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a plan so wise, are so evidently discernible, that one must shut one's eyes against the light not to acknowledge in the whole the hand of a Cod all wise, and almighty.

If we consult the Scriptures they will sully consirm this truth. "The Lord fays the Psalmist, cau** seth grass tp grow for the cattle, and herbs for the "service of man. All creatures wait upon thee, ** that thou mayest give them their meat in due sea"son. What thou givest them they gather; thou f* openest thine hand, and they are silled with good. "Thou hidest thy face ; they are troubled; thou ta"kest away their breath, they die and return to "their dust. Thou lendest forth thy spirit, they are ** created, and thou renewest the face of the earth." Ps. civ. i4,27,30. And in another place," The "eyes of all wait upon thee, and thou givest them "their food in due season. Thou openest thine "hand, and fatissiest the desire of every living thing."

Ps. CXLY. 15,t6.

The care which God takes of insects carries with it so many distinct marks of paternal solicitude as ought to induce mankind to place their considence in his bounty. If we have not always every thing that it is necessary fp.r us, and if even common resources fail us, we ought not to lose all hope. The wise r,iler of the world, who seeds with such abundance all those animals, will not forsake us his rational offspring. This sovereign monarch of the universe, who provides for the necessities of the meanest of his creatures, who leaves net destitute the smallest worm, will he allow to perish with hunger, the beings he hath designed to call his children ? This reasoning is not mine, it is that of the Saviour of the world himself. " Behold the fowls of heaven, said he to his "disciples, they sow not, neither do they reap, nor

O "gather "gather into barns, and yet your heavenly fafher "feedeth them. Are ye not much better than they?" Mat. yi. 26.—It is our duty then, that our trust in him may not be vain, to conduct ourselves so that ■we may gain the favour aad protection of the supreme being. His blessings will then be renewed to us every morning; for the Lord will never forsake those who put their trust in him.


. 4

Pf The Arms With Which Insects Defend Themselves Against Their Enemies; And Of The Means They Employ For Avoiding, Other Dangers.

Iy thjs Chapter I propose to treat not only of the sagacity of initcts in guarding nginst danger ; 'but of the organs with which divine Providence" hath furnished them, both for securing themselves against the inclemency of the seasons, and fur escaping the pursuits of their enemies. Galen, long ago, made the following judicious remniks upon this subject: f The body of all animals, lays that great man, is always proportioned to the faculties and inclinations pf the mind. The horse, that active, fierce, and noble animal has the h. cfs of h's feet hard and strong, and his neck is aderned wiih a mane, which

contributes contributes not a little to give him that majestic air which we so much admire in him. The teeth and claws of the Lion coi respond exactly to his natural disposition, which is daring and sanguinary. The same may be said of the horns of the bull, and the tusks of the boar. Timid animals such as the stag and the hare, have only for their desence the swiftness of their seet."

This reflection may be justly applied to insects; God has not been at less pains to provide for their sasety, than for that of other animals. Some are endowed with such velocity as to escape danger by , 1 the suddenness of their flight. Some creep with a good deal of speed, but others fly most rapidly; others allow themselves to drop from the place of their ordinary abode upon being disturbed. Those which Cannot move with the same facility, make use of address. Some not being able to change their caW lour like the Cajnelion, choose for their abode, places of the fame colour as their bodies, that their enemies may not be able easily to discover them; Others wrap themselves up like a hedge-hog to mit in iVety their heads, and the more delicate parts of of their body. Some seem wiliing to intimidate their enemies by an appearance of anger which they testify by a violent motion of the head: and lastly* some when they are touched, discharge a setid liquor which disgusts their enemy, and forces him to retire.

But the goodness of the Creator does not rest here. Many of them, have arms for their desence. The skin of some is hard enough to secure them from ordinary injuries; the teeth of others are exceedingly formidable. Some are invested with sine and sharp hairs which oblige their'enemies to quit them, from the piercing pain these darts occasion. Others O % have have horns with which they seize and crush their ag* gressors. Some have stings that pierce the hardest substances; and others putting the anterior part of their body into holes, leave the other exposed which serves to defend them by the sharp points or pincers,whh which it is armed.

All these are so many visible marks of the wife and provident care, which God hath had of these despised animals. It appeared so great to some philosophers, that they imagined nature had been more kind to them than to man, and that she acted as a step-mother to him, by denying him those weapons. of desence she hath bellowed on other animals. The .consequence however does not follow from the premises. Reason, which God hath given to man, is of more use to his preservation, than all rhe means of desence'he hath given to other creatures. He is capable of fabricating r.rms to himself for resisting the most serocious and best armed animals: he can invent the means of taming the most savage, and those that seem the must ungovernable. But without enlarging turther on this circumstance let us state the answer which Galen gave- to th*Tame^objection. "Na'ure, says he, hath given hands to "man. Directed by his sagacity they are the in,c stria ment by which he executes whatever he sindsl "necessary eii her for peace or war. He therefore "had no use for horns; his hands can form a "sword or a lance Which are weapons much longer "and more destructive than horns. The seet, the "claws and horns are of no use at a distance } but "the arms of man's invention can annoy at a dis-> "tance as well as near. Would the horns of a bull "be as usesul to a man, as bows and arrows? We •* can not only procure arms for ourselves by cur "own industry, but we can wrap ourselves up in a ** coat of mail, which renders us more invulnerable _ "than "than the hardest {kin. Besides cannot man build "himself a house, raise walls around him, enclose ** himself in a tower &c.?"

This reflection of Galen's fliews that God has not been less attentive to the safety of man than to that of other animals. Exposed to so many dangers, naked and destitute of every fort of defence, what would have become of us had not the Creator endowed us with reason, a gift so precious, that it serves us instead of all the arms bestowed on other animals. We must not imagine however that even with this we are in a condition to resist all our enemies; they are in too great numbers, and are incessantly laying shares for our body and our soul. In this cafe we fhould.be miserable indeed, did God forsake us; but will he do so? Will he who leaves not without defence the vilest "worm, will he suffer man to become the prey of his cruel adversaries? Assuredly not. He is too beneficent, and has given us too many marks of his kindness to allow us to entertain such a thought. Let us then cry out boldly with David, the Lord is a refuge in time of trouble for the oppressed. Ps. xi. 9. This that holy man had often experienced, and accordingly he fays in ano■ ther place, " the Lord has been my defence,

*' and the rock of my refuge." Ps. xciv 22.

Let us therefore rely mure on the powerful assistance of our Creator than oh our own strength, being assured that our trust shall not be in vain. " The eyes "of the Lord." fays the wife son of Sirach " are on "those who love him; he is their mighty protection "and strong stay, a defence from heat, and a cover "from the Sun at noon, a preservation from dumb* "ling, and an help from follies. He raiseth up the "soul, and lighteneth the eves; he giveth health, life *« and bleffing."v


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