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Mr Wilkes entered his appearance to
a motion was made, and the quellio three in formations filed against him in the put, that the house should adjourn; to court of king's-bench, viz. for the firs pu- it pafled in the negative. After whis blication of the North Briton, No 45. the on two leparate motions, the conplaire republication of that number, and for against Mefl
. Wood and Carteret Web printing and publishing the Essay on Wo. were discharged; and then the complex man. The indictment for the first public against John Money, Robert Blackmer cation was afterwards withdrawn; and and James Watson, were likewise dischal on Tuesday, Feb. 21 came on before the ged. This affair kept the houle fitting Lord Chief Justice Mansfield, in the court half an hour after seven on Wedne of king's-beuch, the trial of this gentle morning, the 15th. The Speaker was twe man, for reprinting, at his house in ty hours in the chair, which is the longe Great-George ftreet, and publishing, N° fitting by three hours that is remembere 45. of the North Briton. The trial last- to have happened. No strangers et ed about eight hours; and the jury, af- fuffered to remain in the house. ter withdrawing for about an hour and On the 14th, in the midlt of the heat three quarters, brought in their verdict, ing of the matter of the aforement:one Guilty. While this jury was out, another complaint, a motion was inade, and to was iworn in, and the court proceeded to question proposed, That a general w. the trial of Mr Wilkes, for printing and rant for apprehending and seizing the a publishing the Eliay on Woman. of thors, printers, and publishers, of a sedi which also the jury, after withdrawing a. tious libel, together with their papers, bout half an hour, found him Guilty. not warranted by law ? and a debate a: Sentence on both verdicts will be given fing thereupon, it was adjourned till toy next term. The counsel for the crown 17th. It was immediately after adjour, were, Mr Attorney-General, Mr More. ing this debate, that the aforementione ton, Mr Clayton, and Mr Wallis; and motion was made for adjourning to for the defendant, Mr Serjeant Glynne, house; which however passed in the nega Mr Eyre, recorder of London, Mr Stowe, tive, as before observed. On Friday :) Mr Dunning, and Mr Gardiner. 17th the house resumed the adjourned de
On the 13th of February the Commons bate. Several amendments being maj proceeded to the bearing of the matter to the question, it was thus proposed of a coinplaint made to the house, Jan. 20. That a general warrant for apprehendin of a breach of the privilege of the house, and seizing the authors, printers, and pe by Robert Wood and Philip Carteret blithers, of a feditious and treasonable li Webb, Esqs, members of the house, and bel, together with their papers, is no Robert Blackmore, James Watson, and warranted by law, although such iwarrat John Money, by the imprisonment of the hath been issued according to the ulogen person of John Wilkes, Esq; then a mem- office, and hath been frequently produce ber of the house, and the seizing of his to, and, so far as appears to this houf papers, in an illegal manner. Several the validity thereof hath never been de persons were examined both in support of bated in the court of king's-bench, bu and in answer to the complaint. Then a the parties thereupon have been frequent motion was made, and the question put, ly bailed by the faid court? and a debate to adjourn the further hearing till next arising thereupon, the house, day; but it passed in the negative, 379 232 agairt 218, resolved, That the against 31. After which further evidence bate should be adjourned till that day was produced in answer to the complaint, four months. This affair kept the hou and then the further hearing was ad fitting till half an hour after five o'clock journed. Next day further evidence was on Saturday morning, the 18th. produced in answer to the complaint, and At a court of common council, at Guil laid before the house." But Mr Wilkes was
hall, London, Feb. 21. it was a refolved. guilty of a much greater omillion, in not send
1. That the thanks of this court ba ing a proper certificate of the indispensable presented to Sir Robert Ladbroke, Kt, $ necesity he was under to make a journey to
Richard Glyn, Bt, William Beckford, El France, without the advice of his physicians, and the Hon. Thomas Harley, Elg; thu and at a time when they judged him most un- representatives of this city, for their zea fit to take such a journey, and also of the lous and spirited endeavours to allert the almost moral certainty of his being able to rights and liberties of the subject, by thics return against the day he was unc'er orders to laudable attenift to obtain a seasonable an attead the House. Lond. Clren,
on a diviliou
parliamentary declaration ; That a gene
I RE LA N D. Esl Tarrant for apprehending and seizing On the 16th of January, being quarhe authors, printers, and publishers, of a ter-day of the Guild of Merchants of Dube politirus libeh tagether with their papers, is lin, when upwards of 250 members were maarranted by law. And to express to present, the freedom of that corporation dem our warn t ít exhortations, that they was voted, nen.con. to be presented, in ieedily persevere in their duty to the a gold box, to Sir Charles Pratt, Lord gown, and use their utmoll endeavours to Chief Justice of his Majesty's court of kecure the bules, parers, and persons, of Common Pleas in England, as a testimony the subject, from urbitrary and illegal vio.. of their sense of his tidelity to his Maje. latnost
sty, at seeing the principles of liberty 2. That this refolution be fairly tran vindicated and maintained, and the rights li med, figned by the town-clerk, and of the su vject protected, by the just deArhin be delivered to the four represen, terminations and spirited conduż of this tatites of the city.
