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Let vernal airs thro' trembling ofiers play, 5 And Albion's cliffs resound the rural lay.
You, that too wise for pride, too good for powry Enjoy the glory to be great no more,
“ Virgil had written nothing so good at his Age. His “ Preface is very judicious and learned.” Letter to Mr. Wycberley, Ap. 1705. The Lord Lanfdown about the fame time, mentioning the youth of our Poet, fays (in a printed Letter of the Character of Mr. Wycherley) * if he goes on as he has begun in the Pastoral way, as “ Virgil
first tried his strength, we may hope to see Eng“ lish Poetry vie with the Roman,” etc. Notwithstanding the early time of their production, the Author esteemed these as the most correct in the verfification, and mufical in the numbers, of all his works. The reason for his labouring them into so much foftness, was, doubtless, that this fort of poetry derives almost its whote beauty from a natural eale of thought and smoothness of verse; whereas that of most other kinds consists in the strength and fulness of both. In a letter of his to Mr. Walsh about this time we find an enumeration of several-Niceties : in Versification, which perhaps have never been strictly observed in any English poem, except in these Pastorals. They were not printed till 1707. P. Sir William Trumbal.] Our Author's friendship with this gentleman commenced at very unequal years : he was under fixteen, but Sir William above fixty, and had lately resign'd his employment of Secretary of State to
IMITATIONS. : Veri1. Prima Syracofio dignata eft ludere versu,
Noftra nec erubuit sylvas habitare Thalia. : This is the general exordium and opening of the Pasto: rals, in imitation of the sixth of Virgil, which some have
therefore not improbably thought to have been the first originally. In the beginnings of the other three Palto. rals, he imitates expresly those which now stand first of the three chief Poets in this kind, Spencer, Virgil,Theocritus.
And carrying with you all the world can boast,
The Thrush may chant to the forsaken groves,
Soon as the flocks shook off the nightly dews, Two Swains, whom Love kept wakeful, and the
20 The dawn now blushing on the mountain's fide, Thus Daphnis spoke, and Strephon thus reply’d.
Ver. 12. in your native fhades] Sir W. Trumbal was born in Windsor-forest, to which he retreated, after he had resigned the post of Secretary of State to King William III. P.
Ver. 17, etc. The Scene of this Pastoral a Valley, the time the Morning. It stood originally thus,
Daphnis and Strephon to the Shades retir'd,
Thyrfis, the Music of that murm'ring Spring, --are manifestly imitations of
-A Shepherd's Boy (no better do bim call)
-Tityre, tu patulae recubans fub tegmine fagi. -- Αδύ τι το ψιθύρισμα και απίτυς, αιπόλε, τήνα. Ρ. DAPHNIS. Hear how the birds, on ev'ry bloomy spray, With joyous music wake the dawning day! Why sit we mute when early linnets fing, 25 When warbling Philomel salutes the spring ? Why fit we sad when Phosphor shines so clear, And layish Nature paints the purple year?
STRE PH ON: Sing then, and Damon shall attend the strain, While yon' Now oxen turn the furrow'd plain. Here the bright crocus and blue vi'let glow; Here western winds on breathing roses blow. I'll stake yon' lamb, that near the fountain plays, And from the brink his dancing shade surveys,
DAPHNI $. And I this bowl, where wanton ivy twines, 35 And swelling clusters bend the curling vines :
VER: 28. purple gear?) Pnrple here used in the Latin sense of the brightest moit vivid colouring in general, not of that peculiar tint so called, Ver. 34. The first reading was, And his own image from the bank furveys.
VARIATION S. VER:36. And clusters lurk beneath the curling vines. P,
Lenta quibus torno facili fuperaddita vitis,
STRE PHO N. Inspire me, Phoebus, in my Delia's praise,
45 With Waller's ftrains, or Granville's moving lays ! A milk-white bull shall at your altars stand, That threats a fight, and spurns the rising fand.
VER. 46. Granville-) George Granville, afterwards Lord Lansdown, known for his Poems, most of which he compos’d very young, and propos’d Waller as his model. P.
Alternis dicetis, amant alterna Camænæ :
Nunc frondent fulva, nunc formofiffimus annus. P. VER. 38. The various seafons] The Subject of these Pastorals engraven on the bowl is not without its
propriety. The Shepherd's hefitation at the name of the Zodiac, imitates that in Virgil,
Et quis fuit alter, Defcripfit radio totum qui gentibus orbem ? P. VER.47. A milk-white Bull.] Virg.-Pafcite taurum,
Qui cornu petat, et pedibus jam fpargat arenam. P.
S T R E P H O N.
STRE PH O N.
VAR LATIO N S.
Thy Parian ftatue fhall be chang'd to Gold.
Let rich Iberia golden fleeces boat,
Blest Thames's lhores, &c. P.
Go, flow'ry wreath, and let my Sylvia know, ;