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GENERAL HISTORY. their desire to preserve the general "I cannot allow you to sepatrasçu ility.
rate without recommending to * Tbe prospect of an abundant you, that upon your return to your nest throughout a considerable several counties, you should use pt of the continent is in the your utmost endeavours to defeat Chest degree satisfactory. This all attempts to corrupt and misBpy dispensation of Providence lead the lower classes of the com2.06 fail to mitigate, if not munity; and that you should lose bunly to remove, that pressure no opportunity of inculcating a. under shich so many of the na- tnongst then that spirit of conLas of Europe have been suffer- cord and obedience to the laws, ing in the course of the last year; which is not less essential to their and I trust that we may look for. happiness as individuals, than it wd in consequence to an im- is indispensable to the general provement in the commercial re- welfare and prosperity of the cons of this and of all other kingdom." mantries.
Domestic Erents.-Course of the Year.-Double suspension of the Hebeas
Corpus --Celebration of the Queen's and Prince Regent's Birth-Days.--
double suspension of the Habeas VIIS year commenced with Corpus Act; which, after being
the distres spread through one of the first parliamentary the greatest part of Europe, in measures at the beginning of the consequence of the late and un. session, was resumed near the productive harvest of the last close of it, and voted to be contiautumn. Although the British mued till the commencement of island- par took in a smaller de another session, in consequence gree of the prevalent evil than of a renewed alarm. We refer to most other countries, from which our view of the debates in l'arlia. their free adinission to all foreign ment for the particulars of this ports afforded them important re- remarkable contest; of the issue lief, yet hardships fell heavy upon of which we shall only observe, certain districts too remote from that whilst the ministerial memsuch tardy aid; and Ireland, espe. bers expressed great regret at cially, suffered severely from the being obliged to have recourse to a want of the most essential articles temporary violation of the constiof human sustenance. We are tution for the purpose of preventinformed that the distress was so ing the most urgent dangers, great in particular parts, that the their opponents held that no dan. pour people could find no other ger was equal to the babit of enresource than that of anticipating trusting ministers, at their own their crop of potatoes by an un- convenience or pleasure, with an ripe product. As the year ad- expedient fatal to liberty. Vanced, however, better prospects began to open ; and it was the CELEBRATION OF THE GL'EEN'S general opinion that corn and
BIRTH-DAY. other products seldom offered a Some months ago the Prince more promising harrest to the Regent, with a view to relieve the cultivator. Whether this promise distresses of the manufacturing has not been evangerated may be classes, by affording them employa matter of doubt ; at least it ap- ment, gave directions in the upears certain that the year has zette for the public celebration of conrluded with an advance in the the Queen's birth-day, and of his price of wheat and barley which own; and, in order to make the could hanlly have been expected relief more effectual, notice was at the time of their first decline. given, that it was expected, that A distinguishing character of on both occasions all those who
ad attend the Court would to do so till half-past three. The *** 10 dresses entirely of Bri- Prince Regent arrived in state
panufacture. In further about half-past three: his carriage Pace of this plan, his Royal was preceded, surrounded, and H2sess ordered all his state and followed by a party of life-guards.
ud others to wear costly The procession passed along in 69 of bome fabrication, and perfect silence. Most of the Royal
e dresses were directed to be Family went in state. The Duke
e into three classes of uni- and Duchess of York arrived first : 1836, according to the respective then the Princess Charlotte and T2125 of those officers. The first Prince Leopold; next the Duke snas masists of suits for the Lord and Duchess of Glocester; and (2=srlain, the Lord Steward, lastly, the Duke of Sussex and the
! the (room of the Stole. The Princess Sophia of Glocester. The mata are of dark purple, with Speaker of the House of Commons
a velvet collars, richly or- went in state, and also the AuHernted all over with gold. Not strian and Dutch ambassadors. vers theme persons who are imme- Her Majesty entered the drawBerbe under the command of the ing-room about two o'clock, and se Hezent had complied with first received the congratulations se intable direction of wearing of the foreign ambassadors, of the 3 dresses, but all the com- Cabinet Ministers, and of all who
y present yesterday showed had the privilege of entré. 120 tbv had been equally anxi' at..d relief to their suffer
PRINCE REGENT'S BIRTH-DAT. cuntrymen by employment, April 23, being St. George's
is the only permanently day, had been selected as the day di Bode of relief.
on which the birth of the Prince 1 (curi, in honour of the Regent was in future to be obwas. borth-day, was at first served, instead of the 12th of 220. for:he 6th of February; but August, and a drawing-room, and Dry Maesty being at that time other splendours, were of course 2. from the effects of her appointed : but a sudden indispoAraus, to bear the fatigues sition of the Queen, which occur
si u these occasions, it was red in the course of the preceding
ad to the poth, when her night, prevented the drawing-room Xias entirely recovered. from taking place. Her Viajesty T'e day was announced, as was taken ill at an early hour of
to the rioning of bells and the morning. Sir llenry Halford remise of artillery; and the was immeciately sent for, and at
"Prended by these intima tended the Royal patient twice be*pu ya Bried in great numbers to fule nine o'clock. Communica
.. of the Queen's l'alace. tions of the unluchy vui urrence 12berwhich has been were dispatched to all the branches * dat and rainy, began to of the Royal Family'; and, in the * *s*ut ? o clock, and the course of the morning, the streets base very gay and mas. kuiding to Buckingham-house and
I be company began 10 S:. !ames s were placarded with ** soe, and continued tall, sonoun...g the disposi
tion of her Majesty, and her ina. Lancashire, Yorkshire, Notting. bility to receive company.
