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she shall be committed to jail, there to remain without bail or mainprise, until he or she shall enter into recognizance, or shall cause such felon-convict, or other person of the description aforesaid, to be conveyed or transported to some place without the limits and jurisdiction of the United States.
AN ACT respecting persons arriving in this State from foreign parts. [Passed the
10th of February, 1819.] SEC. 1. In all cases wherein any ship or vessel shall arrive, within any port or harbor in this State, having on board passengers coming from any foreign port or place, it shall and may be lawful for the overseer or overseers of the poor of the township at which said ship or vessel may arrive, or any justice of the peace, to require of the master and commander of such ship or vessel, a bond, with approved security, to the inhabitants of such township, in a sum not exceeding two hundred dollars, conditioned for the maintenance and support of any passenger on board such ship or vessel as aforesaid, who may be sick, infirm, or otherwise incapable, in the opinion of said overseer or overseers, or of such justice, of providing for his or her own support.
SEC. 2. If the master or commander of any ship or vessel as aforesaid shall land, or suffer to be landed, from on board his said ship or vessel, any passenger who may be sick, infirm, or otherwise incapable of providing for his or her own support, except by license or permit from the overseer or overseers of the poor, without having first entered into bond as aforesaid, such master or commander shall forfeit and pay for each offence the sum of one hundred dollars, to be sued for and recovered by the overseer or overseers of the poor of the township, for the use of the same, in an action of debt, with costs of suit, before any justice of the peace of said township, or in any other court having cognizance thereof.
AN ACT relative to alien passengers arriving in this State. [Passed February 19,
1838.] Sec. 1. Be it enacted, That from and after the first day of April next, the corporate authorities of any city or township in this State shall be, and are hereby, authorized to impose and collect from the master, owner, or owners, agent, or consignee of any and every ship or vessel arriving from any country out of the United States at any such city or township with alien passengers, a sum not less than one dollar, and not exceeding
ten dollars, for each and every alien passenger brought in said ship or vessel as aforesaid : Provided, That where the boundaries of any city are co-extensive with the boundaries of any township, that then and in that case the powers conferred by this act shall vest in, and be exclusively exercised by the corporate authorities of such city: And provided also, That where the boundaries of any city are included within, and not coextensive with the boundaries of any township, and any such ship or vessel should arrive at any such city, then and in that case the powers conferred by this act shall vest in, and be exercised exclusively by the corporate authorities of such city.
SEC. 2. And be it enacted, That it shall be the duty of the master or commander of every ship or vessel so arriving, within twenty-four hours thereafter, and before any passenger or passengers are permitted to land from on board said ship or vessel, to furnish to the president, mayor, or chief officer of any such city, or the clerk of any such township, or such person as the corporate authorities of any such city or township may respectively designate, a full and correct list of all the passengers arriving in his vessel, with the name, age, occupation, and place of birth of each and every passenger, under the penalty of five hundred dollars.
Sec. 3. And be it enacted, That no passenger shall be permitted to land from on board any ship or vessel arriving as aforesaid, without permission from the corporate authority of any such city or township, under the penalty of fifty dollars for each and every passenger so landed.
Sec. 4. And be it enacted, That in case any alien passenger arriving as aforesaid, and landed by authority and permission of the corporate authority of any such city or township, is, or shall become sick, infirm, or otherwise incapable of providing for his or her own maintenance, then it shall be the duty of such city or township to provide for the maintenance and support of the said sick or infirm passenger, so long as he or she shall remain incapable of providing for his or her own maintenance.
Sec. 5. And be it enacted, That the aforesaid penalties shall and may be sued for and recovered, with full costs of suit, by action of debt, in any court having cognizance thereof, in the corporate name of any such city or township in this State where the penalty or forfeiture may have accrued; and that the defendant or defendants in every such suit may be held to special bail; and that it shall and may be lawful for the corporate authority of any such city or township to compound for
said penalties, or either of them, either before or after suing for the same, upon such terms as they may think proper.
SEC. 6. And be it enacted, That nothing contained in this act shall be construed to impair or in any wise counteract the full force and execution of the powers already vested in the corporate authorities of any such city or township, by their charters or acts of incorporation, or any supplements thereto.
