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On the Campanian shore, with purpose there
His horrid luits in private to enjoy,
Committing to a wicked favourite
All public cares, and yet of him suspicious ;
Hated of all, and hating: with what ease,
Indu'd with regal virtues, as thou art,
Appearing, and beginning noble deeds,
Night'st thou expel this inonfter from his throne,
Now made a stye, and in his place ascending,
A victor people tree from fervile yoke!
And with my help thou may’it: to me the power
Is giv'n, and by that right I give it thee.
Aim therefore at no less than all the world,
105 Aim at the highest; without the highest attain'd Will be for thee no sitting, or not long, On David's throne, be prophecy'd what will.
To whom the Son of God unmov'd reply'd : Nor doth this grandeur, and majestic show Of luxury, though cali'd magnificence, More than of arins before, allure mine eye, Much leis my mind; though thou should'st add to tell Their liumptuous gluttonies, and gorgeous feasts, Ou citron tables or Atlantic stone,
115 (l'or I have ali's heard, perhaps have read,) Their wines of Setia, Cales, and Falerne, Chios, and Crete, and how they quaff in gold, Crystal and myrrhine cups, imbots’d with gems And studs of pearl; to me should'st tell who thirst And hunger itill: then embassies thou show'st From na:ions far and nigh; what honour that, But tedious waste of time, to fit and hear So many hollow compliments and lies, • Outlandish flatteries? Then proceed'lt to talk 125 Of th' emperor, how easily subdu’d, How gloriously: I Mall, thou say'st, expel A brutish monster : what if I withal Expel a devil who first made him such ? Let his tormentor conscience find him out;
130 For him I was not sent; nor yet to free That people, victor once, now vile and base,
Deservedly made vaftal, who once juft,
Frugal, and mild, and temp'rate, conquer'd well,
But govern ill the nations onder yoke,
Peeling their provinces, exhaulied all
By luit and rapine? firit ambitious grown
Of triumph, that insulting vanity;
Then cruel, by their sports of blood inuid
Of fighting beasts, and men to beasts expos'il ; 140
Luxurious by their wealth, and greedier Itill,
And from the daily scene effeminate.
What wile and valiant man would feck to free
Thele thus clegenerate, by themselves inlay'd,
Or could of inward flaves make outward free?
Know therefore, when my season comes to fit
On David's throne, it fall be like a tree
Spreading and overshadowing all the earth;
Or as a stone that all to pieces dalh
All monarchies besides throughout the world ; 150
And of my kingdom there thall be no end :
Means there shall be to this ; but what the means,
Is not for thee to know, nor me to tell.
To whom the Tempter impudent reply'd :
I see all offers made by me how slight
Thou valueit, because offer’d, and reject'st :
Nothing will pleale the difficult and nice,
Or nothing more than itill to contradict :
On th' other side know also thon, that I
On what I offer let as high esteem,
Nor what I part with mean to give for nought:
All there, which in a moment thou behold’it,
The kingdoms of the world to thee I give;
For giv'n to me, I give to whom I please;
No trifle; yet with this referve, not elle,
On this condition, if thou wilt fall down,
And worship me as thy superior lord;
Easily done, and hold them all of me;
For what can less so great a gift de erve?
Whom thuş our Saviour answer'd with disdain :
I never lik'd thy talk, thy offers less.
171 N -w both abhor, since thou hast dar'd to utter
Th'abominable terms, impious condition;
But I endure the time, till which expir’d,
Thou bait permillion on me. It is written
The firit of all commandments, thou shalt worship
The Lord thy God, and only him shalt serve ;
And dar'st thou to the Son of God propound
To worship thee accurs’d, now more accurs'd
For this attempt, bolder than that on Eve,
And more blasphemous ? which expect to rue.
The kingdoms of the world to thee were given,
Perinitted rather, and by thee usurp'd;
Other donation none thou canst produce.
If giv'n, by whom, but by the King of Kings, 185
God over all supreme? It giv’n to thee,
By thee how fairly is the giver now
Repaid ? But gratitude in thee is loft
Long since. Wert thou so void of fear or shame,
As offer their to me, the Son of God,
190 To me my own, on such abhorred pact,
That I fall down and worship thee as God?
