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shall then act accordingly until the disability be removed or a President shall be elected.

9th. The President shall, at stated times, receive for his services a compensation which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that period any other emolument from the Confederate States, or any of them.

10th. Before he enters on the execution of the duties of his office, he shall take the following oath or affirmation:

“I do solemnly swear (or affirın) that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the Confederate States and will, to the best of my ability preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution thereof.

§ 2. The President shall be commander-in-chief of the army and navy of the Confederate States, and of the militia of the several States when called into the actual service of the Confederate States. He may require the opinion in writing of the principal officer in each of the executive departments upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices, and he shall have the power to grant reprieves and pardons for offences against the Confederate States, except in cases of impeachment.

2d. He shall have power by and with the advice and consent of the Senate to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the Senators present concur, and be shall nominate and, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of the supreme court, and all other officers of the Confederate States whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for and which shall be established by law; but the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers as they think proper in the President alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of departments.

3d. The principal officer in each of the executive departments, and all persons connected with the diplomatic service, may be removed at the pleasure of the President. All other civil officers of the executive department may be removed at any tiine by the President or other appointing power, when their services are unnecessary, or for dishonesty, incapacity, inefficiency, misconduct, or neglect of duty, and when so removed shall be reported to the Senate together with the reasons therefor.

4th. The President shall have power to fill all vacancies that may happen during the recess of the Senate by granting commissions, which shall expire at the end of the next session ; but no person rejected by the Senate shall be reappointed to the same office during their ensuing recess.

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$ 3. The President shall from time to time give to the Congress information of the state of the Confederacy, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may on extraordinary occasions convene both houses, or either of them, and in case of disagreement between them with respect to the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper ; he shall receive ambassadors and other public ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, and shall commission all the officers of the Confederate States.

§ 4. The President and Vice-President, and all civil officers of the Confederate States, shall be removed on impeachment for, or conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.

ARTICLE III.

§ 1. The judicial power of the Confederate States shall be vested in one superior court and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, both of the superior and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behavior, and shall at stated times

receive for their services a compensation which shall not be diminished during continuance in office.

§ 2. The judicial power shall extend to all cases arising under the Constitution, the laws of the Confederate States, or treaties made or which shall be made under their authority, to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers, and consuls, to all cases of admiralty, maritime jurisdiction, to controversies which the Confederate States shall be a party, to controversies between two or more States, between a State and citizens of another State where the State is plaiñtiff, between citizens claiming lands under grants of different States, and between a State or the citizens thereof and foreign States, citizens, or subjects ; but no State shall be sued by a citizen or subject of any foreign State.

2d. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which the State shall be a party, the supreme court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before mentioned the supreme court shall have appellate jurisdiction both as to law and fact, with such exceptions and under such regulations as the Congress shall make.

3d. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury, and such trials shall be held in the State where the said crimes shall have

been committed ; but when not committed within any State, the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress may by law have directed.

$ 3. Treason against the Confederate States shall consist only in levying a war against them, in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same, overt act, or on confession in open court.

2d. The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of treason; but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, or forfeiture, except during the life of the person attained.

ARTICLE IV.

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§ 1. Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State, and the Congress may by general laws prescribe the manner in which such acts, records, and proceedings shall be proved and the effect thereof.

82. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of citizens of the several States, and shall have the right of transit and sojourn in any State of this Confederacy, with their slaves and other property; and the right of property in said slaves shall not be thereby impaired.

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