.' . P8ge

No. 7. On the necessity of a vigorous prosecution of the war, as the only security hereby

the^juwer, liberties, and independence of this country can be preserved 113

The means by which the war may be pursued, so as to consolidate our security , 114

Abstract ot the act for enlarging the term, and altering the powers of several acts, for the

maintenance and icpair of the harbour of Dover 1 jg

Essay on the Theory of Money, (continued.] 121

Observations on the conduct of the late ministry toward-,our allies 124

Tuba's letter on the patriotism and quackery of' All the Talents." 13a

Remarks on a pamphlet, emitted "Thoughts on the Catholic question." 134

Admiral Berkeley'- ord*r for Searching the American frigate, Chesapeake 138

Proclamation of the president of the United States, interdicting the admission of British

armed vessels into the harbours of the United States, and prohibiting the citizens from afford-

ing them any aid .....ibid.

Treaty of peace between France .and Russia, signed at I'tisitcn ibe yh July - 140

Note of Mr. Canning, secretary of state for foreign affairs to prince Stahremberg, the

Austrian ambassador, accepting, in his majesty's nam«, of the proffered mediation ol the

emperor ol A'isiria 143

The Russian minister, M. de Bamberg's note to the lariie effect, addressed to count Mcertcld,

the Austrian ambassador ibid.

The. new constitution of the-duchy of Warsaw 144

No. 8. I"he king's message to both Houses of Pailiauient, with remarks thereon, and a retro-

spect of our foreign policy «, i_j 5

Thoughts upon our relations with America... 153

Historical Digest of foreign srfairs, since the ptace of Tilsit 155

. Essay on the Theory of Monev—{continued.)—On Exchange..; 157

Imperial Ukase, respecting English merchants isg

No. g. Historical Digest of foreign affairs—State of modern France 16T

Reflections upon the treaties of Tilsij, and upou the present relative political powers of the

late belligerents..TM.. X63

Remarks on the report of :he Committee of the House of Commons on West India affairs,

shewing that the islands may be supplied from the British settlements in- North America 168

Essay on the Theory of Money—(continued.) < 169

Report of the Committee of tpe House of Commons, on the commercial state of the West

India colonies, ordered to be printed, Aug. B, 1807 172

The Tyrant's speech to the deputies of the French legislative body, &c. Aug. 17 175

Spirited answer of the Prussian court to the Austrian onvr of Mediation 176

No. to. Of the policy suited to the exigencies of the Times 177

Memoir, containing a plan for ascertaining, at staled periods, our national rescutces and

population 18,1

Historiol Digest of foreign affairs—Defence of the expedition against Denmark—The

conduct of our government contrasted with that of the tyrant, in the subversion of the

Venetian republic 18,5

Proclamation of the king of Denmark, declaring war against England, Aug. 16 .- igi

Proclamation issued, August 16, at Zealand, by admiral Gambler and lord Cathcait,

explanatory of the m^iives of the British government in demanding the temporary deposit

of the Danish navy..... — ibid.

No. it. Of the justice and policy of our expedition to Denmark 103

Memorial of the English merchants in Russia to lord Douglas, concerning the renewal

of the treaty of commerce with that country 104

Essay on the Theory of Money—(concluded.) 196

Addresses of the French legislative body and tribunate to the tyrant, on the 54th of August... 200

Report of Cretet, the French minister of the intcriour, on the state of th; French empire,

August '.'.J _..;............ 202

Order of council for preventing vessels from clearing out for any of the prtsof Denmark,

and for laying a general embargo on Danish vessels, Sept. 2 204

Note from the Swedish minister to Mr. Canning, announcing the bloctade of the rivets

Peene and Oder, and all the ports of Swedish Pomera:iia, by the navil forces of his

Swedish majesty ibid.

