The patience with which he bore the jests would suit his purpose. He then retired of Mr Coldinghame, the attention which he to rest ; but he was labouring again at his apparently paid to that gentleman's obser- grace early in the morning. vations, and the readiness with which he “ After breakfast he set out for the assented to the truth of all his positions, scene of trial, taking the manuscript of the made Mr Coldinghame set him down as a grace in his pocket; and as he slowly rode paragon of good nature, if not of under. on his way, he conned it over and over, standing. In this way his love of himself till he had committed the whole to memoprocured him, ere he had been twelve ry. months a tutor, the good opinion of his " There neither was in the licensing, employer. Children are apt to like and nor in the other doings of presbytery, any dislike with their parents ; accordingly, as thing different from the ordinary routine. Mr Coldinghame began to treat Gideon All was over by two o'clock; and, as some with more favour, the boys began to show of the brethren had a long way to ride, him a greater degree of respect. His bu- they adjourned to the important work of siness went on more smoothly, and, at the dinner at balf-past two. The moderator same time, his hopes were strengthened. for the time being took his station at the

“ As the pupils became docile, the tu. head of the table, the clerk at the foot, the tor became indulgent; their tasks were new brother on the moderator's right hand, shorter, and his assistance more frequent. and all the rest in due order. The landThe father's inquiries concerning their pro- lord removed the covers from ample dishes gress were always answered by commenda- of beef, and mution, and ham, and fowl: tions of their abilities and application, par. there was a pause of one minute. Gideon ticularly in their own presence ; and these turned up his eyes to the ceiling, spread were repaid by corresponding praises of out his hands, and led off the grace a full his temper, learning, and attention. Thus octave higher than the usual pitch of his the two years of out-studentship rolled on; voice. The whole company were amazed ; and Gideon, having gone through the com but their amazement gave place to another mon forms of study, entered upon trials feeling, when they found him go on from before the presbytery, preparatory to being patch to patch, and from quotation to quolicensed.

tation, for the space of twenty miuutes. • As their reverences have a tenderness Twice did the moderator thrust his fork for one about to assume their own cloth, into the sirloin, and much was nuttered the trials were not over severe, and our in low whispers ; but the novelty and od. candidate went through them, if with little dity of the scene prevented any direct in. commendation, at least with no censure. terruption. At last, the grace came to an The important day which was finally to ad- end ; and the brethren, stifling their laugh. mit him to the ministry drew near-the ter the best way they could, sat down to presbytery had a meeting in the parish dinner. The holder-forth bowed solemnly where he resided, and at that meeting he to all his seniors, and, looking as if he had was to be licensed a preacher. For two acquitted himself well, took his seat. days previous to this great event, he was During dinner there were occasional titters so much agitated as not to be able to per. and smo:herings of laughter ; but, in geform his functions tutorial. Mr Colding- neral, there was too constant an entering hame could not help rallying him upon in at the mouth, for much finding its way being thus overwhelmed by the prospect out. of official sanctity ; and, though Gideon “ When dinner was over, and while the had got a considerable way into his good landlord placed two huge bowls of whisky. graces, he could not refrain from a small punch on the table, the party broke out instroke of waggery."

to repeated bursts of laughter, which lasted This joke was no other than to per- the general volley, it was some time before

half as long as Gideon's grace. Even after suade the simple Gideon, that when order could be restored ; as a running fire he appeared at the presbytery dinner,

was kept up by almost every member of it would be expected that he should the company, except poor Gideon, (who, as pronounce a long grace, and that this he is now licensed, we will in future call would be considered as a test of his Mr Cymbal ;) and he sat at once the conclerical powers.

We continue in the scious and wondering spectator, and the unwords of the narrative.

conscious object of their mirth. The call

for a bumper to his Majesty's health “ Gideon, after many low bows and sin. brought them, however, to some order ; cere and hearty thanks for this kind and and after the usual routine of loyal toasts important information, retired to his apart from the chair, a reverend brother proment, where he spent full five hours, not posed • The health of the moderator and in composing the necessary grace, but in presbytery of Bandinnas.' The moderapiecing together such portions of the pray- tor now gave, . The health of our new broBre, which he had compiled or copied, as ther; a good wife, and a good kirk to him.'

