satin, and embroidered silk stockings; for the morning, waiters of the same colour with the dress are worn: at home, slippers, either of velvet with large paffs of satin, or of white or rose satin trimmed with Isee.
Fig. 20. CAVALIER PARDESSUS.