Official dispatches from admiral Gambler and lord Cathcart relative to the operations of the

army and navv in Zealand - • ... 205

The king of Denmark's circular notice to the duchy of Holstein, for the siizuie of English

goods, Aug. 19 208

No. 12. Reflections upon the evacuation of South America—its causes anl consequences... 209

Thoughts on the impending fate of Portugal, and the policy which weshould pursue in

order to secuiethe Portuguese navy, and to assist the removal of the ccur to Brazil 218

Manifesto of the viceroy of Peru, on the capture of Buenos Ayres by tie English 222

General Whitelocke's disgusting official dispatch of the plan cf his attaekof Buenos Ayres,

and of his defeat, and disgraceful c.-.pitulation to evacuate the whole coninent of Spanish

America, after he had beaten the enemy, together with admiral Murray', dispatches, and

articles of the capitulation 224

declaration of the court of I)c-ntnark against England1 .. 234

further officiajL*lcta:ls of the operations before Copenhagen, an J of the surrender of the

city, arsenals, ami fleet 235




Remarks on general Whitelocke's plan of operations against Buenos Ayres.. 377

Order of his majesty in council, for malting reprisals against Denmark 380

Order of bis majesty in council, for general reprisals against the sbips, goods, and inhabitants

of Tuscany, Naples, Ragusa, the Seven Islands, and all otherplaces in ■{he Mediterranean and

Adriatic seas, occupied by, or in alliance with, France ■ 381

Official note of his majesty's commissioners, lords Holland Hid Aukland, to the American

ministers, previous to the signature of the treaty - • 382

Treaty between Great Britain and America ., 383

No. El. Further observations on the cry for peace..... 385

Answer to an attack on Marquis Wellesley in the Morning Chronicle 380

Maulius's letter on the retaliatory proclamation of his majesty 393

Letter from a merchant in Buenos Ayres, relative to the operations of the British a:id Spanish

forces... :. „. 395

His majesty's proclamation, subjecting all the ports of Europe, except in the powers not at

war with us, to blockade 39c)

No. 22. Publicola's letter against a peace - 403

Civis's letter on the reform of abuses in the commissariat department 405

Letter of " A Payer of Taxes," on the the regulation and extension of existing taxes 407

Miles Britannicus's account of the action at Buenos Ayres 409

• Lines, occasioned by reading certain orders, previous to, and after, the attack on a remote

• town 410

On the reduction of the College at Calcutta 411

Analytical review of the Rev. Mr. Brand's refutation of ihe charge brought against the

Marquis Wellesley, on account of his conduct to the Nabob of Oude ibid.

Continuation of his majesty's orders in council 415

Portuguese proclamation tor excluding British commerce 416

No. 23. Historical Digest of foreign affairs—Afflicting condition of the people of the northern

states of the continent—Reforms of the Prussian government—On the cessation of our

intercourse with Russia 417

Analytical review of Mr. Brand's pamphlet {continued.) 424

Declaration of the emperor of Russia prohibiting all intercourse with Great Britain 427

Turkish dispateb relative to the evacuation of Egypt by the British army 429

Observations in the French gazette on the expedition to Denmark f. 430

Continuation of his majesty's orders in council 432

No. 24. Reflections upon the conduct of America... ., 433

~ of Russia 439

The opposition party versus Sir Home Pophain and the Corporation of London.."....1.. 442

Verses addressed to the auihorof a print entitled " Charon's boat" 444

Analysis of the three orders of council 447

Proceedings at the court of common council, on Mr. Waiihman's motion to rescind the

vote of thanks to Sir Home Popham 4^*

Continuation of his majesty's orders in council , 458

Message of the American president to congress at the opening of its session * 46*

No. 25. Plan of finance *- . • 4W

Historical Digest—Proceedings in Holland 469

Letter II. of " A Payer of Taxes," on the regulation and extension of existing taxes . . .471

Miles Britannicus's refutation of the falsehoods, contained in the Spanish merchant's letter,

relative to our operation at Buenos Ayres 47^

T. P.'s letter on the decay of religion 471

Continuation of his majesty's orders in council 475

French decree respecting the commerce of the Weser - . . . . . 476

Danish patent, inflicting penalties on such Danes as carry on trade with England ibid.