“ • Kirk first, and then wife, with your bal never either volunteered a grace or said leave, moderator,' said one of the brethren, a long one. with a face of infinite humour and good “ Soon after he was licensed, he paid a nature.

visit to old Caleb, who by this time was “ . Let every thing be done decently and very far advanced in years; and was hoin order ;--s0 drink off the health, with its noured with a visit from the parish-minisaugmentation,' said the moderator. ter, by whom he was asked to preach.

*** The Church, as established by law,' Old Caleb was delighted to think that his followed, and was drank with much fer. son should, though but for a day, mount Tour. Next came a round of statesmen the parish pulpit : so he went in a cart to and warriors ; and the moderator, declar- hear him, being too infirm for riding on ing the stated list of toasts at an end, re- horseback. quested each member to contribute as he " Mr Cymbal mounted the steps in a pleased his share toward that good humour, timid and faultering manner, named the which was wont to gladden the presbytery psalm wrong, and did not recover from his of Bandinnas.

confusion till the prayer was nearly over. ** Pray, Mr Cymbal,' said the minister Still, however, he got through the sermon with the humorous face, do you know with a shut Bible, -as it was one which he the difference between a minister of the had conned diligently at least fifty times. Established Kirk and a dissenter ?' Sece- Old Caleb, who was very dull of hearing, ders and Independents being the only dis sat by the pulpit, smiling pleasure at the senters in those parts, Mr Cymbal began a

discourse of his son, was particularly long dissertation on the objectionable te. pleased with the fervent mention of the Dets of each of these sects.

Man of Sin and the Royal Family in the * • Tut man,' said the interrogator, last prayer; but could make nothing of

you are too grave and wise ; who would the petition for wisdom to the magisever think of serving up a dish of polemics trates of this place, and those who sit in at a dinner of the presbytery of Bandinnas! council with them,' which Mr Cymbal, in Can't you answer me in two words? too closely copying the professor of divini

“ Mr Cymbal declared hiš inability to ty, had neglected to omit. answer in the manner proposed, and ex “ His performance met with praise and pressed the most earnest desire of being censure; but fortunately he heard only informed.

the former. Among the critics (for there “ • Well, well,' said the other, “ I will are critics in every parish, and, generally, tell you, provided you promise to be in all the more remote the more dogmatic) it was time coming a better churchman than you legal doctrine, Arminianism, Socinianism have been to-day.'

-and in short every •ism' which every “ Mr Cymbal looked a little sheepish, body disliked. but, at the same time, he bowed and pro “ Old Caleb repeated his admonitions to mised.

economy, prudence, and docility-pleading “ . Here it is then, my dear fellow,' the privilege of a father for presuming to said the other, and see that you in future counsel a minister; and then Mr Cymbal, prove your orthodoxy, by practising as I after getting his father's blessing and last now preach. The difference between a farewell, returned to his charge at Aldtown. minister of the Established Kirk and a dis. Now, in addition to his labours as a tutor, Benter is now mark, remember, and prac. he frequently compiled sermons, and tise ! - The dissenter hus long graces and preached as occasion offered, sometimes shor! dinners; the estublished minister long for a fee and sometimes for a dinner. dinners and short graces.' * This was delivered in the most arch

His next step was an unfortunate and knowing manner, and followed by one ; he so far forgot his prudence as to another round of hearty laughter." make love to a young lady who came

to his patron's house, and was, in A very merry evening followed, truth, that gentleman's niece. She which ended in Mr Cymbals being carried his letters to her uncle, obliged to remain all night at the inn; but

