網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

3. They stayed until night under shelter.
4. They listened, but they could not hear.
5. Men may live fools, but fools they can not die.

6. The bird could not fly, because someone had wounded it with a stone.

7. Idleness and ignorance are the parents of vice and misery.

8. They live in the city, but they work in the country.

9. The kangaroo and the black swan are found in Australia.

10. They always thought that Brutus was an honorable man.

I went before the company. He died before I was born.

12. He works for me. Be kind to him, for he is good.

13. Up the mountain and through the glen, he takes his silent way.

14. Johnson went to Congress, while his children went to the penitentiary and the prison.

15. Out of the yard and up the street he rushed. 16. I shall go if he invites me and they come after me.

17. If a man empties his purse into his head, no one can take it away from him.

18. When a man has not a good reason for doing a thing, he has one good reason for letting it alone.

II.

Exercise 87

Like and as

Like, with to understood, is equivalent to a preposition, and introduces a phrase; as is a conjunction and joins clauses.

Write the following sentences, omitting the improper italicized words:

1. I don't seem to be able to write like-as my sister can.

2. The lad certainly looks very much like-as his father.

3. I wish I could add a column of figures like as the teacher does.

4. How much the photograph looks like as the original.
5. No one will miss the old home like-as I shall.
6. Each of the twins acts precisely like-as the other.
7. It looks like it was- as if it were fifty miles away.
8. All these things seem just like-as old times.

9. They don't study spelling these days like-as they used to.

10. No singer of the present day has a voice like-as Patti's.

II. In some respects, Stevenson writes like-as Kipling does.

12. To read Hawthorne's Marble Faun is like-as walking through the streets of Rome.

13. The man looks like he wasas if he were an actor.

Exercise 88

Except, without, unless

Except and without are prepositions and introduce phrases ; unless is a conjunction and joins clauses.

Write the following sentences, omitting the improper italicized words:

1. Except-without-unless you practice diligently, you can not become a good penman.

2. Father would not go to church without-exceptunless mother went too.

1

i

3. No one in the whole class had his lesson exceptunless-without Harry Mills.

4. I do not like to read anything without-exceptunless it is a detective story.

5. Charlie could never understand the examples except-without-unless someone explained them.

6. He did not like any out-door games except-unlesswithout football.

7. One can't understand English fully exceptunlesswithout a knowledge of the classics.

8. One will soon get behind the times without-exceptunless he reads a great deal.

9. It is impossible to secure good results in photography except-without-unless you follow directions closely.

10. Many studies have little practical value exceptunless-without the mental training which they afford.

II. Nothing of importance can be accomplished in this world except-without-unless labor and toil.

12. Shakespeare could never have written his great plays except-without-unless he had understood human nature thoroughly.

13. The old man had nothing left to comfort him without -except- unless his faith in God.

14. He was a stranger in a strange land-exceptwithout -unless home or friends.

15. One can never succeed in his undertaking withoutunless-except he persevere to the end.

CORRELATIVES

Correlative conjunctions are conjunctions used in pairs, the first introducing and the second connecting the elements.

The principal correlatives are:
Both .......and : He is both wise and good.
Neither.
....nor:

Neither time nor money was spared.
Though.....yet : Though he slay me yet will I trust him.
Either.... .or: He is either a knave or a fool.
Whether. .or: It matters not whether he goes or stays.

PLACING CORRELATIVES

Care should be exercised in placing correlatives. They should be placed just before the words or phrases connected. Study the following examples :

[blocks in formation]

He gave me not only the grammar, but also lent me a dictionary.

You may either paint a picture that represents a scene, or your street door to keep it from rotting.

It was finally decided to hold the meeting either in Cleveland or Cincinnati.

You can neither count for success in this course nor in the other.

I either misunderstood you or you are mistaken.

He not only gave me the grammar, but also lent me a dictionary.

You may paint either a picture that represents a scene, or your street door to keep it from rotting.

It was finally decided to hold the meeting in either Cleveland or Cincinnati.

You can count for success neither in this course nor in the other.

Either I misunderstood you or you are mistaken.

Exercise 89

Either---or, neither-nor

These conjunctions are always properly used with reference to two things only. Or should be used correlatively with either, and nor with neither. They should always be placed one immediately before each of the two expressions which are contrasted.

Write the following sentences, omitting the improper italicized words:

1. We do not either believe in either mesmerism nor-or hypnotism.

2. Edwin Booth was an actor who was either at ease either in comedy or in tragedy.

3. Neither he noror his sister had much to say.

4. Either I am either much misinformed, or he is greatly mistaken.

5. These three roads all lead to the house you seek; take either-any one of them.

6. We had neither-no clothes, food, or-nor shelter.

7. He was neither familiar with neither the customs or-nor the language of the people.

8. The lady was neither adapted by neither training nor experience to that kind of work.

9. There were five vacant houses in the block, and the landlord said we might have eitherany one of them.

10. It was a terrible fire; and neithernot any of the people, the furniture, nor the houses were saved.

II. I can either come on either Wednesday or Thursday evening.

12. I didn't either like either the play or the actors.

13. Either one must either obey the laws, or take the consequences.

« 上一頁繼續 »