The king of Spain's decree relative to the conspiracy of the prince of Astunas' 4771

Royal correspondence upon the same subject 478

French reply to his majesty's declaration relative to the expedition to Copenhagen . . . . ibidi

Address to correspondence on some of the Causes of ihe decay of religion 470

No. 26. Affairs of Portugal 48j

Letter III. of "A Paytr of Taxes," on the regulation and extension of existing taxes. . . 48s

Analytical review of Mr. Brand's pamphlet (concluded.) 48?

Tyranny and corruption—Extracted from the Shrewsbury Chronicle of Dec. 18. ... . 48S

French reply to his majesty's declaration relative to the expedition to Copenhagen [concluded.) 491

His majesty's declaration against Russia, and order of council 49!

Emigration of the court of Portugal. . .' ^g\

Proclamation of the prince recent of Portugal ^05!

Spanish order referred to in Jefferson's speech '. , . . jo(

Russian Ukase 50/

Return of the English1 frigate, presented to the king of Denmark ibid.


Vol. III. N" I. Saturday, July 4, 1807: Price Wd.

ii-T~> '.■■:' ■■- T' -i ir.i-.a



On Friday, the C6th ult. the lord chancellor, in his majesty? name, delivered tn€ following speech to both houses ol parliament:

"My lords and gentlemen,— We have it in command from his majesty to stale to you, that having deemed it expedient to recur to the sense of his people, his ma* jesty, in Conformity to his declared intention, has lost no timtfin causing the present parliament to be assembled.

"His majesty has g< eat satisfaction in acquainting you, that since the* events which led to the dissolution of the last parliament, his majesty has received, in numerous addresses fn m his subjects, the warmest assurances of their affectionate attachment to bis person and government, and of their firm resolution to support him, in maintaining (he just rights of his crown, and the true principles of the constitution; and he Commands us to express his entire confidence, that he shall experience, in ill your deliberations, a determination to afford him an equally loyal, zealous, and affectionate support, under all the arduous circumstances of the present time.

"We are commanded by his majesty to inform you, that his majesty's endeavours have been most anxiously employed for the purpose* of diawing closer the ties by which bis majesty is connected with the powers of the continent: of assisting the efforts of those powers against the ambition and oppressions of France;'of forming such engagements as may ensure their continued co-operation; and of establishing that mutual confidence and concert,- so essential, under any course of events, to' the restoration of a solid arid permanent peace in Europe.

"It would have afforded his majesty the greatest pleasure to have been enabled lo inform you, that the mediulion undertaken by Ins majesty for the pnrpose of preserving peace between his majesty's ally, tie emperor 01 Russia, and the Sublime Port, had proved effectual'fof that important object; his majesty deeply regrets the failure of that mediation, accompanied as it was by the dissappointment of the efforts of his majesty's squadron in the sea of Marmora, and followed as it has since been by the losses which have been sustained by his gallant troops in Egypt.

"His majesty could not but lament the extension of hostilities in any quarter, which, should create a diversion in the war so favourable to the views of France; but lamenting it especially in the instance of a power with which his majesty has been so rlosely connected, and which has been so recently indebted for its protection against he iucroachmentsof France to the signal and successful interposition of his majesty's irms. "His majesty has directed us to acquaint you, that he has thought it right to ptsuch measures as might best enable him, in concert with the emperor of Russia, otake advantage of any favourable opportunity for bringing the hostilities in which, bey are engaged against the Sublime Port, to a conclusion, consistent with his majesty's honour, and the interests of his ally.

"Gentlemen of the house of commons,— His majesty has ordered the estimates )f the current year to be laid before you, and he relies on the tried loyalty and zeal 'f his faithful commeTuS to make such provisions for the public service, as well as or the further application of the suras which were granted in the last parliament, as iay appear to be necessary.