“ who got into a violent passion,-sent for

the tutor,-accused him of arrogance and “ Mr Coldinghame, seeing his tutor at presumption,-assured him that he never last come home in safety, made no prying promised to promote his views in the or unnecessary inquiry. The presbytery, church,—declared that from what had too, though Mr Cymbal's grace afforded happened he would never do so,--paid up them an occasional laugh among them. his salary and board to the next term,selves, never, in kindness for a brother and told him he must instantly depart, whose credulity had evidently been impos “ This was a severe blow:- love and ed upon, made the thing public ; but it patronage both gone, and the wide world was observed, that from that day Mr Cym- before him, without a resting-place. Ho

offered to apologize in the most humble forts of a single life. Yonder is the manse, manner, but the squire would not listen; which in the mean time I have lent to the and the poor tutor had to depart sorrow schoolmaster, in order that he may try to ing. There was, indeed, one consolationi- live by boarders, as by the school he could he had saved a hundred pounds, all in but starve.' good notes of the Bank of Scotland ; which ““ They entered, and had a kindly greethe knew would support him while he was ing from Bess, the sister of the parson, hunting for new patronage. He sent off a full-grown lady, with some remaining his goods for the seat of learning, and beauty, and of much size and good nature. taking a staff in his hand began to journey " Here is a poor and disconsolate wan. thitherward on foot.

derer, whom I have preserved from sui“ The distance was two days journey; cide,' said the parson. • He stays with us and toward the close of the first, as he was for a few weeks, and may occasionally rewalking mournfully along, the facetious lieve me. Allow me to introduce to you brother who had made merry with him at the Reverend Mr Cymbal; and if he and the presbytery, met him at the turn I preach on the same day, the good folks ing of a hedge. Their future route lay may say, if they choose, that they have the same way, and the minister tried heard • a sounding brass, and a tinkling the probationer upon many topics of con- cymbal,”” Vol. I. pp. 138–142. versation ; but found him in a key so monosyllabic and dismal, that he could not love with Bess, married her, and be

Mr Cymbal actually did fall in help inquiring into the cause. bal answered simply, fully, and categori- came possessed of her fortune of cally, and the minister proceeded in his L. 1500. She did not long survive humorous way to remove the load of Gi. this event, but the disconsolate wideon's wo.

dower found occupation in turning a "No occasion for either hanging or violerit party man in a town where drowning, lad,' said he ; . if you had ask. he was assistant to a clergyman. ed me any time these four years, I could have told you, that if you depended on

66 Tradition says, (whether truly or Aldtown you had little chance of getting a falsely no one can tell,) that, in those days, kirk till you were ready for a kick-yard; the men of power kept watchers in every and as for your love and nonsense, enough town; and though Mr Cymbal was smooth of that in your present circumstance. and affable with all men, and though in Never think of a wife, man, till you get a

the society of those who were accounted kirk,-unless it be such a wife as can either democrates he seldom said a word, yet the get one for you, or make one unnecessary. suspicion went that he was one of the Look at me: I have had a pretty good watchmen. His brother-in-law wrote him living these ten years, and have some small on the subject, applauding his abstract thing of my own besides, and yet I never loyalty, but speaking in terms of the most thought of involving myself in matrimony; unqualified disapprobation of the watching and with so many disadvantages on your system, as equally degrading to the chaside, neither should you.

Women are not racter of a man and a Christian. He de. fools, and any one who would marry you manded a categorical exp'anation ; declarjust now, would be unworthy of you when ing that, unless the espionage could be you come to your kingdom, or rather fully and frankly disclaimed, all inter. would prevent you from ever coming to it. course between them must cease. Mr I cannot, however, allow you to wander Cymbal returned an equivocal reply, and on in that mood, or we may find you his brother-in-law renounced him. This drowned in the first pond, or lying at the renunciation Gideon the less regretted, bebottom of the first quarry with your neck cause he had now, as he thought, a claim broken. You must go with me for a few to higher patronage, and because he had days-only take care you do not fall in no legitimate title to any portion of his love with Bess, who is a first-rate beauty brother-in-law's wealth. of some forty years and odds,-come of “ Paine's ' Rights of Man' was at that age, and with rather more at her own dis- time making no little noise ; and, as the posal than the lady for whom you are so

administration believed, spreading disloyal. nearly dead. Come along, look cheery, ty over the country. In refutation of it, and defy the little god.'

