He serves the Muses erringly and ill,

Tue Palosophy of Old Maidsm.-If any share of in.
Whose aim is pleasure light and fugitive.-WORDSWORTII,

dependence be the lot of woman, it falls to the wealthy old A SMALL division of the SchooL MASTER is appropri. maid. The policy of man has made old maidism the bogbear ated every week to verse, intended chiefly for the young..

of the sex. They bave judiciously levelled against it cbe whole

artillery of ridicule, the squibs and crackers of which are vastIt is therefore desirable that this department be conducted

ly more fearful than the two-edged sword of satire; the first on some understood principle and regular plan. One short hurts a woman's fine vanities-it falls upon her Aounces and piece. or extract, which shall merit to be preserved. and furbelows; the latter only cuts her vices; and though the

wound it makes be sore, it is probably unseen; and she heals it, which, hy very young readers, may occasionally be commit

and says nothing about it. ted to memory, as a household lesson, will be given each

Woman, THE SOURCE OF Evır.!-It is an article of faith week, reserving the remaining space allotted to verse, for with the orthodox in the east, that no evil can take place of poetry recommended by novelty, or any temporary in which a woman is not the first cause. “Who is she?"' a rajah

was always in the habit of asking, whenever a calamity was terest. This, with occasional illustrative quotations and

related to him, however severe, or however trival. His attendextracts from new works, is all the verse to which we can ants reported to him one morning, that a labourer had fallen a fford space.

from a scaffold when working at his palace and had briken his

neck. “Who is sbe?" immediately demanded the rajah. "A MOTIVES TO FORBEARANCE AND CHARITY. man, no woman, great prince!" was the reply. “Who is she?" Inscription for a. Column at Newbury.

repeated with increased anger, was all the rajah deigned to

utter. In vain did the servant assert the manhood of the Art thou a Patriot, Traveller ? On this field

labourer. “Bring me instant intelligence what woman causeu Did FALKLAND fall, the blameless and the brave, this accident, or wo upon your heads !” exclaimed the prince ! Beneath a tyrant's banners. Dost thou boast

In an hour the active attendants returned, and prostrating

themselves cried out, “ () wise and powerful prince !" "Well, Of loyal ardour-HAMPDEN perished here

who is she?" interupted he. "As the ill-fated labourer wis The Rebel HAMPDEN, at whose glorious name working on the scaffold he was attracted by the beauty of your The heart of every honest Englishman

Highness's damsels, and, gazing upon them, lost balance, and fell

to the ground.”—“ You hear, now," said the Prince, “po acc)Beats high with conscious pride. Both uncorrupt,

dent can happen without a woman in some way being an instruFriends to their common country both, they fought, They died in adverse armies. Traveller!

MADAME AND HER “ Busk.”_Poor dear Madame de Starl, If with thy neighbour thou should'st not accord

I shall never forget seeing her one day, at table with a large

party, when the busk (I believe you ladies call it) of her core ! In charity, remember these good men,

set forced its way through the top of the corset, and would not ; And quell all angry and injurious thoughts.

descend though pushed by all the force of both hands of the Southey.

wearer, who became crimson from the operation. After fruit

less efforts, she turned in despair to the valet de chambre beThe Patriot HAMPDEN died in July 1643, of wounds

hind her chair, and requested him to draw it out, which could

only be done by his passing his hand from behind over ber received in a skirmish with the royalist troops, in Chalgrave shoulder, and across her chest, when with a desperate effort, he Field, near Oxford, while fighting nobly for the cause of unsheathed the busk. Had you seen the faces of some of the

English ladies of the party, you would have been, like me freedom and his country, in the army of the Parliament,

almost convulsed; while Madame remained perfectly uncon-1 Until the country rose in arms to repel the tyranny of Charles | scious that she had committed any solecism on la decence An-1 I., Hampden cither lived as a private gentleman on his es. glaise.-Lady Blessington gives' this anecdote in the Ner. tate, or discharged his duties as an independent and patrio.

