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Many of your readers cannot fail here to recollect the discussion on this subject, a few years since, which was introduced by Mr. Granville Sharp, and to which his great biblical knowledge and his exemplary Christian piety gave no small reputation. Dr. Sumner refers in a note to Mr: Sharp's “ Remarks on the Uses of the Definitive Article," and adds the names of his coadjutors, Dr. Wordsworth, Mr. Boyd and Bishop Middleton. Yet the learned and generally fair and liberal translator appears not to have recollected on this occasion the trite maxim, audi alteram parlem, for there is no mention whatever of the “ Six, Let. ters to Granville Sharp, ' by Gregory Blunt.” On this subject, and on the precarious and insecure dependence upon such niceties of criticism, Milton offers the following important considerations :
* Surely what is proposed to us as an object of belief, especially in a matter involving a primary article of faith, ought not to be an inference forced and extorted from passages relating to an entirely different subject, in which the readings are sometimes various, and the sense doubtful, nor hunted out by careful research from among articles and particles, nor elicited by dint of ingenuity, like the answers of an oracle, from sentences of dark or equivocal ineaning, but should be susceptible of abundant proof from the clearest sources. For it is in this that the superiority of the gospel to the law consists ; this, and this alone, is consistent with its open simplicity; this is that true light and elearness which we had been taught to expect would be its characteristic."
A reader, desirous of scriptoral knowledge, can scarcely bear in mind, froin Milton's Treatise, any considerations more worthy of his attention than those I have just quoted, and which he proceeds to apply in the further investigation of his important subject. But I have reached, if not exceeded, the due limits of a letter, and must defer to another occasion our author's remarks on a few more passages which had been perverted, according to his maturest judgment, by orthodox comments professing to be Christian, yet too often enforced by Antichristian restraints on the rights of con, science.
J. T. RUTT.
in 'An April Day.
When the warm sun, that bring3
I love the season well
Nor dark and many-folded clouds foretell .. The coming-in of storms.
From the earth's loosened mould
The drooping tree revives.
The softly-warbled song
The forest openings.
And when bright sunset fills
And wide the upland glows.
And when the day is gone,
Is hollowed out, and the moon dips her horn, :. And twinkles many a star. .
Inverted in the tide
And see themselves below.
Sweet April!—many a thought
H. W. L.
Calvinistic Hell.? The following is taken from an old book (pp. 20-22, 24—26) entitled “ Christian Thoughts for every Day of the Month, with a Prayer : wherein is represented the Nature of unfeigned Repentance and of perfect Love towards God." Printed in 1692, at the Bible in Chancery Lane.
“ What a horrour should we have of hell if we could hear the lamentable screechings of the damned! They sigh, they groan, they houl' like savage beasts in the midst of flames. They accuse themselves of their sins ; they bewail them ; but 'tis too late. Their tears serve but to
make those fires niore fierce in which they ever burn, but never consume. Never to see God; to burn in fire of which ours is but a faint shadow; to endure all sorts of evils at the same time, without any comfort, without any abatement or intermission : to have devils and furies always in our sight, and rage and despair always in our heart. When a damued creature, shedding but one drop each age, shall have wept tears enough to make up all the rivers and brooks and seas that are in the world, he shall have advanced no nearer towards an end of his sufferings after so many millions of years than if he had begun just now to suffer. And when he shall have begun as often as there are sands on the sea-shore, atoms in the air, and leaves in woods and forests, all this at last inust be counted for nothing."
INTELLIGENCE.. Account of Laying the Foundation of the Second Unitarian
Church at New York, U. 8.
[From the New-York Christian Inquirer.] · On Thursday, November 24th last, agreeably to public notice, the corner-stone of the Second Congregational Unitarian Chureh, corner of Prince and Mercer Streets, in this city, was laid in the presence of six or seven hundred persons, who had assembled to witness the ceremonies. The throne of grace was addressed in a very appropriate and fervent manner by the Rev, William Ware, Pastor of the First Congregational Church, after which the corner-stone was laid, enclosing a brass plate with the following inscription:
The Second Congregational Unitarian Church
in the City of New York;
NOVEMBER 24, 1825.
1 Cor. yiii. 6.
H. D. Sewall, Treasurer.
Isaac Lucas, Master Builder. When the stone was laid, the Rev. Mr. Ware addressed the assembly in an animated and impressive manner, and to the sentiments delivered on the occasion, every sincere and liberal Christian will cheerfully add his hearty amen. The day was uncommonly pleasant for the season, and every thing conspired to render the scene peculiarly interesting, and the aspirations of inany hearts ascended to the Giver of all good, that prose perity may attend the undertaking. We are pleased to have it in our power to lay the address before our readers, which .should be read with attention by every one who wishes to have a suminary of Unitarian belief.