great officer on several [xxv. 243. 687.] 3. Then, the independency and occasions; on the same day the barbers prightness of judges is essential to the im, and surgeons of that city, unanimously etidl adeninistration of justice, and one ordered, that the freedom of their corof the best lecurities to the rights and li- poration should be presented to the same ETt es of the subject,” this court, in ma- gentleman, • for the great learning, Distation of the just sense we entertain matchless zeal, and invincible fortitude, of the infiexible firmness and integrity of with which he asserted the rights and liDe Re Hon. Si: Charles Pratt, Lord Chief berties of our fellow-subjects, on fome Julice of his Majesty's court of Common late remarkable occasions ;” and on the 1t4 doth direct, that the freedom of 201h the Commons of Dublin ordered their Llis city be presented to his Lordfiip, and thanks to be given hiin. The followe that he be delived to fit for his picture, to ing, taken from the Gentleman's Magane placed in Guildhall, in gratitude for zine, is said to be an impartial narrative
is honest and deliberate decision, upon of the proceedings of the Commonalty of the validity of a warrant, which had been Dublin on this occasion. frequently produced to, but, fo far as apa “ A petition was presented to the Compears to ibis court, never debated in the mons in behalf of some of the commons, Court of king's-bench; by which he has e. for presenting the freedom of the city in ently clinguilhed his duty tothe King, a gold box to Loid Chief Justice Pratt. is justice to the subject, and his know. His Lord'hip had, a few days before, ledge of the law.
been presented with his freedom of the 4. That the above resolution be fairly Guild of Merchants in a gold box; as also trans.tibed, and delivered by the town- of the corporations of Barbers and Sur
geors. But the certificate of the Guild, 5. That the said freedom be presented on which the freedom thould be founded, to his Lordll.ip by the chamberlain, in a was with-beld, or not lodged in the towppold boz."
clerk's office, as should be: the corrupi A forridable society (according to the instruinents of power had prevented it. Losco papers of Jan: 7.) of persons of dif When the Cominons had gone through lacion and infuence, was then forming, some ordinary business, a meinber moved, and a large house of a decealed nobleman That all ordinary business thould be postLured for their af?emblies; which fociety was poned, till the determination of the Alwte called, The Cotery of Revclutienists, dermen, with respect to the petition for 5 of Antiministerialists
, from the French the freedoin of the upright Judge, should and ceteria, i ulgarly called a club in Eng- be known: whereupon it was inoved, 4. Upwards of an lundred dined at That a message should be sent to the Lord luis new tavern, Mr Wildman's, in Albe- Mayor and the Board. tarle street, on the ift of February; and Some time after this the Board sent Bout the end of that mopth appeared a an answer, to this effect : That they had les of upwards of 240 members of parlia considered the petition for presenting the Test, whose healths were said to be drank, Lord Chief Justice Pratt with the freeo most tocieties in London, as friends tó dom of the city; but did not judge it
ents : among whom are, Daniel and proper, at this time, to agree with it. Pyle Campbells, George Dempster, Sir The message being entered in the jourAnexander Gilmore, Jaines Grant, and nal, the fame member mosed, That the deres Murray, Scols members.