Monthly, as related to her by Lord Byron.

Women.-It is much the custom of writers who write about! tic member of Parliament. Single-handed, he resisted the the talkers, to limit the programme of their dissertations, to payment of an impost named ship-money, illegally levied by “MEN AND THINGS.” In these our tiines, this is manifestly an the king, without the sanction of the representatives of the

impertinence, for the women are just now unquestionably the

busiest moiety of the creation; and as to the Books, we would people; and was from that time considered by them as their

ask whether advertisements of new works abound not far more champion. His death struck his own party with momen than paragraphs of new measures? It is a woman (Miss tary consternation, and delighted the royalists. Lord Falk.

Boaden ) who has translated the new p'ece so ably for the Hay.

Inarket ; and a woman (Miss Taylor) who renders it so effec. land was rather entangled into the service of the King, than tive. It is a rooman (Mrs. Waylett) who cramg the Strand there of choice. He was a high and pure-minded man, a Theatre, night after night, as close as a pottle of strawberries devoted lover of his country, and therefore, ever desirous of

and a woman (Mrs. Fitzwilliam ) who, cholera notwithstanding,

draws mobs of spectators to Sadler's Wells- the well-spring of peace. He fell at the battle of Newbury, about two whose attractions had been so long dried up. It is a woman months after the death of Hampden. “ From the com- | (Mrs. Jameson) who has rendered Kit North for once mild anil mencement of the war," says Hume the historian, “his

mellifluous as the sweet south ; it is a woman (Mrs. Trollope)

who has incited the leathery Jonathan into a passion. It is a natural cheerfulness and vivacity became clonded.” He be-rooman (Mrs. Norton) who, in her periodical, commands a mas came negligent of his dress, but on the morning of the bat. | jority of the Lords; it is a woman (Fanny Kemble) whe, have tle in which he fell, he showed some care in equipping him

ing ruled the waves of a storiny pit, for the sake of her family,

is about to brave those of the Atlantic. It is a woman (M-3" self; and gave, for a reason, that the enemy should not find Sharpe) whose exquisite picture of Brunetta raises a rival flag, his body in any slovenly, indecent situation. “ I am in Pallmall, to Wilkie's in the Strand. It is a woman (Miss weary," he said, “ of the times, and foresee much misery

Bagster) who has defied a whole college of mad doctors to

drive her out of her senses. The gossip of the young ladies in to my country ; but I believe I shall be out of it ere night." | the gallery of St. Stephen's, overpowers the polier of the elderHis presentiment was verified. He died at the age of thirty-/ ly gentlernen below; the fancy fairs of the charitable ladies four. These are the “ good men" for whom Mr. Southey

have rendered their stalls more productive than those of Tatter

sall. Of all the constitutions of Europe, the one ruled at Alwrote the above inscription. They fell, victims alike to | mack's, by a feinale Cabinet, has alone withstood the shock o the ambition of the King, and to his determination not only modern revolutions; and we are convinced, that had the Reto resist the just demands of the people, but arbitrarily to

form Bill been dedicated to fairer hands, bishops would not

have been burnt in effigy, nor Bristol in reality. Worney! encroach on their ancient liberties

WOMEN against the world.-Court Journal,


It is estimated with tolerable correctness that the annual con

sumption of fat hullocks in the metropolis amounts to 150,000, ARITHMETICAL RODS.- This is a very useful invention, and that the average distance cach beast is brought to Smithjy which the teaching of arithmetic both to the tutor and field market is 100 miles, and the loss of value from the fatigue pupil is much facilitated. Every one knows that much of the journey is at least 40s. per head, that is, 300,0001. per Time is occupied by writing down the figures to be sum

apnum. med, multiplied, &c.; but Mr. P. B. Templeton of Pres.