Get thee behind me; plain thou now appear'st
That evil one, Satan for ever damn'd.
Po To whom the fiend, with fear abashid, reply'd : 195
Be not so sore offended, Son of God,
(Though sons of God both angels are and men,)
If I, to try whether in higher lort
Than these thou bear'st that title, have propos'd
What both from men and angels I receive,
Tetrarchs of fire, air, food, and on the earth
Nations besides from all the quarter'd winds,
God of this world invok'd, and world beneath :
Who then thou art, whose coming is foretold
To me so fatal, me it most concerns.
The trial hath indamag'd thee no way,
Rather more honour left and more esteem;
Me nought advantag'd, missing what I aim'd.
Therefore let pass, as they are transitory,
The kingdoms of this world; I Mall no more
Advise thee ; gain them as thou cans, er not.
And thou thyself seem'it otherwise inclina
Than to a worldly crown, addicted more
To contemplation and profound dispute,
As by that early action may be judg'd,
When, slipping from thy niother's eye, thou went'it
Alone into the temple ; there wast found
Among the graveft Rabbies, difputant
On points and questions fitting Moses' chair,
Teaching, not taught; the childhood shows the man,
As morning shows the day. Be famous then
By wisdom ; as thy empire must extend,
So let extend thy mind o'er all the world
In knowledge, all things in it comprehend:
All knowledge is not couch'd in Mofes' law, 225
The Pentateuch, or what the prophets wrote ;
The Gentiles also know, and write and teach
To admiration, led by Nature's light;
And with the Gentiles much thou must converse,
Ruling them by persuasion, as thou mean'st;
Without their learning how wilt thou with them
Or they with thee, hold.conversation meet?
How wilt thou reason with them, how refute
Their idolisms, traditions, paradoxes ?
Error by his own arms is best evinc'd.
Look once more, ere we leave this spec'lar mount,
Westward, much nearer by (outhwest; behold
Where on th' Ægean shore a city stands
Built nobly, pure the air, and light the soil,
Athens, the eye of Greece, mother of arts 240
And eloquence, native to famous wits
Or hospitable, in her sweet recess.
City or suburban, studious walks and shades;
See there the olive grove of Academe,
Plato's retirement, where the attic bird
Trills her thick-warbled notes the summer long;
There flowery hill Hymettus with the found
Of bees industrious murmur oft invites
To studious musing; there Ilissus rolls
His wilp’ring stream : within the walls then view 250
The schools of ancient sages; his who bred
Great Alexander to fubdue the world;
Lyceur there, and painted Stoa next :
There shalt thou hear and learn the lecret power
Of harmony in tones and numbers hit
By voice or hand, and various meatur'd verse,
Folian charıns and Dorian lyric odes,
And his who gave them breath, but higher lung,
· Blind Meleligenes thence Homer callid,
Whose poem Phæbus challeng’d for his own.
Thence what the lofry grave tragedians taught
In Chorus or lambic, teachers best
Of moral prudence, with delight receiv'd
In brief fententious precepts, while they treat
Of fate, and chance, and change in human life;
High actions, and high passions best describing.
Thence to the famous orators repair,
Those ancient, whose refiltless eloquence
Wielded at will that fierce democratic,
Shook th'arsenal, and fulmin'd over Greece,
To Macedon and Artaxerxes' throne.
To fage Philofophy next lend thine ear,
From heav'n descended to the low.rocfd house
Of Socrates ; fee there his tenement,
Whom well inspir'd the oracle pronounc'd
Wiselt of men; from whose mouth issued forth
Mellifluous streams, that water'd all the schools
Of Academics old and new, with thole
Sirnam'd Peripatetics, and the sect
Epicurean, and the Stoic levere :
These here revolve, or, as thou lik’lt at home,
Till time mature thee to a kingdom's weight:
These rules will render thee a king complete
Within thyself, much more with empire join'd.
To whom our Saviour fagely thus reply'd :
Think not but that I know thele things, or think
I know them not; nor therefore am I short
Of knowing what I ought: he who receives
Light from above, from the fountain of light,
No other doctrine needs, though granted true;
But these are false, or little elle but dreams,
Conjectures, fancies, built on nothing firm.
The first and wiseft of them all profcis di