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ARTS AND SCIENCES.
Mr. Firmin Didot is at present devoting his attention to the engraving of dies for moveable types for printing Maps, which will, it is affirmed, equal those engraved on copper, and which invention seems to be exclusively his own. Many attempts have already been made to print maps with moveable types, among which the specimens from the presses of Messrs. Haas of Basil, and Periaux of Rouen (who exhibited in the exhibition of Arts this year, a beautiful map of the Department of the Lower Seine) are particularly distinguished; but they do not satisfy the expectations of connoisseurs; it is therefore hoped, that Mr. Firmin Didot, by his talents and zeal, will succeed in conquering the difficulties which have hitherto opposed the complete success of this important branch of typography. The art of printing Maps with moveable types, is originally a German invention. It is well known that one of the earliest printers, Conrad Sweynhey or Schweinheim, introduced this art into Rome, in company with Arnold Pannarz, on the occasion of printing the twenty-seven maps for the cosmography of Ptolemy. He died before the work was quite finished, and it was therefore executed by another German, Arnold Buckinck (Bucking) at Rome, in October 1478. The practice was continued for some time in the 16th century, but afterwards abandoned, probably because it was too difficult and tedious, till the second half of the 18th century, when two Germans, almost at the same time, and without knowing any thing of each other, renewed the attempt. The first who published a specimen was Augustus Gottlieb, a Prussian, deacon at Carlsruhe, and who corresponded with the celebrated printer William Haas, of Basil, that he might cut types for him on a certain plan, to be used in map-printing. His first attempt was made in 1776. It anticipated Breitkopff in the publication and execution of his ideas, and was called typometry. In the same year, however, appeared the Environs of Leipsig, by Breitkopff, as a specimen; and his second attempt, in 1777, in which, and also in succeeding essays which were not made public, he constantly endeavoured to improve his invention.Mr. Didot will now probably find some method to facilitate the very troublesome
NEW STEAM ENGINE.
The prospectus of a new machine has been circulated at Paris, which, if we may believe the authors, will overturn all our present system of hydraulics. They engage to supply a small portable steam
engine, which will raise the water to the height of sixty feet, at the rate of fifteen quarts per minute. The machine will consume no more than the value of one pennyworth of coals in an hour, to raise nine hundred quarts of water to this height. It will cost six hundred fraucs, and will last more than a hundred years. No payment is required till the engine has been tried, and given satisfaction; till it is fixed, and raises the water from the well to the roof of the house, which will thus be secured against fire. They offer, for progressive prices, machines which shall raise double, triple, decuple quantities of water, to double, triple, decuple heights, (i. e. 120, 180, or 600 feet) and this in infinite progression.
The authors had at first concealed their names, and this mysterious conduct excited suspicion. They have now made themselves known. They are Messrs. Croissen, brothers, both pupils of the Polytechnic School, and one of them Commandant of Artillery, whose talents inspire the greatest confidence. They keep their discovery a secret, and will not divulge it till they have raised subscriptions for twenty thousand inches of water, according to their way of calculating.
Dr. Maex, a German physician of some eminence, ascribes great medica! virtues to an infusion of acorns used in the same manner as coffee. In 1793 he published some experiments on this subject, and gave the following directions for preparing and using the acorns:-Take sound and ripe acorus, peel off the shell or husk, divide the kernels, dry them gradually, and then roast them in a close vessel or roaster, keeping them constantly stirring; in doing which especial care must be taken that they be not burnt or over-roasted, either of which would be hurtful. The Doctor recommends half an ounce of these roasted acorus, ground and prepared like coffee, to be taken morning and evening, either alone or mixed with coffee and sweetened with sugar, either with or without milk. The author says that acorns have always been esteemed a wholesome nutriment for men, and that by their medical qualities they have been found to cure slimy obstructions in the viscera, and to remove nervous complaints.
ON MY BIRTHDAY, 1820.
ON wings more rapid than the last,
One serious ill on Age attends-
Whom in their boyish days I knew,
Of "Wedded Love" tho' long bereft,
With scenes of innocent delight.