The number of sheep brought is 1,500,000, the average loss

on each from the same cause is 5s. per head, which amounts to ton has invented a set of rods, by which all the labour of metting or preparing the question is avoided. These rods

375,0001. : thus here is entirely lost of animal food 675,0001.

per annum by an imperfect mode of conveyance; and injured are four-sided, on three of which figures are stamped,

as much in quality as it is reduced in quantity. and when a question in addition, for instance, is to be

London, which is now the dearest, would become the cheap. solved, it is only necessary to place under each other any est market in England; provisions would not cost more than Dumber of rods, wbich may be thought necessary, and one farthing per pound carriage to the markets. The greatest then the figures are summed up by the pupil. Questions part of the cattle and sheep would be killed in the country, and in subtraction, division, &c. are managed in a similar sent in dead meat to the metropolis, superior in quality, and unmander. There is a key to the rods which contains the

diminished in quantity; and that which would remain from answers, so that a person may examine fifty pupils at a

the offal, as good manure in the country, would no longer be time. The rods may also be used as an amusement for

brought to the great slaughter houses in London, spreading pes

tilence around so far as its noxious influence extended. children, the key enabling the parent, nurse, or governess

These are important considerations; but it is not a mere affair to prove the accuracy of the answers. The invention of butcher's meat. It is whether the whole country shall beat

has been approved of by some of the first literary and with one uniform pulse, feel its whole strength, and rise to a - scientific men in the kingdom, and by several of our pro- state of equal and universally diffused prosperity. It is now

fessors and clergymen from whom Mr. Templeton has hamstrung : its ligaments are loose and broken : it is out of Jetters. It has also been examined, and much commend- joint :-one part is labouring under repletion-another of stared by most of the respectable teachers in this city, and has vation : the fluids in one part are stagnant-at another raging already been introduced into George Watson's' Hospital, and racing at the heat of fever. New Monthly Magazine for Heriot's Hospital, and some other schools. The inven

" September. tion has indeed only to be seen and understood to secure

THE EXHUMATION OF BURNS. la taiversal adoption. The rods, which are in sets of n diferent sizes, cost only a few shillings, and will last many | The original resting-place of the poet was an humble spot in the

northern corner of St. Michael's Church-yard, Dumfries, in no Tue Now FORM OF SUGAR.-Further trial has been made way distinguished from the tombs which contained the “nameel the sagar, of which we gave an account in No. 3. It is less ashes" of hundreds around him; and it was not till about ta perfect, pure, transparent grapular crystals, developing the Itue crystalline form of the sugar, and being entirely free from

1814, eighteen years after his decease, that public attention beWe least portion of uncrystallizable sugar, molasses, or colour- came generally directed to the erection of a suitable monument ing matter, consequently stands in no need of any subsequent to “ Coila's Bard.” An humble "head-stone," placed there by process of decolourization or refining for all purposes of domestic

the poet's widow out of her own limited resources, had hitherto 4: Domy and the table. In solutiou it is not apt to becoine escent, and it is a purer sweet, and of a more mellifluous been the

been the sole land-mark to point out the spot to the inquiring faste, than even the best refined sugar. In the manufacture of pilgrim. At the above-mentioned period, subscriptions were ham from the molasses, which are separated during the process entered into, and a sum raised sufficient for the purpose of

be operation, there is no danger of deterioration in the pro- l erecting a monument suited to bis fame. An elegant design by - action of empyreuma, an almost unavoidable attendant when ordinary molasses are employed. The improved process is now

Mr. Hunt of London was at last fixed upon, and in September Z raccessful operation op eight estates in Demerara. This 1815, the erection was so far advanced as to be ready for the sugar, which is on our table every morning, will soon be on reception of the remains of the Poet. The spot where he was trery breakfast table in the country where sugar is used.

originally interred being too confined for the erection of ORNAMENTAL YARNS, COTTONS, &c.—The “ Repertory of Arse" details the nature of a patent granted to Mr. Pierrepont

the monument, it had been found necessary to choose out a more Greaves of Lancaster, for makiog ornamental or fancy cotton

advantageons site, to which the remains were of course removed. Tarmes and threads, applicable to the making, sewing, or em The following account of the exhumation is by Mr. Grierson, "Brandering of cotton and other fabrics. The skilful combina

under whose superintendence it was performed :Leo of the primary colours, so as to produce new shades or self. blours, has proved a puzzling point for the dyer; nay, it is