"And his majesty, bearing constantly in mind the necessity of a careful and eonomical administration of the pecuniary resources of the country, has directed us 1 express his hopes that you will proceed without delay in the pursuit of those inies, connected with the public economy, which engaged thf attention of the last Miaroent."

"My lords and gentlemen,— His majesty commands us to state to you,' that be 1 deeply impressed with the peculiar importunce, at the present moment, of cherish

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"ing a spirit of union and harmony amongst his people: such a spirit will most effectually promote the prosperity of the country at home, give vigour and efficacy to its Councils, and its arms abroad; and can alone enable his majesty, under the blessing of providence, to carry on successfully the great contest in which he is engaged, or finally to conduct it to that termination which his majesty's moderation and justice have ever led him to seek—-a peace; in wkich the honour and interests of his kingdom can be secure, and in which Europe and the world may hope for independence and repose." *»-.—<■

In the house of lords, the address was moved by the earl of Mansfield and seconded by lord Rolle. Lord Fortescue led "all the talents" into action, and moved the following amendment, which, together with the speech delivered in his majesty'« name, must be considered as the text of the sentiments of the opposition and of the ministry.

"That by a long experience of his majesty's virtues we well know it to be Iiis majesty's invariable wish that all his prerogatives should be exercised solely for the advantage of his people. That om dutiful attachment to his majesty's person and government obliges us therefore most humbly to lay before him the manifest misconduct of his ministers in having advised the dissolution of the late parliament in the midst of its first session, and within a few months after his majesty had been pleased to assemble it for the dispatch of the urgent business of the nation.

"That this measure advised by his majesty's.- ministers at a time when there existed no difference between any of the branches of the legislature, and no sufficient Cause for a fresh appeal to his majesty's people, was justified by no public necessity or advantage. That by the interruption of all private business then depending in parliament, it has been productive of great and needless inconvenience and expense) thereby wantonly adding to the heavy burdens which the necessities of the times require. That it has retarded many useful laws for the internal improvement of the kingdom, and for thp encouragement and extension of its agriculture, manufactures, and commerce. And that it has either suspended or wholly defeated many most important public measures, and has protracted much of the most weighty business of parliament to a season of the year when its prosecution must be amended with ■ the greatest public and private inconvenience. And that we feel ourselves bound still further to submit to his majesty, that all these mischiefs are greatlyjj aggravated by the groundless and injurious pretences <,n which his majesty's ministers have publicly rested this their evil advice; pretences affording no justification for the measure, but calculated only to excite the most dangerous animosities among his majesty's subjects, at a period when their united efforts were more than ever necessary for the security of the empire; and when to promote the utmost harmony and co-operation amongst them would have been the first object of wise and prudcat ministers."

When we consider what a bustle was excited amongst the adherents of the late" ministers previous to the meeting of parliament, and when wo re-call to our recollection the circular note of lord Howick, calling upon those members who had Voted with them to support a division which was intended to bo made on the race t i r,, of parliament, it is impossible not to feel great surprize at the very weak and inconsiderable ground Upon which the leaders of the opposition commenced their attack against the present government. The whole force of their arguments may be compressed into one point, namely, the propriety of the disscVtion of the late parliament; and out of this simple proposition, they availed themselves of the opportunity usually afforded for a great latitude of discussion at the commenccmencement of t session, to travel out of the record, and to make the most extraordinary excursion! from the main subject of the debate. These excursions necessarily constrained the ministry and their friends to follow the opposition, but, under this manifest disadvantage, that the arguments of the ministerial party in reply to their adversaries being usually delivered towards the close of a debate, their speeches are not, as \va* the case I have been informed, of the admirable speeches of lord Eldon and Mr Canning, in the least detailed by the reporters; whereas the.opinions of those mem bers who rise earliest in the house are sure to be published with exactitude. This i an imperfection in the method of reporting the debates which loudly calls for ra ^S&lrSs,»s?frd» ( am persuaded, it would amply repay the reporters for their trouble, i

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