Can many an anxious care beguile.
I see the young idea shoot;
The King of the fair and the free
The Lord of the bright and the braveAnd such shall dew the cheek for thee, And worship at Glory's grave! But did'st thou in glory set?
Alas! for thee- thou wert shrouded in gloom, [come And gone from the eye, ere thy hour were To sink on the Western hill's bright coronet,
In the hues of the heavens-that beautiful
But its setting no splendour won
Came sudden and darkling,-
Not a gleam was there sparklingThe eve of the summer was wintry and
And the land was a desert where Hope never smiled
Thou wert shorn of the rays, they may envy who can,
On the Death of his Must Gracious Majesty But, bereft of the Monarch, we felt for
KING GEORGE THE THIRD.
By J. A. HERAUD.
Author of "Tottenham," a Poem.
SACRED the grief that balms the death of kings,
And shrines their memory in the heart's true blood :
With such the rising Muse her tribute brings,
To mourn the nobly great, the greatly good.
The rising Muse, who ever wreathes her harp
With the dark cypress and the spring of yew,
Whose soul is sadness, fortune ne'er may
The mood of mind to melancholy true.
The passing bell
Hath toll'd its knell
For a star of Brunswick set!
But few hours gone,
O'er the royal Son
Was the eye of sorrow wet!
The tear was not dried,
Came the omen again on the gale-
For the Monarch of England wail!
Weep not-for he was fearless in his woe, And life was lost in him who bore it so,
Unconscious of its being or its blindness
The scions of his house were rent away, And that he felt not, oh! 'twas heaven's kindness
Else had his spirit been subdued to clay, -For they were portions of it, and his beart,[the anguish
And maddened with the fierce sense of That of his phrenzy ever had been partAnd he again had seen them fade and they cameAnd from the tomb raved for them, till Then he had blest them-and all hope
On the lamented Death of the Countess of
"His saltem accumulem donis,
WEEP, Erin, weep! in deepest green,
The fairest of the fair,
The beauteous form, the mind serene-
Thither her gentle spirit's gone,
By angels borne away,
But, ah! what poignant feelings rise
To rend Earl TALBOT's heart; Who could such worth so highly prize, And bear that worth to part? Here, hold-repress the mournful strain, Deep sorrow's words are brief; May Heaven assuage our Viceroy's pain, And sanctify his grief! Lifford, Jan. 1, 1820.
And ev'ry age their harmony to reach:
No art is sought to paint th' omnific Lord;
And Laws there were the mind below to
Above the confine of Parnassian height, On Sion boundless reign'd Jehovah's might, Beyond the path + of years, or solar sky Burst forth the voice of Immortality; 'Tis, "Thou shalt have none other Gods, but Me."
Beyond the string of earthborn harmony,
And threat'ning heav'n revere §. — Thou shalt not make
The graven image to thy heart, but quake At the soul's monster, unprotected guiltThou shalt not feign whate'er the builder
Whilst desolation dogg'd their panic flight, Whilst lambent lightnings scath'd the torn ravine,
And grav'd the fun'ral majesty of scene! 'Tis Nature thus, the heav'nly vengeance walks-
And penal empress o'er creation stalks! And torn with blast and execrated grove, Annuls the worship that insults th' Above.
* Longinus selects "yrioba pws," as an instance of sublime brevity; and of Moses, he says that "he is not an ordinary man, oùx i ruxNv årnp.”
"Extra anni solisque vias."-Virg.
First Commandment. The words themselves, or the substance of each Commandment shall be introduced.
Can raise, lay low, extirpate. or adorn.
Call'd to no human inj'ry to relieve,
To its own Hell, in slumber + colourless, That can't e'en † vision's mimic shade confess
And rest harmonious o'er Creation brings; Thro' six days' course when time has urg'd his wheel,
Ordain'd repose laborious thou shalt feel; As o'er the seventh the workless trauquil calm [balm; (Recumbent world !) shall pour its sacred "Sev'nth is the Sabbath of our God, the Lord :" [word, No earth-born tongue shall dare the holy By mortal grasp untri'd, the strings refuse Th' unhallow'd efforts of the palsi'd muse; This day forbids the lab'ring voice intrude; And voiceless is the charm of gratitude.