Mr Cymbal wrote a dainty' quarto ; but “ On they journeyed together, and soon as it contained a greater portion of incomreached the manse. It was more splendid prehensible matter than the pamphlet, and than any building of the kind that Mr as it was twenty times as large, even the Cymbal had ever seen, and he could not most loyal pronounced it to be useless, and help paying some compliments to the very the author lost two hundred pounds by the liberal and laudable attention of the heric publication. Still, however, he had in the tors to their minister.

end no reason to complain, for it was not « • Tush!' said the minister, this is a long ere he got a government-presentation little box of my own :-You sce the com to the living of Knockfergus.


“ As he entered upon his charge a young to those short and lively essays, which man, rich, and patronised by the govern soon became general favourites.ment, he was, in spite of his native obse- Speaking of Hume's Essays, we have quiousness, a being of much consequence, observed that there are several of at least in his own eyes ; but his parish- these scattered in the earlier editions, ioners did not at tirst rate him so highly which are now nowhere to be found as he could have wished ; and this he felt, in the later collections. One of them and was anxious to remove. display was not exactly his forte, he had has been sent to us, which we shall recourse to smoothness of speech and sau. give our readers, and we should be vity of manner, and by these, he ultimate. happy to republish several of the oly in so far carried his point. Upon the thers, if we could lay hold of them. subjects of " church and state,' he always, We recollect a short character of Sir indeed, kept up the most unbending seve. Robert Walpole, an epistle dedicatory rity; but the good rustics regarded that to the author of Douglas, and some as evidence of the purity of his faith, and others, which, as well as the essay we the sincerity of his heart.

now publish, are very elegantly write “ He continued, accordingly, to hold fast his loyalty, and even essayed to make

ten, and have no offence in them." proselytes. In this praise-worthy vocation he had been pretty successful, at least to the extent of silencing opposition, except

ON IMPUDENCE AND MODESTY, AN in the case of Dr Wild, practitioner of physic in Fergustown. The doctor was a learned man, had powerful lungs, and was

I have always been of opinion, that equally an advocate for logic and liberty ;

the complaints against Providence so that, in as far as in kim lay, he coun- have been ill-grounded, and that the teracted the loyal maxims of Mr Cymbal. good or bad qualities of men are the The doctor was sometimes accused of be causes of their good or bad fortune, ing a resurrection.man ;' and there was more than what is generally imagicue subject which he had raised from the ned. There are, no doubt, instances dead more than once. This was the mi- to the contrary, and pretty numerous nister's book; and it was observed that

ones too; but few in comparison of whenever the book rose its author fell. “ Alone, the parson was no match for the instances we have of a right dis

tribution of prosperity and adversity; the doctor ; and the doctor and book made fearful odds. It must be confessed, that, nor, indeed, could it be otherwise, like some of the magical volumes of which from the common course of human we read in romances, it was not opened ex.

affairs. To be endowed with a benecept in cases of extremity. But, then, the volent disposition, and to love others, fear of it was continually before the mini. will almost infallibly procure love ster; and when it did make its appeare and esteem ; which is the chief cirance, he fell as useless and silent as ever cumstance in life, and facilitates every giant or goblin did at the sight or words enterprise and undertaking; besides of an enchanted tome.”

the satisfaction that immediately reVol. I. pp. 143-149.

sults from it. The case is much the

same with the other virtues. ProsAlthough we do not think the author of this work well qualified to perity is naturally, though not necescombine a consistent or entertaining sarily, attached to virtue and merit; story, yet we think he might write an and adversity, in like manner, to vice amusing enough volume, consisting of and folly. sketches, such as we have now given,

I must, however, confess, that this of such characters and manners as are

rule admits of an exception with rewithin the reach of his own observation. gard to one moral quality, and that He fails entirely when he attempts any thing like high life, or when he aims In the last edition of this essay the at romantic invention.