" Mrs. Burns, on being informed that the situation where the teld imponible by a mixture of dyes to produce certain tints body was interred was not convenient, and did not contain seatton. It is of some importance that this difficulty should sufficient space for the mausoleum, very kindly agreed that

at over; silk embroidery and worsted tapestry have long the committee might remove the remains, but expressed a been fouter-sisters to painting. This discovery is therefore not ready ingenious and useful, but it is capable of an easy expla

wish that it should be done in as private a manner as possible. sidan, and may be made clear in a few words, with I therefore undertook the management, and, at an early hour in bate trouble to the understanding. Mr Greaves procures a the morning, having procured the necessary workmen, the grave

tatay o cotton-wool, dyed as usual, in each of the primary was opened, and the coffin was found entire,-a shell had been Blane; and without the aid of any machinery, without the thens additional expense, with no more than the common

provided to receive the remains, the coffin was removed into yanataty of labour, he produces his novel and variegated store.

it with all possible care, but on being moved, and coming to like a the wool as a painter would do the earths, which are the air, it fell in pieces, and exposed the remains; the skull in el colours, from the colours they bear. He takes, for in- particular was in good preservation." 2,portion of blue wool of a deeper or a lighter shade, It may be added, that though the time chosen for the removal

portion of pink wool, and mingles there together until was before sunrise, and though the proceeding was kept a seheas becomes purple, adding red or blue according to the cret, yet ere it could be completed, a considerable number of be be seeks. If be wish to produce a delicate green, he uses spectators had gathered round the church-yard gate, all eager I proportionate quantity of blue and yellow.

to snatch a glance even of the illustrious dead. SVANTAGES OF RAILWAYS.-A railroad is the river of What an impression does it convey of the hold which the at the nearest approach to creation that man has yet ar- genius of Burns bas taken of the minds of his countrymen. I

. We have made loans to carry on war; we have turn- use this word in its most extended sense- that while the rank at gold into iron often enough in the shape of muskets grass and the “ charnel weed" luxuriate round the “parrow

of trams? we have winged the bullet, messenger of homes" of his fellow slumberers, the track which leads to his Leath, en credit why not borrow a little for the speedy pro monument exhibits a bea ten pathway, worn bare by the “ fresatisa and the wide dispersion of the means tushike most debts, would prove a source of wealth. ion of the means of life?' The quent feet” of those who

feet” of those who crowd around to gaze on the spot which contains the mortal remains of the Peasant Bard !


FIGHTING FAMILIES.- There yet survives the Battle of Wa.

terloo, three families, with three brothers in each, who greatly Original and Selected.

distinguished themselves on that memorable day-three Somera POACHING. It is known that the effectual way to cure sets, three Hills, and three Wildmans.

How NAMES DIE OUT. In the times of James the Serond, the sweet tooth of a grocer's young apprentice, is to allow

there were no fewer than twelve Knights, of the name of Maek. him a surfeit of sugar bowls, candy, and currants; and we lellan,—the head of which was William Earl Kirendbright. are told by Macgregor, that those who have at home been There are more Baronets of the name of Gordon (Elevio,) than

any other. noted poachers, if left with the free range of the Canadian

The County of Ayr is more prolific of Baronets of one name, forests, seldom think of handling a gun,-a fact full of in- | than any other in England, or Scotland, namely Sir William struction to our legislators, could they profit by it. Some

| Cunningham of Robertland, Sir William of Caprington, Sir

Richard of Auchinharves, Sir William of Milncraig, and Sir one has observed, how much natives of America must be

be | James Cunninghain of Corsehill, Bart. puzzled when reading the proceedings of our parliament. HONOURABLE CONDUCT.-Lord Mornington's father dying In America, where light, air, and water are free to all, a