I hear the voice that gives another life, That needs no claim from § "dull reluc tant strife,"
I hear-" thy father and thy mother honour," Man,
Forgetful reptile of thy short-liv'd span, Will not thy blood its fountain heart re
And search instinctive nature, and solace?
But other tones (that parent life command,
Can Britain e'er that bravery forego? That brav'ry? at which continents grew pale,
[tale. And wash'd out Europe's guilt, and envy's But lurking guilt midst Rome's piazza gloom,
Now low'rs with death, yet shudders at the doom
It pauses to inflict then starts aghast At its own shade that conscience self must cast!.
**Let blaze engem the vari'd lambent day, [rayThat paint the di'mond's concentrated Let Eastern empires boast the gold controul[soulLet song devolve the raptures o'er the Whate'er from vernal sweets the gales that [go;
* Persons subject to excessive anger often fall down dead in the act of taking oathsthis is introduced before execration is mentioned, as forbidden by the Third Commandment.
The want of sight, amongst other apoplectic symptoms, &c.
Vide" Burnet's Theory," &c. where the Deluge is accounted for consistently with the Bible and Natural Philosophy; and this, here, is introduced preliminary to the Fourth Commandment.
Alluding to the conflict of the Deluge.
The Fifth Commandment.
The Sixth Commandment.
** In attempting to paint the injury, and therefore the guilt of Adultery, the value of connubial happiness is introduced, prefatory to the Seventh Commandment. GENT. MAG. February, 1820.
Th' alloy of carnal guilt: One greater crime
[lime, Lifts o'er connubial bliss the curse subAdultery-what bard could e'er that pang In feelings paint? which poison's reptile fang
Inflicts on th' injur'd and insulted heart,
I trace parental loveliness of smile,
The fairest fair shall fade without regret!
What felt the father when he trac'd the
Shall monster roam thus, with impunity?
The seed, that riots thro' th' ADULT'RER'S
Nor mar the name with pois'nous false-
More than a wound, from which it ne'er
At hellish sweetness, self-applauding
More than the legal penal pang sublime!
And all the sage bespoke the raptur'd
Thou can'st not legislate, nor crime repair,
Cambridge, Jan. 21.-Joseph Dewe, esq. and Joshua King, esq. Bachelors of Arts of Queen's College, were on Friday last elected Foundation Fellows of that Society.
The Rev. John Hulse, of Elworth fail, in the county of Chester, formerly a member of St. John's College in this University, among other bequests for the promotion of Religion and Learuing, instituted a Lectureship in Divinity, to which he annexed a considerable salary, arising out of estates in Middlewich, Sandbach, and Clive. The duty of the Lecturer is to preach and publish 20 sermous, chiefly on the truth and excellence of Revelation. The Rev. Christopher Benson, of Trinity College, has been chosen Lecturer for the present year. This is the first appoint, ment under Mr. Hulse's will.
PORSON PRIZE. The passages fixed upon for the present year are—
Shakspeare, Macbeth, Act I. Scene the
*The Eighth Commandment.
"We will proceed no further❞— And ending with
"What the false heart doth know."
Feb. 4. The late Dr. Smith's annual prizes of 251. each, to the two best proficients in Mathematics and Natural Philosophy among the commencing Bachelors of Arts, are this year adjudged to Mr. H. Coddington and Mr. C. S. Bird, of Trinity College, the first and third Wranglers.
Ready for Publication.
Three Sermons on St. Paul's Doctrine of Faith, Sin, and Predestination; to which is prefixed a Synopsis of the Argument of St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans. By the Rev. T. YOUNG, A.M. Rector of Gilling, &c.
True Christian Religion; or, the Uni versal Theology of the New Church: trans lated from the Latin of the Hon. E. SWEDENBORG, 2 vols.
The stealing, and the first source of it (that is wish,) covetousness, are joined together, as explained more by such connection; and for this reason here, the Eighth was transposed next to the Tenth Commandment.