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pockets in the presence of the judge, or that will cut purses under the gallows. It is said of the men of Sodom, that they were sinners exceedingly, because they were sinners before the Lord (Gen. xiii. 13), that is, in his eyesight, and notwithstanding the kindnesses that he had showed them, for the land of Sodom was now like the garden of Eden heretofore (Gen. xiii. 10). This, therefore, provoked him the more to jealousy, and made their plague as hot as the fire of the Lord out of heaven could make it; and it is most rationally to be concluded that such, even such as these are, that shall sin in the sight, yea, and that, too, in despite of such examples that are set continually before them to caution them to the contrary, must be partakers of severest judgments.
Hope. Doubtless thou hast said the truth; but what a mercy is it that thou art not, but especially that I am not, made this example! This ministereth occasion to us to thank God, to fear before him, and always to remember Lot's wife.
I saw then that they went on their way to a pleasant river, which David the king called "the river of God" (Ps. lxv. 9); but John, "the river of the water of life" (Rev. xxii. 1). Now their way lay just upon the bank of this river; here, therefore, Christian and his companion walked with great delight; they drank also of the water of the river, which was pleasant and enlivening to their weary spirits. Besides, on the banks of this river, on either side, were green trees that bore all manner of fruit; and the leaves of the trees were good for medicine; with the fruit of these trees they were also much delighted; and the leaves they ate to prevent surfeits and other diseases that are incident to those that heat their blood by travels (Ezek. xlvii.). On either side of the river was also a meadow, curiously beautified with lilies; and it was green all the year long. In this meadow they lay down and slept, for here they might lie down safely (Ps. xxiii. 2; Isa. xiv. 30). When they awoke, they gathered again of the fruit of the trees, and drank again of the water of the river, and then lay down
again to sleep. Thus they did several days and nights. Then they sang,
Behold ye, how these crystal streams do glide,
What pleasant fruit, yea, leaves, these trees do yield,
So when they were disposed to go on (for they were not as yet at their journey's end), they ate and drank, and departed.
Now I beheld in my dream that they had not journeyed far, ere the river and the way for a time parted, at which they were not a little sorry, yet they durst not go out of the way. Now the way from the river was rough, and their feet tender by reason of their travels; so the souls of the pilgrims were much discouraged because of the way (Num. xxi. 4). Wherefore, still as they went on, they wished for better way. Now a little before them, there was on the left hand of the road a meadow, and a stile to go over into it, and that meadow is called Bypath Meadow. Then said Christian to his fellow, If this meadow lieth along by our wayside, let us go over into it. Then he went to the stile to see, and behold a path lay along by the way on the other side of the fence.
cording to my wish, said Christian, here is the easiest going; come, good Hopeful, and let us go over.
Hope. But how if this path should lead us out of the way? Chr. That's not likely, said the other; look, doth it not go along by the wayside? So Hopeful, being persuaded by his fellow, went after him over the stile. When they were gone over, and were got into the path, they found it very easy for their feet; and withal, they looking before them, espied a man walking as they did (and his name was VainConfidence), so they called after him, and asked him whither that way led? He said, To the celestial gate. Look, said Christian, did not I tell you so? By this you may see we are right. So they followed, and he went before them. But
behold the night came on, and it grew very dark, so that they that were behind lost the sight of him that went before.
He therefore that went before (Vain-Confidence by name), not seeing the way before him, fell into a deep pit, which was on purpose there made by the prince of those grounds, to catch vain-glorious fools withal, and was dashed in pieces with his fall (Isa. ix. 16).
Now Christian and his fellow heard him fall. So they called to know the matter, but there was none to answer, only they heard a groaning. Then said Hopeful, Where are we now? Then was his fellow silent, as mistrusting that he had led him out of the way; and now it began to rain, and thunder and lighten in a very dreadful manner; and the water rose amain.
Then Hopeful groaned in himself, saying, Oh that I had kept on my way!
Chr. Who could have thought that this path should have led us out of the way?
Hope. I was afraid of it at the very first, and therefore gave you that gentle caution. I would have spoken plainer, but that you are older than I.
Chr. Good brother, be not offended; I am sorry I have brought thee out of the way, and that I have put thee into such imminent danger. Pray, my brother, forgive me; I did not do it of an evil intent.
Hope. Be comforted, my brother, for I forgive thee; and believe, too, that this shall be for our good.
Chr. I am glad I have with me a merciful brother; but we must not stand thus; let's try to go back again.
Hope. But, good brother, let me go before.
Chr. No, if you please, let me go first; that if there be any danger, I may be first therein, because by my means we are both gone out of the way.
Hope. No, said Hopeful, you shall not go first; for your mind being troubled, may lead you out of the way again.
Then for their encouragement, they heard the voice of one saying, Let thine heart be towards the highway, even the way that thou wentest; turn again (Jer. xxxi. 21). But by this time the waters were greatly risen, by reason of which, the way of going back was very dangerous. (Then I thought that it is easier going out of the way when we are in, than going in when we are out.) Yet they adventured to go back, but it was so dark, and the flood was so high, that in their going back, they had like to have been drowned nine or ten times.
Neither could they, with all the skill they had, get again to the stile that night. Wherefore at last, lighting under a little shelter, they sat down there till the day brake; but being weary, they fell asleep. Now there was, not far from the place where they lay, a castle, called Doubting Castle, the owner whereof was Giant Despair, and it was in his grounds they now were sleeping: wherefore he, getting up in the morning early, and walking up and down in his fields, caught Christian and Hopeful asleep in his grounds. Then with a grim and surly voice he bade them awake, and asked them whence they were, and what they did in his grounds? They told him they were pilgrims, and that they had lost their way. Then said the giant, You have this night trespassed on me, by trampling in and lying on my grounds, and therefore you must go along with me. So they were forced to go, because he was stronger than they. They also had but little to say, for they knew themselves in a fault. The giant, therefore, drove them before him, and put them into his castle, into a very dark dungeon, nasty and stinking to the spirits of these two men. Here, then, they lay from Wednesday morning till Saturday night, without one bit of
The pilgrims now, to gratify the flesh,
Will seek its ease; but, oh! how they afresh
Now there was, not far from the place where they lay, a castle, called Doubting Castle, the owner whereof was Giant Despair, and it was in his grounds they now were sleeping: wherefore he, getting up in the morning early, and walking up and down in his fields, caught Christian and Hopeful asleep in his grounds.