L.5,000 more in debt than his effects would pay, the present

Lord Mornington, father of the Marquis Wellesley, Lord Marynative could as well believe that the moon was a Queen

borough, the Duke of Wellington, and Lord Cowley, sumAnn's farthing, and a grant of the Crown to a lady of the moned the creditors together, and promised them payment in bed-chamber, as understand that a man living by the side | three years, which, much to his honour, bis Lordship has ful. of a river could be prevented catching the fish, because filled to the last shilling.-Morning Chronicle, Sept. 10, 1787. some feudal king or lord had granted the river to somebody

A LONG BREAKFAST.-A farmer observing his servant a else for ever. Fortunately, Jonathan is not an heir to any long time at breakfast, said, “ Joho, you make a long break

fast !" “ Master !" answered John, “a cheese of this size is not euch wisdom of ancestry, or he might have found the Mississippi, or the Chesapeake, and the St. Lawrence, granted

so soon eaten as you would think."

GREATEST GOOD.-In a company of young men, of whom in fee-simple, or in perpetuity, to some Jeremiah or Ti

Paley was one, arose a discussion concerning the summer mothy of old, by virtue of constitutional charters. The

bonum : the argument was carried on by the different speakers bequests of the wisdom of our ancestors are very numerous. with due seriousness and gravity ; and several opinions, both CHARACTER OF MEN OF SPIRIT.

ancient and modern, were sifted and examined in relation to I am reputed by some of my acquaintence to want spirit, this most important topic ; at length Paley cried out, " You and it is for no other reason but that I do not live above are mistaken: I will tell you in what consists the summus my income. I have spirit enough to keep out of debt, and bonum of human life-it consists in rearling Tristram Shandy: endeavour to make all my friends welcome when they visit | in blowing with a pair of bellows into your shoes in bot weather,

and roasting potatoes under the grate in cold." me ; but, when I make any entertainment, they exclaim,

Irish CON BY CROKER.-Why are the Tories like certain it is not done with spirit, though it is always as elegant as

small fish out of the water?-Because they are dead bait (beat). my circumstances will allow. I know several of these

A Cut BETWEEN FRIENDS.-Sir Robert Peel is reported men of spirit, who are mean-spirited enough to borrow to have said on the case of Somerville, chat “ soldiers magbt money of me. Our jails swarm with men of spirit, and our not to be allowed to become politicians." This is another sly cut streets are crowded by children whose parents were persons for his quondam colleague Wellington. of spirit. There are men of spirit, of all degrees, from the Fires in London.-From a register of fires kept for one peer in his chariot to the porter with his ropes, who ridi. | year in London, it appears that there were 360 alarmns of bre cule frugality and all economy which prevents superfluous attended with very little damage, 31 serious tires, and 151 hires, expense. By these persons a man that is frugal is said to occasioned by chimneys being on fire, amounting in all to 543 be miserable ; and economy is despised as the want of spi. accidents.

A WHISTLE. BINKIE.-A French musical amateur has chas rit. I am convinced that, if men of spirit were to become

| lenged all the whistlers in Europe to make as much noise with a litttle less vain and ostentatious, it would be of great ad.

one instrument as he can make with his mouth. He bas berti vantage, not only to themselves, but to the community ; engaged by the Director of the Frencb Theatre in London.. for it is notorious that they too often keep up their spirit Corton. The first cost of a year's cotton manufactured in at the expense of the public ; and it does not appear to me | England, is estinated at 1.6,000,000, sterling, the wages per that they are influenced by a good spirit, when they ruin to 833,000 persons empinyed in its manufacture, in various walk a tradesmen by getting into his debt for superfluities, or is L. 20,000,000, sterling ; the profit of the muuufacturers muy when they take in a friend for their surety to keep up their

be estimated at L.6,000,000, at least. credit. I know men of spirit who wear the tailors' clothes. I am often blamed by these people for not appearing oftener at public diversions ; but I can divert myself and family Besides appearing in Weekly NUMBERS, the SCHOOL MASTER

will be published in Montilly Parts, which, stitched in a neat corel, without going to the Theatre every other evening in winter,

will contain as much letter-press, of good execution, as any of the way and to the gardens in summer four or five times a week.