dierk to bis Lordihip.
answer of the Lord Mayor and Board to discountenance, disapprove, expose ani fbould be alio entered. This done, the oppose all dishonest and difoyal deeds, aic expressed his surprise at the opposition gi- the conduct of all men that may tend to pre ven to his petition, and informed the judice the national constitution, to dishonen hople whence it came.
the crown, or deprive the subjects of the He assured them, That since the free rights and liberties. dom of the Guild was given to this great
That for these, among other wife and goo man, all the creatures and dependents of purposes, corporations were instituted; as # power, not excepting fome men in the union of many loyal fubjects, in smaller be most facred stations, were indefatigable ving the general system of government, für
dies-politie, was the likeliest means of prese in preventing its taking place in the city: porting the crown, and maintaining the car 'That such men spared no application to ftitution. any part of the Common Council that
That (to the immortal honour of our could be influenced: That he hoped the be it spoken) from the earliest ages to t Commons would acquit themselves of present time, the has ever distinguished be the imputation of all forts and degrees felf, not only by the practice, but by the ci of finister influence, by the wing their couragement of all virtuous and loyal deed zeal for the honour of the crown, in gi- of which our archives thew the most amp! ving due applause to so eminent, fo faith- the most honourable proofs, in the mar ful a minister as the Lord Chief Justice grateful acknowledgments, conceslions
, a Pratt; and that unless the petition ap- grants, lucrative as well as honorary, mu peared wrong, or ill founded, the Com to the corporation of the city, from tine mons must be wanting in affection and time, by the crown, in confideration of the duty to the best of Kings, in with-holding and loyalty, defending and supporting to
uniformly and constantly promoting viste due applause from the n:oft diftinguilhed of his ministers on the benches, in our days. and ranquishing its enemies, as well Engli
government and its friends, and oppoft He then pointed out some of the most and Scotch as Irith, at an immense espea dangerous strides of ministerial power, by of the blood and treafure of the citizens': the warrants of secretaries of state; and That this city, thus eminently distingui gave instances of many of the most de- ed and hopoured, would appear defective ftrative abuses of this power, that had, her duty, could the fail in distinguishing till now, escaped with impunity. He marks of her approbation and favour, foe Thewed how the curbing and chastising of his Majesty's ministers and servants this illicit power redounded to the honour have given the fullest proofs of the most pe of the King on the throne, as well as to fect fidelity and loyaliy, in the discharge that of his great and upright Judge ; then the most important trusts, to the mutual hi moved for the reading of the petition, of nour and fatisfaction of the fovereign and ! which he produced a true copy.
subjects, at a time when we are bletsed wit The petition then received two read. 2. monarch on the throne, who has given ings; and no man being able to contra- glory on the freedom and happiness of b
his unerring royal word, that he founds la diet any allegation in it, and the prayer
people. being a natural inference from the allegations, the petition was received una- ted himself in his high station, with such a
That no man appears to us to have acque nimously, and ordered to be entered in coming zeal for the honour andlignity of d the journals. The petition is as folo crown, and the fulfilling his Majesty's nie lows.
gracious intentions for preserving the freede To the Rt Hon. the Lord Mayor, Sheriffs, Como fortitude, in administering justice and law,
and happiness of his subjects, such invincib mors, and Citizens, of the city of Dublin,
the Rt Hon. Sir Charles Pratt, Kt, the pre The bumble petition of certain of the Commons, fent Lord Chief Justice of his Majesty's cou
Pleas in England, has thew Sheweth,
fome late judicial determinations, which mu That it is a duty incumbent upon all loyal be remembered to his Lordship’s honour fubjects, to give countenance and approba- while and where-ever Britith liberties are bel tion to all that eminently distinguish them- facrcd. felves, by deeds of virtue and loyalty; those That besides this conduct, which mult ree especially who discharge a public trust for the der the name of Lord Chief Justice Pratt den common honour and interest of their King to his Majesty, and to all his loyal subjec and Country
That, on the other hand, it is the indir A phrase in most of the charters granted Pontable duty of all good and loyal subjects, this city.