hanıshire, and Derbyshire. These The morning was ushered in were for the most part speedily with ringing of bells. The guards quelled; and from a considerable mounted in white gaiters, and number sent for trial to York, the wore new clothes. Carlion-house whole were either pronounced was thronged during the whole of not guilty, or previously discharge the day with all ranks, paying ed, with the exception of two, who their respectful congratulations. were detained by a secretary of I he Tower guns fired at one stare's warrant under the suspeno'clock; the firing of the Parksion of the Habeas Corpus Act. guns was dispensed with in con. A more melancholy result sucsequence of the indisposition of ceeded the trial of a number of the Queen.
prisoners, who were committed to
the gaol of Derby on a charge of TXIALS, &c.
high treason. A special commisOne of the first trials upon an sion was issued to four judges, who accusation of the crime of sedition in the month of October entered was that or Niel Douglas, an uni- upon their office; and nothing versal preacher in Glasgow, who could be more honourable to the was charged with words spoken criminal justice of the country in the pulpit in derogation of his than the inanner in which it was Majesty, of the Prince Regent, executed. After the persons who and the whole House of Com- had been a ljudged worthy of death nions. The trial took place in the bad undergone their trial, Mr. high court of Justiciary in Edin. Denman requested of the cuurt burgh on May 25 ; and the result that the prisoners remaining at was, that after a due attention to the bar might be permitted to the evidence produced on both withdraw their plea of not guilty, sides, Douglas was declared not and substitute that of guilty. The guilty, and was dismissed from attorney-general readily consentthe court.
ing, nine prisoners were allowed A trial in which the public was to amend their plea, and ten more much more interested was that were permitted to join them. It of the elder Watson, Surgeon, at was generally understood that their the court of King's Bench, West. punishment would be commuted minster Hall, accused of high for some ligh'er sentence. Twelve treason. It cominenced on the more next appeared at the bar, Toth of June, and was continued whuse nanies being called over, till Monday the 16th, when the the attorney-general ruse, and jury pronounced a verdict of Not after a speech displaying much guilty. The other persons implie feeling, made a declaration that cated in the same accusatwn were his painful task was now closed, afterwarıls discharged by the law and that the hand of mercy was officers.
meant to be extended to all the About the same time a disposi. rest. The devoted number were tion to tumult and culrnge brohe only three, Brandreth, Turner, nut in several of the midland and and Ludlam, who were crecuted portbern counties, particularly at Derhy on November 7th.
CHAPTER X. Fa.-Decree respecting Slaves introduced in the Colonies.- Negocia
Lani u ruh the Allied Powers. --Ordinance concerning the Debts of the City of Paris.-Disturbances at Lyons.-Royal Ordinances for the meatwn of Majorats.- Election for the Chamber of Deputies, and Royal pect. – Project of a Law for the Press.-Law for the establishment o Region
per in the month of January, of France, and the four principal brunt of his Majesty.
allies, for the purpose of alle
viating the burden under wbich Lexis, &c. 41. Every vessel, whether pressed, in consequence of the
that country was severely opjes of foreign, which shall foreign armies held by its prin2222 to introduce into any of cipal towns. The result was the must condamies purchased blacks, following official note presented
e confiscated, and the cap. to the Duke of Richelieu by the 21.6. uí a Frenchman, shall be held several resident ministers of she 22re of bolding a command. Trebole cargo shall in like
powers in question. eliwer be contiscated, although OFFICIAL NOTE RELATIVE TO THE
DIMINUTION OF THE ARMY OF ur Enssting of slaves : with resent to the negroes, they shall be
OCCUPATION. prord on public works of uti. The Courts of Austria, Engin the colony.
land, Prussia, and Russia, having 47 2. The contraventions for- taken into cunsideration the desire 1. an in the preceding article manifested by his most Christian
...i be tried according to the Majesty to have the numbers of are for us as contraventions of the Army of Occupation dimite lass and regulations for fo- nished, and proportionably the geramerce. As for the pro. amount of charge occasioned by
of the confiscations pronounce its presence on the French terriporno amformity to the said arti- tory, have authorized the under- Si be realized and sup- signed to make the followmg und is the same manner as the communication to his Excellency
de of confiscations pronounc- the Duke de Richelieu, President
esters of the contravention of the Council of Ministers, and iba laus concerning foreign Secretary of State for the Depart
ment of Foreign Affairs :(..ta at the Thuilleries, &c. At the time when the King, 12 %, 1617
re-established upon his throne and