Monthly Periodicals: A Table of Contents will be given at the end Though I ain condemned by these gentlemen as a mean.

the year ; when, at the weckly cost of three-halfpence, a handsome spirited and unpolished niggard, yet my conduct enables

volume of 832 pages, super-royal size, may be bound up, containing me to provide for my family all the necessaries of life, and

much matter worthy of preservation. for myself a perpetual succession of peaceful pleasures,

Part I. for August, containing the first four Numbers, with JOHN without the risk of my independence, my virtue, my health,

STONE'S MONTHLY REGISTER, may now be had of the Boabe or my fortune, all of which are continually attacked by the sellers, and dealers in cheap Periodicals. man of spirit.

CONTENTS or no. VII. The Scotch Church, London. It is supposed that

MeMOIR OF WILLIAM COBBETT........................... there are about 100,000 Scotchmen in the metropolis,

LORD BROUGHAM AND Vaux yet there are in communion with the Church of Scotland,

THE STORY TELLER-To-Morrow, only six congregations viz. :--The Scotch Church, Lon

donwall : the Scotch Church, Swallow Street ; St. COLINN FOR THE LApies......
Andrew's Scotch Church ; Scotch Church, Chadwell | USEFUL ARTS......................
Street: Verulam Scotch Church, Lambetb ; and the The EXHUMATION OF Ruang..........
National Scotch Church, Regent Square.

SCRAPS-Poaching-Character of Men of Spirit, &c......
To dot an I, to cross a T,

EDINBURGU : Printed by and for Joon JOHNSTONE, 19, St Jarre
Scratch out a comma, add a colon,

Square. Published by JOJN ANDERSON, Jun., Rookseller, 53,

Bridge Street, Foinburgh ; by JOHN MACLEON, and ATKINSON RC All day would fussy Cr-k-r be,

Book sellers, Glasgow and sold by all Booksellers and Vondet And wiser think hiinself than Solon.

Cheap Periodicals






HOLYDAY RAMBLES ROUND EDINBURGH. | the Church itself is a venerable and enduring No. III.

structure-old, but staunch. The Castle is, howORICHTON CASTLE-THE VALE OF BORTHWICK.

ever, the most attractive feature of the landscape.

It stands on a pre-eminent, but not immediately BY THE RAILWAY.

steep bank, among open natural pastures, the We have shewn too much adhesiveness to the

e shewn too much adherence to the ground breaking on every side into slopes and Roman CAMP, and, bound on further quests, must

| baulks; and swelling into knolls and small heights, make short work of our promised third and ro

sprinkled with underwood, gorse, and fern. The mantic route homeward to Edinburgh.

Notes to Marmion afford the best description we Suppose the Rambler, blessed with healthful

| know of Crichton Castle : they are Pennant exlimbs and good spirits, to have reached our cen

tended by Scott, and we copy them almost implitral station by half-past ten, there is still a long

citly, remarking, by the way, that Sir Walter day before him, and work for it. Let him descend

surely means Scots measure when he calls Crich

It is full towards the new bridge, where it will not be ton only seven miles from Edinburgh. amiss to take a second breakfast, and cutting across

twelve. the valley, wheel to the west, properly south-west,

CRICHTON CASTLE. and coursing against the Tyne, though far above its

Crichton! though now thy miry court bed, hold on by Crichton Church and Crichton

But pens the lazy steer and sheep,

Thy turrets rude, and tottered Keep, Castle, to the valley of Borthwick, till he join the Have been the minstrels' lov'd resort : post-road at Fushie-Bridge. A pedestrian only Oft have I traced within thy fort can make out this route, for in the finest part of

Of mouldering shields, the mystic sense, it, there is not even a bridle track.