univerfily, we of this kingdom are bound opposition, " Ordered, That'the High by other great obligations to that venerable sheriff of this city do write a letter to the aime; for, had it not been for that great Rt Hon. the Lord Chief Justice Pratt, Lawyer , we thould not have enjoyed the be acquainting him of thele
proceedings of sche of the act of the 31st of his late Maje- the Sheritfs and Commons." 47, For better supplying this city with corn and Moser; the happy effets of which, this city orders be published.”
* Ordered, That the two preceding and the whole kingdom have lo sensibly felt. That we cannot better testify our gratitude, Commons acquit themselves in doing ju.
Thus Zealously did the Sheriffs and affection, and duty, to the best of kings, than ftice to the character of this great mall; m giving the most public testimony of our rezand and respect to such as have to eminently
and testifying their love, gratitude, and distinguished themselves in the fervice of their dutv, to the most gracious fovereign under Ling and Country, as the Lord Chief Justice whom this upright judge acts, and who Praxt has done.
never fails of proinoting and rewarding May it therefore please your Lordship and fuch tranicendent parts and virtues. Imours, to give the best public testimony And as every man in a public judicial su may, of your unalterable attachment to capacity shoulí be able to render a reafun the rights and liberties of your fellow-lub- for his conduct, this of the Cominons is jobs of Great Britain, as well as of your in- placed in this juit light for their vindica-. miałable affection and duty to the crown, by tion. testing the said Lord Chief Justice Pratt, the great Tertor of the rights of King and better reasons for their negative to this
I hope the Board of Aldermen have had Besple
, with the freedom of our city in a gold, petition than have as yet come to light. bar.
It is surely a moit strange compliinent to. He then moved for the following reso- the present ministry in Great Britain, or latice. “Resc ved, That it is the opinion Ireland, to deny this great man a mark of of the Sheriffs and Communs, in common approbation; a compliment too liberally portacil alembled, that the Rt Hon. the bestowed on the worst of ministers, and Land Chief Justice Prátt should be present their worst tools
. Or are we froin this ex with the freedom of this city, agree. denial to judge, that our Board of Alderable ta tie prayer of the above petition". men, or tiofe 'rho dictated to them, are This was opposed by lone gentlemen for fuppurring the illicit proceedings of a sell koorn to have connections with and secretary of state, againt the folemn de dependencies on certain great men. But termination of a court of law? No less their opposition had but little weight with does this denial imply. the vanfuenced part of the Cormons;
But there is yet a saving hope for the Which
, thanks to Providence, by great fages at the Board, and I hope they will teles proved the majority. So the que publish their own vindication. kich was carried in the affirmative.
It is with no small pleasure to bę obBut that nothing thould be wanting to ferved, that while the Aldermen Itood kelbiy the affection and duty of the Com- uninfluenced by power, in Guildhall, no psu to bis Majesty, or their gratitude to less than fourteen of them concurred in the great judge, who may well be said to presenting the freedom of that respectable in and take a lustre from she throne, an- body to Lord Chief Justice Pratt unanieller member moved, " That the thanks moully. These we may suppose the first.