ADDRESS. " It is a good custom, that when about to lay the first stone of a building to be dedicated to God and his worship, we assemble together and ask his blessing on the work, and that to those who are standing around we declare the motives by which we are actuated, and explain the principles of that Christian faith in which we commence so interesting a labour.
We begin, then, the building of this house of prayer that the increasing numbers of those who are believers in the strict unity of God and lovers of real Christian liberty may have a con. venient place where they may gather themselves together and unite in the solemnities of social worship-where they may pray. to the only God through the only Mediator—where they may hear the doctrine of Christ preached, as they think, in its first simplicity, and where they may be built up together in the knowledge and obedience.of the truth as it is in Jesus. With the greater attention that is daily given by Christians of every name to the discovery of truth and the detection of error, and with the increase of our city, it has necessarily happened, that the number of Unitarian believers has greatly multiplied, and that more ainple accommodations for religious worship are needed. It is to meet this want that we have begun to lay the foundation of this house of prayer. When, four years ago, the building of the first Congregational Church was commenced in this place, it was little thought that in so short a time the erection of a second would become necessary. But through the blessing of God on the cause of pure Christianity, the inost ardent antici. pations of those who first entered into this field of honourable labour have been more than answered, and we hope and pray that before an equal period shall have elapsed, through the continued blessing of Heaven, another will have been begun and completed.
To those who stand here, and some of whom may be ignorant of tbe principles of that Christian faith which we profess, and in behalf of which we begin this church, to them and to all who are here present, I would say, that we lay this stone, the corner-stone of a Christian temple, in the firm and happy belief of one God, the Father, almighty, wise, just, good and merciful, the God of our lives and the God of salvation. Rejecting as the inventions of a benighted age of the church all distinction of persons in the Deity, and all ideas of his character that do not comport with the paternal relation which he sustains, to his creatures, we here begin a house where God may be worshiped as the only God, the Father, without equal, without partner, through faith in Jesus Christ, his well-beloved Son, our
Saviour and Redeemer. Believing thus, as we think, on most certain warrant of holy Scripture, we look up with humble confidence for the blessing of Almighty God on our undertaking.
We lay this stone as joyful believers in Jesus Christ, as believers in the divinity of his mission, in the supreme authority of his doctrine, in the miracles which he wrought, by the power of God, in confirmation of the truths he uttered; as believers in his prophetical and mediatorial character—that he is the only true prophet of God-that his religion is the only one that has God for its autbor, and the true happiness of men for its endthat all the commands, precepts, institutions of Jesus, have the force and obligation of divine commands, precepts and institutions that he is the only appointed inedium of approach to God by prayer-that in his name all acceptable worship must be offered up-that the rejection of him is the rejection of God that they who despise him, despise him who sent him. And we hope that they who believe thus in Christ, will here long enjoy a holy and happy communion through him with the Father of their spirits-that their faith, will here receive new strength their good principles be confirmed and settled their virtuous habits established--their devout affections enlivened and purified -that this house will indeed be then the house of God and the gate of heaven.
We lay this stone in a belief of the Christian doctrine of a resurrection from the dead, and of a state of righteous retribiltion beyond the grave in the belief that all they who, according to the light they have, lead virtuous and devout lives, shall, through the infinite mercy of God, declared in Jesus Christ, be received to eternal life and joy; and that the unjust all they who despise the riches of the goodness, forbearance and longsuffering of God, shall be reserved unto the day of judgment to be punished.
We lay this stone as believers in the divine authority of the Sacred Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments. We believe these books to contain the whole will of God as it was revealed to the Jews by his prophets, and to the world by Jesus Christ his Son. The Bible is the rule of our faith : its chapters and verses are the articles of our creed-the Bible is the rule of our conduct -the Bible is the charter of our immortal hopes. With this volume open in our hands, and reading as we go, we walk fearlessly through the world; sure that it will guide us right in the midst of duty and trial, and lead us at last to the desired haven. We rejoice in our possession of this blessed book; we thank God for its gift; and it is our fervent and constant prayer that the time may soon come when all men in all parts of the earth shall possess it, understand it and obey it. * We begin this church as practical believers and defenders of the great Protestant principle of the right of private judgment in matters of faith. We yield up our right to understand and interpret the Sacred Scriptures for ourselves, and to believe as we