'Scutcheons of honour or pretence,

Quartered in old armorial sort, In the early part of the ramble, some of the ob

Remains of rude magnificence. jects formerly indicated, will be more immediately under inspection. Others of humbler pretension, But a prose guide is safer than a poetical one for though of infinitely greater utility should not be the young student in architectural and Heraldic antiquities.

Crichton Castle was built at different times, “and," says forgotten. Let the young traveller remember

Sir Walter, “ with a very different regard to splendour and Liat, in the village of Ford, lived

accommodation. The oldest part of the building is a narJAMES SMALL,

row keep or tower, such as formed the mansion of the a country cart-wright, whose improvements on the lesser Scottish baron ; but so many additions have been plough have been of far more benefit to mankind

al made to it, that there is now a large court yard, surrounded

by buildings of different ages. The eastern front is raised than all the warlike deeds of all the Hepburns, above the portico, and decorated with entablatures bearing and Crichtons, and Borthwicks, and other feudal anchors. All the stones of this front are cut into diamond barons, who, for five hundred years, lorded it over facets, the angular protections of which have an uncom

is valley. This ingenious man was indefatigable monly rich appearance. The inside of this part of the in improving the most important of agricultural

building appears to have contained a gallery of great length

and uncommon elegance. Access was given to it by a implements, and from his humble village work magnificent staircase, now quite destroyed. The soffits are thop, he at last sent forth five hundred ploughs ornamented with twining cordage and rosettes ; and the L-year, to all parts of the three kingdoms.

whole seems to have been far more splendid than was usual Though this part of the parish of Crichton does

in Scottish castles." not boast the rich, exuberant fertility of the

Crichton was the habitation of the Chancellor Crichton,

erunty 01 the the joint guardian with the Earl of Callander, of James II., country, through which the waggoneer and pedes. and the determined and politic enemy of the turbulent and trian has already passed, once arrived among the ambitious house of Douglas. During the life of the Chancamps, belts, and stripes of plantation, in the cellor, it was besieged, taken, and levelled by the Earl of neighbourhood of the Church, the Manse, and the

Douglas, who imputed to Crichton the betrayal and behead.

Jing, in Edinburgh Castle, of Earl William, his predecessor. Castle, the scenery is of a highly pleasing charac- “ It was carrisoned, (we again quote Sir Walter) by Lord fer; the opposite banks are fine and picturesque ; Crichton in 1483 against James III. whose displeasure he

had incurred by seducing his sister Margaret, in revenge in the lower storeys, taper into 6 feet. Borthwick it is said, for the Monarch having dishonoured his bed." | keep had the usual defences of flanking towers, It would have been worth a day's travel to have seen Crichton on the days of siege. From the Crichton family

and where the ground is not itself a defence, a moat. this Castle passed to the Hepburns, Earls of Bothwell; and / In the place on which you are looking Queen

Then the forfeitures of the last Earl of Bothwell, or Stewart, Mary and Bothwell found refuge before the battle were divided, this share fell to the Earl of Buccleuch. It of Carbery-hill. Borthwick Castle submitted to latterly passed to other families. Pennant describes the summons

the summons of Cromwell, without a single soldier the architecture of Crichton as of uncommon elegance. The Castle had that indispensable requisite to the feudal

showing himself for King Charles.-It is well lord, a dungeon, or Massy More.