libe Sletiffs and Conmons, in comnwn the honest, and uniniluencei e notions of tranvil afsembled, thould be prelented to the Alderinens hearts: and it must give 1. Rt Hon. Lord Chief Justice Pratt, for pain and grief to reflect, secret means fue dilinguished zeal and loyalty he has were found to make tive majority of these etto in alerting and maintaining the lages change their sentiments. Let them siekti and liberties of the fulject, in the then give up their leaders, and justify wgh office which he now fills with such themselves if they can. erárkable dignity, and for the particuhas fervices he has rendered this kingdoin the foregoing proceedings differently rclated, bi se face of his Majesty's Attorneys in another letter
from Dublin, dated
The party which opposed the late adTins likewise met with opposition from dress of both houses of parliament to the and greater majority in the atfirmative. prevent that parliamentary act, determined Aker which it was moved, and without to bring about le nething like a public act to
counterbalance it. This they accomplish- appear absurd, but the minds of all those ed yesterday at the quarterly meeting of who should be influenced by this previous the Guild of Merchants, where the free and anticipating judgment of theirs, might dom of that corporation was voted to remain foured, turbulent, and disconLord Chief Justice Pratt, in a gold box. tented at the laws, and the most perfelt
It is to be observed, 'that by a stand- and constitutional decision of their meaning law of the Guild of Merchants, which ing and force: has always been adhered to till now, the That it might be understood as prema: person that is to be honoured with the ture, dictatorial, and insulting: freedom must be proposed at a previous Premature, in as much as they had no meeting ; and a subsequent meeting votes example for what they did, from the city bis being received or rejected.
of London, or any other city or body-corOn the present occasion this method of porate in G. Britain : Di&tatorial
, in as proceeding was over-ruled, the party re- much as by this act they seemed to have folving to carry their point by a coup de exhibited themselves to public view as the main; and they succeeded. They kept leaders and chieftains of both kingdonis
, the secret among themselves till the meet. to alarm and declare to the people, that ing, was opened; and then displayed all the principles of liberty have been attheir eloquence on the subject of the laws, tacked, and the rights of the subjeit in. the rights, the liberties of their country; vaded; of which they had constituted “ all which," they alledged, " had been themselves judges, and bestowed the hoat the brink of destruction ; all which had nour of their freedom as a reward for the been saved and recovered by the unex- defence and protection of them: Infult. ampled conduct, matchless zeal, and in- ing, in as much as they belonged to anvincible fortitude of his Lordship,” &c. ther kingdom, had a separate legiflature,
Against granting this freedom in the and were not principals in the matters in manner it was proposed to be granted, it question; yet appeared to have assumed
, was alledged, That it was neither pru. by this public act, the authority of paling dent nor decent for the Guild of Merchants sentence upon, and reproaching the un in Dublin to force themselves into a par- derstanding and spirit of all the people and ty, and take share in the disputes and a- incorporated bodies of G. Britain, who nimosities which at present disturb and in. must have been sensible of the depreda. flame Great Britain : That the reasons tions committed on liberty and the suballigned for this freedom might be made jed, had there been any such, although use of as the strongest arguments againt they had tamely fubmitted to them, or it: for to say, that it was granted," as had had gratitude or courage to diftira testimony of the Guild's sense of his guilh, honour, and reward the protector : Lordship's fidelity to his Majesty, at seeing That it might be considered as irregte the principles of liberty vindicated and lar, subverfive of all good order, and in maintained, and the rights of the subject direct violation of an express law of the protected, by the just determinations and Guild, in full force before, at, and after fpirited conduct of his Lordship,” seemed granting it: A law which wisely and juto be a kind of imputation of infidelity dicioully provides against the Guild being upon others; and was pronouncing a fixe surprised into any act, by giving them ed, determined, and absolute judgment, time to prepare, examine, and judge of upon questions in law which appeared to the businels coming before them; and be still litigated and undetermined : That in consequence of its being thus violated it was afluming a privilege and right establishes a precedent for juntos of pafwhich belonged only and exclusively to fionate or interested men to farprise the the highest and most respectable tribunals incorporation into measures hereafter, that of Great Britain : Nay, what was worse, inay be most ridiculous and incongstent ibat it was, as far as their influence exa with their honour and intereft. tended, and for any thing they knew, Such reasons as there were made use of anticipating the judgment of those tribué to oppose this freedom as to the manner nals, and inciting the minds of men to of granting it. Nevertheless, the pre discontent and fedition; for should the vious question being put, whether the questions fill in dilpute be determined, Mould proceed on the vote of, Freedom op in the last resort, differently from what not? and it being carried to proceed. lois Lordship bad determined them, then there was not a single negative to the fe their folenin honorary act would not only cond quefücu, for scting the freedom