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AN ACT concerning passengers in vessels coming to the city of New York,
[Passed May 5th, 1847—chap. 195.] SECTION 1. Within twenty-four hours after the landing of any passenger from any ship or vessel arriving at the port of New York, from any of the United States other than this State, or from any country out of the United States, the master or commander of the ship or vessel from which such passenger or passengers shall have been landed, shall make a report in writing, on oath or affirmation, to the mayor of the city of New York, or in case of his absence, or other inability to serve, to the person discharging the duties of his office, which report shall state the name, place of birth, last legal residence, age and occupation of every person or passenger, who shall have landed from such ship or vessel on her last voyage to said port, not being a citizen of the United States, and who shall have, within the last twelve months, arrived from any country out of the United States, at any place within the United States, and who shall not have paid the commutation money, or been landed according to the provisions of this act or of the act hereby amended, or of the act of February eleventh, eighteen hundred and twenty-four, concerning passengers in vessels coming to the port of New York, nor paid commutation money under the provisions of this or any former act. The same report shall contain a like statement of all such persons or passengers aforesaid as shall have been landed, or been suffered to land from any such ship or vessel, I at any place during such last voyage, or who shall have been put on board, or suffered to go on board of any other ship, vessel, or boat, with the intention of proceeding to and landing at the said city of New York, or elsewhere, within the limits of this State. The said report shall further specify whether any of the said passengers, so reported, are lunatic, idiot, deaf,
dumb, blind, infirm, maimed, or above the age of sixty-years, also designating all such passengers as shall be under the age of thirteen, or widows having families, or women without husbands having families, with the names and ages of their families, and shall further specify particularly the names, last place of residence, and ages of all passengers who may have died during the said last voyage of such vessel, also the names and residences of the owner or owners of such vessel. In case any such master or commander shall omit or neglect to report as aforesaid, any such person or passenger, with the particulars aforesaid, or shall make any false report, or statement in respect to any such person or passenger, or in respect to the owner or owners of any such vessel, or in respect to any of the particulars herein before specified, such master or commander shall forfeit the sum of seventy-five dollars for every such passenger, in regard to whom any such omission or neglect shall have occurred, or any such false report or statement shall be made, for which the owner or owners, consignee or consignees of every such ship or vessel shall also be liable jointly and severally, and which may be sued for and recovered as hereafter provided. (As amended by chap. 523 of 1851.)
SEC. 2. It shall be the duty of the said mayor or other person discharging the duties of his office aforesaid, by an endorsement to be made on the said report, to require the owner or consignee of the ship or vessel from which such persons were landed, to give a several bond to the people of the State, in a penalty of three hundred dollars for each and every person or passenger included in such report; such bond being secured as hereinafter provided, and conditioned to indemnify and save harmless the commissioners of emigration, and each and every city, town or county in this State from any cost, which said commissioners or such city, town or county shall incur for the relief or support of the person named in the bond, within five years from the date of such bond, and also to indemnify and refund to the said commissioners of emigration any expense or charge they may necessarily incur for the support or medical care of the persons named therein, if received into the marine hospital, or any other institution under their charge. Each and every bond shall be secured by two or more sufficient securities, being residents of the State of New York, each of whom shall prove, by oath or otherwise, that he is owner of a freehold in the State, of the value of three hundred dollars over and above all or any claim or lien thereon, or against bim, including therein any contingent claim which may occur
from or upon any former bond given under the provision of this act, or such bond may, at the option of the party, be secured by mortgage of real estate, or by the pledge and transfer of public stock of the United States, or of the State of New York, or of the city of New York, or by deposit of the amount of penalty in some bank or trust company, such security, real or personal, having been first approved by the said mayor. It shall be lawful for any owner or consignee at any time within [twenty-four hours] after the landing of such persons or passengers from any ship or vessel in the port of New York, [except as in the section hereinafter provided,] to commute for the bond or bonds so required, by paying to the health commissioners of the city of New York the sum of one dollar and fifty cents for each and every passenger reported by him as by law required; the receipt of such sum by said health commissioners shall be deemed a full and sufficient discharge from the requirements of giving bonds as above provided. The said health commissioner is hereby required to pay over daily the said money, with an account thereof, to the chamberlain of the city of New York. [But no owner or assignee shall be authorized to commute for the bond so required for any passenger arriving in the port of New York, between the first day of December and the fifteenth day of April, who may be sent to the marine hospital from shipboard by the health officer, or by the authority of the board of health of the city of New York on account of illness from ship fever. The commissioners of emigration shall have authority to commute especially for any bond in such case; at such rates and in such manner as shall appear to them equitable and proper. It shall be the duty of the health officer to report without delay, to the commissioners of emigration, the names of all passengers sent by his order during the above mentioned period from shipboard to the marine hospital on account of illness from ship fever. For the duties performed by the health commissioner, and named in this section, he shall be paid by the commissioners of emigration at the rate of seventeen hundred and fifty dollars per annum, and he shall be paid the remainder of his salary by the mayor, aldermen and commonalty of the city of New York. And at and after the expiration of the term of the present health commissioner, it shall be lawful for the commissioners of emigration to select for the performance of the duties named in this section and now performed by the commissioner of health, either the mayor of the city of New York, or the chamberlain of said city, or the health commissioners, and the com