worth a half hour's inspection, were it only from There is no road, we said, between Crichton the highest point to which one can scramble to and Borthwick, though the distance from church enjoy the view “over dale and down." The farmto church cannot be above two miles. The foot or houses, cottages, and better sort of small home. sheep-track meanders delightfully through natu- steads in this quiet valley, and in sight of the ral pastures and rushy meadows, among dwarf ha-old castle and the church, are in complete har. zel and alder and black-thorn bushes, broom, and mony with its prevailing character. None are brackens, till walled in by a nearly impene fine, or modern, or even show too obtrusive a glare trable wilderness of furze, roughly clothing the of freshness. The site of the church, placed high bank. The waters divide hereabouts--the in on a green bank, and upward and downward overfant Tyne running eastward, while the Borth-| looking the vale, is well chosen; and the edifice wick burn, here a considerable stream, de | itself is built in much better taste than the common scending from the southward heights, flows west, run of presbyterian country churches. It is will till it falls into the Esk. To townsfolk, or such as this, of full age to harmonize in colouring with have only looked on the rich and cultivated land- the wonted church accessories of stiles, foot-paths, scapes around Edinburgh, the country here will | ancient trees, and mouldering and mossy gratebe of quite a new character; far more wild and rus- stones. The village is tolerably well screened off tic; a charming mixture of sylvan and pastoral by hedgerows and trees; and the old long manse, scenery. Leaving Crichton Castle behind, which beyond the church and the village-originally pitchis soon hidden by the juttings and bulgings of the ed on one of the green billows of the valley, and steep banks, the valley of Borthwick opens on us, commanding the openings of some of the small della and its lordly tower rises abruptly, and with a far and the depths of others—is to the passing rambler bolder effect than the larger and more ornate feu a much finer object than the more ambitious eccle- ! dal hold we have left. With a tolerably extensive siastical edifices of later years, built since "handpersonal acquaintance among the glens, valleys, some augmentations” have made extended houseand broad straths of Highland and Lowland Scot. hold accommodation and appliances desirable. If land, we cannot, at this moment, recall a more is one of those modest dwellings which bespeak pleasant valley of its peculiar kind, than this of little or no first cost, over which the hand of Time Borthwick, clipt closely in by its own green heights, has passed lightly and caressingly, and which kept in perennial freshness by its own clear stream, seems to have unfolded into grace and beauty -sober, peaceful, sequestered, and exquisitely ru under the same happy influences which have ral-a spot where, to the chafed spirit, repose formed the characters of the inmates of so peacemight come without the pains of wooing it, where ful and sweet an abiding place. To the Manse of the heart is invited to commune with itself and be

Borthwick belongs a more profound interest. still, and where the disease of the city, the perpe Under this roof Robertson the historian was born. tual wearing mind-fever of busy life, might inter

The scene of the first wanderings of him who mit, and gradually subside into tranquillity and traced the discoveries of Columbus and the con healthfulness. The feudal lords, who like the quests of Pizarro, were the braes and burns of eagles lived apart, rarely built their nests so near | Borthwick valley. It was on brooding in a still each other, as they have done here. But the eyries summer's eve, on this quiet heart of a truly Scottish of Borthwick and Crichton, though close together, rural parish, that the author of the SABBATH were not in sight, and the one opened into the breathed his most ambitious aspiration.* east, the other into the west, with considerable 1 * It is related by one of Grahame's friends, in an interesting natural bulwarks and obstacles between them.

little notice of his life, that some time before he left the bar. BORTHWICK TOWER

looking, in a fine summer evening, with delighted compla

cency, on the little kirk of Borthwick, not far from his retireShews nothing of the rich architecture and elaboratement on the Esk, he said, “I wish such a place had fallen to elegance of its neighbour, Crichton Castie, but is my lot;” and when it was remarked, that retirement might on the whole more in harmony with the country become wearisome, “0, no," he replied, "it would be deand age to which it properly belonged. Stately

lightful to live a life of usefulness among a simple people, in height, rising from the bank to about 100 leet, | THE SABBATII and the Birds OF SCOTLAND must be con

unmolested with cares and ceremonies !” The reader of and massive in structure, this ancient edifice is vinced that these were his genuine sentiments ; nor is it still so entire, as to give a perfect idea of a ba easy to imagine a picture of human beatitude more touchronial residence exposed to frequent attacks. The ing and complete than the author of THE SABBATU, “tbe walls formed of the most substantial and complete

Poor Man's Bard,” living surrounded by his family, the masonry, from 13 feet of thickness, which they are romantic land. Johnstone's Specimens of the Poels.

pastor of “a simple people,” in one of the glens of his ott

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