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II. Everybody feels that he has--they have certain inalienable rights.

12. After a long time, the jury brought in their-its verdict.

13. We waited for the committee to make their--its report.

14. Neither one of the boys wrote their-his sentences correctly.

15. Either of these methods is-are good enough in their-its way.

16. Not one of these inkwells have their covers--has its

cover.

20.

a

17. The army made itstheir march through snow and ice.

18. The whole class recited its-their lesson together.

19. A camel's gait is a peculiar one; they goit goes somewhat like a pig with the fore legs, and like a cow with the hind legs.

If anyone does not know what to do, hethey should ask.

21. When person is embarrassed, he-they often blush-blushes.

Every teacher should carefully plan histheir work. 23. Every book and every paper waswere found in itstheir place.

24. The lowest mechanic, as well as the richest citizen, isare here protected in histheir rights.

25. Now, boys, I want every one of you to decide for yourself-themselves-himself.

26. If you blame either the master or the servants, hem they will make excuses.

27. Neither of them recited his-their lesson.

RELATIVE PRONOUNS

Relative pronouns are those that connect subordinate sentences to their antecedents. The relative pronouns are who, which, what, and that, with their declined forms:

I saw John Smith, who was hurt.
I saw the man that was hurt.
The man who was killed was an Italian.
He jests at scars that never felt a wound.

DECLENSION

Nominative

who

Possessive

whose

Objective whom

Which and that are nominative and objective. They have no possessive forms, though we sometimes find whose used as the possessive of which in referring to things, in expressions like: A city whose streets are lined with gold. It is generally considered better usage, however, in such expressions to use which with the preposition of; as, A city, the streets of which are lined with gold.

Who refers to persons, and sometimes to animals of extraordinary intelligence.

Which refers to things.
That refers to either persons or things.

CASE FORMS

Be careful to use the correct case form of who.

A statement containing who or whom is made up of two complete clauses, in one of which (the subordinate) the relative serves as the subject or object of the verb. The correct form of the pronoun is determined by isolating the relative clause and noting the use of pronouns:

He is a man who whom I believe can be trusted. (Relative clause: whowhom can be trusted.) Who is correct, because it is the subject of can be trusted.

He is the man who whom I believe we can trust. (Relative clause: whowhom we can trust.) The natural order would be: We can trust who whom. Whom is correct, because it is the object of can trust.

The correct form of who in a question may be determined by changing the sentence to the form of a statement.

Question: Whowhom did you send for?
Statement: You did send for whom.
The preposition requires the objective.
Question: Who-whom did you see at the play?
Statement: You did see whom at the play.
The verb did see requires the objective.

Exercise 100

I.

2.

Write the following sentences, omitting the improper italicized words:

I relied upon the poor horse whichwho knew the road better than I.

The man who whom I expected to find is not here. 3. This is a firm whichwho does a very extensive business.

4. Shakespeare is an author whichwhowhom I enjoy exceedingly.

5. I gave the letter to the boy whowhat brings the the mail.

6. I spoke to the man whowhom, I thought, was the principal.

7. He left his money to those whomwho, he thought, had the greatest need.

8. Was it you or the wind which who closed the door? 9. It was the largest audience whichwhothat I have

ever seen.

10. The young man married a lady whowhom, they say, is the daughter of an Italian.

II. President McKinley, whowhom the people loved greatly, was assassinated.

12. He did not include among his friends whomsoeverwhosoever he met.

13. The three statesmen who whomwhich-that he mentioned were famous Americans.

14. We were introduced to Mr. and Mrs. Kendrick, whom-who we thought to be very interesting people.

15. There are many people in the world whichwho never seem to be satisfied with anything.

16. Mordecai was the man whomwho the king delighted to honor.

17. Saul was the man whowhom the Israelities proclaimed king

18. The infuriated man exclaimed, "I will kill whomsoeverwhosoever approaches me."

19. Let him be whomwho he may, I will proceed to carry out my plan.

20. I who are-am-is your friend will help you.
21. It is for you who waswere his teacher.
22. Whosoever-whomsoever the court favors is safe.

23. Whowhom should I meet the other day but my old friend.

24. Who-whom did he refer to, he-him or 1-me? 25. He whichwho is idle and mischievous reprove.

26. It was Joseph, he-him-who-whom Pharaoh promoted.

27. I referred to my old friend, he-him of whowhom I often speak.

INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS

Interrogative pronouns are those used in asking questions :
Who art thou ?
Which do you want?
What do you mean?

ADJECTIVE PRONOUNS

Adjective pronouns are those that are usually used as adjectives :

You may have this and I will take that.
All must pay the price.

From a comparison of the following examples, it will be seen that an adjective becomes a pronoun when the noun is omitted, and the adjective stands in its stead. The distinction is not important from a practical viewpoint :

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Following are the personal pronouns classified as to case forms. It is very important that these be memorized :

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