If he ever

“ I am of opinion that the comthinks of such a volume, he might plaints against Providence bave been often find many of his materials in this no

ill.grounded,"—a change not to the better, vel, where they are in danger of be- cal opinions. The copy from which we

but more consonant to the author's sceptiing buried in their present form ; print is said to have been preserved in a and these he might new-model, in

scarce volume, consisting of pieces that like manner as Mr Hume cut down

were published in the periodical works of his laborious Treatise on Human Na- the day only, and on that account are not ture, which scarcely any one read, in- generally known.


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molesty has a natural tendency to will infallibly disconcert him; after conceal a man's talents, as impudence which, every blush is a cause for new displays them to the utmost, and has blushes, till he be found out to be an been the only cause why many have arrant cheat, and a vain pretender to risen in the world, under all the dis- impudence. advantages of low birth, and little If any thing can give a modest man merit. Such indolence and incapacity more assurance, it must be some adis there in the bulk of mankind, that vantages of fortune, which chance prothey are apt to receive a man for what cures to him. Riches naturally gain ever he has a mind to put himself off a man a favourable reception in the for; and admit his overbearing airs world, and give merit a double lustre, as a proof of that merit which he as when a person is endowed with it; sumes to himself. A deceut assure and supply its place, in a great meaance seems to be the natural attend- sure, when it is absent. 'Tis wonant of virtue; and few men can dis- derful to observe what airs of supetinguish impudence from it; as, on riority fools and knaves with large the other hand, diffidence being the possessions give themselves above men natural result of vice and folly, has of the greatest merit in poverty. Nor drawn disgrace upon modesty, which, do the men of merit make any strong in outward appearance, so nearly re- opposition to these usurpations; or rasembles it.

ther seem to favour them by the moI was lately lamenting to a friend desty of their behaviour. Their good of mine, who loves a conceit, that po- sense and experience make them diffipular applause should be bestowedl dent of their judgment, and cause with so little judgment, and that so them to examine every thing with the many empty, forward, coxcombs, greatest accuracy; as, on the other should rise up to a figure in the hand, the delicacy of iheir sentiments world ; upon which he said, there makes them timorous lest they comwas nothing surprising in the case. mit faults, and lose, in the practice of “ Popular fame," said he, " is no- the world, that integrity of virtue, so thing but breath, or air; and air very to speak, of which they are so jealous, naturally presses into a vacuum.” To make wisdom agree with confi

As impudience, though really a vice, dence is as difficult as to reconcile has the same effects upon a man's for- vice to modesty. tune, as it'it were a virtue; so, we may These are the reflections that have observe, that it is almost as difficult occurred to me upon this subject of to be attained, and is, in that respect, impudence and mode ty; and I hope distinguished from all the other vices, the reader will not be displeased to which are acquired with little pains, see them wrought into the following and continually increase upon indul- allegory: gence. Many a man being sensible Jupiter, in the beginning, joined that modesty is extremely prejudi- Virtue, Wisdom, and Confiilence tocial to him in making his fortune, gether; and Vice, Folly, and Diffihas resolved to be impudent, and dence; and, in that society set them to put a bold face upon the mat- upon the earth. But though he ter; but it is observable that such thought he had matched them with people have seldom succeeded in the great judgment, and said that Confiattempt, but have been obliged to re- dence was the natural companion of lapse into their primitive modesty. Virtue, and that Vice deserved to be Nothing carries a man through the atteniled with Diffidence, they had world like a true, genuine, natural im- not gone far before dissention arose pudence. Its counterfeit is good for among them. Wisdom, who was the nothing, nor can ever support itself. guide of the one company, was always In any other attempt, whatever faults accustomed, before she ventured upon a man commits, and is sensible of, he any road, however beaten, to examine is so much nearer his end, but, when it carefully; to inquire whither it he endeavours at impudence, if he led; what dangers, difficulties, and ever failed in the attempt, the remem- hindrances, might possibly or proba. brance of it will make him blush, and bly occur in it, In these delibera

tions she usually consumed some The above paragraph is omitted in time; which delay was very displeasthe last editions of this essay.

ing to Confidence, who was always in

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